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Polygons

Polygons

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Published by ayu7kaji

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Published by: ayu7kaji on Jun 17, 2011
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08/19/2012

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What is a Polygon?
A closed plane figure made up of several line segments that are joined together. The sides do not cross each other. Exactly two sidesmeet at every vertex.Types|Formulas|Parts|Special Polygons|Names
Types of Polygons
Regular
­ all angles are equal and all sides are the same length.Regular polygons are both equiangular and equilateral.
Equiangular
­ all angles are equal.
Equilateral
­ all sides are the same length.
Polygon Formulas
(N = # of sides and S = length from center to a corner)
 
Area
of a regular polygon = (1/2) N sin(360°/N) S
2
 
Sum
of the interior angles of a polygon = (N ­ 2) x 180°
The
number of diagonals
in a polygon = 1/2 N(N­3)The
number of triangles
(when you draw all the diagonals from onevertex) in a polygon = (N ­ 2)
Polygon PartsSpecial Polygons
Special Quadrilaterals­ square, rhombus, parallelogram, rectangle,and the trapezoid.Special Triangles­ right, equilateral, isosceles, scalene, acute,obtuse.
Polygon Names
 
Polygon Properties
(Math|Geometry| Polygon Properties)
Convex
­ a straight line drawn through a convex polygon
crosses at most two sides
. Every interior angle is lessthan 180°.
Concave
­ you can draw at least one straight linethrough a concave polygon that
crosses
 
more than twosides
. At least one interior angle is more than 180°.
Side
­ one of the line segments thatmake up the polygon.
Vertex
­ point where two sides meet.Two or more of these points are calledvertices.
Diagonal
­ a line connecting twovertices that isn't a side.
Interior Angle
­ Angle formed by twoadjacent sides inside the polygon.
Exterior Angle
­ Angle formed by twoadjacent sides outside the polygon.
 
 Names for other polygons have been proposed.To construct a name, combine the prefix+suffixExamples:46 sided polygon ­ Tetracontakaihexagon28 sided polygon ­ IcosikaioctagonHowever, many people use the form n­gon, as in 46­gon, or 28­goninstead of these names.
 
Sides Name
n N­gon3 Triangle4 Quadrilateral5 Pentagon6 Hexagon7 Heptagon8 Octagon10 Decagon12 Dodecagon
Sides Name
9 Nonagon, Enneagon11 Undecagon, Hendecagon13 Tridecagon, Triskaidecagon14 Tetradecagon, Tetrakaidecagon15 Pentadecagon, Pentakaidecagon16 Hexadecagon, Hexakaidecagon17 Heptadecagon, Heptakaidecagon18 Octadecagon, Octakaidecagon19 Enneadecagon, Enneakaidecagon20 Icosagon30 Triacontagon40 Tetracontagon50 Pentacontagon60 Hexacontagon70 Heptacontagon80 Octacontagon90 Enneacontagon100 Hectogon, Hecatontagon1,000 Chiliagon10,000 Myriagon
Sides Prefix
20 Icosikai...30 Triacontakai...40 Tetracontakai...50 Pentacontakai...60 Hexacontakai...70 Heptacontakai...80 Octacontakai...90 Enneacontakai...
+
Sides Suffix
+1 ...henagon+2 ...digon+3 ...trigon+4 ...tetragon+5 ...pentagon+6 ...hexagon+7 ...heptagon+8 ...octagon+9 ...enneagon 
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