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Water Resources

Water Resources

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Published by A S M Hefzul Kabir

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Published by: A S M Hefzul Kabir on Sep 27, 2011
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09/27/2011

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A S M Hefzul kabirAssistant professor
 Dept. of Geography & EnvironmentJagannath University, Dhaka
Rajan Chandra Ghosh
 
2
nd Batch,
3rd Year,2nd
SemesterDept. of Geography & EnvironmentJagannath University, Dhaka
 Date of Submission:
 29th
March,
2011
 
 Introduction:
 
Water resource management addresses the interaction of the supply, timing andquality of natural resources with the demands for services such as water for food (irrigation),water for energy, water for the environment and water for domestic use (water supply andsanitation). Effective management of these resources is critical to farmers, the energy sector, theenvironment and populations at large.The sustainable management of water resources has a new urgency in the face of growingpopulations, increased economic development which is spurring demand for more and betterfood, and increased hydrologic variability caused by climate change
 
 
Water resources management is now a global concern, the main purpose of which isto provide adequate water for humans and the natural environment. The water managementincludes water utilization, water source conservation, monitoring and preservation of waterquality. In this paper the overall status of water resources of Bangladesh and its utilization indifferent areas with emphasis to conservation is described based on available information.
 
The natural subsystem of water resources system are: 1) the interlinked system of rivers, estuaries, canals, khals (smaller than rivers in size) etc. 2) the floodplain 3) wetlands 4)haor, baor, beel (local names of different kinds of ponds filled with stagnant rain water), lakesetc. 5) ponds 6) inter tidal lands and water 7) groundwater aquifers. However, other than rivers,the natural reservoirs are scarce and thereby water conservation in rainy season for dry seasonuse is limited.
Water Resources
:
 
Water resources are sources of waterthat are useful or potentially useful tohumans.Uses of water includeagricultural,industrial,household,recreationalandenvironmental activities. Virtually all of these human uses requirefresh water. 97% of water on the Earth is salt water, and only3%is fresh water of which slightly over two thirds is frozen inglaciersandpolarice caps.
 
The remaining unfrozen fresh water ismainly found as groundwater, with only a small fraction present above ground or in the air.Fresh water is arenewable resource,yet the world's supply of clean, fresh water issteadily decreasing. Water demand alreadyexceeds supplyin many parts of the world and as the

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