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Published by: Susmita Sapkota Sigdel on Mar 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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“A CASE STUDY OF HANDICRAFTBUSINESS IN NEPAL”CHAPTER I1. INTRODUCTION.1. Introduction to Handicraft and MetalCrafts.1.1 Introduction to handicraft Business in Nepal
Handicraft generally means any product solely made byhuman hands without using any kind of complicatedmachinery or equipment. Handicraft consults intelligence of Artisans, influencing the traditional or modern artists. It is anart or craft needing skill with hands.Handicraft is the occupation of making by hands usableproduct graced with visual appeal. It is the method of doingor construction an object or device usually by hand and withnative materials. It combines art and crafts. Handicraftinclude such activities as needle work, lace-making,weaving, printed textile decoration, baskery, pottery,ornamental, metal working, jewellery leather working andwood working. Handicrafts are usually done with machinesbut rather with hand tools which hand tools which at timesmay even be made by them by hand.“According to the definition formulated byUNCTAD,“The term handmade articles reflects to the articleor the group of articles, which is being produced mainly withthe help of those tools or instruments, which are used by theartisans in making the handicrafts goods which are simplekind and which are used by the help of artisans hand or feetcan be called handicraft.In conclusions, handicrafts are an occupation thatinvolves making usable or decorative products by hand.Art is associated with human nature and their feelings,which has been accepted widely. Handicraft whole include
the art of hand and mind, thus the production is very muchlow. As nature of mankind things which are not easilyavailable human are more attracted towards it. This wayhandicraft popularity has been increasing day by day.Nepal is our landlocked country and cultural andtraditional country so export of handicrafts helps to developthe country. Handicrafts are source of earning of foreigncurrency that’s why craftsman should be aware and theyshould be able to collect information about the handicraft.
1.2 Historical Background of HandicraftsAssociation of Nepal
HAN was established in 1971 to enhance and topromote handicraft trade and industry. It was registeredunder. Institution Registration Act of Nepal. It is a serviceoriented non-profitable organization of private sectorbusiness and artisans’ community. It helps its members toimprove their productivity, expand markets and introducethem to the international arena. It also works as liaisonbetween its members and the government and non-government organization. It provides pragmatic suggestionsand advice to His Majesty’s Government and its relatedagencies to formulate policy programs for the betterment of handicraft trade and industry.
1.3 Historical Background of NepaleseHandicraft
Nepalese Handicraft have been valuable part of Nepalese heritage. The historical background of NepaleseHandicraft can be traced only since the 5
century A.D.During Kiratee period Nepalese were been engaged in craftswork than in agriculture.“However it is said that as most of the handicrafts of Nepal are influenced by the Buddhist iconography of theTantric Bajrayan sector, the history of Nepalese art andcrafts is not longer then 2000 years.”
Nepalese People used to product handicrafts goodausually in volume with more or less standard quality so, theNepalese people have developed its culture & craftsmanshipin such a way that they have made their country a livingmuseum full of traditional ceremonies and handicrafts.
“Nepalese Metal crafts
has long successfulhistory. The influence of Nepalese artistic metal workscan be traced even in Tibet. When man first discoveredfire in the form of a forest fire, little did he know thenthat he could produce, use and misuse the same fearedpower in the future that was to soon follow was to bemassively replaced by metals, which were comparativelymalleable and ductile and could be changed in formwhen heated and with other such boons of metal whichwas otherwise not offered by the curde stone objects. Itwas perhaps after the discovery of these metals thatman increasingly refined their senses and developedtheir tastes shapes and figures of objects which to latergive birth to a different profession altogether calledmetal work or metal casting.It took approximately 6000 years for theculmination of present-day use of metals on its way of development. Experts believe that the Metal Industry inNepal has existed for more than 2000 years. Howeverthe first recorded evidence of copper and Bronze objectsbeing produced in Nepal can be traced back to the earlyLichhavi period (500-880 A.D). Statues dating from the6
century were casted at Chandeshwari temple inBanepa and at Shanku. Most experts assume Patan to bethe city where at art of metal casting originated,flourished and clustered.During the 13
century when Araniko finished akingcopper statues of ‘Sung Emperor’ it looked so perfectthat china were very impressed, they expresses verysincere and deep appreciation for his artistic genius.

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