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Experiment 4 Stuructur

# Experiment 4 Stuructur

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09/30/2013

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Introduction
The moment distribution method (not to be confused with momentredistribution) is a structural analysis method for statically indeterminatebeams and frames developed by Hardy Cross. It was published in 1930 in anASCE journal.[1] The method only accounts for flexural effects and ignoresaxial and shear effects. From the 1930s until computers began to be widelyused in the design and analysis of structures, the moment distribution methodwas the most widely practiced method.
Fixed end moments
-Fixed end moments are the moments produced at member ends byexternal loads when the joints are fixed.
Flexural stiffness
-The flexural stiffness (EI/L) of a member is represented as the product of the modulus of elasticity (E) and the second moment of area (I) dividedby the length (L) of the member. What is needed in the momentdistribution method is not the exact value but the ratio of flexuralstiffness of all members.
Distribution factors
-When a joint is released and begins to rotate under the unbalancedmoment, resisting forces develop at each member framed together atthe joint. Although the total resistance is equal to the unbalancedmoment, the magnitudes of resisting forces developed at each memberdiffer by the members' flexural stiffness. Distribution factors can bedefined as the proportions of the unbalanced moments carried by eachof the members.

EXPERIMENT 4REACTION OF A CONTINUOUS BEAM USING MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHODObjective
To determine the reaction of two-span continuous beam by using moment distributionmethod
Apparatus
The apparatus comprise of;1.A support frame2.3 Nos. reaction support pier3.3 Nos. dial gauges4.2. Nos. load hanger5.Beam specimen6.A meter ruler to measure the span of the beam7.A set of weights
Procedure
1.Clamped the reaction piers to the support frame using the plate and boltsupplied with the apparatus and at a predetermine distant between thesupport.2.Place the beam specimen between the two cylindrical piece / knife-edge of each support.3.Fix the load hanger at each mid-span of the beam.4.Fix an independent dial gauge at the top of each knife edge support (see.Figure 1)5.Place a spirit level on the beam and using the leveling handle adjusts theheight of the support until the beam is level.6.Zero the dial gauge and the force gauge reading7.Place a suitable load on the load hanger and note the reading of dial gauges.

8.Using the leveling handle, raise or lower the height of the first support so thatthe dial gauge reading at this support is zero.9.Similarly raised or lower the second support so that its dial gauge reading iszero. When doing this the dial gauge reading at support 1 and 3 will eitherincrease or decrease.10.Adjust the dial gauge reading at the third support by increasing or decreasingthe support height so that it is zero.11.Check all the dial gauge reading. If any of the reading is not zero adjust thesupport height of that particular gauge until zero. Repeat the procedure untilall readings are zero indicating that the beam is once again level.12.Record the force gauge reading at each support. This gives the reaction at thatsupport.13.Increase the load on the load hanger at suitable increments and for eachincrement repeat step 8 to 12.14.When the desired maximum load is reached, decrease the loading on the loadhanger at the same increments as above until all loads is removed from theload hanger.
Left Hand span of beam between support = mmRight Hand span of the beam between support = mmDistance of load from left hand support = mmDistance of load from the right hand support = mmForce Gauge resolution = 0.5 N/ div