Solid Mechanics Revision

Moment of Inertia (2nd Moment of Area): (Length4)(Symbol J or I) Is a property of a cross-section that can be used to predict the resistance of a beam to bending and deflection around an axis that lies in the cross-sectional plane. The stress and deflection of a beam depends not only on the load but also on the geometry of the beams cross section. LARGER VALUES = SMALL VALUES OF STRESS AND DEFLECTION *that’s why I-Beams are used. The fibres at the top of the beam are in compression while the fibres at the bottom of the beam are in tension. The neutral axis experience no load.

*assuming linear elasticity (stress on the beam at any point is proportional to strain (hookes law)) Defintion

Definition of Second Moment of Inertia
Ix = ∫ y2 dA (1) where Ix = second moment of inertia (about the neutral axis x) y = the perpendicular distance from axis x to the element dA dA = an elemental area e.g
Solid Rectangular Cross Section

Ix = b h3 / 12 (3) Where b = width. h = height X – neutral axis Iy = b3 h / 12 (3b) Ix >Iy (further dist from NA) Strain Energy Section Modulus (z)(mm^3) Where I = moment of inertia. . y = distance from centroid to top or bottom edge.

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