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Pakistan Six Month Report

Pakistan Six Month Report

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Six months have passed since millions of Pakistanis suffered from the worst monsoonal floods in the country’s recorded history. UNICEF has been in action since day one as unprecedented amounts of rain in July and August of 2010 displaced 20 million people. Read our full report.
Six months have passed since millions of Pakistanis suffered from the worst monsoonal floods in the country’s recorded history. UNICEF has been in action since day one as unprecedented amounts of rain in July and August of 2010 displaced 20 million people. Read our full report.

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Published by: U.S. Fund for UNICEF on Feb 04, 2011
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The Pakistan Floods: Six Months Later
A Report Prepared by the U.S. Fund or UNICEF, February 2011
 
The Pakistan Floods: Six Months Later
Generations o Pakistanis have dependedon the rivers that ow through the nation.However, this dependency turned tragicwhen violent ood waters ended the lives o close to 2,000 people in the north.In three other provinces, the numberaected—20 million—exceeded thecombined total o lives devastated bythe 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, the 2005Kashmir earthquake, the 2008 CycloneNargis and the 2010 Haiti earthquakecombined. One in ten Pakistanis wasaected by the unprecedented oodwaters that covered an area the size o theUnited Kingdom. More than two millionhomes were damaged or destroyed. Forthe ten million children aected by theoods, the disaster meant the loss ohomes, belongings, clothing, schooling,health care and ood.The 2010 Pakistan oods tested the willnot only o the citizens o Pakistan, butalso the will o all humanitarian agencies.UNICEF, which has been working orPakistan’s children or over 60 years,stood frm. During the ooding, UNICEFdevoted resources, and energy intomaking sure that Pakistan’s children andwomen received supplies and services bymounting one o the largest emergencyresponses in its history. As winter drewnear, Pakistan saw a severe sharp drop intemperatures and signifcant snowstormsin the north, making the need or shelter,sae drinking water, ood and health caremore acute.
UNICEF in Action
The 2010 Pakistan crisis was a slowlyunolding catastrophe that stretchedand worsened over a period o sevenweeks. Following the heavy oodingin Khyber Pakhtunkwa Province onJuly 29, UNICEF immediately initiatedits emergency response. Two days later,the UNICEF Representative declared thatthe Pakistan Country Ofce was in ullemergency mode.Three weeks into the oods, the numbero aected Pakistanis rose to more than15 million. On September 16, the heighto the emergency, the fnal number oaected people was 20 million people,among them ten million children. Octobersaw large numbers o displaced peoplereturning to their homes. Most oundtheir homes partially or completelydestroyed. At present, UNICEF continuesto deliver goods and services to childrenand mothers throughout Pakistan, payingparticular attention to over 650,000 peoplein Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.During this crisis, UNICEF mounted anemergency response that continues sixmonths later, as most o the displaced havereturned to their homes. As the emergencyphase winds down and early recoveryeorts are under way, UNICEF sees anopening to turn tragedy into opportunity,and begin the process o healing or manyo Pakistan’s children. As in any emergency,UNICEF is leading the way in the areas ohealth, education, child protection, andwater and sanitation.
The Pakistan Floods: Six Months Later
 
A Report Prepared by the U.S. Fund or UNICEF, February 2011
Six months have passed since millions o Pakistanis suered romthe worst monsoonal oods in the country’s recorded history. UNICEFhas been in action since day one as unprecedented amounts o rainin July and August o 2010 displaced 20 million people. A nation thatwas still reeling rom a series o massive earthquakes and ongoingpolitical, social and economic instability had yet another emergencyo epic and unimaginable proportions on its hands.
PAKISTAN
INDIAAFGHANISTAN
Islamabad
MapFlood-aected areasshown in red.Cover photoPakistan: A girl holds awooden writing boardin a UNICEF-supportedtemporary learning centerin the village o BastiBhaya in one o the worstood-aected districtsin Punjab Province.© UNICEF/ShehzadNoorani
 
The Pakistan Floods: Six Months Later
Health
UNICEF’s health interventions during theood response included measles and poliovaccinations and vitamin supplementation.UNICEF and its partners immunizedabout 9.7 million children against polioand 8.6 million children against measles.UNICEF distributed 900,000 insecticide-treated bed nets to protect pregnant andlactating women and children under fverom malaria.A massive mobilization o 44,000 ladyhealth workers (LHWs) was undertakento distribute medical supplies and spreadhealth messages across the ood aectedareas. LHWs are community-basedhealth workers who conduct door-to-door outreach and give intensive health,hygiene and nutrition promotion lessons.They provide demonstrations on usingoral rehydration salts or the treatmento diarrhea and deliver critical, liesavingmessages about the prevention ocommunicable diseases like diarrhea,pneumonia, skin inections and malaria.Mother and Child Health Days were alsoheld in various areas in order to addressthe lack o access to basic health servicesor mothers. This campaign delivereda package o high-impact, low-costchild survival interventions. During thecampaign, children—especially in ruralareas—received immunizations andde-worming medicines. Mothers werecounseled on household practices likebreasteeding and basic hygiene. Theywere also taught how to identiy and treatdiseases like pneumonia and diarrhea.The nutrition situation in Pakistan hasbeen an issue o concern or close toa decade, particularly among childrenunder fve years old. The country’s multipleand recurring emergencies, combinedwith inadequate inant eeding practicesand the high incidence o disease hasundermined the nutritional well-beingo Pakistani children.UNICEF supported all o the therapeuticprograms or severely malnourishedchildren. It distributed treatmentdrugs used to alleviate symptoms omalnourishment in thousands o childrenand leveraged long experience to ensurethat nutrition strategies would meet theneeds o the most vulnerable childrenthroughout the nation, all at minimaloperating costs.
Photo rightPakistan: Taslim Kausarmeasures the arm o11-month-old LailaAllahdatta with a mid-upper arm circumerence(MUAC) arm band. Thered portion o the armbandindicates severe acutemalnutrition, a lie-threatening condition.© UNICEF/ShehzadNoorani

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