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Naval Aviation News - Jun 1944

Naval Aviation News - Jun 1944

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Published by CAP History Library
Navy
Navy

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: CAP History Library on May 27, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike

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07/24/2014

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AVALAIR"BANKRUPTS"
YAP
Ill>
YapIslandisworldfornou.sforitswheel-si:zeddoughnut~shapedmoneyhewl;1out
of
stone.ButitwasforYap'sim.portanc,easaIbase
of
militaryoperaticms
that
a
powerful
UnitedStgtes
Navy
task
forcepommeled
if
fromtheairinrecentattacksonPala.u,iusc'east
of
thePhilippiJ1es.Palauistheseat
from
whichJapan
gOive.rns
thespra.wIil1g
territory
mandatedtoherbytheLeagueof
Naf'ions.
Thenavl;I:lairattacK,whichla,sf.edfromMarch29
10
March
31,
blasted
ship-pi.ngandshorei:nstaUafions
with-
outinterf'ereJ'lcefi:.omthe
('oy
Jap
f1eef.ViewsrevealYapsmoldflg.
 
NAVAL
AVIATION
NEWS
JUNE15,1944
-
STRIKEATPALAU
T
ilEWAll
Iu
thePaoifiostruckclosetotheJaphorne-
hmtlwhenapowerful_
Iavy
taskforceblasted
Pulau,
YapandWoleai
in
athree-dayraid,
strikinga
t.:ripplingblowonlyBOOmileseastofthe
Philippines,
rhodeepest
penetration
of
J
apunese
waters
yet
made
bvthePacificFleet.
.PalaunivaledTrukasaJapanese"PearlHarbor,"
yet
thenavaltaskforcemetwithnooppositiononthe
way
toattacktheislands,whereoppositionwaslimitedtoanti-aircraftfireandlaud-basedBghters.Onceagainth
Japanse
Navyprudentlystayed
av
ayfromth
C118
ofactionandthrenemSll~PSthatwere
at
Palauscootedatthefirstsignofdangr.Asidfrom
itsdestructivevalue,
therai
d
gtl
ve
the
Unit
a
Statesvaluahldataon
strength
ofJapdefenses
inthesum.
Ofgreatimportancebecauseofrichmineralre-
sources.thePalauIslands
have
beenproducinga
luge
percentageof
J
apan'ssupplyofphosphate,
as
well
as
alUfLltllLltn
01'e,
ThePalau
group
has
played
a
vitalparl
inac:lmi'n4;tratiOnof[apanese
civil
govennment
in
the
manoa
ted
islands,
with
th
headquarters
of
the
D
rectorof
th
SouthS
t
S
Burau
locatedaKoror.
D
IJlliNC
TIJ1l:
three-dayattackon
PILI
all,
Yapand
Wcleai,thenavalforceaccountedfor28Japaneseshipsunk,1beachedor
damaged,
and160to214
plallp.s
dstrayed.Extensivedamazewasdoneto
groundinstallations,trnnuuiliondumps,rnnwa-
S
R.Dd
othertargets.U.S.lossestotaled25planes,18lives,withnoship
damage
sustained
by
theattackingForce:.
1
 
PALAU
ISLAND,SARE
NEARESTSPOT
TOPHILIPPINES
.HII
B,Y
THE
U.S.
S
l:UAT.Iill.
AT
thewesternend
01l~c.
JOJlg
chainof
(:aTO-
.Ime
Islands;
and
1l,oonl
1.00n
mileswestofTruk,
Hrc
Palau
lslnndsare
'the
Iwarest
grnnp
lG
tiro
l'hilippines.
being
about600mile.'>
(1HS~
ofDnvaoau
tile
isluudofMinrlunno.
'rnis
stru1cgieenlru]PHciR~·grnull
Ml1siSt'll
of2UOsmall,
Ileavih.W(lI)deel,"olcllItic
isJ
and!;
.sls
L.lr.gc
is
tumlslim)man
y
Islets,Thelattersomethnesrisepf'rpe.nd:iculllrlytnahl'ligilLof
600
Feet
above
bigl.!water.
Withtheexceptlonof:AngaurIslaud,thewhole
graup
is
si(llIttedon
andsurrountledlW
c0r:;tl.
[MrS,
The
nnrUwrll
Typical
Abl
url;UllllJlUllityhudl(lltlr~
arulrLlil~'nl
isml!t'xlI(llIy
tile
mllst
palut111.I
,,I'
living
qUIUJl~r~~unmurriedIIII'llufvillage
lh
findsleep
OJ!
slmwmats
III
such
plucos,
murelikecuttleinbarn
:1
.
ond
flf
the{..tronpistormod
by
sevemloif~lyingdetached
r~~f'f,;
,jJJ
d
t
I.l
e
f!fl.steI'ns[deh
II:SIl
hi
UV;j
I
g
ret'
r
for
mns
I
Ii
r
itslength.
ThL'
westernsidE'is
llanked
hy
some500miles:(JIhrnker;burrierreel,themostw~LerJJ'pointo(
\IWch
is
more!hauI
(J
m.il(·~
djstalll
Ircmnearest
lnud,
Thelarg-e;i
isluuc]In
the
grou1'isB.~hcltlmav,mort'lhun
('[{Iml
itl
(IteR
hr
un
tile
fl;'llluillfng
L~hm~h.
There
it;
.~·llllsJdll~-
Ilhl
cthnber
lUI
lhi.~
iNlunct
It
IS
'tvtlmllY
r.lotlll
am]
\1It\sl
i·lr
Melekl'link¥:ilbgu..
but
the
interioris
mllillty
barren.
The
h];Ulit;5011111
!lIf
13abeltl'lllaplire[OJlmednJ
lhnesrone.
or
these.Pelelluaud
Allg~lur
Islandstnostly
areflal,buttheflt:henconsistoflang,uarrowhillswitLs1ecpslopa'ito
S~I~-
wanl.
WltJl
(·D.V~S
It
sell
level.pijlt'liu
lslaud,
l1hnllL
sixmilt's
NiNE
olAnguur,isatLitesnulhern
end
ofthe
burrier
reef,In
1935
there
\\'('1'1:·
S,1I71
!I1j_1;H1~,
(J./37B
Juprl.lLe.se.
utld17fu!'-
eignel'slivlHgi(i
Palau
rrllpciJ'.
Aogatlt.Islaudhad420
na-evesand106
IUJls
livin_~mostly
ill
areasalonJ!the
"~'CllU.
...
ill
Japanesereerull
1111luu
ualh
(!S
lu
workilljlilusllit:(tl'
mjjh>~
IJI'
lilt,
isUliliJs:inusl
III']il
pn'l'~sUPlllyof
u
IlI.LIT1
hwra\received
[tOJII
any
ut
munduted
ishmdscomes
hom
Pulau,No.\lnlprndltccs(juimtltr

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