Firas A. IB-1 A
1.Defenition of the greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the rise in temperature that the Earth experiences because certaingases in the atmosphere (water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane, for example) trap energy from the sun. Without these gases, heat would escape back into spaceand Earth’s average temperature would be about 60ºF colder. Because of how they warm our world, these gases are referred to as greenhouse gases.
2.Golbal warming potentialGlobal warming potential
(GWP) is a measure of how much a given mass of greenhouse gasis estimated to contribute to global warming. It is a relative scale which compares the gas inquestion to that of the same mass of carbon dioxide (whose GWP is by definition 1). A GWPis calculated over a specific time interval and the value of this must be stated whenever aGWP is quoted or else the value is meaningless.
While most climatologists do not believe that global warming will increase the frequence of hurricanes, they are in accord that with more heat stored in the oceans, the
of thesestorms will increase. Melting ice in the Arctic may destablize the climate of the Arctic in oneway, but overall ocean temperatures will increase with global warming.
Heat stored in oceans
Melting ice in the Arctic
Overall ocean tempratures wil inacrease
(especially the surface, causing storms)1