The evolvement of chemicals during the process of agarwood formation
During the process of agarwood formation several chemicals to be on the decrease in contenteven disappeared and a number of chemicals to be on the increase in content even newlyappeared. For example, Tamuli P. and his colleagues has discovered this finding in theirscientific research (see
J. Essent Oil.2006, Res
, 601-604) when studying essential oilsobtained from Aquilaria malaccensis tree. In appendix 3, the decreasing chemicals are written inblue letters and located mainly in healthy wood and transitional zone, the increasing chemicalsare written in red letters and located mainly in black part of log (agarwood).In intact distillation of agarwood oil, apart from agarwood oil in liquid form we usually obtaincongealed matter that is similar to solid fat (see appendix 4), the reason is a significant quantityof healthy wood and transitional zone located in feedstock, it results so many decreasingchemicals to be composed in finished products of intact distillation. The congealed matter mustbe removed from finished products of intact distillation and has a very low value in market.Please be noted that a small quantity of congealed is also found in finished products of selectivedistillation of agarwood oil because in agarwood chip there is also tiny transitional bits,moreover a number of shavings of transitional zone are also located in feedstock of selectivedistillation.
Features and effects of SECOIN companion feedstocks S312 & S088
Companion feedstock S312 (the same for S088) is a biological additive in distillation, but it isnot a common additive in usual meaning because it has consanguineous relationship with allagarwood feedstocks. S312 has special properties and effects on distillation, namely:-
S312 is material made of the tree whose species belongs to the subfamily Thymelaeoideae.All other agarwood-producing species also belong to this subfamily (see appendix 5). Thismeans that S312 has phylogenetic relation with all other agarwood feedstock, in other wordsit is a congener with all agarwood-producing species.-
The chemical composition of essential oil derived from S312 contains compatible anduncompetitive compounds with other agarwood oils. Please pay attention to the existence of big content of 10-epi-gamma-eudesmol (30%) (it is also an increasing chemical stated inappendix 3) and alpha-eudesmol (26%) (see appendix 6). Moreover it also containscompound having dissolving effect. Thanks to this feature, all or a part of congealed matterto be dissolved.-
Distillation yield of S312 essential oil is about 0.3% (while for other agarwood oil it is 0.05%to 0.1% only), thanks to that yield of finished product is significantly augmented. Densityand viscosity of essential oil derived from S312 is higher than the one of other agarwood oils,relying on that density and viscosity of finished agarwood oil to be augmented.-
The smell of essential oil derived from S312 is faintly aromatic that is not in contrary withother agarwood scent, although it has not particular fragrance of other agarwood oils.-
The production cost of S312 is very low, it is equal to tenth (1/10)
hundredth (1/100) theprice of other agarwood feedstock, thanks to that the production cost of finished agarwoodoil is significantly reduced, especially for expensive agarwood feedstock.
The tree species used for making S312 is not available in Vietnam, but abundant in otherterritories.