Adeel Khan Ryerson University June 2001
1955 – 1965: The origins of Nuclear establishment
In 1955, a scientists committee was set up by the government to prepare acomprehensive nuclear energy scheme followed by the formation of a high-poweredPakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) in 1956. It comprised of the followingmembers: Nazir Ahmed (Chairman), M. Raziuddin Siddiqui (Member in charge of planning and research), Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, M.O. Ghani and M.H. Toosi.
NazirAhmed was an experimental physicist who worked at the Cavendish Laboratoryunder Ernest Rutherford. M. Siddiqui is a mathematical physicist who had beentaught by the likes of some great scientists namely, Albert Einstein, Paul Dirac,Werner Heisenberg, etc. So there were some intelligent minds to power the Pakistanicampaign for nuclear production.In the first ten years of its inception, PAEC was devoted to the task of givingindividuals adequate training and expertise in the usage of sophisticated equipment.Several hundred scientists and engineers were carefully selected and sent toHarewell in the United Kingdom, and the Argonne, Oakridge, and Brookhaven fin theUnited States, for training under the Atoms for Peace program and other suchbilateral arrangements.
After five years, PAEC acquired a research reactor with a power of 5 MW andit was installed in Islamabad.
The Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science andTechnology (PINSTECH) was built around the reactor. Since then, it has been used tofor the purpose of training, research, and radioisotope production since then. Theinstitute also set Radiation Centers in Islamabad, Karachi, and Lahore among others.In 1961, Abdus Salam, a physicist and Nobel Laureate for his works in the
James Katz and Onkar Marwah, Nuclear Power in Developing Countries (Toronto and Lexington:Lexington Press, 1982), p.263
Daniel Poneman, Nuclear Power in the Developing World (London: George Allen and Unwin PublishersLtd., 1982), p.40