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Chiec Xe Lexus Va Cay Oliu Vietnamese

Chiec Xe Lexus Va Cay Oliu Vietnamese



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Published by: api-3802199 on Oct 17, 2008
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CHI\u1ebeC XE LEXUS V\u00c0 C\u00c2Y OLIU

Thomas L.Friedman
Washington DC

L\u1edcI M\u1ede \u0110\u1ea6U: TH\u1ebe GI\u1edaI 10 N\u0102M TU\u1ed4I

Th\u1eadt b\u1ef1c m\u00ecnh- ch\u00fang ta kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 vi\u1ec7c g\u00ec \u0111\u1ec3 l\u00e0m \u1edf Nga hay ch\u00e2u \u00c1. Ch\u00fang ta ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 kinh doanh c\u1ecfn con trong ph\u1ea1m vi qu\u1ed1c gia \u0111\u1ec3 c\u1ed1 g\u1eafng t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng nh\u01b0ng ch\u00fang ta b\u1ecb ng\u0103n c\u1ea3n b\u1edfi c\u00e1ch m\u00e0 c\u00e1c ch\u00ednh ph\u1ee7 \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00e0nh qu\u1ed1c gia.

-Douglas Hanson, Gi\u00e1m \u0111\u1ed1c \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00e0nh c\u00f4ng ty Rocky Mountain Internet \u0111\u00e3 n\u00f3i

nh\u01b0 v\u1eady tr\u00ean T\u1ea1p ch\u00ed ph\u1ed1 Wall sau cu\u1ed9c kh\u1ee7ng ho\u1ea3ng t\u00e0i ch\u00ednh d\u00e2y chuy\u1ec1n n\u0103m 1998 bu\u1ed9c c\u00f4ng ty c\u1ee7a \u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i ho\u00e3n vi\u1ec7c ph\u00e1t h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ee3t tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu v\u00f4 danh tr\u1ecb gi\u00e1 175 tri\u1ec7u USD.

R\u1ea1ng s\u00e1ng ng\u00e0y 8/12/1997, ch\u00ednh ph\u1ee7 Th\u00e1i Lan tuy\u00ean b\u1ed1 \u0111\u00f3ng c\u1eeda 56 tr\u00ean t\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 58 c\u00f4ng ty t\u00e0i ch\u00ednh h\u00e0ng \u0111\u1ea7u. Ch\u1ec9 qua m\u1ed9t \u0111\u00eam, c\u00e1c ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng t\u01b0 nh\u00e2n n\u00e0y \u0111\u00e3 r\u01a1i v\u00e0o t\u00ecnh tr\u1ea1ng ph\u00e1 s\u1ea3n do s\u1ef1 m\u1ea5t gi\u00e1 c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed3ng n\u1ed9i t\u1ec7 (\u0111\u1ed3ng Bath). C\u00e1c c\u00f4ng ty t\u00e0i ch\u00ednh vay m\u1ed9t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng l\u1edbn ti\u1ec1n b\u1eb1ng \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u00f4 la M\u1ef9 v\u00e0 sau \u0111\u00f3 cho c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p Th\u00e1i vay l\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ec3 x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng kh\u00e1ch s\u1ea1n, v\u0103n ph\u00f2ng, nh\u1eefng to\u00e0 \u0111\u1ecba \u1ed1c sang tr\u1ecdng v\u00e0 c\u00e1c nh\u00e0 m\u00e1y. T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 h\u1ecd \u0111\u1ec1u ngh\u0129 r\u1eb1ng m\u00ecnh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c an to\u00e0n b\u1edfi ch\u00ednh ph\u1ee7 \u0111\u00e3 cam k\u1ebft gi\u1eef ch\u1eb7t t\u1ef7 gi\u00e1 c\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ecbnh gi\u1eefa \u0111\u1ed3ng Baht v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u00f4 la M\u1ef9. Tuy nhi\u00ean khi ch\u00ednh ph\u1ee7 kh\u00f4ng l\u00e0m \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111i\u1ec1u \u0111\u00f3, ti\u1ebfp sau \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 c\u00e1c ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111\u1ea7u c\u01a1 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ch\u1ed1ng l\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed3ng Bath th\u00ec c\u00e1c gi\u1edbi th\u01b0\u01a1ng nh\u00e2n hi\u1ec3u r\u1eb1ng n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf c\u1ee7a h\u1ecd kh\u00f4ng h\u1ec1 kho\u1ebb m\u1ea1nh nh\u01b0 h\u1ecd v\u1ed1n ngh\u0129. \u0110\u1ed3ng n\u1ed9i t\u1ec7 \u0111\u00e3 gi\u1ea3m t\u1edbi 30%. \u0110i\u1ec1u n\u00e0y c\u00f3 ngh\u0129a l\u00e0 gi\u1edbi kinh doanh vay b\u1eb1ng \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u00f4 la s\u1ebd ph\u1ea3i tr\u1ea3 nhi\u1ec1u h\u01a1n 30% gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed3ng Bath cho m\u1ed7i m\u1ed9t \u0111\u1ed3ng v\u1ed1n vay. Nhi\u1ec1u c\u00f4ng ty kh\u00f4ng c\u00f2n kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng tr\u1ea3 n\u1ee3 cho c\u00e1c c\u00f4ng ty t\u00e0i


ch\u00ednh, c\u00e1c c\u00f4ng ty t\u00e0i ch\u00ednh kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 tr\u1ea3 n\u1ee3 cho c\u00e1c ch\u1ee7 n\u1ee3 n\u01b0\u1edbc ngo\u00e0i v\u00e0 k\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 l\u00e0 to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng r\u01a1i v\u00e0o kh\u1ee7ng ho\u1ea3ng, khi\u1ebfn 20.000 nh\u00e2n vi\u00ean v\u0103n ph\u00f2ng m\u1ea5t vi\u1ec7c l\u00e0m. M\u1ed9t ng\u00e0y sau \u0111\u00f3, t\u00f4i l\u00e1i xe t\u1edbi m\u1ed9t cu\u1ed9c h\u1eb9n \u1edf B\u0103ng C\u1ed1c, ph\u1ed1 Asoke- \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c v\u00ed nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 ph\u1ed1 Wall c\u1ee7a Th\u00e1i Lan, n\u01a1i m\u00e0 h\u1ea7u h\u1ebft c\u00e1c c\u00f4ng ty t\u00e0i ch\u00ednh ph\u00e1 s\u1ea3n \u0111\u00f3ng tr\u1ee5 s\u1edf. Ch\u00fang t\u00f4i ch\u1ea7m ch\u1eadm l\u00e1i xe qua t\u1eebng c\u00f4ng ty ch\u1ee9ng kho\u00e1n v\u00e0 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu M\u00eahic\u00f4, \u0111\u1ec3 ti\u1ec1n d\u01b0\u1edbi m\u1ed7i t\u1ea5m n\u1ec7m ho\u1eb7c k\u00e9t an to\u00e0n \u0111\u1ec3 h\u1ecd c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u00ecm th\u1ea5y. S\u1ef1 s\u1ee5p \u0111\u1ed5 c\u1ee7a th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng Braxin v\u00e0 b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng m\u1edbi n\u1ed5i n\u00e0o kh\u00e1c g\u00e2y ra ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng d\u00e2y chuy\u1ec1n \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi c\u1ea3 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu kho b\u1ea1c M\u1ef9. Ng\u01b0\u1ee3c l\u1ea1i, s\u1ef1 gia t\u0103ng gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb c\u1ee7a tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu kho b\u1ea1c M\u1ef9 khi\u1ebfn cho l\u00e3i su\u1ea5t m\u00e0 ch\u00ednh ph\u1ee7 M\u1ef9 \u0111\u01b0a ra \u0111\u1ec3 thu h\u00fat c\u00e1c nh\u00e0 \u0111\u1ea7u c\u01a1 gi\u1ea3m xu\u1ed1ng \u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi l\u00e0m t\u0103ng gi\u00e1 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu c\u1ee7a M\u1ef9 v\u00e0 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu kh\u00e1c c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 s\u1ef1 t\u0103ng gi\u00e1 tr\u00ean nh\u1eefng th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu m\u1edbi n\u1ed5i.

S\u1ef1 s\u1ee5t gi\u00e1 qu\u00e1 m\u1ea1nh c\u1ee7a tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu Kho b\u1ea1c M\u1ef9 c\u0169ng t\u1ea1o ra ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng d\u00e2y chuy\u1ec1n l\u00e0m t\u00ea li\u1ec7t ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c qu\u1ef9 ph\u00f2ng ng\u1eeba r\u1ee7i ro v\u00e0 c\u00e1c ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0. V\u00ed d\u1ee5 nh\u01b0 tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p C\u00f4ng ty qu\u1ea3n l\u00fd v\u1ed1n d\u00e0i h\u1ea1n LTCM \u0111\u00f3ng t\u1ea1i Greenwich, Connecticut. LTCM l\u00e0 c\u00f4ng ty m\u1eb9 c\u1ee7a t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 c\u00e1c qu\u1ef9 ph\u00f2ng ng\u1eeba r\u1ee7i ro. Do nhi\u1ec1u qu\u1ef9 ph\u00f2ng ng\u1eeba b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u tham gia v\u00e0o th\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u01b0\u1eddng cu\u1ed1i nh\u1eefng n\u0103m 80 n\u00ean c\u1ea1nh

tranh trong khu v\u1ef1c n\u00e0y kh\u00e1 gay g\u1eaft. M\u1ecdi ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u1ec1u ch\u1ed9p l\u1ea5y c\u01a1 h\u1ed9i. \u0110\u1ec3 ki\u1ebfm \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c

ti\u1ec1n trong b\u1ed1i c\u1ea3nh c\u1ea1nh tranh gay g\u1eaft nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, c\u00e1c qu\u1ef9 ph\u00f2ng ng\u1eeba \u0111\u00e3 ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u00e1nh cu\u1ed9c may r\u1ee7i. LTCM \u0111\u00e3 nh\u1edd t\u1edbi 2 nh\u00e0 kinh t\u1ebf h\u1ecdc \u0111o\u1ea1t gi\u1ea3i th\u01b0\u1edfng Nobel, nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u00e3 ch\u1ec9 ra r\u1eb1ng s\u1ef1 l\u00ean xu\u1ed1ng c\u1ee7a ch\u1ee9ng kho\u00e1n v\u00e0 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 d\u1ef1 \u0111o\u00e1n \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1eeb trong qu\u00e1 kh\u1ee9. V\u1edbi vi\u1ec7c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh m\u00e1y t\u00ednh v\u00e0 vay t\u1eeb nhi\u1ec1u ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng kh\u00e1c nhau, LTCM \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u1eb7t c\u01b0\u1ee3c 120 t\u1ef7 USD v\u00e0o tr\u00f2 ch\u01a1i may r\u1ee7i v\u1edbi hy v\u1ecdng r\u1eb1ng gi\u00e1 c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu l\u1edbn s\u1ebd t\u0103ng gi\u00e1 v\u00e0o m\u00f9a h\u00e8 1998. LTCM \u0111\u00e1nh c\u01b0\u1ee3c r\u1eb1ng gi\u00e1 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu Kho b\u1ea1c M\u1ef9 s\u1ebd gi\u1ea3m v\u00e0 gi\u00e1 c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu v\u00f4 danh v\u00e0 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng m\u1edbi n\u1ed5i kh\u00e1c s\u1ebd t\u0103ng. Tuy nhi\u00ean m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh m\u00e1y t\u00ednh c\u1ee7a LTCM ch\u01b0a bao gi\u1edd d\u1ef1 \u0111o\u00e1n s\u1ef1 ki\u1ec7n n\u00e0o c\u00f3 \u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u t\u01b0\u01a1ng t\u1ef1 n\u00ean kh\u00f4ng l\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ef1 s\u1ee5p \u0111\u1ed5 c\u1ee7a Nga h\u1ed3i th\u00e1ng 8. K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 l\u00e0 LTCM thua cu\u1ed9c. Khi to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 r\u01a1i v\u00e0o kh\u1ee7ng ho\u1ea3ng v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed5 d\u1ed3n t\u00ecm mua tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu M\u1ef9, gi\u00e1 lo\u1ea1i tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu n\u00e0y \u0111\u00e3 t\u0103ng m\u1ea1nh thay v\u00ec s\u1ee5t gi\u1ea3m trong khi gi\u00e1 c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu kh\u00e1c l\u1ea1i gi\u1ea3m thay v\u00ec t\u0103ng. LTCM gi\u1ed1ng nh\u01b0 m\u1ed9t c\u00e1i x\u01b0\u01a1ng \u0111\u00f2n ch\u1ecbu t\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed9ng t\u1eeb nhi\u1ec1u ph\u00eda tr\u1eeb ph\u1ea7n g\u1ed1c. V\u00e0 \u0111\u00e3 ph\u1ea3i nh\u1edd t\u1edbi s\u1ef1 gi\u00fap \u0111\u1ee1 c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng \u0111\u1ec3 tr\u00e1nh t\u00ecnh tr\u1ea1ng b\u00e1n t\u1ed1ng b\u00e1n th\u00e1o to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 s\u1ed1 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu v\u00e0 ch\u1ee9ng kho\u00e1n \u0111ang n\u1eafm gi\u1eef trong b\u1ed1i c\u1ea3nh to\u00e0n th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng t\u00e0i ch\u00ednh th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e2m v\u00e0o kh\u1ee7ng ho\u1ea3ng d\u00e2y chuy\u1ec1n.


B\u00e2y gi\u1edd ch\u00fang ta s\u1ebd tr\u1edf l\u1ea1i v\u1edbi c\u00e2u chuy\u1ec7n c\u1ee7a khu ph\u1ed1 t\u00f4i. \u0110\u1ea7u th\u00e1ng 8/1998, t\u00f4i \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 m\u1ed9t kho\u1ea3n ti\u1ec1n v\u00e0o ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng Internet m\u1edbi m\u1edf c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t ng\u01b0\u1eddi b\u1ea1n. M\u1ec7nh gi\u00e1 c\u1ed5 phi\u1ebfu m\u1edbi \u0111\u1ea7u l\u00e0 14,5 USD/c\u1ed5 phi\u1ebfu sau \u0111\u00f3 \u0111\u00e3 t\u0103ng l\u00ean 27 USD. T\u00f4i c\u1ea3m th\u1ea5y nh\u01b0 m\u1ed9t gi\u1ea5c m\u01a1. Nh\u01b0ng sau s\u1ef1 ki\u1ec7n s\u1ee5p \u0111\u1ed5 \u1edf Nga v\u00e0 g\u00e2y ra ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng d\u00e2y chuy\u1ec1n, gi\u00e1 c\u1ed5 phi\u1ebfu c\u1ee7a c\u00f4ng ty b\u1ea1n t\u00f4i ch\u1ec9 c\u00f2n 8 USD. T\u1ea1i sao l\u1ea1i nh\u01b0 v\u1eady ? \u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0 v\u00ec ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng c\u1ee7a anh ta gi\u1eef r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u t\u00e0i s\u1ea3n th\u1ebf ch\u1ea5p. V\u1edbi s\u1ef1 s\u1ee5t gi\u1ea3m c\u1ee7a l\u00e3i su\u1ea5t \u1edf M\u1ef9, m\u1ecdi ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u1ed5 x\u00f4 m\u00f4 tr\u00e1i phi\u1ebfu kho b\u1ea1c M\u1ef9. Nhi\u1ec1u ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u00e3 lo ng\u1ea1i r\u1eb1ng m\u1ecdi ng\u01b0\u1eddi s\u1ebd thanh l\u00fd t\u00e0i s\u1ea3n th\u1ebf ch\u1ea5p. N\u1ebfu qu\u1ea3 th\u1ef1c m\u1ecdi s\u1ef1 di\u1ec5n ra nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng c\u1ee7a b\u1ea1n t\u00f4i s\u1ebd kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ee7 s\u1ee9c trang tr\u1ea3i cho c\u00e1c kh\u00e1ch h\u00e0ng huy \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1ed1n. Song tr\u00ean th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf d\u1ef1 b\u00e1o th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u00e3 sai v\u00e0 gi\u00e1 c\u1ed5 phi\u1ebfu c\u1ee7a c\u00f4ng ty l\u1ea1i t\u0103ng d\u1ea7n. \u0110\u1ea7u n\u0103m 1999, m\u1ed9t l\u1ea7n n\u1eefa t\u00f4i l\u1ea1i c\u00f3 c\u1ea3m gi\u00e1c nh\u01b0 \u0111ang s\u1ed1ng trong m\u01a1 khi t\u1eadp \u0111o\u00e0n Amazon.com Internet b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n v\u00e0 ch\u00fa \u00fd t\u1edbi c\u1ed5 phi\u1ebfu c\u1ee7a ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng b\u1ea1n t\u00f4i, gi\u00e1 c\u1ed5 phi\u1ebfu \u0111\u00e3 t\u0103ng r\u1ea5t m\u1ea1nh. Gi\u00e1 c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i c\u1ed5 phi\u1ebfu c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 kh\u00e1c m\u00e0 ch\u00fang t\u00f4i c\u00f3 c\u0169ng t\u0103ng m\u1ea1nh. Nh\u01b0ng m\u1ed9t l\u1ea7n n\u1eefa \u0111i\u1ec1u n\u00e0y \u0111\u00e3 kh\u00f4ng k\u00e9o d\u00e0i tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi c\u1ea3 th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi mu\u1ed1n d\u1ef1 ti\u1ec7c. Th\u1eddi gian \u0111\u00f3, thay v\u00ec s\u1ef1 s\u1ee5p \u0111\u1ed5 c\u1ee7a th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ee9ng kho\u00e1n Nga l\u00e0 s\u1ef1 s\u1ee5p \u0111\u1ed5 c\u1ee7a th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u1ee9ng kho\u00e1n Braxin v\u00e0 c\u00e1c th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng M\u1ef9, k\u00ecm h\u00e3m t\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ed9 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n c\u1ee7a c\u1ed5 phi\u1ebfu Internet.

T\u00f4i theo d\u00f5i to\u00e0n b\u1ed9 s\u1ef1 ki\u1ec7n n\u00e0y v\u00e0 t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111i\u1ec1u m\u00e0 t\u00f4i c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 ngh\u0129 t\u1edbi l\u00e0 ph\u1ea3i m\u1ea5t ch\u00edn th\u00e1ng s\u1ef1 ki\u1ec7n di\u1ec5n ra \u1edf ph\u1ed1 Asoke m\u1edbi \u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng t\u1edbi ph\u1ed1 t\u00f4i c\u00f2n \u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng c\u1ee7a Amzon Braxin (Amazon.country) t\u1edbi Amazon.com ch\u1ec9 di\u1ec5n ra trong v\u00f2ng 1 tu\u1ea7n. T\u1edd b\u00e1o N\u01b0\u1edbc M\u1ef9 ng\u00e0y nay (USA Today) \u0111\u00e3 t\u1ed5ng k\u1ebft v\u1ec1 th\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u01b0\u1eddng th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi th\u1eddi \u0111i\u1ec3m cu\u1ed1i n\u0103m 1998 b\u1eb1ng m\u1ed9t c\u00e2u r\u1ea5t ch\u00ednh x\u00e1c : "Kh\u1ee7ng ho\u1ea3ng lan sang l\u1ee5c \u0111\u1ecba n\u00e0y sau khi di\u1ec5n ra \u1edf l\u1ee5c \u0111\u1ecba kia gi\u1ed1ng nh\u01b0 s\u1ef1 lay lan c\u1ee7a virus. C\u00e1c th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng M\u1ef9 ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng ngay l\u1eadp t\u1ee9c\u2026. Trong ti\u1ec7m c\u1eaft t\u00f3c ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta c\u0169ng b\u00e0n lu\u1eadn v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ed3ng Baht c\u1ee7a Th\u00e1i Lan".

N\u1ebfu kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ec1 c\u1eadp t\u1edbi v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 n\u00e0o kh\u00e1c th\u00ec ch\u1ec9 ri\u00eang c\u00e2u chuy\u1ec7n t\u1eeb ph\u1ed1 Asoke t\u1edbi ph\u1ed1 t\u00f4i v\u00e0 t\u1eeb Amazon.country t\u1edbi Amazon.com c\u0169ng \u0111\u1ee7 \u0111\u1ec3 t\u00f4i v\u00e0 nhi\u1ec1u ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u00e1c ngh\u0129 v\u1ec1 th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi ng\u00e0y nay. H\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng Chi\u1ebfn tranh l\u1ea1nh ch\u1eadm ch\u1ea1p, ki\u00ean c\u1ed1, chia c\u1eaft th\u1ed1ng tr\u1ecb th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i qu\u1ed1c t\u1ebf t\u1eeb n\u0103m 1945 d\u1ea7n d\u1ea7n \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c thay th\u1ebf b\u1eb1ng m\u1ed9t h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng m\u1edbi th\u00f4ng su\u1ed1t, k\u1ebft n\u1ed1i to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u m\u00e0 ch\u00fang ta g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u ho\u00e1. T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 ch\u00fang ta \u0111ang \u1edf tr\u00ean c\u00f9ng m\u1ed9t d\u00f2ng s\u00f4ng. N\u1ebfu kh\u00f4ng hi\u1ec3u r\u00f5 b\u1ed1i c\u1ea3nh c\u1ee7a n\u0103m 1989 khi b\u1ee9c t\u01b0\u1eddng Berlin s\u1ee5p \u0111\u1ed5 th\u00ec \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o r\u1eb1ng m\u1ed9t th\u1eadp k\u1ef7 sau \u0111\u00f3 ch\u00fang ta \u0111\u00e3 am hi\u1ec3u t\u01b0\u1eddng t\u1eadn. Qu\u1ea3 th\u1ef1c, ng\u00e0y 11/10/1998, khi cu\u1ed9c kh\u1ee7ng ho\u1ea3ng kinh t\u1ebf to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u l\u00ean \u0111\u1ebfn

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