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Table Of Contents

9.2.3 Gas Cap Drive
9.3.3 Reservoir Characteristics
9.3.2 OilQuality
9.3.4 Reservoir Geometry
10.1 INTRODUCTIOJII
10.3 DEFINITION OF RESERVOIR TYPES FROM PHASE DIAGRAMS
10.4 GAS RECOVERY
10.5 GAS RESERVES
10.5.1 Nonassociated Gas Reserves Determination
10.5.2 Solution Gas Reserves Determination
10.6 PIPELINE GAS RESERVES
10.5.3 Associated Gas Reserves Determination
10.7 RESERVESOF RELATED PRODUCTS
10.7.1 Natural.Gas Liquids
10.7.2 Sulphur
10.8 GAS DELIVERABILITY FORECASTING
10.9 WELL SPACING
10.10 CYCLING OF GAS CONDENSATE RESERVOIRS WITH DRY GAS
ENHANCED RECOVERY BY WATERFLOODING
VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS
12.4 EXPERIMENTAL METHODSTO DETERMINE MISCIBILITY
12.4.1 poX Diagram
12.4.2 Multi-Contact TernaryDiagram
12.4.4 RisingBubbleApparatus
12.5 SCREENING AND FEASIBILITY STUDIES
12.5.2 Break-Through RatioMethod
12.5.3 Geological Model
12.5.4 Simulation StUdies
12.5.5 Estimation of Uncertainties
12.5.6 Determination of Solvent and Chase Gas Slug Size
12.6 CLASSIFICATION OF MISCIBLE HYDROCARBON RESERVES
12.6.2 ProbableReserves
12.6.3 Proved Reserves
13.1 INTRODUCTION
13.3 PERFORMANCEPREDICTION
13.3.1 External Injection Schemes
13.3.2 Dispersed Gas Injection Schemes
14.1 INTRODUCTION
• Cyclic steam stimulation
14.2 CYCLICSTEAMSTIMULATION
14.2.1 Process Variation
14.2.2 Field Examples
14.2.3 Recovery Mechanisms
14.2.4 Design Considerations
14.3 STEAM FLOODING
14.3.1 Process Variation
14.3.2 DesignConsiderations
14.4 CAUSES OF FAILURE FOR CYCLIC STEAM STIMULATION AND STEAM FLOOD PROCESSES
14.5 FORECASTING MODELS
14.5.1 Marxand LangenheimModel
14.5.2 Myhill and Stegeimeier Model
14.6 IN SITU COMBUSTION PROCESSES
14.6.1 Recovery Mechanisms
14.6.2 Process Variations
14.6.3 Design Considerations
14.7 ELECTROMAGNETIC HEATING
15.1 INTRODUCTION
15.2 PROCESS REVIEW
15.3 RECOVERY MECHANISMS
15.4 DESIGNCONSIDERATIONS
15.4.1 Phase Behaviour
15.4.2 Displacement Efficiency
15.4.3 Volumetric Sweep Efficiency
15.4.4 Slug Sizing
15.5 RESERVE EVALUATION
15.6 FIELDAPPLICATIONS
RESERVES ESTIMATION FOR HORIZONTAL WELLS
16.1 INTRODUCTION
16.2 RESERVES DETERMINATION TECHNIQUES
16.2.1 Performance Projection
16.2.2 Volumetric Method
16.2.3 Role of Heterogeneities
16.2.5 Recovery Factors
16.3 DETERMINATION OF RESERVES
16.3.1 Determination of Reserves Parameters
16.3.2 Key Elements
16.3.3 Steps Involved in Reserves Determinations
NUMERICAL SIMULATION
17.1 INTRODUCTION
17.2 TYPES OF RESERVOIR SIMULATORS
17.3 MATHEMATICALFORMULATION
17.5 DATA REQUIREMENTS
17.5.1 Reservoir Geometry
17.5.2 Rock and Fluid Properties
17.6 RESERVOIR MODELGRIDDESIGN
17.7 RESERVOIR MODEL INITIAL,IZATION
17.8 MODELSENSITIVITY ANALYSIS
17.9 HISTORYMATCHING
17.10 FORECASTINGRESERVOIR PERFORMANCE
17.11 USE AND MISUSE OF RESERVOIR SIMULATION
17.12 SUMMARY
18.5.2 Hyperbolic Decline
18.5.3 Harmonic Decline
18.6.1 StatisticalMethod
18.6.2 Theoretical Methods
18.7 SUMMARY
RECOVERY FACTOR STATISTICS
19.1 INTRODUCTION
19.2 DATASOURCEAND RELIABILITY
19.3 CONVENTIONAL CRUDE OIL
19.3.1 Naturalor Primary Drive Mechanisms
19.3.2 Oil Recovery Factor Distributions
19.3.4 Pool Size
19.3.3 Average Recovery Factors
19.3.5 Fluid Type: Light and Medium vs Heavy
19.3.6 Lithology: Clastics vs, Carbonates
19.3.8 Geological Play
19.3.7 Geological Period
19.3.9 Recovery vs. Common Reservoir Parameters
19.4 CONVENTIONAL GAS
CASH FLOW ANALYSIS
21.1 INTRODUCTION
21.4 ROYALTIES AND MINERAL TAX
21.6 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
21.7 FINANCE AND ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS
UNCERTAINTY AND RISK IN RESERVES EVALUATION
22.1 INTRODUCTION
22.2 CONCEPTS
22.2.1 Definition of Risk and Uncertainty
22.2.2 Describing Uncertainty
22.2.3 Areas of Uncertainty
22.2.4 Causes of Uncertainty
22.2.5 Magnitude of Uncertainty
22.2.6 Use of Uncertainty
22.3.2 Empirical Classification
22.3.4 Quantitative Estimation
22.3.3 Quantifying Subjective Estimates
Carrying Out a Stochastic Evaluation
22.4.2 Decision Matrices
22.4.3 Decision Trees
22.4.4 Probabilistic Simulation
22.5 EVALUATION OF UNDEVELOPED LANDS
THE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
23.1 INTRODUCTION
23.2 RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS
23.3 MINERALOWNERSHIP
23.4 ECONOMICDEVELOPMENT POLICIES
24.2 TRANSPORTATION NETWORK
24.3 MAJORMARKETS
24.4 NORTHAMERICAN PRICING
24.5 PRICERISKMANAGEMENT
24.5.1 Futures
24.5.2 Options
24.5.3 Swaps
24.6 OUTLOOKAND CHALLENGES
NATURAL GAS MARKETS
25.1 INTRODUCTION
25.3.1 Market Types and Market Mechanisms
25.3.2 Market Demand Forces
26.3.3 Acceleration Projects
26.4.1 Valuing Oil and Gas Companies
26.4.7 Accounting Requirements
ACRONYMS
GLOSSARY
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AUTHORINDEX
SUBJECTINDEX
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Determination of Oil and Gas Reserves

Determination of Oil and Gas Reserves

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Published by Sorina Dumitrascu

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Published by: Sorina Dumitrascu on Aug 08, 2011
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