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Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION
DEFINITIONS
ThE DEVElOpMENT OF SOCIAl hOUSING IN EUROpE
SlUMS, WORkERS’ hOUSING AND phIlANThROpISM
QUANTITY, QUAlITY AND AFFORDABIlITY
A NEW EMphASIS ON SUpplY
ThE pURpOSE OF SOCIAl hOUSING
BRIDGING ThE GAp BETWEEN NEED AND DEMAND
A CONTRIBUTION TO SOCIAl, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAl OBJECTIVES
VARYING ClIENT GROUpS IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES
SERVING MORE ThAN ThE pOOR
Quantity of decent housing (numbers of dwellings)
ThE SOCIAl hOUSING STOCk
ThE STATE AGENT MODEl
TYpES OF SOCIAl hOUSING SYSTEMS: UNITARY AND DUAlIST
AllOCATION SYSTEMS
UNIVERSAlISTIC
TARGETED
BAlANCING NEED AND ChOICE
RENTAl INCOME – RENT SETTING SYSTEMS
ThE FUNCTION OF RENTS
METhODS OF RENT SETTING IN ThE SOCIAl SECTOR
RENT CONTROl IN ThE MARkET SECTOR
RENT DETERMINATION AND VARIATIONS BETWEEN COUNTRIES
MEChANISMS FOR FINANCING SOCIAl hOUSING
CApITAl AND REVENUE FINANCE
lOANS
lOW COST lAND
RESERVES AND SURplUSES
SUBSIDIES
FUNDING pEOplE OR pROJECTS
pOTENTIAl FOR pRIVATE FINANCE AND ThE RISkS ATTAChED TO lENDING
GUARANTEE FUNDS
hOUSING AllOWANCES
ThE COMpETENCE OF SOCIAl hOUSING ORGANISATIONS
ThE ASSET BASE OF SOCIAl hOUSING ORGANISATIONS
BOND SChEMES
CONDITIONS TO SUppORT pRIVATE FINANCE
pAYMENTS BY TENANTS
DIRECT SUppORT FROM GOVERNMENT
TAx CONCESSIONS
COMMERCIAl BORROWING
GUARANTEES
SpECIAl pURpOSE FUNDING INSTITUTIONS
SUBSIDISED lOANS
FUNDING SpECIAl pURpOSE INSTITUTIONS
SUppORT FROM pRIVATE SECTOR DEVElOpERS AND lANDOWNERS
ThE ASSETS OF SOCIAl hOUSING pROVIDERS
EUROpEAN COMMISSION AND ThE FINANCING OF SOCIAl hOUSING
JUDGING ThE EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAl hOUSING FINANCE SYSTEMS
ThE pURpOSE OF hOUSING pOlICY
ThE MIx OF pOlICY INSTRUMENTS
INSTITUTIONAl STRUCTURES
SUBSIDISATION
MARkET/STATE FUNDING MIx
lEVElS OF DECISION MAkING
kEY ChAllENGES
ThE NEED TO ANAlYSE ThE hOUSING pOlICY pROBlEM
A SUpplY pROBlEM?
SUMMARY AND CONClUSIONS
CONTRACTS TO pROMOTE SUpplY
EFFECTIVE REGUlATION
COMMERCIAl FUNDING
SOCIAl hOUSING pROVIDERS’ EQUITY
ThE NEED FOR SUBSIDIES
kEY lESSONS
RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCES
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23186292 Financing Affordable Housing in Europe

23186292 Financing Affordable Housing in Europe

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Published by Deepti Chaudhary

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Published by: Deepti Chaudhary on Oct 27, 2011
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05/25/2012

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