Combat Yang Taijiquan Seite 2What is combat Taijiquan like then? It is certainly not about great power even though Taijiquanis capable of generating great power. The Classics state clearly that the art is not based on greatpower. Once, when Yang Pan Hou had bested an opponent and was proud of himself because of it, Yang Lu Chan, his illustrious father pointed to Pan Hou's torn sleeve and said that he washappy that Pan Hou had won but did he use Taijiquan to win? The implication is of course that atorn sleeve is a sign of inappropriately used great power. Yang Lu Chan's own boxing was so softthat it was nicknamed
and was once berated as not being combateffective because of its softness, a point which Yang refuted by promptly defeating theantagoniser. More on this later on...The following are some of the key elements used by Taijiquan exponents in combat.
A Word About Anatomical Weapons
The anatomical weapons in Taijiquan are not rigorously hardened like in external styles of martialarts. This is because it is not hardness of the weapon but the energy within it that is the effectingcomponent. If the correct structure of the anatomical weapon is maintained, then structurally itwill be substantial and able to deliver telling blows with much power without recourse tohardening. The appropriate efficient use of strength usually does not entail vast quantities of it toobtain the desired effect. The principles behind the adage of deflecting a thousand pounds withfour ounces hold true in Taijiquan.
Bu Tiu Bu Ding
: Not Letting Go, Not Resisting
This combat principle is first cultivated in Push Hands practice and later refined in San Shoupractice. The key element in this principle is nian or sticking and it operates through nian jing or
. This is because without sticking, one cannot
the opponent's energy and itsqualities and so be able to control them effectively. And if we resist then we give the attacker abase for which to effect his attack.That is why instead of deflecting, resisting and absorbing an opponent's attacking force, Taijiquanexponents evade, redirect and blend with it. Evade means simply to move out of his way. In anyattack, there are only limited points of attack, so simply removing yourself out of his attackingfocus by a change of position negates it. Upon contact, it is not a hard block but a blending withthe attacking part by yeilding, sticking and following his momentum, joining his energy andredirecting it to your advantage.Through Nian Jing or
we can then develop Ting Jing or
listening to energy
whichis the sensitivity to detect the opponent's strength, its origin, trajectory, magnitude and componentvectors. Once we are able to detect his energy movement and his centre of mass, we caneffectively know his intent and control it by affecting the energy flow and centre of massefficiently.
Sui Ren Zhi Shi, Jie Ren Zhi Li
: Following His Posture, Borrowing His Strength
This simply means to follow your opponent's structure and adapt to it so that it is ineffective. Thisfile://localhost/C:/Eigene Dateien/Internetseiten/Tai Chi/Combat Yang Taijiquan.htm 13:22:35 24.10.2002