XIX IMEKO World CongressFundamental and Applied MetrologySeptember 6-11, 2009,Lisbon, Portugal
CALIBRATION OF HYDRAULIC FORCE MACHINES – REQUIREMENTS,CONCEPTS, PROBLEMS, SOLUTIONS
, Peter Kornhauser
, Shlomi Bitas
P. K. Calibration & Consulting Labs, Tefen, Israel, firstname.lastname@example.org
P. K. Calibration & Consulting Labs, Tefen, Israel, email@example.com
Beton Daruch, Natanya, Israel, firstname.lastname@example.org
Modern building technologies (for exampleprestressed concrete to produce beams, floors, bridges, orinstallation, testing and monitoring of ground anchors)require the use of accurate force machines (hydraulic jacks).One component of successful building works is a correctand accurate calibration procedure of hydraulic jack fortensioning cables or anchors. This article analyzes twodifferent calibration methods: By means of hollow load celland thread bar and calibration in the closed frame.We analyze these methods using different accessoriesand their influence on the uncertainty of calibration results.As a very important part of calibration procedure is a correctchoice of the calibration mathematical model (interpolationcurve
hydraulic pressure- force
), there is a need to use a special software. Such is thedeveloped software
which permits tocommunicate the measurement line “load cell-amplifier-computer”; to choose the correct interpolation polynom;enable to compute the errors and uncertainty values andbuild the table of calibration results.The calibration procedure is performed according tothe standard ISO 7500-1 "Verification of static uniaxialtesting machines - Part 1: Tension/compression testingmachines - Verification and calibration of the force-measuring system". We recommend to widen the definitionsof this standard and to include calibration of non-force unitsscaled devices (as an example pressure gauges).
force calibration, interpolation, uncertainty.
Building technologies requires very wide range of hydraulic jacks both in terms of capacity (from 2 ton forceto 500 ton force) and working prestressing technology (onesteel cable, some steel cables, thread bar).Calibration of jacks with loading force capacity up to20 ton performed by means hollow Load Cell C6A HBM
and set accessories: steel cable
as a loading element,spherical cap
and centering elements
(Fig. 2). For thecalibration of jacks with loading capacity up to 100 tonsused the same measurement method, but instead of steelcable, the thread bar
used as a loading element.The spherical cap and two accessories
coaxialloading, except non-coaxial forces and reduce themeasurement uncertainty. According to our research theuncertainty values are in Table 1.
Fig. 1. Hydraulic Jack.
Pressure gauge(reading device)Hydraulic pumpHydraulic jack for one steel cable
Hydraulic jack for some steel cables
ISBN 978-963-88410-0-1 © 2009 IMEKO