The Pakistan Floods: Six Months Later 2
Generations o Pakistanis have dependedon the rivers that ow through the nation.However, this dependency turned tragicwhen violent ood waters ended the lives o close to 2,000 people in the north.In three other provinces, the numberaected—20 million—exceeded thecombined total o lives devastated bythe 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, the 2005Kashmir earthquake, the 2008 CycloneNargis and the 2010 Haiti earthquakecombined. One in ten Pakistanis wasaected by the unprecedented oodwaters that covered an area the size o theUnited Kingdom. More than two millionhomes were damaged or destroyed. Forthe ten million children aected by theoods, the disaster meant the loss ohomes, belongings, clothing, schooling,health care and ood.The 2010 Pakistan oods tested the willnot only o the citizens o Pakistan, butalso the will o all humanitarian agencies.UNICEF, which has been working orPakistan’s children or over 60 years,stood frm. During the ooding, UNICEFdevoted resources, and energy intomaking sure that Pakistan’s children andwomen received supplies and services bymounting one o the largest emergencyresponses in its history. As winter drewnear, Pakistan saw a severe sharp drop intemperatures and signifcant snowstormsin the north, making the need or shelter,sae drinking water, ood and health caremore acute.
UNICEF in Action
The 2010 Pakistan crisis was a slowlyunolding catastrophe that stretchedand worsened over a period o sevenweeks. Following the heavy oodingin Khyber Pakhtunkwa Province onJuly 29, UNICEF immediately initiatedits emergency response. Two days later,the UNICEF Representative declared thatthe Pakistan Country Ofce was in ullemergency mode.Three weeks into the oods, the numbero aected Pakistanis rose to more than15 million. On September 16, the heighto the emergency, the fnal number oaected people was 20 million people,among them ten million children. Octobersaw large numbers o displaced peoplereturning to their homes. Most oundtheir homes partially or completelydestroyed. At present, UNICEF continuesto deliver goods and services to childrenand mothers throughout Pakistan, payingparticular attention to over 650,000 peoplein Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.During this crisis, UNICEF mounted anemergency response that continues sixmonths later, as most o the displaced havereturned to their homes. As the emergencyphase winds down and early recoveryeorts are under way, UNICEF sees anopening to turn tragedy into opportunity,and begin the process o healing or manyo Pakistan’s children. As in any emergency,UNICEF is leading the way in the areas ohealth, education, child protection, andwater and sanitation.
The Pakistan Floods: Six Months Later
A Report Prepared by the U.S. Fund or UNICEF, February 2011
Six months have passed since millions o Pakistanis suered romthe worst monsoonal oods in the country’s recorded history. UNICEFhas been in action since day one as unprecedented amounts o rainin July and August o 2010 displaced 20 million people. A nation thatwas still reeling rom a series o massive earthquakes and ongoingpolitical, social and economic instability had yet another emergencyo epic and unimaginable proportions on its hands.
MapFlood-aected areasshown in red.Cover photoPakistan: A girl holds awooden writing boardin a UNICEF-supportedtemporary learning centerin the village o BastiBhaya in one o the worstood-aected districtsin Punjab Province.© UNICEF/ShehzadNoorani