Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
kyaungThuBawa

kyaungThuBawa

Ratings: (0)|Views: 516 |Likes:
Published by NayOo Thway

More info:

Published by: NayOo Thway on Jun 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/11/2011

pdf

text

original

 
 ausmif;olb0uJorQ(odkU)ararav;\r*FvmOD;n&ifckefoH
 
 ausmif;oltrnf - ra':vD-rauoD twef; - pwkw¦ ESpf
 
 Xme - owåaA'Xme
 
 ae&m - &efukefwuúodkvf
 
 ckESpf- 1978
 ed'gef;\tp
 ta&miftaoG;upHkvS\/tvStyrsm;utNydKiftqdkif?4if;tvStyrsm;trsm;qHk;pka0;&mjzpfaom&efukefwuúodkvf? tESDwuúodkvf\owåaA'?wwd,ESpfpmoifaqmif\vufawGUcef; a½SUaumf&pfwmwGifowåaA'Xme\tvSbk&ifrESpfyg;jzpfMuaom auoDESifha':vD...wa,muf ESifhwa,mufwif;MuyfpGmzufxm;Mu\?rawGUjzpfwmMumNyDr[kwfaomfav;olrwdkUESpfa,muf\b0ut&if vdkvGwfvyfaomausmif;olb0udkydkifqdkifMuolrsm; r[kwfMuawmhay/owåaA'Xme\*kPfowif;ausmfMum;aomauoDonf rdbrsm;\pDpOfay;rIaMumihftdrfaxmifuscJh&avNyD/ausmif;om;udkvlysdKrsm;\awmufacgufoHrsm;uxdkpOfuqlnHcJh\/tonf; uGJt&uform;rsm;tNydKif;t&dkif;ay:xGufvmMuukef\/odkUaomfxdkolrsm;onfolr\&nf;pm;rsm;r[kwfMuay/ olrtm;BudK;pm;Muukefaomudkudkumvom;rsm;yif/,ckyifvQiftdrfaxmifonfjzpfaomauoD\udk,fvHk;udk,fayguftm;awGUjrifMu ukefaomausmif;om;BuD;?ausmif;om;i,f?q&maygufp?q&mBuD;?q&maqG;rsm;onfpkyfwoyfoyfESajrmwojzpf aeMuukef\/olr\ a,mFusm;onfolr\tvdkudkjznfhpnf;Edkifygrnfvm;?olraumtdrfaxmiftay:wGiftvdkMuygrnfvm;?igomqdkvQifb, fvdk vkyfvdkufrnf?tcktdrfaxmifa&;rom,míuGJMuNyJMuvQifigwm0ef,lvdkufcsifprf;ygbd[k tjcif;jcif;wGwfxdk;twif;ajymMu aeavawmhonf/olrwdkUESpfOD;rSmrIywf0ef;usifavmuBuD;tm;arhavQmhx m;onfhtvm;wa,mufwa,mufykckef;wa,mufzufum a':vDaeaomvSnf;wef;taqmifpDodkUolrwdkU\aemufydkif;tv Srsm;tm;vIrf;&rf;vQuf wa½GUvSrf;avQufoGm;Muavawmhonf/ vrf;wGifa':vDu]]aumifreiftdrfaxmifusoGm;wmawmifausmif;uaumifawGeifudkirf;aeMuwkef;bJaemf..[D[d}}[kolr \oli,fcsif; a':vDajymavonf/xdktcgauoDu ]]ighudk rawGUwmMumvdkUjzpfrSmyg[,f...iguvnf;igygbJ?wcsdKUolawGtdrfaxmifusoGm;&if zifao;oGm;w,f?yHkpHysufoGm;w,fvdkUajymMuayr,fhighMuawmhziftwdkif;awmife*dkuxufwpfvufr avmufwufvmao;w,f? igha,mFusm;uvnf;acwfrSDw,f[Jh?ighudkavhusifcef;vkyfcdkif;w,f?tpm;taomufutpoludk,fwdkif pnf;pepfwuspDpOfay;wm?
 
 ighudkt&rf;cspfwm[}}[kajymavonf/xdktcga':vDu]]aumifrbmtckrScspfwmawGbmawG odaeNyDayghavtpuawmhuav;wa,muf tazrkqdk;zdkBuD;bmBuD;eJUckawmhudkBuD;udkBuD;jzpfaeNyDvm;?'DrSmawmheifudkvGrf;vdkuf&wm}} xdktcgauoDu]]r[kwfygbl;[,f?igvnf;eifudkvGrf;wmygbJ?a,mFusm;ua,mFusm;eifueif bJav?a,mFusm;u aemufrSnm;wm? igeJUeifigeJU ut&ifr[kwfvm;? tpuawmh igvnf;rcspfygbl;[,f? oluigudkt&rf;tvdkvdkufw,f[Jh?NyD; awmht&rf;vnf;cspfw,f? eifeJUigeJUrod cJhwJhoifcef;pmawGvnf;oltukefoifay;w,fodvm;}}xdktcga':vDaumifrtaqmif a&muf&ifigudkwvHk;rusef tukefjyefajymjyaemf?cRif;csefr,fv dkU rpOf;pm;eJU?eifhtaphudkjywfxGufoGm;atmifudkufqGJyp fvdkufr,f}} [kajymavonf/
 
]]tr,fav;rvkyfvdkufygeJUaumifr&,f?ighvifawmf armif 'ku©a&mufaeygtHk;r,f? igaveifudkajymjycsifvdkUeifpDudkvm wmayghvdkU}} jyefajymavonf/xdkUaemufolrwdkUESpfa,mifonfa' :vDaexdkif&m taqmifodkUpum; wajymajymESifha&mufvmavawmhonf/ olrwdkUESpfOD;onftaqmif\tcef;wGif;odkUa&mufonfESifhtcef;wHcg;udkydwfvdkufumwa,mufudkwa,muf tirf;r&erf;½dIuf Muukef\/olrwdkUESpfa,muf\terf;onf&SnfMumMuavonf/iwfrGwf Mu[ef½dS\?olrwdkU\vufrsm;onfvnf;wa,ufudkwa,muf wudk,fvHk;w&pyfyGwfoyfaeMuonf/yGwfoyf&if;ESifhyifwa,muftuFsDwa,mufcRwfaeMuonf?xrDrsm;?twGif;cHrsm; onfcPtwGif; taqmif\Murf;jyifay:wGifpkyHkoGm;avonf/olrwdkUESpfOD;vHk;onfrdarG;wdkif;zarG;wdkif;jzpfoGmMuavawmhonf/ olrwdkESpfOD;\yg;pyfrSvnf; ]]w[if;[if;wtD;tD;}} [laom NiD;jiLoHrsm;onfvnf;wdwfqdwfaomtaqmifwGif;0,fnifom pGmjyefUvTifhaeavonf/olrwdkUESpfOD;onftm;&atmifyGwfoyferf;pkyfNyD;awmhrStcef;ESifhwqufwnf;jzpfaoma&csdK;cef;odkUoGm;umtm;& atmifa&csdK;Muavonf?NyD;aemufolrwdkUonfwa,muftdyfukwifESpfvHk;qufxm;aome*dkuwnf;u olrwdkUESpfa,muftdyfqufaysmfjrL; &mukwifxufay:odkUwa,mufudkwa,mufzuf umrsufESmcsif;qdkifvSJcsvdkufavonf/a':vDonfauoDtdrfaxmifuspOfuwnf;u 4if;tcef;tm;taqmifydkif½SifodkUcGifhyef umvlxyfrxnfhapbJESpfa,mufcay;umaexdk ifvmcJhonf/4if;tBuHrSmvnf;auoD\tBuHyifjzpf onf/ auoDtm;vQifESpfa,mufom; ,cifuuJhodkUcsdef;awGUaysmfNrL; Mu&efjzpfavonf?tcsKyftm;jzpfqdk&aom olrwdkUESpfOD;onf  a&S;,cifwuú odkvfwufpOftcguwnf;u
lesbian (homosexual woman)
ac: tcspfawmf rsm;jzpfMu avonf/xdkUaMumifhyk&dóa,muFsm;rsm;onfolrwdkUESpfOD;tm;csnf;uyfr&EdkifMujcif;jzpfavonf/olrwdkUES pfa,mufonfrsuf ESmjcif; qdkifumwa,mufrsufESmwa,mufwpdrfhpdrfhMunfhvQufa':vDu]]igaveifudknwdkif;vGrf;aewmodvm;?eifeJUig tjyeftvSefrIwfay;Mu wm?EdkUpdkUay;MuwmudkwnrSarhr&bl;}}[ka':vD uvGrf;vGrf;aqG;aqG;qdk\/xdktcgauoDu ]]igvnf; eifvdkygbJ[,f?udkBuD;&ifcGifuae eifudktjrJowd&aewmyg?oleJUuawmheifvdkrEI;nhHbl;av?Murf;wrf;ovdkbJ?'gayr,fhydkNyD;&ifarm&w,f?ydk&ifckef&w,f?ydkNyD;t&om½dSo vdkbJ[?eifodcsif&ifvif,lMunfhygvm;}} ]]r,lcsifao;ygbl;[,f?igpdwf BudKuf wa,mufrSrawGUao;bl;? NyD;awmheifvdk rkqdk;zdkvnf;r,lcsif ygbl;?½G,fwlwef;wl?xGm;xGm;MudKif;MudKif; aumif;aumif; EdkifwJholbJa½G;,lrSm}} auoDu ]] atmifrmaumifr aemufrSrkqdk;zdkb,favmufaumif;aMumif;eifodoGm;r,f?olwdkUawGuvlysdKawG xufynmpHkw,f[?NyD;awmhrdef;rusrf;vnfausyHk&w,f? r*Fvm OD;nuqdk&ifighrSm ½I;rwwfygbJ[m?oltEI;tESyfawGu ighudk ½I;r wwfatmifygbJ?tJ'DUnuighb,fESpfcgavmufNyD;oGm;w,f vdkUeifxifvJ}} ]]b,fodrSmwkef;av;ig;cgaygh?xifwmajymwm}} ]]tJ'gaMumifhigajymwmaygh?olrIwfwmeJUwif ESpfcg oHk;cgavmufjyD;oGm; w,fxifw,f?oluEIwfcrff;arT;ppeJU[?vk yf wmeJUqdk q,fcgavmufNyD;oGm;w,fxifw,f? tJ'DUnu ig vnf;cPcPNyD;ae w,fqdkawmhigvnf;cefUrSef;acsavmufbJ ajymEdkifawmhw,f? eifeJUigurdef;rjcif;qufqHw,fqdkayr,fhigwdkUESpfa,mufvHk;a,muFsm;tawGUtMuHKr½dSwJhtysdKppfppfawGr[kwfvm;}} xdktcga':vDu]]ausmfrajymeJU[m?tpOfvdkuftpuaepajym?t&omysufw,f}}xdkrSauoDu-]] 'Dvdk[r*FvmOD;nuoluvnf; enf;enfrI;aew,f?igwdkUutdrfrjyefbl;[?tdrfrSmolUom;vlysdKaygufwa,muf½dSw,f?aumifav;uq,fwef;[?uav;pdwfrukefao;yg bl;?waeukefaqmhaewmbJarsmufavmif;av;?'gayr,f½kyfuav;utacsmom;?'gawGxm;vdkufyg?tJ'Dnutif;,m; vdwfrSmbJtcef; ,lxm;w,f?wpfvawmifiSm;xm;wmvdkUajymw,f?olua[mfw,frSmqdkawmhydkvGwfvyfwmayghwJh?tJ'geJUigvnf;ntdyf0wfpHkav;vJNyD; ol vmr,fhbufudkausmay;NyD;vSJaevdkufw,f? atmfarhaevdkUtusDrvJcifa&csdK;cef;rSmightzkwfudk qyfjymarT;eJUaocsmaq;xm;wm[? eifeJUigeJUrrIwfcifaocsma&aq;xm;ovdkaygh? olighudkrIwfr,f qdkwmigrodpdwfxJu igaocsmodaew,f?ighwkdUeifwdkUqdkwm
 
 udk,fvHk;vnf;vSw,f?twGif;om;awGqdk&ifvnf;e*dkuwnf;u*½kpdkufNyD;abmf'D½Sif;vdrf;aewmr[kwfvm;?b,fa,muFsm;rSjrifvkduf&&if rrIwfbJaeEdkifrSmr[kwfbl;av?cPaeawmholUol i,fcsif;awGa[mfw,fujyefoGm;awmholigwdkUiSm;xm;wJhtcef;xJaomhzGifhNyD;0ifvmw,f olaomuf vmyHk&w,f[? aemufNyD;a&;csdK;cef;zGifh oHMum; vdkufNyD;ola&csdK;w,f[?iguntdyfrD;rdSefrdSefav;bJzGifhxm;wm?igwdkU tcef;utif;,muefbufrsufESmvSnfhxm;wJhtcef;?tjyifuvrf;rD;a&mifutcef;xJvJhvJhav;0if aew,f?'ghtjyifntdrfrD;tjymav; zGifxm;jyefawmh&ifckefp&mav;aygh[m? xdktcga':vDu ]]eif[muvnf;vdk&if;ra&mufEdkifao;bl;?jref jrefajym[m?rvdkwmawGausmf jypfvdkuf}} ]eifbJtao;pdwfajymqdk}} ]]at;ygodyfNyD;vJtao;rpdwfeJU?ajym&if;ightzkwfav;vnf;yGwfay;tkH;? 'DaeUawmheifigudkjyKpk}} ]]at;ygigvkyf ay;ygr,f?eifudkavQmfaMu;ay;wJhaeeJUaygh?igNyD;rSau mif;aumif;av; eifudkjyKpkay;r,f?}} ]] ola&csdK;cef;uxGufvmNyD;?cPMumawmhhukwif jidrfhueJjzpfoGm;w,f?olukwifrSmwifykvTJxdkifvkduf yHk&w,f?NyD;awmholuwdk;wdk;av; ar;w,f ]]autdyfaeNyDvm;wJh?}} ig½SufvdkUtomav;jidrfaevdkufw,f? ]]b,ftdyftkH;rSmvJ?'DrSm tcHbdkUapmifhaewm avvdkU}} jyefajymcsifvdkufwmyg;pyfudk,m;aewmbJ?eifvnf;odom;eJUtzdkqdkvdkU,ifzdkawmifoef; zl;wmr[kwfbl;?NyD;awmh&nf;pm;oemvnf; rxm;zl;bl;r[kwf vm;?udkBuD;uvn;fuav;wa,muftazomqdkw,f ar;½dk;um;um;?&iftk yfus,fus,f?tom;ndKndK? eifvnf;awGU zl;wmbJav?rdef;rBudKuf½kyf?t&yftarmif;qdkvnf; 5ay 11vufr avmuf½dSr,fxifw,f/ ]]csD;rGef;cef;awGawmfygawmh?vdk&if; jref jrefajymvkdUqdkae?eifvufuvnf;ememav;zdyGwfyg[m?rxd wxdeJU'DrSmNyD;csifaeNyD}} a':vDtm;rvdktm;r&ajym\/]]at;yg? tJ'geJU igjidrfaeawmhudkBuD;u ighvufarmif;av; udkolvufxdyfav;awGeJUrxdwxdtomav;yGwfNyD;awmh au ½SufaewmvmwJh?igacgifav;udktdyfvQuftomav;iHkUNyD;? tif; vdkUwdk;wdk;av;ajymvdkufw,f?tJ'DawmhudkBuD;uukwifa y:udktom av;wufvmNyD;ightaemufuodkif;zufvdkufw,f?yxrawmhigu½kyf½SifxJuvdkvTwfygtHk;?touf½IMuyfw,fbmnmayghrI tkH;rvdkU? 'gayr,fhudkBuD;&JUudk,foif;&eHav;uwrsdK;av;[?0DpuD HeJUa&arT;eHa&maewJhteH[?arT;tDtDav;?t&rf;½IvdkUaumif;w,f? NyD;awmhol[mBuD;uigzifudkaemufuaerodromvmaxmufaew,f?ylylaEG;aEG;vHk;vHk;zkwkwkBuD;[?tJ'gBuD;igzifuuGmoGm; rSmtJ'DtcsdefrSmigt&rf;pdk;&drf rdw,f[m?jzpfEdkif&ifcsufcsif;vSJUNyD;olBuD;ukdpkyfypfvdkufcsifwm?b,fjzpfrvJaemf?igudktxifao; oGmrSmaygh?NyD;awmholu]]r½SufygeJUuav;&,fwJh?'guobm0bJ[m}}wJh?aemufNyD;olUvufBuD;uigqHyifav;awGudktom av;vm zGaejyefw,f?vnfwdkifav;wavQmuf?em;½Gufav;udkomomav;yGwfaew,f?igav,m;vdkufwm[m?t&rf;udkzDvif wufvmw,f? olvufuwajz;ajz;eJUe,fausmfvmw,f?vnfwdkifuaewajz;ajz;&if nTefUudkqif;vmw,f?NyD;awmholUvufMuD; uighEdkUtHktay:ydkif;av;udkyGwfoyf ay;vmw,f?wajz;ajz;eJUEdkUoD;acgif;xdyfuav;udk½G½Tav;olyGwfvdkufawmhigvnf;rae Edkifawmhbl; [?yg;pyfu ]] w[if;[if;}} eJUjiD;vdkufrdw,f?eif eJUwkef;uvdktusifhygoGm;wm?awmfao;w,folowdrxm;rd bl;?igudkolUbuftomav;qGJvSnfhvdkufw,f?tJ'DawmhrSigrsufpdudktomav;zGifhMunfhvdkufawmh?olbmrSr0wfxm;bl[? udkwHk;vHk; uRwfBuD;?ighrsufvHk;utusifhygaevdkUvm;rodbl;?aygifNcHudkwef;Bunfhrdw,f/ausmif;rSmwkef;uqdkeifeJUigeJUu a,muFsm;awGU&if rodromaygifjcm;xJvSrf;BunfhNyD;b,favmuft½G,ftpm;½dSw,fqdkwmcefUrSef;aeMur[kwfvm;/oluawmh udk,fwHk;vkH;jzpfaeawmh cefUrSef;p&mrvdkbl;aygh?olUudkawGUpuigrSef;xm;wmeJUol[mBuD;uenf;enf;ydkBuD;aew,f/aigufawmufaigufawmufeJUigudkjrSLpG,fae obdkbJ/igavqGJNyD;awmhpkyfvdkufcsifwmreJpdwfudkxdrf;xm&w,f/b,fjzpfrvJaemfigudktxifao; oGm;rSmaygh/NyD;awmh ig&JUvnfwdkifav;udkiHkUerf;vdkufw,f/ig½dSef;ueJjzpfoGm;w,fodvm;/NyD;awmholu]]auudk,fudkcspfrcspfawmhudk,fodyfpdwfr0ifpm;bl;wJh/ rdbawGay;pm;vdkUudk,fhudkauvufxyfvdkufayr,fhtcsdefwcka&mufoGm;&if tvdkvdkudk,fudkcspfoGm;rSmygwJh}}]]oligudktxifvGJaewm odvm;?igudk&nf;pm;&dScJhw,fvdkUolxifaewmb,fjzpfrvJigcsufjcif;jyefajz½Sif; vdkufwmaygh/ ]]aurSmcspf&r,fholr½dSao;ygbl;? udkBuD;eJUuvn;frdbawGpDpOfwmudk}}ig'DavmufeJUpum;jzwfvdkufw,f/quf ajymvdkUrxGufawmhbl;?bmjzpfvdkUvJqdkawmhigpum;w0uf wysuf rSmoluigEIyfcrf;awGudkerf;pkyfvdkufvdkUbJ/xdktcga':vDutm; rvdktm;r&ESifh ]]tJawmholubmqufvkyfvJ}}]]bmqufvkyf&rSmvJquferf;aewmaygh?olUterf;awGut&rf;jyif;w,f[m? eifwdkUigwdkUvdkodrfodrfarGUarGUr[kwfbl;?t&rf;Burf;w,f? t&rf; iwfiwfrGwfrGwferf;wm?igawmifcPtouf½I&yfoGm;ovdkbJ/ighEIyfcrf;awGjywfxGufoGm;ravmufudkolpkyfwmjyif;vd kufwm [,f/igtouf½IvdkUr0awmhbl;?eJeJxyfBum&ifolerf;wmeJUwifr*FvmOD;nrSmigtoufxGufoGm;Edkifw,f/'gayr,foluvlvnf[/ ighEIyfcrf;udkerf;wmudk&yfvdkufNyD;vnfwdkifudkerf;w,f?rxdwxd av;[?NyD;awmh&ifnTefUudkqif;oGm;w,f?&ifnTefUqdkwm ighEdkUudkajymwmr[kwfbl;?ighEdkUESpfvHkk;Mum;tv,fwJhwJhudkajymwm?iga v olacgif;udkqGJNyD;igh&JUEdkUtHkay:udkwifay;vdkufrdw,f?txifao; csifvJao;[m?igr&awmhbl;olvkyfaewmigudknSif;qJaeovdk bJ?igt&rf;EdkUpdkUcHcsifaeNyD?igEdkUoD;acgif;awGurmaw mifNyD;axmif aeNyD?eifigudkEdkUpdkUay;wkef;uxuftqrsm;pGmrmaewm[?EdkUtHkwckvHk;wif;aewm?pdwfxJrSmvJuvduvdeJU?tJ'DUawmholui gh EdkUjzLjzLazG;azG;BuD;udkolvQmBuD;eJUukef;ukef;NyD ;vQufwm[/bm ajymaumif;rvJigqdkwmolUacgif;BuD;udkighEdkUeJUvGwf oGm;rSmpdk; vdkU twif;zduyffxm;vdkufrdw,f?NyD;awmholuigh&JUEdkUoD;acgifeDeD&J&Jav;awGudkolU&JUoGm;eJUrematmifzswfueJUzswfueJjcpfjcpf ay;w,f[/ aumif;vdkufwm[,f?igtzkwfwckvHk;vJt&nfawGeJU½TJ½TJudkpdkaewmbJ/olEdkUpdkUwmawmfawmfBumw,f[Jh?ightxif rdepf20avmufawmif ½dSr,fvdkUx,fw,f/ighEdkUoD;acgif;awGvJcHvdkUaumifae&muwqifhusifwJhbufudkul;ajymif;oGm;w,f/ igrwm;&ifolqufpdkUaerSm?]][ifhudkBuD;?auemvmNyD}}vdkUigrIvusDoGefeDvkyfNyD;olUacgif;udkqGJ rNyD;EdkUatmufem;ig&JUcsufra&mufwa&mufavmufpDudkrodcsifa,mifa qmifNyD;wGef;ydkUvdkufw,f/eJeJatmufudkqufqif;&ifigh&JUtysdKppfppftzkwfav;em;a&mufNyD aygh?igeifudkajymjy&tHk;r,f? r*FvmraqmifcifigtarT;awGudkcyfwdkwdkav;nSyfNyD;rodromyHkoGif;xm;w,f[?wu,fvdkoligudk rIwf&iftqifajyatmifvdkU BudKwifjyifqifxm;wm/NyD;awmhtarT;udkigwdkUqHyifqdk;wJaq;av?a½Ttdka&mifazsmhazsmhav;qdk;xm;w,f?tckawmifta&mifrjy,fao;bl;? eifBunfhygvm;?xdktcga':vDu]][,faumifraygufayguf½Sm½Sm}}[kajymumauoD\ tzkwfudkteD;uyfiHkUBunfhavonf/

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->