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U.S.-china Relations- Policy Issues, R41108 August 2, 2012

U.S.-china Relations- Policy Issues, R41108 August 2, 2012

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Published by Constitutionalist
Federation of American Scientists: CRS reports that CRS is not authorized to release to the public.
Federation of American Scientists: CRS reports that CRS is not authorized to release to the public.

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Published by: Constitutionalist on Aug 08, 2012
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The United States Trade Representative continues to place China on its Priority Watch List of
countries that are the worst violators of intellectual property rights, a list that currently comprises
13 countries.78

USTR credits China for some progress in 2011, including the establishment of a

76

The White House, U.S. - China Joint Statement, January 19, 2011; U.S. Department of the Treasury, The 2011 U.S.-
China Strategic and Economic Dialogue U.S. Fact Sheet – Economic Track, May 10, 2011; U.S. Department of
Commerce, 22nd

U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade Fact Sheet, November 21, 2011.

77

Foreign Affairs, China’s Innovation Wall: Beijing’s Push for Homegrown Technology, September 28, 2010.

78

The other countries on USTR’s 2012 “Priority Watch List” are Algeria, Argentina, Canada, Chile, India, Indonesia,
Israel, Pakistan, Russia, Thailand, Ukraine, and Venezuela. United States Trade Representative, 2012 Special 301
(continued...)

U.S.-China Relations: Policy Issues

Congressional Research Service

29

permanent Leading Group within the State Council, headed by Vice Premier Wang Qishan, to
coordinate the enforcement of intellectual property rights enforcement throughout China. Among
other pledges, Vice Premier Wang committed that all levels of government in China will utilize
only legitimate and licensed software, targeting a completion date of mid-2012 for
implementation in all 31 provincial-level entities, and by 2013 in all county and municipal
offices.79

USTR remains concerned about illegal software use by China’s large state-owned
enterprise sector, however. It also remains “very concerned” about the issue of Chinese
government policies that, “systematically disadvantage foreign rights holders, by inappropriately
conditioning market access and investment approvals, and other government benefits on the sale
or licensing of IPR and other proprietary information to domestic Chinese entities.”80

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