Clearly the documents are polemic in nature. For example, in
Third Theolical Oratation
,Gregory of Nazianzus sets out to refute the Eunomius arguments presented in what wecall delimas. Firstly, they argued that if God begat the Son voluntarily or involuntarilythis creates two delimas. If he did this involuntary some being outside of Him forced Himto do that, thus showing that God is subordinate to another being. But, if the Father didthis voluntarily then the “Son is the Son of the Will, and not of the Father”.
Gregory of Nyssa in Not Three Gods, To Ablabius sets out to prove that there is only OneGod in three substances, and not three distinct individuals or person with individual will,emotions and substances. He even argues those human beings are really “one nature”even though we speak of them as separate beings.
We may use inexact language as afigure of speech when it comes to people like Peter, James, and John, but in reference toGod the consequences can be vital.
Nazianzus deals with the language of government like his predescaro Tertullian.Tertullian dealt with the issue in his book Againbst Praxeas where he argued against the“Monarchians” who said there was no difference between the Son and the Creator Godwho is father. If there was it wouldn’t be “monarchy” or one rule. Nazianzus seems to use