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Beep Codes

Beep Codes

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Beep Codes
Beep codes are the beeps you hear from the PC speaker when you turn on yourcomputer. They are
your computer's way of letting you know what's going on when there is no video signal. These
codes are programmed into the BIOS of the PC.
There is no official standard for these codes due to the many brands of BIOS there are on
motherboards, but two popular brands are Phoenix and American Megatrends, Inc.. As a result, these

beep code formats are the most common, and will be covered here. If you don't know who made
your BIOS, you can consult the manual for your motherboard. If you don't have a manual, simply
take off the case and look. Once you find the BIOS chip(s), just look at the sticker on it and see if it
says "AMI" or "Phoenix".

Once you have determined your BIOS make, consult the following to see what's wrong with your
computer.

Normally, a computer with AMI BIOS doesn't bother with beeps. It willflash a nice little error
message right across your screen. Its when the video card isn't working or something rather serious
goes wrong that your computer will start beeping.

AMI BIOS BEEP CODES
# of beeps
What's Wrong
none

You're supposed to hear at least one beep. If you truly don't hear
anything, either your computer's power supply, motherboard, or PC
speaker is no good.

1 short

SystemRA M Refresh failure. Your programmable interrupt timer on your motherboard has failed. It could also be your interrupt controller, but either way, your motherboard will need to be replaced to fix it.

2 short

Your computer has memory problems. First, check video. If video is
working, you'll see an error message. If not, you have a parity error in
your first 64K of memory. Check your SIMMs. Reseat them and reboot. If
this doesn't do it, the memory chips may be bad. You can try switching
the first and second bank memory chips. First banks are the memory
banks in which yourCPU finds its first 64K of base memory. You'll need
to consult your manual to see which bank is first. If all of your memory
tests good, you probably need to buy another motherboard.

3 short
Same as 2 beeps; follow diagnosis above.
4 short
Your problem could be a bad timer. The system timer failed to work
properly. It will require motherboard replacement.
5 short
CPU Failure. Replace the CPU or possibly the motherboard.
6 short

The chip on your motherboard that controls your keyboard isn't working.
First, try another keyboard. If that doesn't help, reseat the chip that
controls the keyboard, if it isn't soldered in. If it still beeps, replace the
chip if possible. The chip is erroring in the gate A20 switch that allows
the system to run in virtual mode. Replace the motherboard if the chip is
soldered in.

7 short

Your CPU has generated an exception error. This could be a fault of the CPU or a combination of problems with the motherboard. Try replacing the motherboard.

8 short

Your video card isn't working. Make sure it is seated well in the bus. If it still beeps, either the whole card is bad or the memory on it is. Your best bet is to install another video card.

9 short

ROM checksum error. This means that the checksum error checking value does not match
the content of the BIOS ROM. This means the BIOS ROM is probably bad, and needs to be
replaced.

10 short

Your problem lies deep inside the CMOS. All chips associated with the
CMOS will likely have to be replaced. Your best bet is to get a new
motherboard.

11 short

Your L2 cache memory is bad and your computer disabled it for you. You could reactivate it by pressing -Ctrl- -Alt- -Shift- -+- , but you probably shouldn't. Instead, replace your L2 cache memory. Obviously, this could lead to outright motherboard replacement.

1 long, 3 short
Memory test failure. An error has been detected in the memory over the first 64K. Try
replacing the memory, and if that doesn't do it, the motherboard.
1 long, 8 short
Display test failure. Your video card is either missing or defective. Replace it. If its part of
your motherboard, you'll need to replace it or bypass it.

Phoenix beep codes are more detailed than are the AMI codes. It emits three sets of beeps. For
example, 1 -pause- 3 -pause 3 -pause-. This is a 1-3-3 combo and each set of beeps is separated by a
brief pause. So, you need to listen and count when your computer starts doing this. Reboot and
recount if you have to.

PHOENIX BEEP CODES
Beep
sequence
What's Wrong
1-1-3
Your computer can't read the configuration information stored in the CMOS.
Replace the motherboard.
1-1-4
Your BIOS needs to be replaced.
1-2-1
You have a bad timer chip on the motherboard; you need a new motherboard.
1-2-2
The motherboard is bad.
1-2-3
The motherboard is bad.
1-3-1
The motherboard is bad.
1-3-3
Same as AMI BIOS 2 beeps. Replace the motherboard.
1-3-4
The motherboard is bad.
1-4-1
The motherboard is bad.
1-4-2
Some of your memory is bad.
2-_-_

Any combination of beeps after two means that some of your memory is bad, and unless you want to getre a l technical, you should probably have the guys in the lab coats test the memory for you. Take your computer to the shop.

3-1-_
One of the chips on your motherboard is broken. You'll likely need to get another
board.
3-2-4
Same as AMI BIOS 6 beeps: keyboard controller failure.
3-3-4
Your computer can't find the video card. Is it there? If so, try swapping it with
another one and see if it works.
3-4-_
Your video card isn't working. You'll need to replace it.
4-2-1
There's a bad chip on the motherboard. You need to buy another board.
4-2-2
First, check the keyboard for problems. If there are none, you have a bad
motherboard.
4-2-3
See 4-2-2.
4-2-4
One of the cards is bad. Try taking out the cards one by one to isolate the culprit.
Replace the bad one. The last possibility is to buy another motherboard.
4-3-1
Replace the motherboard.
4-3-2
See 4-3-1

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