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edexcel Igcse Mathematics

edexcel Igcse Mathematics

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Edexcel IGCSE Maths 1
Answers to activities and exercises
   I   G   C   S   E   M  a   t   h  s   A  n  s  w  e  r  s  –   U  n   i   t   1
11
Unit 1
1NUMBER 11 
EXERCISE 1
1
 
23
 
2
23
 
3
13
 
4
23
 
5
12
 
6
13
7
34
,
75%
8
15
,
20%
9
14
,
0.25
10
18
,
0.125
11
0.15
,
15%
12
0.075
,
7.5%
13
720
,
35%
14
38
,
37.5%
15
2
 23
 
16
3
 14
 
17
3
 25
 
18
2
 57
 
19
73
 
20
185
 
21
116
 
22
417
 
EXERCISE 1*
1
27
 
2
23
 
3
318
 
4
711
5
12
 
6
38
 
7
340
 
8
115
9
56
 
10
56
 
11
23
 
12
45
 
13
49
 
14
38
 
15
740
 16
340
17
680
18
910
19
0.765
20
0.095
21
39
22
3.1
23
24
24
18
25
26.25
26
42.84
27
41.86
28
49.88
EXERCISE 2
1
5
2
 –8
3
13
4
 –17
5
13
6
 –20
7
 –3
8
 –10
9
 –12
10
28
11
 –6
12
 –6
13
 –2
14
 –5
15
3
16
3
17
10
18
4
EXERCISE 2*
1
 –2
2
6
3
23
4
5
5
18
6
10
7
18
8
10
9
12
10
2
 23
 
11
12
12
18
13
36
14
13
15
49
16
74
17
144
18
196
EXERCISE 3
1
1.8
2
0.272 km
3
5.52 m
4
1.38 cm
5
0.684
6
12.6 litres
7
£31.80
8
£64.80
9
£45.50
10
£71.20
11
15%
12
6%
13
10%
14
15%
15
5%
 
 
   I   G   C   S   E   M  a   t   h  s   A  n  s  w  e  r  s  –   U  n   i   t   1
2
16
5.94 m
17
Percentage increase in value =
4687800
 
100 = 6%
18
$9120
19
 688
20
6080
= 2.70% increase.
802000
= 3.95% increase.
EXERCISE 3*
1
0.75
2
21 kg
3
$171
4
11.7 km
5
52.5
6
106.25
7
68.005 km
8
86.1 kg
9
$80.04
10
$89.18
11
15%
12
$836
13
Profit =
 
 4.25; percentage profit =
4.2534
 
100 = 12.5%
14
39%
15
0.0402%
16
33.3%
17
250%
18
11.1%; 12.5%
19
There are 500 million telephones in the world
,
60 000 in Ethiopia. Population of Ethiopia is 30 million.
201976 1986 1996
Largest tin (p/g) 0.0359 0.0607 0.0738Smallest tin (p/g) 0.0493 0.1 0.16
 % increase in cost ’76–’86 % increase in cost ’86–’96
Largest tin 69.1 21.6Smallest tin 102.8
 
60
 
Inflation was much higher between 1976 and 1986. If the larger tin were bought in 1976 you wouldget 37.3% more for your money. In 1986 you would get 64.7% more for your money and in 1996you would get 117% more.
ACTIVITY 1
 Neurons: 10
11
 Connections: 10
15
 Connections per second = 10
15
 
÷
(60
60
24
365
75)
half a million
EXERCISE 4
1
10
5
 
2
10
5
 
3
10
10
4
10
10
 
5
10
3
6
10
7
7
10
13
 
8
10
11
 
9
10
2
10
10
5
 
11
10
3
 
12
10
2
13
10
3
 
14
10
8
 
15
10
1
 
16
10
2
 
17
4.56
10
2
 
18
6.78
10
1
19
1.2345
10
2
 
20
6.7
10
7
21
5.68
10
2
22
3.84
10
1
 
23
7.0605
10
2
 
24
1.23
10
8
25
4000
26
56 000
27
4 090 000
28
678 900
29
560
30
65 000
31
7 970 000
32
987 600
33
1000
34
10 000
35
8.4
10
9
 
36
1.4
10
2
37
5
10
EXERCISE 4*
1
4.5089
10
4
 
2
8.705
10
4
3
2.983
10
7
 
4
7.654
10
7
5
10
3
 
6
10
6
7
10
5
 
8
10
0
or 1
 
9
10
21
 
10
10
8
 
11
10
0
or 1
12
10
6
13
6.16
10
6
 
14
2.7
10
8
15
4
10
16
7.083
10
4
17
9.1125
10
16
 
18
2.43
10
42
19
2.5
10
4
 
20
3.46
10
8
21
9.653
10
8
 
22
4
10
3
23
10
10
 
24
1000
25
Saturn 10 cm
,
Andromeda Galaxy 1 million km
,
Quasar 1000 million km
 
 
   I   G   C   S   E   M  a   t   h  s   A  n  s  w  e  r  s  –   U  n   i   t   1
33
EXERCISE 5
1
800
2
90 000
3
3740
4
80 300
5
0.44
6
0.56
7
0.506
8
0.105
9
34.78
10
0.65
11
3.0
12
9.1
13
1
10
5
 
14
1.1
10
5
15
1
10
5
 
16
9.9
10
4
 
EXERCISE 5*
1
10
2
5000
3
45.7
4
89 500
5
0.067
6
0.0068
7
0.0495
8
0.000568
9
9.00
10
2.08
11
7.0
12
78.2
13
1.06
10
5
 
14
1.057
10
5
 
15
9.88
10
4
 
16
9.877
10
4
REVISION EXERCISE 6
1
10
5
 
2
10
2
 
3
4570
4
4.57
10
3
 
5
3700
6
1225
7
0.48
8
218
 
9
2.625
10
13
 
11
130
 
12
79
 
13
116
 
14
4.2
15
420
16
4
17
14.4
18
0.05
19
0.046
20
0.046
21
9.2
10
8
22
5
10
4
 
23
2.04
24
45.12 km
25
Profit = $0.60; percentage profit =
0.612
 
100 = 5%
26
15%
REVISION EXERCISE 6*
1
14
 
2
37
 
3
512
 
4
8.1
10
3
 
5
8.10
10
3
 
6
0.0456
7
45 600
8
10
12
 
9
10
2
10
10
8
 
11
1.586
10
8
 
12
5.28
10
7
13
8
10
2
 
14
To increase 80 by 10% = 88.To decrease 120 by 30% = 84.
the first by 4.
15
Profit = 162 000; percentage profit =
162000900000
 
100 = 18%
16
0.04
13.50 = 0.54; 13.5 – 0.54 = 12.96
 17
$42 928.40
18
2 cents loss
1ALGEBRA 11 
ACTIVITY 2
3
6
,
half number added.
INVESTIGATE
Substituting any value of 
 x
gives the same values for both expressions because
 x
3
+
 x
2
+
 x
+ 1 = (
 x
+ 1)(
 x
2
+ 1).

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