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Chapter 5 - Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

Chapter 5 - Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

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Published by: Wan Muhammad Abdul Hakim on Feb 20, 2012
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05/13/2014

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QQM 1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 5 : Exponential & Logarithmic Function115
An exponential function involves a
constant (base)
raisedto the power of a
variable (exponent)
 x
,
t
etc.
5.1 INTRODUCTION TO EXPONENTIAL FUNCTION
DEFINITION 5.1.1(a): Exponential function with base a
The function
 f 
is defined by
( )
 x
a x f  y
==
 where
0
>
a
,
1
a
and the exponent
 x
is any real number 
 
exponential function with base
 
.
a
 
DEFINITION 5.1.1(b): Exponential function with base e (2.71828...)
The function
 f 
is defined by
( )
 x
e x f  y
==
 where
...71828.2
e
, and the exponent
 x
is any realnumbers
 
exponential function with base
.
e
or naturalexponential function
.
 
QQM 1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 5 : Exponential & Logarithmic Function116
 Determine whether the given functions are an exponential function or not. If it is, then determine the base for each function.
a)
 x
 y
2
=
b)
( )
 g 
=
3
c)
 y
3
=
 d)
( )
3/
11
 x
 y
=
e)
 x
e y
05.0
=
f)
( ) ( )
 x
 xh
2.1
5.0
=
 g)
 x
 x g 
6
718.2)(
=
 
5.2
 
SKETCHING AN EXPONENTIAL GRAPH.
Let say
 x
a y
=
and
1
a
for 
<<
 x
. Therefore the graph for 
 x
a y
=
can be sketch by replacing several values for 
 x
.a) If
2
=
a
. Then the exponential function would be
 x
 y
2
=
 Build a table with several values of x, and find the correspondingvalues for y:
 x
-2 -1 0 1 2
 x
 y
2
=
 
Based on the table, we got several points that resides on thegraph.Therefore, we just plot all the points and draw a curve thatconnects all those points.
Examle 1
 
QQM 1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 5 : Exponential & Logarithmic Function117
00.511.522.533.544.5-3-2-10123
 
 b)
Now let say
 
21
=
a
. The exponential function would be
 x
 y
   =
21
 
Try to sketch the graph for this function.i. Build a table:
x
-2 -1 0 1 2
12
 x
 y
=
 
ii. Based on the table, plot all of the points and draw a curve:

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