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DataInterpretation_Guide4BankExams

# DataInterpretation_Guide4BankExams

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The Complete notes on Data Interpretation provided by Guide4BankExams.blotspot.in
The Complete notes on Data Interpretation provided by Guide4BankExams.blotspot.in

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07/03/2013

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www.Guide4BankExams.blogspot.in
Q
UANTITATIVE
A
PTITUDE
Data Interpretation is one of the easysections of one day competitive Examinations.It is an extension of Mathematical skill andaccuracy. Data interpretation is nothing butdrawing conclusions and inferences from acomprehensive data presented numerically intabular form by means of an illustration, viz.Graphs, Pie Chart etc. Thus the act of organising and interpreting data to get mean-ingful information is Data Interpretation.A good grasp of basic geometric as wellas arithmetic formulae is must to score highin this section. Familiarity with graphical rep-resentation of data like Venn diagrams, graphs,pie charts, histogram, polygon etc. should bethought. Once the data are grasped well, ques-tions based on tables and graphs take littletime.In some competitive examinations dataare presented in more than one table or graphs.The aim is to test not only quantitative skillbut also relative, comparative and analyticalability. The crux of the matter is to find a rela-tionship between the two tables or graphsbefore attempting the questions.
Some Useful tips:
Tables
Tables are often used in reports, maga-zines and newspaper to present a set of numerical facts. They enable the readerto make comparisons and to draw quick conclusions. It is one of the easiest andmost accurate ways of presenting data.They require much closer reading thangraphs of charts and hence are difficultand time consuming to interpret.One of the main purposes of tables is tomake complicated information easier tounderstand. The advantage of presentingdata in a table is that one can see theinformation at a glance.While answering questions based on
Data Interpretation

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www.Guide4BankExams.blogspot.in
Q
UANTITATIVE
A
PTITUDE
tables, carefully read the table title andthe column headings. The title of the tablegives you a general idea of the type andoften the purpose of the information pre-sented. The column headings tell you thespecific kind of information given in thatcolumn. Both the table title and the col-umn headings are usually very straightforward.
Graphs
There may be four types of graphs.
1)Circle Graphs:
Circle graphs are used toshow how various sectors are in thewhole. Circle graphs are sometimescalled Pie Charts. Circle graphs usuallygive the percent that each sector receivesIn such representation the total quantityin question is distributed over a totalangle of 360°.While using circle graphs to find ratiosof various sectors, don't find theamounts each sector received and thenthe ratio of the amounts. Find the ratioof the percents, which is much quicker.
2)Line Graphs:
Line graphs are used toshow how a quantity changes continu-ously. If the line goes up, the quantity isincreasing; if the line goes down, the quan-tity is decreasing; if the line is horizon-tal, the quantity is not changing.
3)Bar Graphs:
Given quantities can be com-pared by the height or length of a bargraph. A bar graph can have either ver-tical or horizontal bars. You can comparedifferent quantities or the same quantityat different times. In bar graph the datais discrete. Presentation of data in thisform makes evaluation of parameterscomparatively very easy.
4)Cumulative Graphs :
You can compareseveral catagories by a graph of thecumulative type. These are usually baror line graphs where the height of thebar or line is divided up proportionallyamong different quantities.
Solved Examples
I.Directions (Qs. 1-5) study the followingtable and answer the questions givenbelow it.
Production of sugar by six major productionunits of India in Million Tonnes
PRODUCTION UNITS
MonthABCDEFApril310180169137140120May318179177162140122June320160188173135130July326167187180146130August3271501851781451281.In which month the unit B has a contribu-tion of approximately 15% in the total sugarproduction?a)Augustb)Junec)Julyd)April2.Which of the following units shows con-tinuous increase in production of sugar overmonths?a)Ab)Bc)Cd)D3.In the case of Unit E, in which of the fol-lowing pairs of months the production of sugarwas equal?a)April & Juneb)June & Julyc)July & Augustd)April & May4.In the month of June, how many unitshave a share of more than 25% of the totalproduction of sugar?a)oneb)Threec)Twod)Four5.What was approximate percentage de-crease in sugar production of unit B in June ascompared to April?a)8%b)10%c)15%d)18%

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www.Guide4BankExams.blogspot.in
Q
UANTITATIVE
A
PTITUDE
Ans:
1.(c) Total production in April
= 310+180+169+137+140+120=1056
15% of 1056
=
151001056 1584x
.
Total Production in June=320+160+188+173+135+130=110615% 1106 =
151001106 1659x
.
Total production in July= 326+167+187+146+130=1136
15% of 1136 =
151001136 170 4x
.
Total Production in August
= 327+150+185+178+145+128= 111315% of 1113 =
151001113 16695 167x
.
ie, in Month July, the Unit B has a contri-bution of approximately 15% in the total sugarproduction.2.a) Unit A shows continuous increase inproduction of sugar over months.3.d) In Unit E, the pair of months thatshows equal sugar production is April and May.4.a) Total Production in June =320+160+188+173+135+130 = 1106
25% of 1106=
251001106 2765x
.
units
ie, Unit A shows more than 25% of thetotal production of sugar in the month June.5.6) In unit B, the production in June =160 the production in April = 180 unitsDecrease in percentage=
180 16018010020180100
   
x
= 11.11%
10%II.
Directions
(Qs. 6-10): Study the followinggraph carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it:ABMONTHS6)What was the price difference betweencommodity A and B in the month of April?a)250b)150c)100d)907.What was the difference in average pricebetween commodity A and B from April toAugust?a)86b)75a)95d)858.In which of the following pairs of monthswas the price of commodity A same?a)January - Marchb)May-Junec)April- Augustd)July-August9.What was the approximate percentagedecrease in the price of commodity A fromMarch to April?a)1b)9c)14d)1210.What was the percentage increase inprice of commodity B from January to April?a)15b)20d)17d)10
P   R   I   C   E   I   N   R   S
1200__________________________________1150

__________________________________1100__________________________________1050__________________________________1000__________________________________950__________________________________900__________________________________850__________________________________800__________________________________
Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug

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