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Polygons

# Polygons

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08/19/2012

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What is a Polygon?
A closed plane figure made up of several line segments that are joined together. The sides do not cross each other. Exactly two sidesmeet at every vertex.Types|Formulas|Parts|Special Polygons|Names
Types of Polygons
Regular
­ all angles are equal and all sides are the same length.Regular polygons are both equiangular and equilateral.
Equiangular
­ all angles are equal.
Equilateral
­ all sides are the same length.
Polygon Formulas
(N = # of sides and S = length from center to a corner)

Area
of a regular polygon = (1/2) N sin(360°/N) S
2

Sum
of the interior angles of a polygon = (N ­ 2) x 180°
The
number of diagonals
in a polygon = 1/2 N(N­3)The
number of triangles
(when you draw all the diagonals from onevertex) in a polygon = (N ­ 2)
Polygon PartsSpecial Polygons
Special Quadrilaterals­ square, rhombus, parallelogram, rectangle,and the trapezoid.Special Triangles­ right, equilateral, isosceles, scalene, acute,obtuse.
Polygon Names

Polygon Properties
(Math|Geometry| Polygon Properties)
Convex
­ a straight line drawn through a convex polygon
crosses at most two sides
. Every interior angle is lessthan 180°.
Concave
­ you can draw at least one straight linethrough a concave polygon that
crosses

more than twosides
. At least one interior angle is more than 180°.
Side
­ one of the line segments thatmake up the polygon.
Vertex
­ point where two sides meet.Two or more of these points are calledvertices.
Diagonal
­ a line connecting twovertices that isn't a side.
Interior Angle
­ Angle formed by twoadjacent sides inside the polygon.
Exterior Angle
­ Angle formed by twoadjacent sides outside the polygon.

Names for other polygons have been proposed.To construct a name, combine the prefix+suffixExamples:46 sided polygon ­ Tetracontakaihexagon28 sided polygon ­ IcosikaioctagonHowever, many people use the form n­gon, as in 46­gon, or 28­goninstead of these names.

Sides Name
n N­gon3 Triangle4 Quadrilateral5 Pentagon6 Hexagon7 Heptagon8 Octagon10 Decagon12 Dodecagon
Sides Name
Sides Prefix
20 Icosikai...30 Triacontakai...40 Tetracontakai...50 Pentacontakai...60 Hexacontakai...70 Heptacontakai...80 Octacontakai...90 Enneacontakai...
+
Sides Suffix
+1 ...henagon+2 ...digon+3 ...trigon+4 ...tetragon+5 ...pentagon+6 ...hexagon+7 ...heptagon+8 ...octagon+9 ...enneagon