is currently an adjunct professor in the Col-lege for Professional Studies’ MBA program at Regis University inDenver, an Independent Business and Management Researcher andConsultant, and the Founder and President of Agenda for Change(AfC) party in Zambia.
African countries continually lose a significant number of trainednationals, who decide to emigrate and live abroad in search of higher incomes and a better standard of living, among a host of other reasons. Between 1974 and 1985, for example, an average of 12,146 technical and professional personnel per year (computedfrom data collected by Logan
) were admitted to the United Statesfrom various countries in Africa. Between 1993 and 1995, theUnited States admitted 32,317 of the continent’s skilled human re-sources.
And, according to the World Bank Group,
nearly 70,000qualified Africans leave their home countries every year to work inindustrialized nations.Clearly, this is a significant loss to a continent that is in direneed of skilled professionals to facilitate and expedite the processof socio-economic development. Without large pools of such pro-fessionals, African countries are not likely to attain meaningfullevels of economic growth, development and competitiveness.In this discussion, an attempt is made to discern the causes, ad-verse effects and positive side of the emigration of Africa’s tech-nical and professional personnel, and to suggest viable ways andmeans of addressing the cancerous problem.
Logan, B.I., “The Reverse Transfer of Technology from Sub-Saharan Africato the United States,”
The Journal of Modern African Studies
, Volume 25/Num- ber 4, December 1987.
See U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service,
Fact Book: Summary of Recent Immigration Data
, August 1995, p. 14, and January 1997; and Kyam- balesa, Henry,
Socio-Economic Challenges: The African Context
(Trenton, NJ:Africa World Press, Inc., 2004), p. 48.
See Allen, Ahkiah, “Medical Migration Drains Africa,”