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Chapter 5 - Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

# Chapter 5 - Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

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05/13/2014

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QQM 1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 5 : Exponential & Logarithmic Function115
An exponential function involves a
constant (base)
raisedto the power of a
variable (exponent)
x
,
t
etc.
5.1 INTRODUCTION TO EXPONENTIAL FUNCTION
DEFINITION 5.1.1(a): Exponential function with base a
The function
f
is defined by
( )
x
a x f  y
==
where
0
>
a
,
1
a
and the exponent
x
is any real number

exponential function with base

.
a

DEFINITION 5.1.1(b): Exponential function with base e (2.71828...)
The function
f
is defined by
( )
x
e x f  y
==
where
...71828.2
e
, and the exponent
x
is any realnumbers

exponential function with base
.
e
or naturalexponential function
.

QQM 1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 5 : Exponential & Logarithmic Function116
Determine whether the given functions are an exponential function or not. If it is, then determine the base for each function.
a)
x
y
2
=
b)
( )
g
=
3
c)
y
3
=
d)
( )
3/
11
x
y
=
e)
x
e y
05.0
=
f)
( ) ( )
x
xh
2.1
5.0
=
g)
x
x g
6
718.2)(
=

5.2

SKETCHING AN EXPONENTIAL GRAPH.
Let say
x
a y
=
and
1
a
for
<<
x
. Therefore the graph for
x
a y
=
can be sketch by replacing several values for
x
.a) If
2
=
a
. Then the exponential function would be
x
y
2
=
Build a table with several values of x, and find the correspondingvalues for y:
x
-2 -1 0 1 2
x
y
2
=

Based on the table, we got several points that resides on thegraph.Therefore, we just plot all the points and draw a curve thatconnects all those points.
Examle 1

QQM 1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 5 : Exponential & Logarithmic Function117
00.511.522.533.544.5-3-2-10123

b)
Now let say

21
=
a
. The exponential function would be
x
y
  =
21

Try to sketch the graph for this function.i. Build a table:
x
-2 -1 0 1 2
12
x
y
=

ii. Based on the table, plot all of the points and draw a curve: