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Companion Feed Stock- A Secoin Invention in Agarwood oil distillation

Companion Feed Stock- A Secoin Invention in Agarwood oil distillation

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Published by Dinh xuan Ba
SECOIN companion feedstock is a biological additive for improving quality of Agarwood essential oil made by hydrodistillation.
SECOIN companion feedstock is a biological additive for improving quality of Agarwood essential oil made by hydrodistillation.

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Published by: Dinh xuan Ba on Oct 12, 2011
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04/29/2015

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1
COMPANION FEEDSTOCK - A SECOIN INVENTIONIN AGARWOOD OIL DISTILLATION
Professor Dinh xuan BaDirector of SECOIN Applied Biology Center
Definitions
Distillation system
is an equipment that usually consists of three main parts: vessel, condenserand Clevenger oil trap (see Appendix 1)
Feedstock
is raw material can be fed in the vessel of a distillation system making essential oil
Companion feedstock
is a feedstock which accompanies with other feedstocks for a longer orshorter period aiming at predetermined purposes (in scientific terminology the name
“companion” is usually u
tilized, for example: companion plant in agronomy)
Agarwood
is an aromatic resinous wood naturally or artificially formed in heartwood (or innerparts) of several species of the family Thymelaeaceae Jussieu., the trees of those species arehereinafter called
 agarwood-producing trees
. In the appendix 2 and appendix 3 agarwood isdescribed by black part located in the centre of log section. The contiguous area is hereinaftercalled
 transitional zone
.
Tiny transitional bits
are also located in Agarwood (see appendix 3).Agarwood
 
has been
 
considered to be a pathological product by infection, so the white part of thislog is referred to as
 healthy wood 
. In the black part there are both endogenous secretory cells(glandulars) and resin ducts. Secretory cells may also found in transitional zone, even in healthywood.Please be noted that in several cases agarwood is not concentrated to heartwood of log butdispersed in inner part of log.
Agarwood oil
is essential oil obtained in Clevenger oil trap after the condensational process of evaporated
volatile aromatic compounds
(VACs)
S312 and S088
is SECOIN companion feedstock that is utilized in Agarwood oil distillation
Intact distillation of agarwood oil
: is such a hydrodistillation in which a whole log of agarwood-producing tree is cut, chopped and ground into tiny bits (splinters) which are used asfeedstock of this hydrodistillation (see appendix 4).
Selective distillation of agarwood oil
: is such a hydrodistillation in which only Agarwoodpieces selected from the central black part and the remains of transitional zone (includingshavings) are chopped and ground into tiny bits (splinters) which are used as feedstock of thishydrodistillation (see appendix 2).
 
2
The evolvement of chemicals during the process of agarwood formation
During the process of agarwood formation several chemicals to be on the decrease in contenteven disappeared and a number of chemicals to be on the increase in content even newlyappeared. For example, Tamuli P. and his colleagues has discovered this finding in theirscientific research (see
 J. Essent Oil.2006, Res
 
17
, 601-604) when studying essential oilsobtained from Aquilaria malaccensis tree. In appendix 3, the decreasing chemicals are written inblue letters and located mainly in healthy wood and transitional zone, the increasing chemicalsare written in red letters and located mainly in black part of log (agarwood).In intact distillation of agarwood oil, apart from agarwood oil in liquid form we usually obtaincongealed matter that is similar to solid fat (see appendix 4), the reason is a significant quantityof healthy wood and transitional zone located in feedstock, it results so many decreasingchemicals to be composed in finished products of intact distillation. The congealed matter mustbe removed from finished products of intact distillation and has a very low value in market.Please be noted that a small quantity of congealed is also found in finished products of selectivedistillation of agarwood oil because in agarwood chip there is also tiny transitional bits,moreover a number of shavings of transitional zone are also located in feedstock of selectivedistillation.
Features and effects of SECOIN companion feedstocks S312 & S088
Companion feedstock S312 (the same for S088) is a biological additive in distillation, but it isnot a common additive in usual meaning because it has consanguineous relationship with allagarwood feedstocks. S312 has special properties and effects on distillation, namely:-
 
S312 is material made of the tree whose species belongs to the subfamily Thymelaeoideae.All other agarwood-producing species also belong to this subfamily (see appendix 5). Thismeans that S312 has phylogenetic relation with all other agarwood feedstock, in other wordsit is a congener with all agarwood-producing species.-
 
The chemical composition of essential oil derived from S312 contains compatible anduncompetitive compounds with other agarwood oils. Please pay attention to the existence of big content of 10-epi-gamma-eudesmol (30%) (it is also an increasing chemical stated inappendix 3) and alpha-eudesmol (26%) (see appendix 6). Moreover it also containscompound having dissolving effect. Thanks to this feature, all or a part of congealed matterto be dissolved.-
 
Distillation yield of S312 essential oil is about 0.3% (while for other agarwood oil it is 0.05%to 0.1% only), thanks to that yield of finished product is significantly augmented. Densityand viscosity of essential oil derived from S312 is higher than the one of other agarwood oils,relying on that density and viscosity of finished agarwood oil to be augmented.-
 
The smell of essential oil derived from S312 is faintly aromatic that is not in contrary withother agarwood scent, although it has not particular fragrance of other agarwood oils.-
 
The production cost of S312 is very low, it is equal to tenth (1/10)
 – 
hundredth (1/100) theprice of other agarwood feedstock, thanks to that the production cost of finished agarwoodoil is significantly reduced, especially for expensive agarwood feedstock.
-
 
The tree species used for making S312 is not available in Vietnam, but abundant in otherterritories.
 
 
3
Appendix 1
SS vesselCondenser Clevenger Oil Trap

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