Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
6Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Topalilov

Topalilov

Ratings: (0)|Views: 115|Likes:
Published by Ivo Topalilov

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Ivo Topalilov on Aug 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/25/2013

pdf

text

original

 
The Roman Empire and Beyond:Archaeological and HistoricalResearch on the Romans and Native Cultures in Central Europe
Edited by
Eric C. De SenaHalina Dobrzanska
BAR International Series 22362011
 
 
 
Published by ArchaeopressPublishers of British Archaeological ReportsGordon House276 Banbury RoadOxford OX2 7EDEngland
bar@archaeopress.comwww.archaeopress.com
 BAR S2236
The Roman Empire and Beyond: Archaeological and Historical Research on the Romans and Native Cultures in Central Europe 
© Archaeopress and the individual authors 2011ISBN 978 1 4073 0798 5Printed in England by Blenheim Colour Ltd All BAR titles are available from:Hadrian Books Ltd122 Banbury RoadOxfordOX2 7BPEngland
www.hadrianbooks.co.uk 
The current BAR catalogue with details of all titles in print, prices and means of payment is availablefree from Hadrian Books or may be downloaded from www.archaeopress.com
 
23
THE EMPEROR AND THE CITY: A CASE STUDY ON THE LINK BETWEENHADRIAN AND PHILIPPOPOLIS, THRACE
 Ivo Topalilov
(University of Shumen, Bulgaria)
 
Abstract.
This paper reviews evidence of one or two visits by Hadrian to the Thracian city of Philippopolis. This authorindicates that depsite a lack of 
literary evidence for this emperor‟s permanence in Philippopolis, the extent of buildingduring Hadrian‟s reign, evidence of games in honor of Antinoos and statues of Sabina all point to at least one visit to the
 
city in the 120‟s or early 130‟s
AD.
I. Introduction
.
“Indeed, no Roman emperor devoted as
much personal attention to cities throughout the empire asdid Hadrian, except perhaps Augustus himsel
f” writes M.
Boatwright and it seems she is quite right.
1
Thecomprehensive study she has made on the link betweenthe emperor Hadrian (AD 117-138) and the cities in theEmpire shows that more than 210 cities were affected byhis favor. It is not by chance that Hadrian was
commemorated on the coins as „
restitutor 
‟ of the
provinces. His influence is found in different aspects,such as the change of the city
‟s
status. The
emperor‟s
intervention in the daily life of towns involved theappointment of high magistrates, priesthoods and
curators
, land attribution, the determination of boundaries, the remission or exemption of taxes, theorganization of games and festivals, conferring titles andnames, as well as impressive building programs. Buildingprograms, which were indeed common, may haveconsisted of major engineering projects and newconstruction, completion of previously initiated work,renovation and decoration of older buildings andcomplexes and so forth.
2
The study reveals that mostcities on
Boatwright‟s
list received just a token of the
emperor‟s favor 
s, which may or may not be simply due toscanty evidence. The list could be augmented with thenames of other cities for which we currently have no
 proof of any emperor‟s presence or benefits.
 
II. Hadrian and Philippopolis
. One of these centers isthe primary city in Thrace - Philippopolis. The groundsfor such an assumption lie in the sudden change thatoccurred in the urban development of the city when onecompares the city under Trajan to that of Antoninus
Pius‟s time. In fact,
such change is clearly observed notonly in Philippopolis, but also throughout Thrace, whichmakes some scholars believe that the cities received
consecratio
 
during Hadrian‟s time
. It is, therefore, theaim of this paper to combine the study of various sources(e.g., archaeological, epigraphic and numismatic) in order
1
Boatwright 2000, 12.
2
Cf. Boatwright 2000.
to reveal, if possible, the true nature of 
Hadrian‟s
benefactions to the city, which were the grounds for itsprosperity for over the next century and half. It seems thatthese changes were of consequence for the city,especially when one considers that the onlycommemorative arch in Philippopolis was devoted toHadrian.Before we begin our analysis of the given facts, it isnecessary to mention that until this moment we do nothave concrete historical proof of the empero
r‟s visit to
Philippopolis, as we do for other cities, especially thosein the provinces in Asia Minor.
3
The numismatic data andthe epigraphic material, however, indicate Hadrian
‟s
 travels through Thrace during both of his easternprovincial tours in AD 124-125 and AD 128-132. Theprimary sources do not mention Ha
drian‟s visit in
Philippopolis, but Bulgarian scholarship based uponepigraphic and numismatic data accepts the thesis thatduring his first provincial tour Hadrian passed throughThrace at which time he renamed the indigenoussettlement
Uscudama
after himself,
 Hadrianopolis
, andthen continued north to the military base
Cabyle
and thento
 Durostorum
and
Tomis
.
4
 During his second provincial tour, on his way back toRome, it is presumed on the basis of ADVENTVS typecoins that the emperor visited Thrace once again.
5
Thiscoin type of AD 134-138,
6
combined with epigraphicevidence of the erection of the basilica in Pautalia,devoted to Hadrian in AD 135 as well as theestablishment of the new borderline between Thrace andLower Moesia in AD 136, clearly reveals his route fromAthens to the north at the
limes
.
7
 
3
Galsterer-Kröll 1972.
4
 
Юрукова 1987, 11
-
12; Велков 1991, 14; Колева 2005, 10;
Weber1904, 57, 148; Henderson 1923, 84, 283; Vladkova 2002, 32.
5
Birley 2000, 145.
6
Mattingly 1966, clxxi-clxxii.
7
 
Бешевлиев 1952, 60
-63; IGBulg. IV,
№ 2057; Топалилов 2005, 94
.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->