Trainer–centred Methods & Trainee-centred Methods
MethodDescriptionBenefitsLimitationsKey Areas Of Use
A presentation given to anaudience with little (if any)interaction or feed backSuitable for use withlarge groups of learners, whereparticipant is limitedbecause of numbers.The lecture can beplanned preciselyand used to convey alarge amount of information in a shortperiod of time.Potentially a verypassive learningexperience. Lack of learner participation,requires learners tofully understand andassimilate theinformation as it ispresented.- conveying largeamounts of informationin a limited time- encouraging and directingfurther private study
A presentation incorporatinga variety of techniques andallowing for participation bythe learners in the form of questions and discussion.Suitable for conveyinginformation to groupsof learners.Participation by thelearners may keeptheir interest and leadto a degree of involvement.The learners havethe opportunity toparticipate but maynot wish to do so.The communicationwill then be all oneway and the sessionwill be little differentfrom a lecture.Any programme of learninginvolving group teaching.
A session where a skill islearned following a formalprocedure such as:-description of skill;illustration of end-product;‘slow motion’ demonstrationmay be followed by one or more at normal speed-summary of main points of demonstration; re-emphasisof any health and safetyprocedures-performance of skill under supervision-feedback on performanceParticularly suitablefor teaching skills. Askill may be brokendown into smallstages which can bepracticed, enablingexpertise to bedeveloped in smallstages.Does not guaranteethat learning will takeplace. Must beconsolidated bypractice in order to beeffective as soon aspossible after thedemonstration. Workswell only if fullyvisible to all learnersand well performed.It may be too ‘slick’and , as a result, thelearners may not fullyappreciate thecomplexity of thetask; conversely itmay be bungled and/or poorly preparedand , as a result, thetutor may lose faceand the learners’confidence.The demonstrationmust be clearlyvisible to the wholegroup.Craft courses, laboratorywork, office skills, musicalskills.
The work of several classestaking the same course isclosely co-ordinated.Teachers taking thoseclasses work as a team,taking different roles withgroups of varying size.-economise onspecialist staff -enables staff toconcentrate on their particular specialinterests-frees staff for supporting activities; preparing material,-organisation maybecome too rigid-lectures to severalgroups gatheredtogether may beun-stimulating for learners and strainfor lecturers andmay provideCoursers which:-require elaboratedemonstration, films,outside speakers-have larger numbers of learners and few specialistlecturers-have well motivatedlearners.