254
CHAPTER 4
Commonly Used Distributions
d.
Find the 25th percentile
of
the clearance.
e.
Specificationscall for the clearance to be between0.05 and 0.09cm.
What
isthe probability that theclearance meets thespecification')
f.
It
is possible
to
adjust the mean hole diameter. Towhat value shouldit be adjusted so
as
to maximize
th
eprobability that theclearance will be between
0.05and0.09
cm?
14.
Shafts manufactured for use
in
opticalstoragede
vices have diameters thatare normally distributed
with mean
/.l.
=
0.652
cmandstandard deviation
a
=
0.00
3cm.
The
specificationfor theshaft di
ameter
is
0.650
±
0,005 cm.
a.
What
proportion
of
theshaftsmanufactured by this
processmeetthespecifications?
b.
The processmean can be adjusted throughcalibra
tion.
lfthe
mean is s
et
toO.650cm
,what proportion
of
the shaftswill
meet
specifications?c.
If
themean
is
s
et
to
0.650
cm
,whatmust thestan
dard deviation besothat99%
of
the shafts willmeet specifications?
15.
The
fill
volume
of
cansfilled by acertainmachine
is
normally distributedwith mean12.05
oz
andstandarddeviation 0,03oz.
a.
What
proportion
of
canscontainlessthan 12oz?
b.
Theprocess
mean
canbe adjusted throughcalibration. Towhat valueshould the mean bes
et
sothat99%
of
the canswill contain 12
ozor
more?c.
If
the
pro
cess mean remainsat12.05oz, whatmust
thestandard
de
viation beso that
99%
of
thecanswill contain 12
oz
ormore?
16.
Afilmcoating process
pr
oducesfilms whose thick
nessesare normally distributedwith amean
of
110
micronsand astandarddeviation
of
10microns.Foracertainapplication, the
minimum
acceptable thickness is
90
microns.
a.
What
proportion
of
filmswill be too thin?
b.
To what
va
lue should the meanbeset so thatonly
I%
of
the filmswillbe toothin?
c.
If
themeanremainsat110,whatmust
the
standard
de
viation besothat only I%
of
the filmswill betoo thin?
17.
A fiberspinning processcurrently produces a fiber
who
sestrengthis normally distributed with a mean
of
75
N/m
2
Theminimumacceptablestrengthis
65
Nlm
2
a.
Ten percent
of
the fiber produced
by
the
CUiTent
methodfailsto meet the minimumspecification.
Wh
at is thestandard deviation
of
fiberstrengths
in
the current process?
b.
If
the meanremainsat75
N/m
2,
whatmust the
standardde
vi
ation beso thatonly1%
of
thefiberwillfailto meet thespecification?
c.
If
the standard
de
viationis5
N/m
2,
to
what
va
luemust the mean be setsothatonly
I
%
of
thefiberwillfail to meet the spec
ifi
cat
ion?
18.
Cylindrical rods manufactured bya cel1ainprocess
have lengthsthat arenormally distributed with mean
10cm
andstandard deviation
0.1
cm.Arodisat
tachedtoa base
th
at is exactly3
cm
in length. Let
X
denote the length
of
theentireassembly, measured
incm,
a. Find
/.l.x.
b.
Find
a;.
c.
What
isthedistribution
of
X?
2
19.
Let
X
~
N
(/.l.
,a
),
and letZ
=
(X

/.l.)/a.
UseEquation(4.25) toshow thatZ
~
N(
O,1).
20.
Th
equalityassuranceprogram fora
ce
rtainadhesiveformulationprocessinvolvesmeasuring howwell the
adhesive sti
ck
sapiece
of
plastic toa glasssUiface.
Whentheprocess
is
functioningcorrectly,
th
eadhesivestrength
X
isnormallydistributedwith a mean
of
200
Nandastandard deviation
of
IO
N.Eachhour,you
make
one
mea
s
urement
of
the adhesivestrength,
You
aresupposed to
inf
ormyoursupervisor
if
yourmeasurementindicates thatthe pro
ce
ss hasstrayed
from itstarg
et
di
str
ibution,
a.
Find
P(X
::0
160),underthe assumptionthat the
processisfunctioningcOITectly.
b.
Ba
sedon youranswer to part
(a
),if the processis
functioningcorrectly,woulda strength
of
160 Nbe unusuallysmall?Explain.
c,
If
you
ob
served an adhesivestrength
of
160N,wouldthis beconvincingevidence thatthe
pr
oc
es
swasno longerfunctioning correctly?
Explain.d. Find
P(X
:::
20
3), under theassumptionthat the
processisfunctioning
cO
lTe
ctly.