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Chapter 8 - Partial Derivatives

# Chapter 8 - Partial Derivatives

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02/20/2012

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QQM1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 8: Partial Derivatives204

8.1 First and Second Order Partial Derivatives8.1.1 First Order Partial Derivatives
Let
),(
y x f  z
=
is a function of two variables.We write:
x
(
x
,
y
),
x f  , x z
or
for the first order partial derivative of
z
=
(
x
,
y
) withrespect to
x

y
(
x
,
y
),
y f  , y z
or
for the first order partial derivative of
z
=
(
x
,
y
) withrespect to
y
Given
(
x
,
y
) = 2
x
+ 3
y
. Find
x
and
y
.Solution :To find
x
(
x
,
y
)
treat
y
as a constant and
x
as a variable.
This operation is called as a partial derivative of f with respect to x.
To find
y
(
x
,
y
)
, treat
y
as a variable and
x
as a constant.This operation is called partial derivative of

f

with respect to
y
.

Example 1:
x f  y x f
x
δ  δ
=
),(

QQM1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 8: Partial Derivatives205
Let
(
x
,
y
) = 8
x
2
+ 2
y
. Find(i)

x
and
y
.(ii)
(1, 1),
x
(2, 1) and
y
(1, 3).Let
(
x
,
y
) = 3
x
+
bxy
. Find the value of
b
if
(1, 3) = 9. Then, find
x
and
y
.
Example 2:Example 3:

QQM1023 Managerial MathematicsChapter 8: Partial Derivatives206
Find
x
and
y
. Then find
x
(2, –1) and
y
(– 4, 3) for the following functions.a)

f
(
x
,
y
)
= – 2
xy
+ 6
y
3
+ 2b)

f
(
x
,
y
)
= 3
x
3
y
2
c)

f
(
x
,
y
)
=
e
x
+
y
d)

f
(
x
,
y
)
= – 5
e
3
x
– 4
y
e)

2332),(
y x y x y x f
+=
f)

f
(
x
,
y
)
= ln (1 + 3
x
2
y
3
)
EXERCISE :

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