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Published by Marc Rivera

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Published by: Marc Rivera on Feb 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Proxy Servers: Explained
 This tutorial is going to attempt to explain what a proxy server is and how to use one.Http HeadersThe internet has millions of user’s world wide. There are people from almost every country in theworld connecting to it. So what exactly happens when you go to a website? Let’s say you go toYahoo.com. This is an example of everything that happens.1. The domain name Yahoo.com is translated to the servers I.P. Address that host Yahoo.com usingthe Domain Name System otherwise known as DNS.2. The web browser you are using connects to the server Yahoo.com is hosted on & sends an Httpheader to Yahoo.com. In the header contains the following information-Your I.P. Address (See below for details)-Your Browser & Os Information-An Http requestAnd a few other things are included in the header.3. Yahoo.com can now send back its homepage (index.html) to the I.P. Address contained within theheader.Note:
I.P. stands for Internet Protocol. Each computer on any kind of network has a unique numericI.P. address that no other computer on the network has. When you connect to the internet you areassigned an I.P. address by your ISP.
 Now if you understood the above you should have a basic idea of how headers work. You only needto know this much in order to understand how a Proxy server works.Proxy ServersA Proxy server allows you to connect to it and send http request. It will then fullfill the request andsend the page back to you. Here is an example of a proxy server in action.Let's say I have configured my browser to use a proxy server. When Itype Http://www.Yahoo.com in my browser does the following.
1. Resolves the name Yahoo.com into the I.P. Addy of the server Yahoo.com is hosted on.2. My Browser then connects to the proxy server and sends the http request with the followinginformation
 -My I.P. Address-My Browser & Os Information-An Http requestAnd some other information.3. The Proxy Server then looks at the request. It sees that I wanted to connect to Yahoo.com andget Index.html. So the proxy sends a new Http request to Yahoo.com but this time instead of myinformation in the header the proxy servers I.P. addy is sent.4. The Proxy Server sends back to me Yahoo.com.Basically a proxy server is the man in the middle. Look at the following image. It shows you whatyour connection looks like without the use of a proxy server.The following image shows you what your connection looks likewhile using a proxy server.I hope you understand how a proxy works. If you do not then please reply to this thread with yourquestions on it.
How to use a proxy
 This part of the tutorial is going to show you how to configure your browser to use a Proxy Server.
You 1st need to get a Proxy. You can get them all over the internet. Here are a few sites you can getthem at:http://www.allproxies.com 
Now you can follow the steps below.Internet Explorer StepsThe following steps will help you configure Internet Explorer to use a proxy server.1. Open a new instance of the browser.2. Go to Tools > Internet Options on the file menu as seen below.3. The Internet Options dialog should have now appeared on your screen. Click on the tab that islabeled “Connections.4. Now hit the button entitled “LAN Settings” and another dialog will appear.

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