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Agri Report

Agri Report

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Development Constraints in Ag Sector in Pakistan
Development Constraints in Ag Sector in Pakistan

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Published by: Sardar Taimur Hyat-Khan on Feb 08, 2011
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02/08/2011

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AGRI/ HORTICULTUREDEVELOPMENTCONSTRAINTS.PERMACULTUREALTERNATIVES
 
1, GULISTAN COLONY, COLLEGE ROAD, ABBOTTABAD: (0992)33345
 
KHIDMAT FOUNDATION
 
.........
TECHNOLOGY RECEIVING & TRANSFERRINGCENTERS
THE COMMILLA APPROACH
The Comilla Approach was the Late, Lamented, Akhter Hameed Khan’s method of tackling Rural Development in Former East Pakistan. To cut down upon EstablishmentExpenses, Centers were established in Police Stations. The original design envisagedCenters wherein Professionals could get together with Farmers to explain the aims andimpart the methods of the GREEN REVOLUTION. After Practical Research in the field,we have developed MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS based upon this Approach.The Khidmat Approach involves the Establishment of Technology Receiving,Demonstrating & Transferring Centers. These Centers are established on leasedland. The Centers are called Khidmat Marakiz and are of two types. The Agri/Horticultural Center is preferably of at least 40 Kanals (2 Hectares). TheTechnical Center should be at least 8 to 10 Kanals. Low Cost and AppropriateTechnology, selected to suit the area, in both Agri/ Horticulture and TechnicalFields is initiated. Secondly, Research is launched to determine which Crop/Technology is most suited to that particular environment. Interns are selectedfrom amongst the local populace and a Profit Oriented, Agri/ Horticultural or Technical Venture is launched. Technical Experts are invited to share their knowledge and a Core Group of trained and experienced individuals who aredrawn from existing Centers imparts Training. The Management Systems, thathave been evolved by the Foundation, are fine-tuned to suit the area and areimparted to firstly the Interns and secondly to the surrounding populace.
Chapter 
2
 
Chapter 
1
2
KHIDMAT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
 
.........
 
QALANDAR NAGAR CENTER
 
DEVELOPMENT CONSTRAINTS
1.BACKGROUND: The Intervention program for Hazara Division was initiatedfrom Haripur District in July 1999. The Site selected was near Village Mung,11 Km from Haripur towards Khanpur, on the Haripur – Khanpur Road. TheSite is approximately 1.5 Km of the main and on the Mung – Kot NajibullahRoad. It consists of 65 Kanals of depleted Barani Land. It is felt that a brief review of the problems faced by the Foundation and the DevelopmentConstraints in the area will go a long way towards resolving these issues.Thus making for more, and better development.2.PROBLEMS FACED:
RESISTANCE: Repeatedly the Foundation as a Private Organizationhas had to face resistance from Local Landlords. This was especially truefor Mung. The Human Psyche is ingrained with resistance to change. Thisfactor has to be given due consideration.
SEDANTARY VERSUS PASTORAL: It has been found that Cattle,sheep and goat grazing, by settlers and refugees, is causing a lot of damage to an already fragile Eco-system. Secondly, they do not hesitateto cause damage and financial loss to the local agricultural efforts.
NON-ORGANIC SOILS: Closely linked to the above two points is theserious problem of lack of Organic Material in the soil. Soils are depletedof Nutrients due to erosion; Where no organic material is inculcated intothe soil; Where harmful substances have killed all Biota present in the soil.All curtail produce tremendously. Humic content and Friendly bacteria arepractically non-existent.
POOR WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: There exists a lot of roomfor improvement in Water Resource Management. At present the farmersare either totally dependent upon rainfall (Barani) or are employing floodirrigation.
LACK OF CROP RELATED RESEARCH: Farmers are engaged infollowing time honored cropping patterns. There is no research what so
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