Objectives/Aims: Clear statements outlining what one wishes to accomplish throughout thestudy.
N.B. All points made must be supported by credible evidence and ideas should be logicallyconnected.
Review of literature
– critical analysis of what others have said about the issue.It is a search of the
for answers to the research question andshould be written and structured to reflect that. (
N.B. Material taken fromsources that do not abide by the standards the standards of scientific rigour,such as newspapers and most websites, are not acceptable in this section.
) It hastwo aspects:a) Review of conceptual literature i.e., How others have defined the subject area.This includes the treatment of the issues in relevant social scientific theoryb) Research literature – what relationships others have identified betweenvariables.
Hypotheses/ Research Question
NB. Not all studies require hypotheses. These are used in explanatory research designs.Hypotheses are tentative statements about the relationships between two or more variables.
Methodologyi. Research Design
Choice of research method/ design. Is the study going to beexplanatory, exploratory, or descriptive? Is it going to be alongitudinal (trend, cohort or panel) or cross-sectional. Youshould also justify your selection of the particular design.
2Modified September, 2010