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ECDIS

ECDIS

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Published by: njirtak92 on Dec 01, 2011
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08/06/2013

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3 Bach NWSamenvatting ECDIS p. 1/27
IntroductionIntroduction
What is ECDIS
ECDIS = Electronic Chart Data Display Information System
Requirements specified in SOLAS
Electronic chart = map or geographically related information displayed on screen
Production of electronic charts
Two ways
o
Raster 
o
Vector 
Raster charts
Electronic facsimile of existing paper chart
Like a scan
Electronic image = exactly same as paper chart
Size of chart limited to size of screen
Only small part of chart visible
Zooming in => lines become small squares
Vector charts
Technology more sophisticated
List with information to draw chart = stored, not image itself 
Includes all positional information in latitude and longitude
All objects described by vector data
Detailed information
View of chart changeable
Chart projection changeable
Automatic detection of approach toward potentially hazardous situation
Performance standards defined for system using vector charts
Vector data to be used defined by IHO
Use of Electronic Navigational Chart
Based on standardS-57
Unofficial vector system = Electronic Chart System
ECDIS in place of paper chart only if adequate back-up arrangements are present
Regions without ENC => Raster Navigational Chart
 
3 Bach NWSamenvatting ECDIS p. 2/27
Electronic chart system
Essential components
o
Data
o
Hardware
o
Software
o
Interface facilities
o
Electronic interconnections
Electronic chart dataElectronic chart data
Electronic navigational chart data
Is basic data for ECDIS
Compiled to strict rules
Format of ENC data
Object class
o
Unique name (= acronym)
o
 Numeric code
List of feature object attributes
o
Acronym
o
 Numeric code
o
Divided into 3 groups
A: individual characteristic
B: information for use of data as needed for displaying
C: administrative information
Positional information not an attribute
Linear boundaries shown as succession of small lines
Loading can take long
System ENC
Database in internal ECDIS format
Transformation of entire ENC
Accessed by ECDIS for display & other navigational functions
Equivalent of up to date paper chart
May contain information added by mariner & other sources
Raster navigational chart
Facsimile of paper chart
Can be single chart or collection of charts
 
3 Bach NWSamenvatting ECDIS p. 3/27
Private data
Available from number of companies
Most vector data
 Not official
IMO requirements concerning ECDISIMO requir 
 
ements concerning ECDIS
SOLAS
Chapter V
Recognizes if used with official data & appropriate back-up
SOLAS Chapter V regulation 2
Definition nautical chart/nautical publication
o
Book, map or database
o
Issued officially by Government or Hydrographic Office
o
Meet requirements of marine navigation
SOLAS Chapter V regulation 19 paragraph 2.1.4
All ships
Charts & publications to plan & display route & plot & monitor positions on board
SOLAS Chapter V regulation 18 part of paragraph 4
ECDIS must be conform to relevant performance standards
Definition ENC
o
Database standardized to content, structure & format
o
For use with ECDIS
o
Conform to IHO standards
o
Issued by authorized institution
o
Contains all chart information necessary for safe navigation
Paragraph 1.9
o
ECDIS may operate in raster chart display system mode
Paragraph 1.2 appendix 7
o
When in RCDS mode => appropriate portfolio up to date paper charts on board
Paragraph 3.7 appendix 7
o
Appropriate portfolio up to date paper charts = paper charts of sufficient scale
o
Provide adequate look-ahead capability
o
Coastal states provide details of charts meeting requirements

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