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Necropsy- Killer Whale Hugo

Necropsy- Killer Whale Hugo

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Necropsy (autopsy) of deceased captive killer whale (Orcinus-orca) Hugo at Miami Seaquarium, Miami, FL, U.S.A.
Necropsy (autopsy) of deceased captive killer whale (Orcinus-orca) Hugo at Miami Seaquarium, Miami, FL, U.S.A.

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Published by: The Orca Project Corp on Mar 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/11/2014

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The Orca Project Corp 3/11/2012 www.theorcaproject.com
Necropsy Report
Killer Whale (Orcinus-orca) Hugo
Age 15 yrs — Miami Seaquarium, Miami, Florida
Name:
Hugo (male)
Species:
Killer Whale (Orcinus orca)
Source:
wild capture, February 1968, Vaughn Bay, WA, USA, age: est. 3yrs
Deceased:
03-04-1980, Miami Seaquarium, age: est. 15 yrs
Reported cause of death
(per NMFS MMIR data)
:
Aneurysm Cerebral Artery
Necropsy info:
Gross Diagnosis Tentative- Jesse R. White, DVM: Rupture of saccular aneurysmof one or morecerebral arteries.
Additional information:
It has been commonly reported that Hugo would regularly and intentionally smashhis head against the sides of the pool. In the early 1970’s this resulted in a seriousinjury.From Kahana necropsy report (dec. 1991), Ruth Francis-Floyd, DVM, Universityof Florida:
 It is worth mentioning that there is precedent for self inflicted injury in captivekiller whales. In the early 1970s a male killer whale housed in Miami hit anobservation window with enough force to break the window, causing loss of a significant volume of water, and slicing off the end of his nose. The attending veterinarian for that incident was Dr. Jesse White. I have listed Dr. White's present address and phone number at the end of this letter should you wish to contact himwith specific questions about that event.
Details of Hugo’s injury and medical care by Jesse White, DVM was published inThe Speculum, Vol. XXV, No. 2, Winter 1973, College of Veterinary Medicine,The Ohio State University:
 Dr. White was summoned when Hugo battered a bubble window in his tank withhis nose. After Hugo broke a nine-inch hole in the quarter-inch-thick plastic, helifted his head, and the sharp plastic sheared off about an inch and a half of hisnose, leaving a flap of skin about 3-1/2 inches in diameter hanging from the baseof the nose by a tag of skin three-fourths of an inch wide
.
 
The Orca Project Corp 3/11/2012 www.theorcaproject.com
A copy of the full Speculum report is included with the documents that follow.Hugo is lifted from the pool at Miami Seaquarium following his death.
Notes:
Prior to reforms of the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) in 1994, holders of marine mammals for public display were required to submit necropsy reports (animal autopsyreports) for deceased animals, making the documents available to the public and scientificcommunity. Presently, marine mammal parks in the U.S. are only required to provide a “causeof death” to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National MarineFisheries Service (NMFS) which maintains Marine Mammal Inventory Reports (MMIR).Details of marine mammal deaths are now a closely guarded secret at U.S. entertainmentfacilities.For more information visitwww.theorcaproject.com 
 Necropsy, Autopsy, Veterinarian, NOAA, NMFS, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NationalMarine Fisheries Service, MMIR, Marine Mammal Inventory Report, MMPA, Marine Mammal Protection Act,Killer Whale, Orca, Shamu, Death, Die, Miami Seaquarium, Hugo, Lolita
 
Gpecies Orcinus Orca
4
~r&n
lo.
Narae
"Hugon
Date
March 4, 1980Identification 0.0-1
Mtdioal
Record
Ho..
18
'
Sex
Male
Area
Whale Bowl
Age
15 Yeara Approximately
Trainer
Eric Eimstad,
Lou
Roth
. .
Death
4
+
.
.
Hirto.ry
.
On
or about January
2,
1980, the trainers noted slight behavioral differekewith Hugo.
His
diet was
good
but
was
noticed to be thrashing about
=re.
He
continued
-
-to*perf
om-
well,
with--alight
changes
through
the26
th
of-Jan-uary..
_,He
-was
eating eating___
at
the
same
tiare but war sluggish,He
wa8
stated on precautionary medication (ampicilli
at
this time,
and
was
not used in shows.
We
also increased his supplemental vitaminsat this
time,
the trainer noted a greenish color to faces on
Febuary
1,
and
began
treatment
with
kaomycin for possible intestinal prostens.Changed
to
keflex antibiotic:on February
2,
his food intake remained"normal" with only
a
few
days under 100
Us
through March
1st.
135
(normal
smt.)
on March
2-3,
and
found
dead March 4.
No
outwardindication of serious illness to justify additional stress of diagnostic work..frornonset of behavioral chanqes through March 4.
ucisht
~stimated
0,000
Lbs.
+
-
General
APP~~~~ICO
o outward, external lesions or abrasions.
Cross
Becro~sy
iadfnga
httrnal
General Colour good all skin surfaces nonnal
Organr
of
Special
Genre
Eyes normal, Grossly-removed
for
further study
-
tonquesurgace had several long standing papillae
-
these
were
present for
past
10
years
unremrkable.
Rerpirrtary
mtsa
Pending
microscopic
exmination
-
~ross'xaminat'fon revealed-a walled off area of necrouia,
3-4
x
3.5
an,
of
the
left
lung.
The
lower,
=re
branched bronchioles
OF
the left
lung
contained
a
congealed
blood
clot
that
was
.
5
to 20
aa
in length.
TNr
break-dawn
of
vascular integument appeared to beconfined
to
approximately nors
tistal
portions
of
the
left
lung.
The
right, ungwas unremarkable.Microsoopic examination concentrate on
vaacular
integrity withinlurg-tis_sue.Possible thoracic aneurysm. no gross sign of acute respiratory infla-mation slcght, not abnormal, froth in traches.nusculoskeletal System
Unremarkable
-
Grossly
.

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