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NO QUESTION A B

1 A valve that controls flow by means of a disk or wedge-shaped gate valve butterfly valve
dam sliding at right angles to the direction of flow and seating
tightly in the valve body is a
2 The friction factor for flow through a pipe with relative roughness 0.05 0.03
of 0.004 at a Reynold's No. of 80,000 is approximately equal to

3 The equation that relates friction factor and Reynold's No., smooth pipes laminar and
f=64/Reynold's No. holds for turbulent flow
4 Oil flows under laminar conditions inside a steam heated copper equal to the the average
pipe. The overall heat transfer coefficient is approximately heat transfer between the
coefficient of heat transfer
the oil coefficient of the
steam and that
of oil

5 In multi-stage liquid-liquid extraction with partially miscible the extraction the minimum
solvents must be done number of
to form co- stages occur
currently in when the
order to operating lines
minimize the are parallel.
extraction.
6 The enrichment of the vapor steam as it passes through the evaporation stripping
column in contact with the reflux during distillation is called
7 The maximum number of plates for a given distillation system is variable reflux maximum reflux
obtained at
8 The correct unit for the specific rate constant for the reaction square square
A--->B determined to be first order is liter/square liter/square
mol/min mol/square min
9 On one side of a heat exchanger where either a condensing large effect little effect
vapor or a boiling liquid is present, the temperature may be
assumed to be constant. In determining the logarithmic mean
temperature difference the direction of flow will have
10 For a cylinder where steady-state radial heat transfer takes the heat flux is maximum heat
place constant transfer rate
occurs at the
surface

11 A plate holding a pool of liquid from which rises a vapor whose separation plate theoretical plate
average composition is in equilibrium with a liquid whose
composition is the average of that of the liquid leaving the plate
is called
12 Crystallization occurs in a solution that is concentrated unsaturated
13 Mass transfer in a flowing fluid may be correlated by Sherwood, Peclet,
Nusselt and Reynold's and
Reynold's No Schimdt No
14 The ratio of the average diameter of the feed to the average settling ratio discharge ratio
diameter of the product is the
15 The rate of formation of C for the reaction 2A + B ---> C is found the rate of the order of
to be rate=k(A)(B) formation of C reactio is zero
is equal to the
rate of
disappearance
of B
16 A device for increasing the velocity of a fluid in steady flow is a nozzle vent
17 In steady-state backmix flow reactor, composition is not constant constant
throughout the throughout the
reactor reactor

18 The amount of money obtainable from the sale of used property net value salvage value
over and above any changers involved in removal and sale is
called
19 In fractionation, an increase in reflux ratio increases the decreases the
number of reboiler duty
theoretical
plates
20 In mass transfer where the solute in the gas phase is very the ratio of the gas phase
soluble in the liquid phase liquid phase resistance is
resistance to approximately
the overall equal to the total
resistance is resistance
close to unity

21 Heat transfer in turbulent flow may be described through an Nusselt, Nusselt, Prandtl
empirical equation correlating Stanton and and Reynold's
Reynold's Nos Nos
22 Which of the following fittings exhibits the highest pressure drop 90-degree long 90-degree
for the same flow conditions? radius elbow standard elbow
23 A chamber into which steam from a high pressure line can be switching bank vent
bled during periods of low steam demand from the power plant
is called
24 Which one of the following pipes has the highest relative 2" diameter 4" dia Wrought
roughness? Wrought iron iron pipe
pipe
25 In steady-state heat transfer through a series of materials with decreases varies with the
varying resistances, the heat transfer rate towards the thermal
direction of conductivity of
heat transfer each material

26 Reactions whereby reactants proceed along several paths and polymeric reversible
give different products are reactions reactions
27 Which one among the following materials has the best insulating window glass wood
property?
28 An operation where warm vapor mixture is cooled such as by evaporation dehumidification
contact with a liquid resulting in condensation and decreased
humidity is
29 The pressure exerted on a plane parallel to the direction of flow gauge pressure velocity pressure
of a moving fluid is called
30 For mass transfer to take place, there must be a phase change reaction
component
31 Water vapor condenses at 1 atm on a tube whose surface 212 deg F 80 deg F
tmeperature is at 80 deg F. in analyzing the heat transfer
through the condensate film, it is best to evaluate the liquid
properties at
32 The diffusity of water in air at 100 deg F in sq.cm./sec is 0.26 0.28
33 A fluid flowing at a rate of 25 cubic meters per hour inside a 60 5.9 2.5
mm I.D. pipe has an average velocity in meter per sec equal to
34 An equimolar mixture of benzene and toluene is subjected to a 66.6 58.1
single batch distillation. Distillation is discontinued when 60% of
the benzene in the feed is distilled. At this instance the bottom
product when analyzed shows benzene to be 36.4 mole%. In the
distillate, the mole% of benzene is
35 When 32 kg of methane is burned completely the theoretical 16 kg 64 kg
oxygen required is
36 The standard heat of reaction for the production of water gas, in 32.2 31.4
kcal/gmole, as given by the equation: C(s) + H2O(g) = CO(g) +
H2(g) is
37 A rectangular duct 4 ft x 1.5 ft in cross section carries 4 2.18
conditioned air. In determining the pressure drop through the
duct the equivalent diameter in ft may be used which in this case
is
38 A gas decomposition reaction has an activation energy of 245 over 100,000 over 100 but
kJ/mol. The rate of reaction can be accelerated by using a but less than a less than 200
platinum catalyst where the activation energy for the resulting million
catalyzed reactions is lower at 136 kJ/mol. Using Arrhenius' law
and assuming the frequency factor remains the same the
catalyzed reaction is faster than the original reaction by a factor
of
39 Water at 100 deg F is flowing through a straight 4-in Sch 40 pipe 0.04 0.05
at a rate of 1.0 gal/min. The length of the pipe is 10 ft. The
velocity at the center of the pipe in ft per sec is
40 A metallic rod 2 cm in diameter is used as a heating element. 4440000 5130000
The thermal conductivity is 370 J/sec.sq.m.degC. The surface
temperature is maintained at 200 deg C. For the center of the
rod not to exceed 500 deg C, the maximum volumetric heat
generation rate within the metallic rod in J/sec cu.m. must be
41 This is a steady state temperature reached by a small amount of wet-bulb dew point
liquid evaporating into a large amount of unsaturated vapor-gas temperature
mixture.
42 Air, supplied at the rate of 1200 cfm to a refrigerated coil, has a 74.3 75
relative humidity of 20% and dry bulb temperature of 150 deg F.
The mass flow of dry air entering per minute is
43 In adiabatic humidification, it is possible to maintain the according to the the system can
temperature of water constant since phase rule, the be well insulated
degrees of from the
freedom is 3 surroundings

44 An air-carbon tetrachloride vapor mixture at 100 deg F dry bulb 0.1 0.05
and 60 deg F wet bulb is heated until the temperature reaches
180 deg F. the final percent relative humidity is about
45 The portion of water in the wet solid that cannot be removed by free moisture final moisture
the air in its contact is called content
46 This type of drier is used for drying pasty materials such as wet rotary drier flash drier
filter cakes and lumpy solids
47 In the constant-rate period, the rate of drying is established by a balance of the internal
the heat movement of
requirements moisture
for evaporation beneath the
and the rate at surface of the
which heat solid
reaches the
surface
48 Unbound moisture in granular and porous solid moves through desorption surface tension
the intertices of the solid by a mechanism involving
49 Wet solid is to be dried from 40% to 10% in 5 hours under 0.542 hrs 1.846 hrs
constant drying conditions. The critical moisture content is 20%
and the equilibrium moisture content is 7%. All moisture
contents are on dry basis. The time needed to dry from 15% to
5% free moisture under the same drying conditions is
50 If the rate of drying under constant drying conditions with air at 0.12 0.03
140 deg F and absolute humidity of 0.03 lb water per lb dry air of
unknown mass of solid is given by R=0.5-exp(-60X) [in lb
water/hr-sqft], then the equilibrium moisture content (db) of the
material is
51 In drying at the falling rate period, the rate at which moisture is remains increases with
removed from the solid material constant time
52 The major problem in diffusion is to promote diffusion of the to reduce the to use counter
solute out of the solid and into the liquid. The most effective way solid to the current
of doing this is smallest size operation
feasible
53 A slurry flaked soybeans weighing 100 kg contains 75 kg inert 0.3 0.8
solids and 25 kg of solution 10 weight % oil and 90% wt solvent
hexane. This slurry is contacted with 100 kg pure hexane in a
single stage so that the value of retention for the outlet
underflow is 1.5 kg of insoluble solid per kg solvent in the
adhering solution. The composition of underflow leaving the
extraction stage in %wt oil is
54 Tung meal containing 55% oil is to be extracted at the rate of 3 4
4000 lb per hour using n-hexane containing 5% oil as solvent. A
countercurrent mulitple stage extraction system is to be used.
The meal retains 2 lb of solvent per pound of oil free meal while
the residual charge contain 0.11 lb oil per lb oil free meal while
the product is conposed of 15% oil. The theoretical number of
ideal stages is
55 The movement of molecules over a substantial distance is convection conduction
associated with the transfer of heat by
56 The mode of heat transfer that can take place in a vacuum is convection conduction
known as
57 The overall conductance for a composite material in series is sum of the sum of the
equal to the individual individual
conductances conductivities
58 Film and drop are terms associated with boiling condensation
59 A 6-in Sch 80 steel pipe is carrying glycerin at an average 99.95 415.7
temperature of 100 deg F. The pipe is uninsulated, and the
outside temperature is 30 deg F. The inside film conductance is
1000 Btu/h-ft-degF while the outside film conductance is 3.0
Btu/h-sq.ft.-degF. Determine the heat lost [Btu] per minute from
a 75-ft length of the pipe. Glycerine is flowing at 800 gpm.
60 An oak (k=0.096 Btu/h-ft-degF) door, 30 in wide, 78 in high, and 97 242
2 in thick, has 9 glass (k=0.45 Btu/h-ft-degF) windows, each 6 in
by 8 in by 1/4 in thick. Determine the amount of heat lost [Btu]
each day with a surface-to-surface temperature difference of 80
deg F.
61 Determine the length needed for a simple concentric-tube, 185.5 m 11.02 m
parallel flow heat exchanger to transfer heat from hot water to
cold water at a rate of 900 W. The heat exchanger consists of
two Type K copper (k=386 W/m-degC) tubes. The smaller tube
has an inside diameter of 49.8 mm and an outside diameter of
54.0 mm. Assume that both film coefficients are equal to 100
W/sq.m.-degC. The hot water enters at 90 degC and leaves at
50 degC, and the cold water enters at 10 degC and leaves at 40
degC.
62 A saturated solution containing 1500 kg of potassium chloride at 4301 kg 1500 kg
360 K is cooled in an open tank to 290K. If the specific gravity of
the solution is 1.2, the solubility of potassium chloride per 100
parts of water is 53.55 at 360K and 34.5 at 290K, calculate the
amount of crystals obtained assuming that loss of water by
evaporation is negligible.
63 An evaporator, working at atmospheric pressure, is to 55.8 sq.m. 58.5 sq.m.
concentrate a solution from 5% to 20% solids at the rate of 1.25
kg/s. The solution which has a specific heat of 4.18 kJ/kg-K is
fed to the evpaorator at 295K and boils at 380K. Dry saturated
steam at 240 kPa is fed to the calandria and the condensate
leaves at the temperature of the condensing steam. If the heat
transfer coefficient is 2.3 kW/sq.m-K, what is the required area
of heat transfer surface. The latent heat of vaporization maybe
taken as the same as that of water.
64 2.5 kg/s of a solution at 288K containing 10% dissolved solids is 115 kPa 101.3 kPa
fed to a forward-feed double effect evaporator operating at a
pressure of 14 kPa in the last effect. If the product is to consist
of a liquid containing 50% by weight of dissolved solids and dry
saturated steam is fed to the steam coils, what should be the
pressure of the steam? The surface in each effect is 50 sq.m.
and the coefficients for heat transfer in the first and second
effects are 2.8 and 1.7 kW/sq.m.-K respectively. Assume that
the concentrated solution exhibits a boiling point rise of 5 degK,
that the latent heat has a constant value of 2260 kJ/kg and that
the specific heat of the liquid stream is constant at 3.75 kJ/kgK.

65 An acetone-air mixture containing 0.015 mol fraction of acetone 10.92 9.12


has the mol fraction reduced to 1% of this value by
countercurrent absorption with water in a packed tower. The gas
flow-rate G is 1 kg/sq.m-s of air and the water entering is 1.6
kg/sq.m-s. For this system, Henry's law holds and Ye=1.75x,
where Ye is the mol fraction of acetone in the vapour in
equilibrium with a mol fraction x in the liquid. How many overall
transfer units are required?
66 A still has a liquor composition of ortho-xylen 10%, meta-xylene 37 38
65%, para-xylene 17%, benzene 4%, and ethylbenzene 4%.
How many plates at total reflux are required to give a product of
80% meta-xylene and 14% para-xylene? The data are given as
mole percent.
67 A mixture of alcohol and water with 0.45 mol fraction of alcohol 10 9
is to be continuously distilled in a column so as to give a top
product of 0.825 mol fraction alcohol and a liquor at the bottom
with 0.05 mol fraction alcohol. How many theoretical plates are
required if the reflux ratio used is 3?
68 Prepared cottonseed meats containing 35% extractable oil are 72.2 28.7
fed to a continuous countercurrent extractor of the intermittent
drainage type using hexane as solvent. The extractor consists of
ten sections, the section efficiency being 50%. The entrainment,
assumed constant, is 1 kg solution/kg solids. What will be the oil
concentration in the outflowing solvent if the extractable oil
content in the meats is to be reduced to 0.5% by weight?

69 0.4 kg/s of dry seashore sand, containing 1% by weight of salt, 0.49 0.43
is to be washed with 0.4 kg/s of fresh water running
countercurrent to the sand through two classifiers in series.
Assume that perfect mixing of the sand and water occurs in
each classifier and that the sand discharged from each classifier
contains one part of water for every two of sand (by weight). If
the washed sand is dried in a kiln drier, what percent of salt will
it retain?
70 Forty-five pounds per minute of water is heated from 60 to 180 2173 696
deg F in a 5/8 in., 16 BWG heat exchanger tube. If the steam
condensing at 260 deg F, on the outside of the tube gives an h о
of 1000 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF, calculate the inside heat transfer
coefficient [Btu/hr-cu.ft-degF].
71 How many cu.ft. per minute of entering air is needed to 12.54 12.68
evaporate 10 lb of water per hour from a rayon, if the air enters
at 80 deg F and 25% humidity and leaves at 170 deg F and 55%
relative humidity. The operating pressure is 14.3 psia.

72 Nicotine is to be extracted from water using kerosene. If 100 lb 64.5 54.6


of a 2% nicotene solution is extracted once with 200 lb of
kerosene, what percent of the nicotene is extracted?
{Equilibrium data: Y[lb nicotene/lb kerosene] = 0.90X [lb
nicotene/lb water]}
73 We must cool 2500 gpm of water from 120 to 80 deg F. A 77.2 150
cooling tower, at 70 deg F and 1 atm, is to be designed to
operate with entering air of 40% relative humidity. How many
gpm of makeup water must be supplied if windage loss is 95%
of the amount lost by evaporation.
74 We wish to build an economical cold room 20 ft square and 10 ft 3537 8457
high. The outside temperature is 80 deg F and te room is to be
maintained at 0 deg F. The boss has suggested parallel wooden
outer and inner walls separated by a 6-in air space. What will be
the heat loss [Btu/hr] through each wall?
75 A colloidal solution is to be concentrated from 15 to 65% solids. 10500 35000
The specific heat of the feed, entering at 50 deg F is 0.93. The
pressure of the saturated steam to the evaporator is 10 psia; the
condenser pressure is 5-in. Hg abs. The steam chest has an
overall heat transfer coefficient of 200 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF. Water
must be evaporated at the rate of 35,000 lb/hr. Neglecting
boiling point elevation, what is the steam consumption [lb/hr]?

76 What is the settling time [sec] for galena particles to settle under 38.1 18.3
free settling conditions through 5 ft of water at 50 deg F. Galena
is spherical in shape, with specific gravity and 0.01 inch in
diameter.
77 A 10-ft diameter tank with a quick-opening value to a sump has 2951 1644
a 10-ft depth of liquid. How long [t in sec] does it take to drain
the tank if the valve is assumed to be equivalent to a 4-in
diameter orifice? The liquid density is 60 lb/cu.ft.
78 What size sharp-edged orifice [inches] was in use if a flow of 2.21 1.35
120 gpm produced a 4-in Hg differential in a 4-in Schedule 40
pipe. The fluid, measured at 60 degF, had a viscosity of 1 cSt
and a specific gravity of 1.
79 Seven hundred gallons per minute of water are being 63 84
discharged by a centrifugal pump 5 ft above the pump inlet. The
inlet pressure is 4-in Hg above atmospheric and the discharge
pressure is 29 psia. If the pump has an 8-inch diameter inlet and
a 4-inch diameter discharge, calculate the pump efficiency.

80 Determine the net positive suction head available to a centrifugal 34.2 27.7
pump when the level of water is just at the suction point. The
pumped fluid is water at 140 deg F and it is pumped from an
atmospheric tank at 250 gpm. The tank suction point is 7 ft
above the pump. The piping is 5-in Schedule 40, 10-ft long with
two short radius 90 deg elbows. [Use density=61.38 lb/cuft,
Pv=2.89 psi, viscosity=0.47 cP]
81 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe. A 11.61 14.24
pitot tube in the pipe shows a 3-inch Hg differential. If the pitot
tube is located at the center of the pipe, what is the mass flow
rate of the water [lb/s]?
82 The gas phase irreversible reaction A+B---->C is elementary. 113 227
The entering flow rate of A is 10 mol/min and is equal molar in A
and B. The entering concentration of A is 0.4 mol/L. What CSTR
volume [L] is necessary to achieve 90% conversion?
83 The irreversible zero order gas phase dimerization 2A ----->A2 0.15 0.5
is carried out in a packed bed reactor with 5 kg of catalyst. The
entering pressure is 10 atm and the exit pressure is 1 atm. Pure
A enters at a flow rate of 10 mol/min. The reaction is zero order
in A. What is the exit conversion?
84 The gas phase reaction 2A+B----->C is carried out in a PFR. The [B]=0.4(1-x)/(1- [B]=0.4(1-x)/(1-
feed is equal molar in A and B and the entering temperature is 0.5x) 1.5x)
500K and the entering pressure is 16.4 atm. If the exit
conversion is x, then the exit concentration of B is
85 Heat is generated in a 2.5 cm square copper rod at the rate of 75.2 55.2
35.3e6 W/cu.m. The rod is exposed to a convection environment
at 20 deg C where the convection heat transfer coefficient is 4
kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine the surface temperature [deg C] of
the rod.
86 A 5cm diameter cylinder is maintained at a constant temperature 13 272
of 200 deg C and it is "completely enclosed" by a wind tunnel
test chamber, walls of which are at 10 deg C. Air at 350K is
forced across the cylinder at a velocity of 50 m/s (h=180 W/m-
degC). If the surface emissivity of the cylinder is 0.7, determine
the total (i.e., convective and radiative) heat transfer from the
cylinder [W per meter length].
87 A building wall consists of a 6-in of concrete (kc= 0.7 Btu/hr-ft- 0.03 0.12
degF), 2 in of fiber insulating board, and 3/8 in of gypsum board
(kg=0.03 Btu/hr-ft-degF). The inside and outside heat transfer
coefficients are 2 and 7 Btu/hr-sqft-degF, respectively. The
inside temperature is 72 degF and the outside temperature is 20
degF. Determine the overall heat transfer coefficient for this wall
[Btu/hr-sqft-degF].
88 Current is passed through a cylindrical laboratory heater, which 325 300
has a 3 cm diameter, generating heat at the rate of 20
MW/cu.m. The heater is exposed to a convection environment at
25 degC where the convection heat transfer coefficient is 0.5
kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine its surface temperature [degC].
89 A straight rectangular fin has a length of 3.5 cm, a thickness of 1500 W 4392 W
1.5 mm, and is made of a material characterized by thermal
conductivity of 255 W/m-degC. The fin is exposed to a
convection environment at 20 degC and h=1.5 kW/sq.m.-degC.
Determine the maximum possible heat transfer from this fin for
the base temperature of 150 degC.
90 A gaseous fuel is composed of 20% methane( CH4), 40% 1 18
ethane (C2H6) and 40% propane (C3H8), where all percentages
are by volume. The volumetric analysis of the dry products of
combustion (ie. everything except the water) for this fuel gives
10.6% carbon dioxide (CO2), 3% oxygen (O2), 1% carbon
monoxide (CO) and 85.4% nitrogen (N2). Determine the air fuel
ratio on a mass basis for this reaction.
91 Dodecane (C12H26) gas at 25 degC is burned in a steady flow 170 100
combustion chamber with 20% excess air that enters at -23.15
degC. The products leave the combustion chamber at 500K.
Assuming steady operating conditions and complete
combustion, determine the required mass flow rate of the
dodecane to supply heat at a rate of 1.5 kW [kg/s].
92 Two rooms A and B of identical volume are connected by an A B
open doorway. The thermostat in the rooms are set so that
Ta<Tb. Which room contains more air molecules?
93 If the absolute temperature of a gas is doubled, the mean speed is doubled. increases 4
of the gas molecules times
94 When ice cubes melt in a glass of water, the temperature of the increases. decreases.
resulting mixture of water and ice
95 In all naturally occurring processes, the entropy of the universe increases. decreases.
96 An inventor seeking a patent claims that a building may be The application The application
comfortably heated in winter by a device that draws heat into the should be should be
building from the earth, even though the temperature of the rejected rejected
earth is lower than the desired temperature inside the building. because it because it
He further claims that the quantity of heat supplied to the violates the first violates the
building in a given time period can significantly exceed the work law of second law of
done by the device during the same period. If you were a patent Thermodynami Thermodynamic
clerk (like the young Albert Einstein), what should be your cs. s.
recommendation about the application?

97 A fixture containing an ordinary incandescent light bulb is doubles. quadruples.


connected to a dimmer switch. The dimmer is adjusted so that
the temperature of the tungsten filament inside the bulb
increases from 1300K to 2600K. The total power radiated by the
bulb
98 A 30 MW geothermal electric power plant uses hot steam from 2.5 e8 2.2 e8
the earth at 157 deg C to heat and vaporize isobutane, which
turns a turbine that is connected to a generator. The isobutane
is subsequently cooled to 27 degC using fans and condensed
back to a liquid. The overall efficiency of the plant is 40% of the
ideal (Carnot) efficiency. How many joules of heat must be
released to the atmosphere per second?
99 The material which remains unchanged in a process is limiting reactant tie substance

100 The ratio of the total quantity of a reactant present in the reactor recycle ratio combined feed
feed of a recycling operation to the quantity of the same reactant ratio
entering the operation as fresh feed is the
101 The heating value measured when water formed from Gross Calorific Heat of
combustion is in the liquid state. Value combustion
102 In the combustion of solid fuels, the tie element between the cooked coal ash
feed and the refuse is the

103 The coal analysis which is based upon the volatilization Proximate Modified
characteristics of the fuel is analysis analysis
104 An Orsat analysis of the flue gas when pyrite is roasted is on a SO2-free basis SO3-free basis
105 The empirical relation which allows one to compute for the net Calderwood Theoretical
hydrogen in a given solid fuel is the equation Oxygen
Equation
106 The equivalent of 45degTw in the Baume scale is 26.63 28.32
107 A furnace completely burns coal containing 70%C. Analysis of 1.2 1.53
the flue gas shows 15% CO2, 4% O2, 81% N2, and no CO.
What is the % of the net hydrogen in the coal?
108 Which has the lowest water content? dew point at 70% RH
20degC

109 A contract was made between a buyer and a paper PhP 405 PhP 424.26
manufacturer for paper containing 5% moisture at PhP450/tonne
FOB on specifications that price adjustment will be made if the
quality is different. How much should the buyer pay for 1 tonne
of paper with 8% moisture content? Freiht cost is PhP45/tonne.
110 One drier will dry a material from 45% moisture (wb) to 20% 0.01 0.02
moisture (db). From here the material enters another drier where
the water content is further reduced to give a final product
weighing 1000 kg. If the total evporation from both driers is 800
kg, the moisture of the final product is
111 An experimental oil is used to distill 6000 kg.hr of Athabasta tar 2250 3750
sand which analyzes 30% 'heavy oil', 'light oil', and non-volatile
matter. If the distillate contains 12 % heavy oil and this
constitutes 25% recovery of the component, the weight in kg of
the distillate obtained is
112 Coal fired in a furnace has a heating value of 13800 Btu/lb and 4.22 8
contains 78.05%C and 1.2%S. The proximate analysis shows
4%M, 24%FC, 8%A and the analysis of the refuse shows
8%VCM, 25%FC and 32% ash. Calculate the % of C lost in the
refuse.
113 Ninety grams of ethane and 384 grams of oxygen are fed 0.8 0.85
continuously to a laboratory furnace. The total combustion
products collected was 16.2 gmole with no carbon dioxide.
However, not all of the ethane was burned due to faulty
combustion. The fraction of ethane that was burned is equal to
114 The furnace at the Bataan refinery is using a fuel gas which 63.25 57.24
contains methane, ethane and 20% nitrogen. The orsat analysis
of the combustion products showed 7.8% CO2, 7.4% O2, and
84.8% N2. The gas is burned with excess air. The % methane in
the fuel gas is
115 Pyrite containing 78% FeS2 and 22% gangue is burned with 3.52 6.53
excess air to produce a stack gas with the following analysis:
7.29% SO2, 8.92%O2, 82.44%N2 and 1.35%SO3. If the cinder
was found to have a partial analysis of 62.10% Fe2O3, the % of
FeS2 lost in the pyrite is
116 The unit of k for a 1st order elementary reaction is 1/time conc/time
117 If the temperature of a chemical reaction is raised by 10 degC, 4 3
the rate of reaction is increased by a factor of
118 The E of a reaction may be lowered by increasing decreasing
temperature temperature

119 The mechanism of a reaction can sometimes be deduced from the activation the temperature
energy dependency of
the rate
120 The equilibrium constant in a reversible chemical reaction at a depends on the depends on the
given temperature initial conc of conc of one of
the reactants the products at
equilibrium
121 If the volume of a reaction vessel is suddenly reduced to one 2 4
half its original volume the rate will increase by a factor of
122 The rate of reaction is not influenced by conc of the molecularity of
reactants the reaction
123 The net rate of reaction of an intermediate is 0 2
124 A reaction is known to be first order in A. A straight line will be log Ca vs time Ca vs time
obtained by plotting
125 If the reaction 2A ---> B+C is second order, which of the Ca^2 vs time 1/Ca vs time
following plots will give a straight line?
126 For the reaction A+B ---> 2C, when Ca is doubled the rate -ra = k Ca^2 -ra = k Ca Cb^2
doubles, when Cb is doubled the rate increases fourfold. The Cb^4
rate law is
127 It states that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the Le Chatelier's Hess' Law
activity of the reactants. principle
128 The half life of a material undergoing second order decay is proportional to independent of
the square of initial conc
the initial conc
129 A fluid flows through 2 CSTR in series. Each reactor has a 66.8 74.7
capacity of 400,000 L and the fluid enters at 100 L per hr. The
fluid undergoes a first order decay with a half life of 24 hours.
Find the conversion of the fluid.
130 A first order reaction has a specific rate constant of 3e-3 per 0.0021 s 100 s
sec. The half life is
131 A certain reaction is 1st order in A. In 30 min, the concentration 45.1 min 19.6 min
of A decreases from 0.55 to 0.15 mol/L. The time it will take for
A to decrease from 0.35 to 0.15 mol/L is
132 A gas decomposes at 900 degC according to 2A--->2R+S with a 3.83 7.43
rate constant of 1000 cc/gmol-s using pure A. The time it will
take to react 80% of A in a batch reactor at 900 degC and 1 atm
in min is
133 Calculate the length of a chlorinating pipe line with diameter of 25.36 m 32.5 m
0.6 m required to kill 95% of the bacteria in waste water flowing
at 0.05 cu.m/s. Test shows that 95.33% kill is obtained in 5
minutes when treated with 5 mg/L of chlorine. Chlorine
disinfection kinetics is given by the equation: dC/dt = k Ct^1.5
where C = number of bacteria. Assume that the same
concentration of chlorine is used in actual treatment operation.
134 The set of data given below is for the parallel reaction: a---k1-- 0.17 0.18
>2R, a---k2-->S. At t=0, Ca=15 moles/cuft, Cr = 1 mole/cuft,
Cs=1 mole/cuft; At t=1 hr, Cro = 9 moles/cuft, Cs = 3 moles/cuft.
The value of K2 per hour is
135 A batch reaction 2D+E----->F has a conversion factor expressed 257 275
by the equation r =0.24 t^0.5 where r = conversion factor based
on the reactant E; t = time in hours which ranges from 0.5 to 16
hours per batch depending upon the process variables. The
average molecular weight of the feed is 60 and a density of 1.4
g/cc. The feed consists of 2 kgmole of D and 1 kgmole of E. The
charging, cleaning and discharging time per batch is 2.5 hrs and
the volume of the reactor is twice the volume of the feed.
Assume 300 days per year and 12 hours operation/day. The
volume of the reactor in liters is
136 A container holds 100 gal of salt solution containing 50 lb of 0.73 0.43
dissolved salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a
layer of rock salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a
layer of rock salt whose surface is practically constant. The salt
dissolved into the solution according to r = k(C-3) where C is the
concentration of the brine expressed in lb/gal. If the water in the
tank were fresh, the rate of solution would be 1.0 lb/min. Fresh
water enters at 3 gpm and brine overflows at the same rate.
Assume constant volume at any brine concentration, the
concentration of brine in container after 1 hour in lb/gal of salt is
137 An aqueous solution of ethyl acetate is to be saponified with 10.3 11.4
NaOH. The initial concentration of the ethyl acetate is 5 g/L and
that of the caustic soda is 0.10M. Values of the second order
rate constant in L/gmole-min are k = 23.5 at 0 degC; k = 92.4 at
20 degC. The reaction is essentially irreversible. The time
required to saponify 95% of the water at 40 deg C is
138 At 500K the rate of bimolecular reaction is 10 times the rate at 8150 9150
400K. Find E in cal, the activation energy for this reaction from
Arrhenius Law.
139 The reaction A+2B--->R is 1st order with respect to each Cao/2m Cao/(2m-1)
reactant. If equimolar amounts of A and B are introduced into a
constant-volume reactor and (1/m) th of A remains after t1, how
much will remain after t2=2t1?
140 When the 1st order homogeneous reaction (gas-phase) A--- 43.1 41.3
>2.5R is carried out in an isothermal batch reactor at 2 atm with
20% inerts present, the volume increases by 60% in 20 min.
When the reaction is carried out in a constant volume reactor,
the time required for the pressure to reach 8 atm if the initial
pressure is 5 atm, 2 atm of which consist of inerts in min is

141 When the ID of the pipe through which a fluid flows is doubled, 1/8 1/16
the pressure loss due to friction per unit length of pipe and for
the same volumetric flow rate is changed by approximately a
factor of
142 When two centrifugal pumps are connected in series, the 1/2 1
discharge changes by a factor of
143 When two reciprocating pumps are connected in parallel, the 1/2 1
volumetric capacity of the system changes by a factor of
144 The pressure drop in a pipeline changes by a factor of _____ 1/2 1
when the velocity of the flowing fluid is doubled.
145 Cavitation occurs in a centrifugal pump when the discharge the discharge
pressure valve is closed
becomes too
high
146 Oil with a viscosity of 30 cP and a density of 60 lb/cu.ft. flows 0.63 13.1
through a 1/2-inch inside diameter pipe. Determine the velocity
in fps below which flow will be laminar.
147 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch inside diameter 1.05 1.22
smooth horizontal pipe. If the Reynold's number is 353000,
calculate the ratio of maximum velocity to average velocity.
148 The pressure after the pump in a 6-inch inside diameter smooth 0.6 3.58
pipe conducting water is 20 psia. The water is discharged at an
open tank 100 ft from the pump. Calculate the rate of discharge
of water in cu.ft/s.
149 A water storage tank assumes the supply of water into a factory. PhP 3300 PhP 5000
Water is supplied to the tank through a booster pump installed in
the water line. The theoretical pump horsepower required is 3.25
hp. What is the monthly operating cost of the pump if electric
power cost on the average is PhP 3.73/kWh. The pump is 65%
efficient and operates for 12 hr a day.
150 When the impeller speed of an ideal centrifugal pump is 1/2 1
doubled, the vol. flow rate of discharge is increased by a factor
of
151 The differential height between two points which a fluid has to potential head pressure head
be transferred is the
152 The resistance of a layer of fluid to flow over the next layer is viscosity friction factor
measured by
153 An axial flow pump operating at a speed of 880 rpm can supply 20 36
water at a rate of 3000 gpm. The maximum head that this pump
can deliver in ft. of water is
154 Specify the type of open impeller pump to use if the capacity is 3x2x8.5E 4x3x8.5E
400 gpm at a head of 200 ft of water.
155 What will be the rated capacity [gpm] of a 4-1/2 inch impeller 95 134
centrifugal pump operating at a speed of 3450 rpm capable of
generating a head of 40 ft of water.
156 If the speed of a centrifugal pump is doubled, the energy 2 4
requirement becomes approximately ___ times the original
energy requirement.
157 A cylindrical tank 1 ft in diameter discharges through a nozzle 32 55
connected to the base. Find the time needed for the water level
in the tank to drop from 4 ft to 2 ft above the nozzle. The
diameter of the nozzle is 1 inch and its discharge coefficient
maybe taken as unity.
158 The NPSH of a single suction centrifugal hot water pump at a 15 20
speed of 3550 rpm operating at a pressure of 600 psi and a
capacity of 450 gpm is ___ ft.
159 The rate of evaporation at a given operating temperature in a n when the the operating
evaporator is more when operating pressure is low
pressure is high

160 An optimim number of the effects for a given application is a capacity economy
function of the
161 A popular type of heat exchanger for cooling large quantities of double-pipe plate
fluid is the
162 An evaporator is used to concentrate 10,000 lb/hr of a 20% 0.82 0.86
solution of NaOH in water at 140 oF using saturated steam at 25
psia at a rate of 7,000 lb/hr. The OHTC is 275 BTU/hr-ft 2-oF
when the pressure in the vapor is 1.7 psia. The steam economy,
SE, is
163 A cross flow heat exchanger uses mixed air at 4 kg/s that enters 22.2 m2 25 m2
at 15oC and leaves at 45 oC. The air cools unmixed water, which
enters at 95 oC and 0.70 kg/s. The OHTC equals 150 W/m 2-oC.
After several months of operation, a scale resistance of 0.002
m2-oC/W developed. 16. The heat transfer area required to
accomplish the change is
164 As solution of 28% wt Na 2SO4 is to be crystallized to yield 285.3 249.3
Glauber salt in a four section (one section is 10 ft in length)
Swenson Walker Crystallizer. It is fed to the unit at 120 oF and
cooled to 60 oF using cooling water which enters at 50oF and
leaves at 70oF. The crystallizer has a cooling surface of 3 ft 2 per
foot of length. The feed rate is 500 lb/hr and the crystallizer is
seeded with 50 lb/hr of 65 mesh crystals. 19. The amount of the
crystalline crop (C) produced in lb per hour is
165 An insulator should have low thermal high thermal
conductivity conductivity
166 Fouling factor is a does not provide
dimensionless a safety factor
quantity for design

167 Natural convection is characterized by Reynolds Grashhoff


number number
168 The Graetz number is concerned with mass transfer absorption with
between a gas chemical
and a liquid reaction
169 Dropwise condensation occurs on clean and dirt smooth clean
free surfaces surfaces

170 Dietus-Boelter equation for determination of heat transfer co- for liquid metals for fluid in
efficient is valid laminar flow

171 A type of pneumatic conveyor system characterized by a fluidizing pressure


material moving in an air stream or pressure less than ambient.

172 If the total percentage of particles larger than the screen 0.98 0.89
opening in the feed, oversize, undersize are 36%, 89% and 3%,
respectively, the effectiveness of the screen if the undersize is
the product is
173 The estimated width of an apron conveyor having a capacity of 305 mm 610 mm
75 tons/hr at a speed of 50 ft/min is
174 It is defined as the ratio of the average diameter of the feed to settling ratio screen-mesh no
the average diameter of the product.

175 The sphericity of cubical particles is 1 0.87


176 The separation of a dilute slurry or suspension by gravity settling thickening classification
into a clear fluid and a slurry or suspension by gravity settling
into a clear fluid and a slurry of higher solids content is called

177 An ultracentrifuge is used to separate high-molecular weight temperature pressure


fractions in polymeric or biological systems. What is the
gradient for mass transfer in the separation using this mass
transfer device?
178 Ordinary diffusion takes place because of ___ driving force. temperature pressure
179 What are the two limiting cases of steady-state diffusion? UMD and EMD ordinary and
Knudsen
180 Which of the following is not true in (binary) equimolar counter- DAB = DBA c = cA + cB
diffusion?
181 A fluid is flowing on a surface, which contains a component that Knudsen region turbulent region
leaches out to the fluid. Assuming that all the 3 regions of mass
transfer are present, in which of these regions is diffusion
controlling?
182 In unsteady-state mass transfer, the quantity (D ABt/rm^2) is unaccomplishe relative
referred to as d change resistance
183 What is the equivalent of Prandtl number in convective mass Sc Sh
transfer?
184 If kx > ky, then the controlling phase is the liquid phase the gas phase
185 In two-phase mass transfer, equilibrium may exist at the interface in the gas phase

186 Which of the following processes may always be regarded as a cooling of air air conditioning
constant- humidity process?

187 Air conditioning in tropical countries involves humidification humidification by


by a process a process similar
similar to that in to air-water
a cooling tower vapor saturator

188 What do you call the steady-state non-equilibrium temperature dry-bulb wet-bulb
reached when a small amount of water is contacted under temperature temperature
adiabatic conditions by a continuous stream of gas?
189 The moisture content of a solid is given as 50% wet basis. What 0.5 1
is the moisture content, dry basis?
190 The moisture that can be removed by drying is called equilibrium bound moisture
moisture
191 Falling-period in drying terminates at the end of origin of R vs X
constant-rate plot
period
192 Which is not true at the interphase of a gas scrubbing the solute the solute
operation? concentration concentration of
of the gas is the liquid is less
less than that of than that of the
the bulk bulk
193 He and N2 gas are contained in a conduit 5 mm in diameter and 2.35 exp -5
2.44exp -5
a 0.1 m long at 298 K and a uniform pressure of He at one end
of the tube is 0.6 atm and 0.02 atm at the other end. Assuming
equimolar countercurrent diffusion, the flux in kmol/s-m 2 is

194 100 m3/hr of air at 60°C and 20% RH is needed for a chemical 5280 8490
reactor. This will be obtained from process air at 60 °C and 10%
RH by humidifying adiabatically the process air followed by
heating to its original temperature. The wattage of the heater at
80% efficiency is
195 Wet solid is to be dried from 36% to 8% moisture in 5 hr under 1 hr 1.6 hr
constant drying condition. Critical and equilibrium moisture
contents are 14 and 4% respectively. Calculate how much
longer will it take to dry the same material from 8% to 5.5%
moisture under constant drying condition. All moisture contents
are on a dry basis.
196 The unit of volumetric diffusivity is cm^2/sec cm/sec
197 If reflux to a distillation column is 100 moles/hr, when the 0.5 2
overhead product rate is 50 moles/hr. the reflux ratio is
198 Which of the following provides maximum contact surface for a packed lower bubble-cup plate
liquid-vapour system? column
199 In extraction, as the temperature increases, the area of decreases increases
heterogeneity (area covered by bimodal curve)
200 The suitable evaporator for concentration of foaming liquids is
long tube short tube
evaporator evaporator
201 Macroscopic transfer of mass between moving fluid and surface molecular unsteady-state
which is of different concentration is called diffusion diffusion
202 For a packed column the main purpose of packing is to strengthen the increase the
column surface area

203 In a gas absorption operation, when the operating line crosses the NTU is zero the liquid flow
the equilibrium curve rate is maximum

204 Methanol diffuses in 0.15 cm stagnant film of 1:1 mole mixture of 0.15 0.31
hydrogen and CO2 at 100oC and 2 atm. The partial pressures of
methanol on both sides are 0.6 and 0.2 atm. The average
diffusivity of methanol in the hydrogen and CO 2 at 0 oC and 1
atm in cm2/s is
205 Gaseous reactant A decomposes according to the reaction A --> 0.92 0.86
3R (-rA = 0.5 CA mole/L-min). The feed, which consists of 70% A
and 30% inert, enters a 1.5-m 3 CSTR at a flow rate of 150 L/min.
4. If CA0 = 0.30 mole/L, what is the conversion, XA?
206 Between 0 degC and 50 degC, the average activation energy of 14.7 18.5
a certain reaction is 80 kJ/mol. How many times faster will the
reaction occur at 300 K than at 275 K?
207 Consider a gas-phase reaction 2A ---> R + 2S with unknown 0.54 min 0.85 min
kinetics. A space velocity of 0.8/min is needed for 95%
conversion of A in a PFR. Find the mean residence time or
holding time of the fluid in the PFR.
208 For Newtonian fluids, the shear stress is constant. inversely
proportional to
rate of
deformation.
209 An ideal fluid is one that is compressible incompressible
& viscous
210 Water flows through an 8-in (ID=7.981 in) steel pipe at an 10.58 5.29
average velocity of 6 ft/s. Downstream the pipe splits into an 8-in
main and a 2 in (ID=2.067 in) bypass pipes. If the velocity in the
bypass is twice the velocity of the main pipe, the volumetric flow
rate [ft 3/s] in the main pipe is
211 An imaginary line within a fluid flow such that a tangent at any stream tube velocity profile
point indicates the direction of flow at that point.
212 Air at 250C [viscosity=0.018 cP] enters a section of 2-in schedule 350 155
40 commercial steel pipe at a gauge pressure of 310 kPa and a
flow rate of 1200 kg/h. Assuming isothermal flow, what is the
pressure drop [kPa] in 60 m of pipe?
213 A simple pitot tube measures acoustical superficial
velocity velocity
214 Which of the following meters will have the highest permanent pitot tube orifice
pressure loss?
215 In the flow meter equation, Y, indicates the mass flow rate compressibility
factor
216 The loss due to sudden contraction is proportional to velocity turbulence
217 Stoke’s law is valid when the particle Reynolds number is <1 >1
218 Priming needed in a Reciprocating Gear pump
pump
219 Maximum theoretical suction lift for water at 60˚F by a centrifugal 40 ft 37 ft
pump is 34 ft. The same for water at 200˚F will be
220 The most economical valve for use with large diameter pipes. butterfly globe
221 Multistage compressors are used in industry because, they reduce the cost reduce the size
of compressor requirement

222 For ideally incompressible fluid, the mach number will be 0 1


223 of the following produces maximum pressure difference for vacuum pumps blowers
transportation of gases?
224 The fluid property which matters for falling rain drops to acquire pressure height of
spherical shape is its descend
225 A wastewater solution having a volume of 1000 L contains 0.21 0.007 kg 0.106 kg
kg phenol/m3 of solution. A total of 1.40 kg fresh granular
activated carbon is added to the solution, which is then mixed
thoroughly to reach equilibrium. What is the amount of phenol
absorbed per kg carbon at equilibrium?
226 The overhead product composition decreases with time in batch distillation continuous
with reflux distillation with
reflux
227 For a binary mixture with low relativity, continuous rectification to low reflux ratio small cross-
get pure products will require section
228 Chemisorption is the same as characterized by
van der Waals adsorption of
heat
229 The stage efficiency in leaching depends on the time of contact rate of diffusion
between the of the solute
solid and the through the solid
solution and into the
liquid
230 Weeping in distillation or absorption column increases tray provides larger
efficiency surface for mass
transfer
231 What are the two contacting phase in leaching? extract phase solvent phase
and raffinate and solute
phase phase
232 Hydrogen sulfide is removed from water by contacting the Distillation Leaching
solution with warm air. The operation is
233 Disregarding the cost, which is the best solvent for the extraction caproic acid chloroform
of acetic acid from an aqueous solution at 25deg C?
234 Professional Regulations Commission was created under P.D. No. 223 P.D. No. 233
235 A chemical engineer who designed and built a new type pf TRUE FALSE
reactor and for three years, sold many units to the public can still
patent his reactor.
236 A person who has passed the Chemical Licensure Examination 18 19
can take his/her oath as a chemical engineer if his/her age is not
less than _______ years.
237 Which of the following is not a requirement for utility model inventive step novelty
registration?

238 A section of the patent application containing detailed disclosure abstract


descriptions of the benefits obtained from using the invention is
called the
239 A document issued by the DENR secretary indicating that the Environmental Environmental
proposed project will cause significant negative environmental Impact Compliance
impact. Statement Certificate
240 In the Philippines, sulfur for sulfuric acid manufacturing is paper cement
sourced from _______ industry.
241 Sulfur is undesirable in petroleum because it causes it increases the
engine boiling pt of fuel
knocking

242 Materials added to detergent formulation to enhance cleaning fillers brighteners


performance by exhibiting synergistic cleaning effect with
surfactant.
243 Polyethylene is an example of _____________ polymerization condensation addition

244 Principal chemical conversion in the production of resin from condensation hydration
monomer.
245 Carbon black is added to rubber compounding as activator curing agent
246 The binder for all the powder materials of paint pigment vehicle
247 A fibrous material left after cane sugar has been milled is bagasse pulp
commonly called as
248 Molasses is a by product of raw sugar from the ______ process milling extraction

249 Kraft process is a common name for sulfate pulping sulfite pulping
250 Water insoluble cell binders of wood pulp cellulose
251 DDT means Diphenyldichlor dichlorodiphenyl
otriphenylethan dichloroethane
e
252 Rancidity of oil can be reduced by decoloration hydrogenation
253 Varnish does not contain pigment dryer

254 Plasticisers are added to paints to make it make glossy


corrosion surface
resistant

255 Silicone is thermoplastic a monomer

256 The process involved in converting rubber into a thin sheet or extrusion mastication
coating it on fabric is called
257 Alkyl benzene sulfonate (ABS) is a detergent rubber
258 Neoprene is a monomer synthetic rubber
259 Steam enters an adiabatic turbine at 10 MPa and 500 degC at a 0.23 0.32
rate of 3 kg/s and leaves at 0.1 MPa. If the power output of the
turbine is 2 MW, determine the turbine efficiency.
260 Work is a property of the path function
system

261 Throttling process is a reversible and an irreversible


isothermal and constant
process entropy

262 A sample consisting of 1.00 mole of Argon gas is expanded 0 +1.13 kJ


isothermally and reversibly at 0°C from 22.4L to 44.8L. The heat
absorbed by the system is
263 Maximum work can be obtained from a system when the change isothermal adiabatic
taking place in it is
264 The ratio of work performed by a system and the heat it Entropy Gibb’s free
absorbed from a reservoir is referred to energy
265 According to the first law of thermodynamics Energy is Perpetual
neither lost nor motion is
gained in any possible.
energy
transformation.

266 In a 3-stage compressor system whose isentropic efficiencies greater than in between 0.75
are reported to be 0.75, 0.85 and 0.84, respectively, steam 0.85 and 0.85
initially at 10 kPa is compressed to a final pressure of 500 kPa.
The overall efficiency of the system is
267 In choosing the refrigerant, the fluid must have the following environmentally has a vapor
characteristics, except benign pressure less
than
atmospheric

268 Coolers and boilers are ordinarily operated at ________ isobaric isenthalpic
condition.
269 For an isolated system, maximum entropy will occur at half-life critical condition

270 A carnot cycle consists of two isothermal two isochoric


and two and two
adiabatic adiabatic
process process

271 This is also known as the volume fraction of the voids in packed sphericity porosity
beds.
272 A measure of the ratio of the drag force acting on a unit area of Froude number Reynold’s
the impeller & the inertial stress. number
273 Sulfuric acid is pumped at 3 kg/s through a 60-m length of 3 2
smooth 25 mm pipe. If the pressure drop falls by one-half, what
will be the new flow rate [kg/s]? Assume the following properties
of sulfuric acid: SG = 1.84, viscosity = 25 cP.
274 The equation del(P) = -(rho)(g) del(z) is known as the hydrostatic shear forces fluid is
vertical law for which all the following assumptions are applied, are not involved incompressible
except

275 Which of the following can be adjusted by human operator in a set point controller output
closed feedback control loop?
276 The thermocouple is based on the Seebeck effect which states current temperature
that a/an _____ is generated when opposite junction of certain
dissimilar pairs of wires are exposed to different temperatures.
277 Dead time is a function of distance and momentum acceleration
278 A pneumatic controller is used to control temperature within the 2.83kPa/K 0.35kPa/K
range 280K to 310K. The controller is adjusted so that the
output pressure goes from 20kPa (valve fully open) to 105 Kpa
(valve fully closed) as the measured temperature goes from
295K to 300K with the sent point held constant. What is the
proportional gain?
279 The parameter which completely describes the behavior of the Time constant damping
response to a disturbance of a second order system is the coefficient
280 Water is flowing through a 3-inch schedule 40 pipe at 60 deg F. 11.61 ft/s 37.1 kg/s
A pitot tube is inserted at the centerline of the pipe and registers
a 3-inch Hg differential. What is the mass flow rate of the water?

281 An oil well is 1200 ft below ground level. Oil at 500 psig at the 9365 9461
bottom flows to ground level through a 12-inch schedule 80
commercial steel pipe. The oil has a SG of 0.86 and viscosity of
8 cP. The vol flow rate of oil in barrels per hour is
282 The equivalent diameter of a concentric annular space where 1- pi/4 inch 1 inch
inch OD pipe is located inside a 2-inch ID pipe is
283 Based on Bond's crushing law, the power required to crush a 20.2 41.4
certain material will change by _____% if the diameter of the
product is made smaller by 50%.
284 The BPR of a 50% NaOH solution at an evaporator pressure of 73 degF 173 degF
4.7 psia is
C D ANSWER SCORE
globe valve orifice
a 1

0.03 0.04
o 0

turbulent flow laminar flow


d 1
only only
equal to the equal to the
heat transfer heat transfer
coefficient coefficient of
equivalent to the steam o 0
the resistance
offerred by the
pipe
the minimum the amount of
number of solvent used
stages occur must be
when the tie enough to form b 1
line coincides 2 phases.
with an
operating line.
rectification fractionation
c 1
minimum reflux optimum reflux
c 1
mol/liter/min liter/mol/min
o 0

no effect significant
effect
o 0

the heat the


transfer is temperature is
constant uniform c 1
throughout the
cylinder
transition plate bubble plate
d 1

supersaturated saturated c 1
Sherwood, Prandtl,
Reynold's and Schimdt and o 0
Schimdt No Reynold's No
reduction ratio classification
c 1
ratio
the value of k is the reaction
independent of cannot proceed
the initial
concentrations c 1
of A and B

orifice venturi a 1
a function of not uniform
time throughout the
reactor and b 1
varies from
time to time
book value market value
b 1

increases the increases the


amount of condenser duty
o 0
distillate

the gas phase the ratio of gas


resistance is phase
negligible resistance to
liquid o 0
resistance is
approximately
zero
Peclet, Stanton Schimdt, Peclet
and Prandtl Nos and Friction o 0
Nos
45-degree square-corner
d 1
standard elbow elbow
compressor accumulator
b 1

1" dia Drawn 4" dia Riveted


tubing steel pipe d 1

through each is constant


material is throughout the
inversely series of
proportional to materials d 1
the thickness of
the material
parallel consecutive
c 1
reactions reactions
air concret
b 1
humidification extraction
b 1

tangential static pressure


o 0
pressure
concentration momentum
c 1
gradient gradient
113 deg F 146 deg F
0

1.48 0.58 0
1.5 0.6
0
33.4 54.4

128 kg 32 kg
0
26.4 57.8
0

1.5 2.75
0

over 20 million over 2 but less


than 3

0.05 0.03
0

6930000 2040000

saturation dry-bulb
temperature temperature a 1

75.26 78.5
0

the temperature increase in the


of the air can humidity of the
also be air is b 1
maintained insignificant
constant
0.02 0.01
0

equilibrium critical moisture


moisture content c 1
content
tray drier freeze drier
c 1
air flow air flow parallel
perpendicular to to the solid
the surface of surface
the solid
a 1

surface renewal moisture


d 1
diffusivity
2.129 hrs 3.42 hrs

0.01 0

decreases with no drying takes


c 1
time place
to use cross to use spray
flow percolators
a 1
evaporation

1.5 2.3

5 6

radiation all of A, B and


a 1
C
radiation all of A, B and
c 1
C
inverse of the sum of the
total resistance individual c 1
resistances
evaporation all of A, B and
b 1
C
451.7 475.1

5800 139200

5.51 m 4.14 m

966 kg 534 kg

85.8 sq.m. 88.5 sq.m.

14 kPa zero gauge

4.72 3.03

0
39 40

8 7

27.8 22.7

0.29 0.25

577 241

13.76 16.28

46.5 45.6

227.2 300

11994 20451

0
40130 45500

13.8 5
0

1163 19.4
0

4.67 2
0

95 100

7 0.52

31.7 37.1
0

851 900
0

0.75 1

[B]=0.4(1- [B]=0.2
0.5x)/(1-x)
0
25.2 20

3478 3750

0.71 6.01

100 25

13943 W 19343 W

23 33

38 0.04

both contain the


same no of air a 1
molecules
increases by decreases.
0
about 40%
stays constant.
c 1
stays the same. may increase
a 1
or decrease.
The application The application
should be should be
rejected given full
because it consideration
violates both because it
1st and 2nd does not 0
laws of Thermo. violate any
laws of
Thermodynami
cs.

increases 8x. increases 16x.

3 e7 5.2 e8

excess reactant product yield


b 1
reactant ratio fresh-feed
conversion b 1

Latent Heat of Net Calorific


a 1
Condensation Value
moisture volatile
combustible b 1
matters
Ultimate Elemental
a 1
analysis analysis
O2-free basis N2-free basis b 1
Dulong's Oxygen
formula unaccounted c 1
for equation
32.48 42.56 a 1
2.38 6.13
0

absolute 60% saturation


humidity of 0.05 a 1

PhP 434.16 PhP 450

0
0.03 0.05

4350 6000

9.5 17

0.9 0.92

51.2 22.76

7.86 23.1

1/conc 1/conc-time 0
2 1.5
0
adding a removing the
catalyst products of the c 1
reaction
the net equation the rate law.
d 1

does not is not a


depend on the characteristic
c 1
initial of the reaction
concentrations
8 16
0
nature of temperature
c 1
reactants
>0 <0 a 1
log Ca vs 1/Ca vs time
a 1
reciprocal time
lof Ca vs time Ca vs time
b 1
-ra = k Ca -ra = k Cb^2
b 1

Law of Mass Second Law of


c 1
Action Thermo
proportional to inversely
initial conc proportional to 0
initial conc
85.3 99.1
0

231 s 768 s
0
19.1 min 10.4 min
0

8.33 9.33
0

52.63 m 56.23 m

0.34 0.62
0

300 527

0.33 0.24

0
12.7 20.7

9550 10150
0

Cao/(1-2m) Cao/2
0

37.1 31.8

1/32 1/64
0

2 4
0
2 4
0
2 4
0
the suction suction is lost
pressure is too
c 1
high

16.9 87.2
0

1.72 1.89
0

21 58.3
0

PhP 7000 PhP 12000

2 2exp2
0
velocity head dynamic head
a 1
surface tension drag coefficient
a 1
63 85
0

4x3x6 3x2x13
0
248 320
0

8 10
0

77 94

25 30
0

there is a when the liquid


vacuum level is high
0

efficiency none of the


0
given choices
shell and tube extended
c 1
surfaces
0.89 0.92

17 m2 20 m2

255.65 214.65

less resistance a porous


a 1
to heat flow structure
accounts for none of these
additional
c 1
resistance to
heat flow
Peclet number Prandlt number
0
heat transfer in heat transfer in
turbulent flow laminar flow 0

contaminated polished
cooling surfaces c 1
surfaces
for fluids in when
turbulent flow Grashhoff
0
number is very
important
pressure- vacuum
vacuum d 1

0.76 0.65
0

1220 mm 2400 mm
0
reduction ratio average
particle 0
diameter
0.7 0.6 0
sorting centrifugation
a 1

concentration electric field


b 1

concentration electric field b 1


thermal and thermal and
0
ordinary Knudsen
JA = JB NA = -cDAB
0
dxA/dz
buffer region viscous sub-
layer
0

relative time relative position


0
Bi Pe
0
the interface either of the
b 1
bulk phases
in the liquid in either film
0
phase
water-cooling in heating of air
a cooling tower d 1

dehumidificatio dehumidificatio
n and removal n by
of sensible heat condensing c 1
water vapor in
a refrigerator
adiabatic dew point
saturation temperature a 0
temperature
2 50
0
free moisture unbound
c 1
moisture
critical free equilibrium
moisture moisture d 1
content content
the solute the solute
concentration of concentration
the liquid and of the gas is 0
gas phase are greater than
equal the liquid
1.77exp -6
1.22 exp -6

10050 11570

2.3 hr 2.9 hr

cm^3/sec cm^2/sec^2 0
50 150
0
sieve-plate wetted wall
0
column column
remains
0
unchanged
vacuum falling film
0
evaporator evaporator
convective all of these
0
mass transfer
increase the reduce the flow
pressure drop rate across the
0
in the tower column

the gas flow the number of


rate is stages is 0
maximum infinite
0.51 0.68

0.71 0.65
0

20.9 22.4
0

0.87 min 1.18 min


0

equal to shear a linear


rate of function of the
0
deformation. shear rate of
deformation.
incompressible incompressible
0
& inviscid
1.84 0.25

streamline none of these


0
101.3 61
0

mean linear local velocity


0
velocity
venturi rotameter
0
coefficient of cross-sectional
0
discharge area
velocity head static head 0
<5 0 0
Centrifugal Diaphragm
0
pump pump
34 ft 8 ft
0
needle gate 0
resemble are easy to
closely to control
0
isothermal
compression
1.5 5 0
fans compressors
0
viscosity surface tension
0
0.189 kg 0.198 kg

continuous distillation
distillation operating at 0
without reflux total reflux
less number of high reflux ratio
0
trays
an irreversible always in
phenomenon equilibrium 0

both A and B either A or B


because these
two mean the 0
same thing

results due to is due to


low gas velocity bubble cups 0

feed phase and overflow and


solvent phase underflow 0

Absorption Stripping
0
3-heptanol toluene
0
P.D. No. 232 P.D. No. 826 0
it depends not governed
by law 0

21 23
0

industrial a technical
applicability solution to 0
problem
request claims
0

Environmental Environmental
Impact Critical Project 0
Assessment
petroleum detergents
0
it poisons the all that are
catalyst in the mentioned
0
refining process

builders perfume
0

copolymerizatio natural
0
n
polymerization alkylation
0
retarders fillers 0
opacifier filler 0
cellulose waste
0
evaporation crystallization
0
bleaching calendering 0
xylem lignin 0
Dichlorodipheny diphenyldichlor
ldichlorobutane otriphenylbutan 0
e
oxidation purification 0
thinner anti-skinning
0
agent
increase give elasticity
atmospheric and prevent
0
oxidation cracking of the
film
an inorganic thermosetting
0
polymer plastic
vulcanization calendering
0
pesticide polyester 0
polyester pigment 0
0.68 0.77
0

state function state


description of a 0
system
a reversible and constant
constant enthalpy
0
entropy process process

+1.57 kJ +2.27 kJ
0

reversible irreversible
0
carnot Helmholtz free
0
efficiency energy
Energy is Energy is being
conserved in created as time
quality but not passes. We
in quantity. have more
energy in the 0
universe now
than when time
began.

less than 0.75 in between


0.84 and 0.90
0

must be exist at a high


economically pressure at the
viable condensation 0
temperature

isothermal isentropic
0
equilibrium start of the
a 0
process
one isochoric, one isothermal,
one isobaric, one isochoric
and two and two
adiabatic adiabatic 0
process process

superficial specific volume


0
velocity
Mach number Power number
0
0.2 0.12
0

z axis is defined normal surface


vertical & forces & gravity
downward in are the only 0
direction forces involved

process load variable


a 1
variable
emf resistance
0

time velocity d 1
17kPa/K 0.06kPa/K

Rise time overshoot


0
37.1 lb/s 317 lb/s
0

52581 393308
d 0

1.5 inch 2 inches


0
50.5 58.6
0

233 degF 297 degF


0
NO QUESTION A
1 A valve that controls flow by means of a disk or wedge-shaped dam gate valve
sliding at right angles to the direction of flow and seating tightly in
the valve body is a
2 The friction factor for flow through a pipe with relative roughness of 0.05
0.004 at a Reynold's No. of 80,000 is approximately equal to
3 The equation that relates friction factor and Reynold's No., smooth pipes
f=64/Reynold's No. holds for
4 Oil flows under laminar conditions inside a steam heated copper equal to the heat
pipe. The overall heat transfer coefficient is approximately transfer
coefficient of the
oil

5 In multi-stage liquid-liquid extraction with partially miscible solventsthe extraction


must be done to
form co-currently
in order to
minimize the
extraction.
6 The enrichment of the vapor steam as it passes through the column evaporation
in contact with the reflux during distillation is called
7 The maximum number of plates for a given distillation system is variable reflux
obtained at
8 The correct unit for the specific rate constant for the reaction A--->B square
determined to be first order is liter/square
mol/min
9 On one side of a heat exchanger where either a condensing vapor large effect
or a boiling liquid is present, the temperature may be assumed to be
constant. In determining the logarithmic mean temperature
difference the direction of flow will have
10 For a cylinder where steady-state radial heat transfer takes place the heat flux is
constant

11 A plate holding a pool of liquid from which rises a vapor whose separation plate
average composition is in equilibrium with a liquid whose
composition is the average of that of the liquid leaving the plate is
called
12 Crystallization occurs in a solution that is concentrated
13 Mass transfer in a flowing fluid may be correlated by Sherwood,
Nusselt and
Reynold's No
14 The ratio of the average diameter of the feed to the average settling ratio
diameter of the product is the
15 The rate of formation of C for the reaction 2A + B ---> C is found to the rate of
be rate=k(A)(B) formation of C is
equal to the rate
of disappearance
of B
16 A device for increasing the velocity of a fluid in steady flow is a nozzle
17 In steady-state backmix flow reactor, composition is not constant
throughout the
reactor

18 The amount of money obtainable from the sale of used property net value
over and above any changers involved in removal and sale is called

19 In fractionation, an increase in reflux ratio increases the


number of
theoretical plates
20 In mass transfer where the solute in the gas phase is very soluble in the ratio of liquid
the liquid phase phase resistance
to the overall
resistance is
close to unity
21 Heat transfer in turbulent flow may be described through an Nusselt, Stanton
empirical equation correlating and Reynold's
Nos
22 Which of the following fittings exhibits the highest pressure drop for 90-degree long
the same flow conditions? radius elbow
23 A chamber into which steam from a high pressure line can be bled switching bank
during periods of low steam demand from the power plant is called
24 Which one of the following pipes has the highest relative 2" diameter
roughness? Wrought iron pipe

25 In steady-state heat transfer through a series of materials with decreases


varying resistances, the heat transfer rate towards the
direction of heat
transfer

26 Reactions whereby reactants proceed along several paths and give polymeric
different products are reactions
27 Which one among the following materials has the best insulating window glass
property?
28 An operation where warm vapor mixture is cooled such as by evaporation
contact with a liquid resulting in condensation and decreased
humidity is
29 The pressure exerted on a plane parallel to the direction of flow of a gauge pressure
moving fluid is called
30 For mass transfer to take place, there must be a phase change

31 Water vapor condenses at 1 atm on a tube whose surface 212 deg F


tmeperature is at 80 deg F. in analyzing the heat transfer through
the condensate film, it is best to evaluate the liquid properties at
32 The diffusity of water in air at 100 deg F in sq.cm./sec is 0.26
33 A fluid flowing at a rate of 25 cubic meters per hour inside a 60 mm 5.9
I.D. pipe has an average velocity in meter per sec equal to
34 An equimolar mixture of benzene and toluene is subjected to a 66.6
single batch distillation. Distillation is discontinued when 60% of the
benzene in the feed is distilled. At this instance the bottom product
when analyzed shows benzene to be 36.4 mole%. In the distillate,
the mole% of benzene is
35 When 32 kg of methane is burned completely the theoretical oxygen 16 kg
required is
36 The standard heat of reaction for the production of water gas, in 32.2
kcal/gmole, as given by the equation: C(s) + H2O(g) = CO(g) +
H2(g) is
37 A rectangular duct 4 ft x 1.5 ft in cross section carries conditioned 4
air. In determining the pressure drop through the duct the equivalent
diameter in ft may be used which in this case is
38 A gas decomposition reaction has an activation energy of 245 over 100,000 but
kJ/mol. The rate of reaction can be accelerated by using a platinum less than a million
catalyst where the activation energy for the resulting catalyzed
reactions is lower at 136 kJ/mol. Using Arrhenius' law and assuming
the frequency factor remains the same the catalyzed reaction is
faster than the original reaction by a factor of
39 Water at 100 deg F is flowing through a straight 4-in Sch 40 pipe at 0.04
a rate of 1.0 gal/min. The length of the pipe is 10 ft. The velocity at
the center of the pipe in ft per sec is
40 A metallic rod 2 cm in diameter is used as a heating element. The 4440000
thermal conductivity is 370 J/sec.sq.m.degC. The surface
temperature is maintained at 200 deg C. For the center of the rod
not to exceed 500 deg C, the maximum volumetric heat generation
rate within the metallic rod in J/sec cu.m. must be
41 This is a steady state temperature reached by a small amount of wet-bulb
liquid evaporating into a large amount of unsaturated vapor-gas temperature
mixture.
42 Air, supplied at the rate of 1200 cfm to a refrigerated coil, has a 74.3
relative humidity of 20% and dry bulb temperature of 150 deg F.
The mass flow of dry air entering per minute is
43 In adiabatic humidification, it is possible to maintain the temperature according to the
of water constant since phase rule, the
degrees of
freedom is 3

44 An air-carbon tetrachloride vapor mixture at 100 deg F dry bulb and 0.1
60 deg F wet bulb is heated until the temperature reaches 180 deg
F. the final percent relative humidity is about
45 The portion of water in the wet solid that cannot be removed by the free moisture
air in its contact is called
46 This type of drier is used for drying pasty materials such as wet filter rotary drier
cakes and lumpy solids
47 In the constant-rate period, the rate of drying is established by a balance of the
heat requirements
for evaporation
and the rate at
which heat
reaches the
surface
48 Unbound moisture in granular and porous solid moves through the desorption
intertices of the solid by a mechanism involving
49 Wet solid is to be dried from 40% to 10% in 5 hours under constant 0.542 hrs
drying conditions. The critical moisture content is 20% and the
equilibrium moisture content is 7%. All moisture contents are on dry
basis. The time needed to dry from 15% to 5% free moisture under
the same drying conditions is
50 If the rate of drying under constant drying conditions with air at 140 0.12
deg F and absolute humidity of 0.03 lb water per lb dry air of
unknown mass of solid is given by R=0.5-exp(-60X) [in lb water/hr-
sqft], then the equilibrium moisture content (db) of the material is

51 In drying at the falling rate period, the rate at which moisture is remains constant
removed from the solid material
52 The major problem in diffusion is to promote diffusion of the solute to reduce the
out of the solid and into the liquid. The most effective way of doing solid to the
this is smallest size
feasible
53 A slurry flaked soybeans weighing 100 kg contains 75 kg inert solids 0.3
and 25 kg of solution 10 weight % oil and 90% wt solvent hexane.
This slurry is contacted with 100 kg pure hexane in a single stage so
that the value of retention for the outlet underflow is 1.5 kg of
insoluble solid per kg solvent in the adhering solution. The
composition of underflow leaving the extraction stage in %wt oil is

54 Tung meal containing 55% oil is to be extracted at the rate of 4000 3


lb per hour using n-hexane containing 5% oil as solvent. A
countercurrent mulitple stage extraction system is to be used. The
meal retains 2 lb of solvent per pound of oil free meal while the
residual charge contain 0.11 lb oil per lb oil free meal while the
product is conposed of 15% oil. The theoretical number of ideal
stages is
55 The movement of molecules over a substantial distance is convection
associated with the transfer of heat by
56 The mode of heat transfer that can take place in a vacuum is known convection
as
57 The overall conductance for a composite material in series is equal sum of the
to the individual
conductances
58 Film and drop are terms associated with boiling
59 A 6-in Sch 80 steel pipe is carrying glycerin at an average 99.95
temperature of 100 deg F. The pipe is uninsulated, and the outside
temperature is 30 deg F. The inside film conductance is 1000 Btu/h-
ft-degF while the outside film conductance is 3.0 Btu/h-sq.ft.-degF.
Determine the heat lost [Btu] per minute from a 75-ft length of the
pipe. Glycerine is flowing at 800 gpm.
60 An oak (k=0.096 Btu/h-ft-degF) door, 30 in wide, 78 in high, and 2 in 97
thick, has 9 glass (k=0.45 Btu/h-ft-degF) windows, each 6 in by 8 in
by 1/4 in thick. Determine the amount of heat lost [Btu] each day
with a surface-to-surface temperature difference of 80 deg F.
61 Determine the length needed for a simple concentric-tube, parallel 185.5 m
flow heat exchanger to transfer heat from hot water to cold water at
a rate of 900 W. The heat exchanger consists of two Type K copper
(k=386 W/m-degC) tubes. The smaller tube has an inside diameter
of 49.8 mm and an outside diameter of 54.0 mm. Assume that both
film coefficients are equal to 100 W/sq.m.-degC. The hot water
enters at 90 degC and leaves at 50 degC, and the cold water enters
at 10 degC and leaves at 40 degC.
62 A saturated solution containing 1500 kg of potassium chloride at 4301 kg
360 K is cooled in an open tank to 290K. If the specific gravity of the
solution is 1.2, the solubility of potassium chloride per 100 parts of
water is 53.55 at 360K and 34.5 at 290K, calculate the amount of
crystals obtained assuming that loss of water by evaporation is
negligible.
63 An evaporator, working at atmospheric pressure, is to concentrate a 55.8 sq.m.
solution from 5% to 20% solids at the rate of 1.25 kg/s. The solution
which has a specific heat of 4.18 kJ/kg-K is fed to the evpaorator at
295K and boils at 380K. Dry saturated steam at 240 kPa is fed to
the calandria and the condensate leaves at the temperature of the
condensing steam. If the heat transfer coefficient is 2.3 kW/sq.m-K,
what is the required area of heat transfer surface. The latent heat of
vaporization maybe taken as the same as that of water.

64 2.5 kg/s of a solution at 288K containing 10% dissolved solids is fed 115 kPa
to a forward-feed double effect evaporator operating at a pressure
of 14 kPa in the last effect. If the product is to consist of a liquid
containing 50% by weight of dissolved solids and dry saturated
steam is fed to the steam coils, what should be the pressure of the
steam? The surface in each effect is 50 sq.m. and the coefficients
for heat transfer in the first and second effects are 2.8 and 1.7
kW/sq.m.-K respectively. Assume that the concentrated solution
exhibits a boiling point rise of 5 degK, that the latent heat has a
constant value of 2260 kJ/kg and that the specific heat of the liquid
stream is constant at 3.75 kJ/kgK.
65 An acetone-air mixture containing 0.015 mol fraction of acetone has 10.92
the mol fraction reduced to 1% of this value by countercurrent
absorption with water in a packed tower. The gas flow-rate G is 1
kg/sq.m-s of air and the water entering is 1.6 kg/sq.m-s. For this
system, Henry's law holds and Ye=1.75x, where Ye is the mol
fraction of acetone in the vapour in equilibrium with a mol fraction x
in the liquid. How many overall transfer units are required?
66 A still has a liquor composition of ortho-xylen 10%, meta-xylene 37
65%, para-xylene 17%, benzene 4%, and ethylbenzene 4%. How
many plates at total reflux are required to give a product of 80%
meta-xylene and 14% para-xylene? The data are given as mole
percent.
67 A mixture of alcohol and water with 0.45 mol fraction of alcohol is to 10
be continuously distilled in a column so as to give a top product of
0.825 mol fraction alcohol and a liquor at the bottom with 0.05 mol
fraction alcohol. How many theoretical plates are required if the
reflux ratio used is 3?
68 Prepared cottonseed meats containing 35% extractable oil are fed 72.2
to a continuous countercurrent extractor of the intermittent drainage
type using hexane as solvent. The extractor consists of ten
sections, the section efficiency being 50%. The entrainment,
assumed constant, is 1 kg solution/kg solids. What will be the oil
concentration in the outflowing solvent if the extractable oil content
in the meats is to be reduced to 0.5% by weight?
69 0.4 kg/s of dry seashore sand, containing 1% by weight of salt, is to 0.49
be washed with 0.4 kg/s of fresh water running countercurrent to the
sand through two classifiers in series. Assume that perfect mixing of
the sand and water occurs in each classifier and that the sand
discharged from each classifier contains one part of water for every
two of sand (by weight). If the washed sand is dried in a kiln drier,
what percent of salt will it retain?
70 Forty-five pounds per minute of water is heated from 60 to 180 deg 2173
F in a 5/8 in., 16 BWG heat exchanger tube. If the steam
condensing at 260 deg F, on the outside of the tube gives an hо of
1000 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF, calculate the inside heat transfer coefficient
[Btu/hr-cu.ft-degF].
71 How many cu.ft. per minute of entering air is needed to evaporate 12.54
10 lb of water per hour from a rayon, if the air enters at 80 deg F
and 25% humidity and leaves at 170 deg F and 55% relative
humidity. The operating pressure is 14.3 psia.
72 Nicotine is to be extracted from water using kerosene. If 100 lb of a 64.5
2% nicotene solution is extracted once with 200 lb of kerosene,
what percent of the nicotene is extracted? {Equilibrium data: Y[lb
nicotene/lb kerosene] = 0.90X [lb nicotene/lb water]}
73 We must cool 2500 gpm of water from 120 to 80 deg F. A cooling 77.2
tower, at 70 deg F and 1 atm, is to be designed to operate with
entering air of 40% relative humidity. How many gpm of makeup
water must be supplied if windage loss is 95% of the amount lost by
evaporation.
74 We wish to build an economical cold room 20 ft square and 10 ft 3537
high. The outside temperature is 80 deg F and te room is to be
maintained at 0 deg F. The boss has suggested parallel wooden
outer and inner walls separated by a 6-in air space. What will be the
heat loss [Btu/hr] through each wall?
75 A colloidal solution is to be concentrated from 15 to 65% solids. The 10500
specific heat of the feed, entering at 50 deg F is 0.93. The pressure
of the saturated steam to the evaporator is 10 psia; the condenser
pressure is 5-in. Hg abs. The steam chest has an overall heat
transfer coefficient of 200 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF. Water must be
evaporated at the rate of 35,000 lb/hr. Neglecting boiling point
elevation, what is the steam consumption [lb/hr]?
76 What is the settling time [sec] for galena particles to settle under 38.1
free settling conditions through 5 ft of water at 50 deg F. Galena is
spherical in shape, with specific gravity and 0.01 inch in diameter.

77 A 10-ft diameter tank with a quick-opening value to a sump has a 2951


10-ft depth of liquid. How long [t in sec] does it take to drain the tank
if the valve is assumed to be equivalent to a 4-in diameter orifice?
The liquid density is 60 lb/cu.ft.
78 What size sharp-edged orifice [inches] was in use if a flow of 120 2.21
gpm produced a 4-in Hg differential in a 4-in Schedule 40 pipe. The
fluid, measured at 60 degF, had a viscosity of 1 cSt and a specific
gravity of 1.
79 Seven hundred gallons per minute of water are being discharged by 63
a centrifugal pump 5 ft above the pump inlet. The inlet pressure is
4-in Hg above atmospheric and the discharge pressure is 29 psia. If
the pump has an 8-inch diameter inlet and a 4-inch diameter
discharge, calculate the pump efficiency.
80 Determine the net positive suction head available to a centrifugal 34.2
pump when the level of water is just at the suction point. The
pumped fluid is water at 140 deg F and it is pumped from an
atmospheric tank at 250 gpm. The tank suction point is 7 ft above
the pump. The piping is 5-in Schedule 40, 10-ft long with two short
radius 90 deg elbows. [Use density=61.38 lb/cuft, Pv=2.89 psi,
viscosity=0.47 cP]
81 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe. A pitot 11.61
tube in the pipe shows a 3-inch Hg differential. If the pitot tube is
located at the center of the pipe, what is the mass flow rate of the
water [lb/s]?
82 The gas phase irreversible reaction A+B---->C is elementary. The 113
entering flow rate of A is 10 mol/min and is equal molar in A and B.
The entering concentration of A is 0.4 mol/L. What CSTR volume [L]
is necessary to achieve 90% conversion?
83 The irreversible zero order gas phase dimerization 2A ----->A2 is 0.15
carried out in a packed bed reactor with 5 kg of catalyst. The
entering pressure is 10 atm and the exit pressure is 1 atm. Pure A
enters at a flow rate of 10 mol/min. The reaction is zero order in A.
What is the exit conversion?
84 The gas phase reaction 2A+B----->C is carried out in a PFR. The [B]=0.4(1-x)/(1-
feed is equal molar in A and B and the entering temperature is 500K 0.5x)
and the entering pressure is 16.4 atm. If the exit conversion is x,
then the exit concentration of B is
85 Heat is generated in a 2.5 cm square copper rod at the rate of 75.2
35.3e6 W/cu.m. The rod is exposed to a convection environment at
20 deg C where the convection heat transfer coefficient is 4
kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine the surface temperature [deg C] of the
rod.
86 A 5cm diameter cylinder is maintained at a constant temperature of 13
200 deg C and it is "completely enclosed" by a wind tunnel test
chamber, walls of which are at 10 deg C. Air at 350K is forced
across the cylinder at a velocity of 50 m/s (h=180 W/m-degC). If the
surface emissivity of the cylinder is 0.7, determine the total (i.e.,
convective and radiative) heat transfer from the cylinder [W per
meter length].
87 A building wall consists of a 6-in of concrete (kc= 0.7 Btu/hr-ft- 0.03
degF), 2 in of fiber insulating board, and 3/8 in of gypsum board
(kg=0.03 Btu/hr-ft-degF). The inside and outside heat transfer
coefficients are 2 and 7 Btu/hr-sqft-degF, respectively. The inside
temperature is 72 degF and the outside temperature is 20 degF.
Determine the overall heat transfer coefficient for this wall [Btu/hr-
sqft-degF].
88 Current is passed through a cylindrical laboratory heater, which has 325
a 3 cm diameter, generating heat at the rate of 20 MW/cu.m. The
heater is exposed to a convection environment at 25 degC where
the convection heat transfer coefficient is 0.5 kW/sq.m.-degC.
Determine its surface temperature [degC].
89 A straight rectangular fin has a length of 3.5 cm, a thickness of 1.5 1500 W
mm, and is made of a material characterized by thermal conductivity
of 255 W/m-degC. The fin is exposed to a convection environment
at 20 degC and h=1.5 kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine the maximum
possible heat transfer from this fin for the base temperature of 150
degC.
90 A gaseous fuel is composed of 20% methane( CH4), 40% ethane 1
(C2H6) and 40% propane (C3H8), where all percentages are by
volume. The volumetric analysis of the dry products of combustion
(ie. everything except the water) for this fuel gives 10.6% carbon
dioxide (CO2), 3% oxygen (O2), 1% carbon monoxide (CO) and
85.4% nitrogen (N2). Determine the air fuel ratio on a mass basis
for this reaction.
91 Dodecane (C12H26) gas at 25 degC is burned in a steady flow 170
combustion chamber with 20% excess air that enters at -23.15
degC. The products leave the combustion chamber at 500K.
Assuming steady operating conditions and complete combustion,
determine the required mass flow rate of the dodecane to supply
heat at a rate of 1.5 kW [kg/s].
92 Two rooms A and B of identical volume are connected by an open A
doorway. The thermostat in the rooms are set so that Ta<Tb. Which
room contains more air molecules?
93 If the absolute temperature of a gas is doubled, the mean speed of is doubled.
the gas molecules
94 When ice cubes melt in a glass of water, the temperature of the increases.
resulting mixture of water and ice
95 In all naturally occurring processes, the entropy of the universe increases.

96 An inventor seeking a patent claims that a building may be The application


comfortably heated in winter by a device that draws heat into the should be
building from the earth, even though the temperature of the earth is rejected because
lower than the desired temperature inside the building. He further it violates the first
claims that the quantity of heat supplied to the building in a given law of
time period can significantly exceed the work done by the device Thermodynamics.
during the same period. If you were a patent clerk (like the young
Albert Einstein), what should be your recommendation about the
application?
97 A fixture containing an ordinary incandescent light bulb is connected doubles.
to a dimmer switch. The dimmer is adjusted so that the temperature
of the tungsten filament inside the bulb increases from 1300K to
2600K. The total power radiated by the bulb
98 A 30 MW geothermal electric power plant uses hot steam from the 2.5 e8
earth at 157 deg C to heat and vaporize isobutane, which turns a
turbine that is connected to a generator. The isobutane is
subsequently cooled to 27 degC using fans and condensed back to
a liquid. The overall efficiency of the plant is 40% of the ideal
(Carnot) efficiency. How many joules of heat must be released to
the atmosphere per second?
99 The material which remains unchanged in a process is limiting reactant
100 The ratio of the total quantity of a reactant present in the reactor recycle ratio
feed of a recycling operation to the quantity of the same reactant
entering the operation as fresh feed is the
101 The heating value measured when water formed from combustion is Gross Calorific
in the liquid state. Value
102 In the combustion of solid fuels, the tie element between the feed cooked coal
and the refuse is the
103 The coal analysis which is based upon the volatilization Proximate
characteristics of the fuel is analysis
104 An Orsat analysis of the flue gas when pyrite is roasted is on a SO2-free basis
105 The empirical relation which allows one to compute for the net Calderwood
hydrogen in a given solid fuel is the equation

106 The equivalent of 45degTw in the Baume scale is 26.63


107 A furnace completely burns coal containing 70%C. Analysis of the 1.2
flue gas shows 15% CO2, 4% O2, 81% N2, and no CO. What is the
% of the net hydrogen in the coal?
108 Which has the lowest water content? dew point at
20degC
109 A contract was made between a buyer and a paper manufacturer PhP 405
for paper containing 5% moisture at PhP450/tonne FOB on
specifications that price adjustment will be made if the quality is
different. How much should the buyer pay for 1 tonne of paper with
8% moisture content? Freiht cost is PhP45/tonne.
110 One drier will dry a material from 45% moisture (wb) to 20% 0.01
moisture (db). From here the material enters another drier where
the water content is further reduced to give a final product weighing
1000 kg. If the total evporation from both driers is 800 kg, the
moisture of the final product is
111 An experimental oil is used to distill 6000 kg.hr of Athabasta tar 2250
sand which analyzes 30% 'heavy oil', 'light oil', and non-volatile
matter. If the distillate contains 12 % heavy oil and this constitutes
25% recovery of the component, the weight in kg of the distillate
obtained is
112 Coal fired in a furnace has a heating value of 13800 Btu/lb and 4.22
contains 78.05%C and 1.2%S. The proximate analysis shows 4%M,
24%FC, 8%A and the analysis of the refuse shows 8%VCM,
25%FC and 32% ash. Calculate the % of C lost in the refuse.
113 Ninety grams of ethane and 384 grams of oxygen are fed 0.8
continuously to a laboratory furnace. The total combustion products
collected was 16.2 gmole with no carbon dioxide. However, not all
of the ethane was burned due to faulty combustion. The fraction of
ethane that was burned is equal to
114 The furnace at the Bataan refinery is using a fuel gas which 63.25
contains methane, ethane and 20% nitrogen. The orsat analysis of
the combustion products showed 7.8% CO2, 7.4% O2, and 84.8%
N2. The gas is burned with excess air. The % methane in the fuel
gas is
115 Pyrite containing 78% FeS2 and 22% gangue is burned with excess 3.52
air to produce a stack gas with the following analysis: 7.29% SO2,
8.92%O2, 82.44%N2 and 1.35%SO3. If the cinder was found to
have a partial analysis of 62.10% Fe2O3, the % of FeS2 lost in the
pyrite is
116 The unit of k for a 1st order elementary reaction is 1/time
117 If the temperature of a chemical reaction is raised by 10 degC, the 4
rate of reaction is increased by a factor of
118 The E of a reaction may be lowered by increasing
temperature

119 The mechanism of a reaction can sometimes be deduced from the activation
energy
120 The equilibrium constant in a reversible chemical reaction at a given depends on the
temperature initial conc of the
reactants

121 If the volume of a reaction vessel is suddenly reduced to one half its 2
original volume the rate will increase by a factor of
122 The rate of reaction is not influenced by conc of the
reactants
123 The net rate of reaction of an intermediate is 0
124 A reaction is known to be first order in A. A straight line will be log Ca vs time
obtained by plotting
125 If the reaction 2A ---> B+C is second order, which of the following Ca^2 vs time
plots will give a straight line?
126 For the reaction A+B ---> 2C, when Ca is doubled the rate doubles, -ra = k Ca^2 Cb^4
when Cb is doubled the rate increases fourfold. The rate law is

127 It states that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the Le Chatelier's
activity of the reactants. principle
128 The half life of a material undergoing second order decay is proportional to the
square of the
initial conc
129 A fluid flows through 2 CSTR in series. Each reactor has a capacity 66.8
of 400,000 L and the fluid enters at 100 L per hr. The fluid
undergoes a first order decay with a half life of 24 hours. Find the
conversion of the fluid.
130 A first order reaction has a specific rate constant of 3e-3 per sec. 0.0021 s
The half life is
131 A certain reaction is 1st order in A. In 30 min, the concentration of A 45.1 min
decreases from 0.55 to 0.15 mol/L. The time it will take for A to
decrease from 0.35 to 0.15 mol/L is
132 A gas decomposes at 900 degC according to 2A--->2R+S with a 3.83
rate constant of 1000 cc/gmol-s using pure A. The time it will take to
react 80% of A in a batch reactor at 900 degC and 1 atm in min is

133 Calculate the length of a chlorinating pipe line with diameter of 0.6 25.36 m
m required to kill 95% of the bacteria in waste water flowing at 0.05
cu.m/s. Test shows that 95.33% kill is obtained in 5 minutes when
treated with 5 mg/L of chlorine. Chlorine disinfection kinetics is
given by the equation: dC/dt = k Ct^1.5 where C = number of
bacteria. Assume that the same concentration of chlorine is used in
actual treatment operation.
134 The set of data given below is for the parallel reaction: a---k1-->2R, 0.17
a---k2-->S. At t=0, Ca=15 moles/cuft, Cr = 1 mole/cuft, Cs=1
mole/cuft; At t=1 hr, Cro = 9 moles/cuft, Cs = 3 moles/cuft. The
value of K2 per hour is
135 A batch reaction 2D+E----->F has a conversion factor expressed by 257
the equation r =0.24 t^0.5 where r = conversion factor based on
the reactant E; t = time in hours which ranges from 0.5 to 16 hours
per batch depending upon the process variables. The average
molecular weight of the feed is 60 and a density of 1.4 g/cc. The
feed consists of 2 kgmole of D and 1 kgmole of E. The charging,
cleaning and discharging time per batch is 2.5 hrs and the volume
of the reactor is twice the volume of the feed. Assume 300 days per
year and 12 hours operation/day. The volume of the reactor in liters
is
136 A container holds 100 gal of salt solution containing 50 lb of 0.73
dissolved salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a layer of
rock salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a layer of rock
salt whose surface is practically constant. The salt dissolved into the
solution according to r = k(C-3) where C is the concentration of the
brine expressed in lb/gal. If the water in the tank were fresh, the rate
of solution would be 1.0 lb/min. Fresh water enters at 3 gpm and
brine overflows at the same rate. Assume constant volume at any
brine concentration, the concentration of brine in container after 1
hour in lb/gal of salt is
137 An aqueous solution of ethyl acetate is to be saponified with NaOH. 10.3
The initial concentration of the ethyl acetate is 5 g/L and that of the
caustic soda is 0.10M. Values of the second order rate constant in
L/gmole-min are k = 23.5 at 0 degC; k = 92.4 at 20 degC. The
reaction is essentially irreversible. The time required to saponify
95% of the water at 40 deg C is
138 At 500K the rate of bimolecular reaction is 10 times the rate at 8150
400K. Find E in cal, the activation energy for this reaction from
Arrhenius Law.
139 The reaction A+2B--->R is 1st order with respect to each reactant. If Cao/2m
equimolar amounts of A and B are introduced into a constant-
volume reactor and (1/m) th of A remains after t1, how much will
remain after t2=2t1?
140 When the 1st order homogeneous reaction (gas-phase) A--->2.5R 43.1
is carried out in an isothermal batch reactor at 2 atm with 20% inerts
present, the volume increases by 60% in 20 min. When the reaction
is carried out in a constant volume reactor, the time required for the
pressure to reach 8 atm if the initial pressure is 5 atm, 2 atm of
which consist of inerts in min is
141 When the ID of the pipe through which a fluid flows is doubled, the 1/8
pressure loss due to friction per unit length of pipe and for the same
volumetric flow rate is changed by approximately a factor of
142 When two centrifugal pumps are connected in series, the discharge 1/2
changes by a factor of
143 When two reciprocating pumps are connected in parallel, the 1/2
volumetric capacity of the system changes by a factor of
144 The pressure drop in a pipeline changes by a factor of _____ when 1/2
the velocity of the flowing fluid is doubled.
145 Cavitation occurs in a centrifugal pump when the discharge
pressure
becomes too high
146 Oil with a viscosity of 30 cP and a density of 60 lb/cu.ft. flows 0.63
through a 1/2-inch inside diameter pipe. Determine the velocity in
fps below which flow will be laminar.
147 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch inside diameter smooth 1.05
horizontal pipe. If the Reynold's number is 353000, calculate the
ratio of maximum velocity to average velocity.
148 The pressure after the pump in a 6-inch inside diameter smooth 0.6
pipe conducting water is 20 psia. The water is discharged at an
open tank 100 ft from the pump. Calculate the rate of discharge of
water in cu.ft/s.
149 A water storage tank assumes the supply of water into a factory. PhP 3300
Water is supplied to the tank through a booster pump installed in
the water line. The theoretical pump horsepower required is 3.25
hp. What is the monthly operating cost of the pump if electric power
cost on the average is PhP 3.73/kWh. The pump is 65% efficient
and operates for 12 hr a day.
150 When the impeller speed of an ideal centrifugal pump is doubled, 1/2
the vol. flow rate of discharge is increased by a factor of
151 The differential height between two points which a fluid has to be potential head
transferred is the
152 The resistance of a layer of fluid to flow over the next layer is viscosity
measured by
153 An axial flow pump operating at a speed of 880 rpm can supply 20
water at a rate of 3000 gpm. The maximum head that this pump can
deliver in ft. of water is
154 Specify the type of open impeller pump to use if the capacity is 400 3x2x8.5E
gpm at a head of 200 ft of water.
155 What will be the rated capacity [gpm] of a 4-1/2 inch impeller 95
centrifugal pump operating at a speed of 3450 rpm capable of
generating a head of 40 ft of water.
156 If the speed of a centrifugal pump is doubled, the energy 2
requirement becomes approximately ___ times the original energy
requirement.
157 A cylindrical tank 1 ft in diameter discharges through a nozzle 32
connected to the base. Find the time needed for the water level in
the tank to drop from 4 ft to 2 ft above the nozzle. The diameter of
the nozzle is 1 inch and its discharge coefficient maybe taken as
unity.
158 The NPSH of a single suction centrifugal hot water pump at a speed 15
of 3550 rpm operating at a pressure of 600 psi and a capacity of
450 gpm is ___ ft.
159 The rate of evaporation at a given operating temperature in a n when the
evaporator is more when operating
pressure is high
160 An optimim number of the effects for a given application is a capacity
function of the
161 A popular type of heat exchanger for cooling large quantities of fluid double-pipe
is the
162 An evaporator is used to concentrate 10,000 lb/hr of a 20% solution 0.82
of NaOH in water at 140 oF using saturated steam at 25 psia at a
rate of 7,000 lb/hr. The OHTC is 275 BTU/hr-ft 2-oF when the
pressure in the vapor is 1.7 psia. The steam economy, SE, is
163 A cross flow heat exchanger uses mixed air at 4 kg/s that enters at 22.2 m2
15oC and leaves at 45 oC. The air cools unmixed water, which
enters at 95 oC and 0.70 kg/s. The OHTC equals 150 W/m 2-oC.
After several months of operation, a scale resistance of 0.002 m 2-
o
C/W developed. 16. The heat transfer area required to accomplish
the change is
164 As solution of 28% wt Na 2SO4 is to be crystallized to yield Glauber 285.3
salt in a four section (one section is 10 ft in length) Swenson Walker
Crystallizer. It is fed to the unit at 120 oF and cooled to 60 oF using
cooling water which enters at 50 oF and leaves at 70 oF. The
crystallizer has a cooling surface of 3 ft 2 per foot of length. The feed
rate is 500 lb/hr and the crystallizer is seeded with 50 lb/hr of 65
mesh crystals. 19. The amount of the crystalline crop (C) produced
in lb per hour is
165 An insulator should have low thermal
conductivity
166 Fouling factor is a
dimensionless
quantity

167 Natural convection is characterized by Reynolds number

168 The Graetz number is concerned with mass transfer


between a gas
and a liquid
169 Dropwise condensation occurs on clean and dirt free
surfaces
170 Dietus-Boelter equation for determination of heat transfer co- for liquid metals
efficient is valid

171 A type of pneumatic conveyor system characterized by a material fluidizing


moving in an air stream or pressure less than ambient.
172 If the total percentage of particles larger than the screen opening in 0.98
the feed, oversize, undersize are 36%, 89% and 3%, respectively,
the effectiveness of the screen if the undersize is the product is

173 The estimated width of an apron conveyor having a capacity of 75 305 mm


tons/hr at a speed of 50 ft/min is
174 It is defined as the ratio of the average diameter of the feed to the settling ratio
average diameter of the product.
175 The sphericity of cubical particles is 1
176 The separation of a dilute slurry or suspension by gravity settling thickening
into a clear fluid and a slurry or suspension by gravity settling into a
clear fluid and a slurry of higher solids content is called
177 An ultracentrifuge is used to separate high-molecular weight temperature
fractions in polymeric or biological systems. What is the gradient for
mass transfer in the separation using this mass transfer device?

178 Ordinary diffusion takes place because of ___ driving force. temperature
179 What are the two limiting cases of steady-state diffusion? UMD and EMD

180 Which of the following is not true in (binary) equimolar counter- DAB = DBA
diffusion?
181 A fluid is flowing on a surface, which contains a component that Knudsen region
leaches out to the fluid. Assuming that all the 3 regions of mass
transfer are present, in which of these regions is diffusion
controlling?
182 In unsteady-state mass transfer, the quantity (D ABt/rm^2) is referred to unaccomplished
as change
183 What is the equivalent of Prandtl number in convective mass Sc
transfer?
184 If kx > ky, then the controlling phase is the liquid phase

185 In two-phase mass transfer, equilibrium may exist at the interface

186 Which of the following processes may always be regarded as a cooling of air
constant- humidity process?
187 Air conditioning in tropical countries involves humidification by
a process similar
to that in a cooling
tower
188 What do you call the steady-state non-equilibrium temperature dry-bulb
reached when a small amount of water is contacted under adiabatic temperature
conditions by a continuous stream of gas?
189 The moisture content of a solid is given as 50% wet basis. What is 0.5
the moisture content, dry basis?
190 The moisture that can be removed by drying is called equilibrium
moisture
191 Falling-period in drying terminates at the end of constant-
rate period
192 Which is not true at the interphase of a gas scrubbing operation? the solute
concentration of
the gas is less
than that of the
bulk
193 He and N2 gas are contained in a conduit 5 mm in diameter and a 2.35 exp -5
0.1 m long at 298 K and a uniform pressure of He at one end of the
tube is 0.6 atm and 0.02 atm at the other end. Assuming equimolar
countercurrent diffusion, the flux in kmol/s-m 2 is
194 100 m3/hr of air at 60°C and 20% RH is needed for a chemical 5280
reactor. This will be obtained from process air at 60 °C and 10% RH
by humidifying adiabatically the process air followed by heating to its
original temperature. The wattage of the heater at 80% efficiency is

195 Wet solid is to be dried from 36% to 8% moisture in 5 hr under 1 hr


constant drying condition. Critical and equilibrium moisture contents
are 14 and 4% respectively. Calculate how much longer will it take
to dry the same material from 8% to 5.5% moisture under constant
drying condition. All moisture contents are on a dry basis.

196 The unit of volumetric diffusivity is cm^2/sec


197 If reflux to a distillation column is 100 moles/hr, when the overhead 0.5
product rate is 50 moles/hr. the reflux ratio is
198 Which of the following pr ovides maximum contact surface for a packed lower
liquid-vapour system?
199 In extraction, as the temperature increases, the area of decreases
heterogeneity (area covered by bimodal curve)
200 The suitable evaporator for concentration of foaming liquids is long tube
evaporator
201 Macroscopic transfer of mass between moving fluid and surface molecular
which is of different concentration is called diffusion
202 For a packed column the main purpose of packing is to strengthen the
column

203 In a gas absorption operation, when the operating line crosses the the NTU is zero
equilibrium curve
204 Methanol diffuses in 0.15 cm stagnant film of 1:1 mole mixture of 0.15
hydrogen and CO2 at 100oC and 2 atm. The partial pressures of
methanol on both sides are 0.6 and 0.2 atm. The average diffusivity
of methanol in the hydrogen and CO 2 at 0 oC and 1 atm in cm 2/s is

205 Gaseous reactant A decomposes according to the reaction A --> 3R 0.92


(-rA = 0.5 CA mole/L-min). The feed, which consists of 70% A and
30% inert, enters a 1.5-m 3 CSTR at a flow rate of 150 L/min. 4. If
CA0 = 0.30 mole/L, what is the conversion, XA?
206 Between 0 degC and 50 degC, the average activation energy of a 14.7
certain reaction is 80 kJ/mol. How many times faster will the
reaction occur at 300 K than at 275 K?
207 Consider a gas-phase reaction 2A ---> R + 2S with unknown 0.54 min
kinetics. A space velocity of 0.8/min is needed for 95% conversion
of A in a PFR. Find the mean residence time or holding time of the
fluid in the PFR.
208 For Newtonian fluids, the shear stress is constant.

209 An ideal fluid is one that is compressible

210 Water flows through an 8-in (ID=7.981 in) steel pipe at an average 10.58
velocity of 6 ft/s. Downstream the pipe splits into an 8-in main and a
2 in (ID=2.067 in) bypass pipes. If the velocity in the bypass is twice
the velocity of the main pipe, the volumetric flow rate [ft 3/s] in the
main pipe is
211 An imaginary line within a fluid flow such that a tangent at any point stream tube
indicates the direction of flow at that point.
212 Air at 250C [viscosity=0.018 cP] enters a section of 2-in schedule 40 350
commercial steel pipe at a gauge pressure of 310 kPa and a flow
rate of 1200 kg/h. Assuming isothermal flow, what is the pressure
drop [kPa] in 60 m of pipe?
213 A simple pitot tube measures acoustical velocity

214 Which of the following meters will have the highest permanent pitot tube
pressure loss?
215 In the flow meter equation, Y, indicates the mass flow rate

216 The loss due to sudden contraction is proportional to velocity


217 Stoke’s law is valid when the particle Reynolds number is <1
218 Priming needed in a Reciprocating
pump
219 Maximum theoretical suction lift for water at 60˚F by a centrifugal 40 ft
pump is 34 ft. The same for water at 200˚F will be
220 The most economical valve for use with large diameter pipes. butterfly
221 Multistage compressors are used in industry because, they reduce the cost of
compressor

222 For ideally incompressible fluid, the mach number will be 0


223 of the following produces maximum pressure difference for vacuum pumps
transportation of gases?
224 The fluid property which matters for falling rain drops to acquire pressure
spherical shape is its
225 A wastewater solution having a volume of 1000 L contains 0.21 kg 0.007 kg
phenol/m3 of solution. A total of 1.40 kg fresh granular activated
carbon is added to the solution, which is then mixed thoroughly to
reach equilibrium. What is the amount of phenol absorbed per kg
carbon at equilibrium?
226 The overhead product composition decreases with time in batch distillation
with reflux

227 For a binary mixture with low relativity, continuous rectification to get low reflux ratio
pure products will require
228 Chemisorption is the same as van
der Waals

229 The stage efficiency in leaching depends on the time of contact


between the solid
and the solution

230 Weeping in distillation or absorption column increases tray


efficiency

231 What are the two contacting phase in leaching? extract phase and
raffinate phase

232 Hydrogen sulfide is removed from water by contacting the solution Distillation
with warm air. The operation is
233 Disregarding the cost, which is the best solvent for the extraction of caproic acid
acetic acid from an aqueous solution at 25deg C?
234 Professional Regulations Commission was created under P.D. No. 223
235 A chemical engineer who designed and built a new type pf reactor TRUE
and for three years, sold many units to the public can still patent his
reactor.
236 A person who has passed the Chemical Licensure Examination can 18
take his/her oath as a chemical engineer if his/her age is not less
than _______ years.
237 Which of the following is not a requirement for utility model inventive step
registration?
238 A section of the patent application containing detailed descriptions disclosure
of the benefits obtained from using the invention is called the
239 A document issued by the DENR secretary indicating that the Environmental
proposed project will cause significant negative environmental Impact Statement
impact.
240 In the Philippines, sulfur for sulfuric acid manufacturing is sourced paper
from _______ industry.
241 Sulfur is undesirable in petroleum because it causes engine
knocking

242 Materials added to detergent formulation to enhance cleaning fillers


performance by exhibiting synergistic cleaning effect with surfactant.

243 Polyethylene is an example of _____________ polymerization condensation


244 Principal chemical conversion in the production of resin from condensation
monomer.
245 Carbon black is added to rubber compounding as activator
246 The binder for all the powder materials of paint pigment
247 A fibrous material left after cane sugar has been milled is commonly bagasse
called as
248 Molasses is a by product of raw sugar from the ______ process milling
249 Kraft process is a common name for sulfate pulping
250 Water insoluble cell binders of wood pulp
251 DDT means Diphenyldichlorotr
iphenylethane
252 Rancidity of oil can be reduced by decoloration
253 Varnish does not contain pigment
254 Plasticisers are added to paints to make it corrosion
resistant

255 Silicone is thermoplastic

256 The process involved in converting rubber into a thin sheet or extrusion
coating it on fabric is called
257 Alkyl benzene sulfonate (ABS) is a detergent
258 Neoprene is a monomer
259 Steam enters an adiabatic turbine at 10 MPa and 500 degC at a rate 0.23
of 3 kg/s and leaves at 0.1 MPa. If the power output of the turbine
is 2 MW, determine the turbine efficiency.
260 Work is a property of the
system
261 Throttling process is a reversible and
isothermal
process
262 A sample consisting of 1.00 mole of Argon gas is expanded 0
isothermally and reversibly at 0°C from 22.4L to 44.8L. The heat
absorbed by the system is
263 Maximum work can be obtained from a system when the change isothermal
taking place in it is
264 The ratio of work performed by a system and the heat it absorbed Entropy
from a reservoir is referred to
265 According to the first law of thermodynamics Energy is neither
lost nor gained in
any energy
transformation.

266 In a 3-stage compressor system whose isentropic efficiencies are greater than 0.85
reported to be 0.75, 0.85 and 0.84, respectively, steam initially at 10
kPa is compressed to a final pressure of 500 kPa. The overall
efficiency of the system is
267 In choosing the refrigerant, the fluid must have the following environmentally
characteristics, except benign

268 Coolers and boilers are ordinarily operated at ________ condition. isobaric

269 For an isolated system, maximum entropy will occur at half-life


270 A carnot cycle consists of two isothermal
and two adiabatic
process

271 This is also known as the volume fraction of the voids in packed sphericity
beds.
272 A measure of the ratio of the drag force acting on a unit area of the Froude number
impeller & the inertial stress.
273 Sulfuric acid is pumped at 3 kg/s through a 60-m length of smooth 3
25 mm pipe. If the pressure drop falls by one-half, what will be the
new flow rate [kg/s]? Assume the following properties of sulfuric
acid: SG = 1.84, viscosity = 25 cP.
274 The equation del(P) = -(rho)(g) del(z) is known as the hydrostatic shear forces are
vertical law for which all the following assumptions are applied, not involved
except

275 Which of the following can be adjusted by human operator in a set point
closed feedback control loop?
276 The thermocouple is based on the Seebeck effect which states that current
a/an _____ is generated when opposite junction of certain dissimilar
pairs of wires are exposed to different temperatures.
277 Dead time is a function of distance and momentum
278 A pneumatic controller is used to control temperature within the 2.83kPa/K
range 280K to 310K. The controller is adjusted so that the output
pressure goes from 20kPa (valve fully open) to 105 Kpa (valve fully
closed) as the measured temperature goes from 295K to 300K with
the sent point held constant. What is the proportional gain?

279 The parameter which completely describes the behavior of the Time constant
response to a disturbance of a second order system is the
B C D ANSWER SCORE
butterfly valve globe valve orifice
a 1

0.03 0.03 0.04


c 1
laminar and turbulent flow laminar flow only
d 1
turbulent flow only
the average equal to the heat equal to the heat
between the heat transfer transfer coefficient of
transfer coefficient coefficient the steam
of the steam and equivalent to the d 1
that of oil resistance
offerred by the
pipe
the minimum the minimum the amount of solvent
number of stages number of stages used must be
occur when the occur when the enough to form 2
operating lines are tie line coincides phases. b 1
parallel. with an operating
line.
stripping rectification fractionation
c 1
maximum reflux minimum reflux optimum reflux
c 1
square liter/square mol/liter/min liter/mol/min
mol/square min c 1

little effect no effect significant effect


d 1

maximum heat the heat transfer the temperature is


transfer rate is constant uniform throughout
c 1
occurs at the the cylinder
surface
theoretical plate transition plate bubble plate
d 1

unsaturated supersaturated saturated c 1


Peclet, Reynold's Sherwood, Prandtl, Schimdt and
and Schimdt No Reynold's and Reynold's No c 1
Schimdt No
discharge ratio reduction ratio classification ratio
c 1
the order of the value of k is the reaction cannot
reactio is zero independent of proceed
the initial c 1
concentrations of
A and B
vent orifice venturi a 1
constant a function of time not uniform
throughout the throughout the
b 1
reactor reactor and varies
from time to time
salvage value book value market value
b 1

decreases the increases the increases the


reboiler duty amount of condenser duty d 1
distillate
the gas phase the gas phase the ratio of gas
resistance is resistance is phase resistance to
approximately negligible liquid resistance is b 1
equal to the total approximately zero
resistance
Nusselt, Prandtl Peclet, Stanton Schimdt, Peclet and
and Reynold's Nos and Prandtl Nos Friction Nos c 1

90-degree 45-degree square-corner elbow


d 1
standard elbow standard elbow
vent compressor accumulator
b 1
4" dia Wrought 1" dia Drawn 4" dia Riveted steel
iron pipe tubing pipe d 1

varies with the through each is constant


thermal material is throughout the series
conductivity of inversely of materials
each material proportional to d 1
the thickness of
the material
reversible parallel reactions consecutive reactions
c 1
reactions
wood air concret
b 1
dehumidification humidification extraction
b 1

velocity pressure tangential static pressure


b 1
pressure
reaction concentration momentum gradient
c 1
component gradient
80 deg F 113 deg F 146 deg F
c 1

0.28 1.48 0.58 b 1


2.5 1.5 0.6
b 1
58.1 33.4 54.4

a 1
64 kg 128 kg 32 kg
c 1
31.4 26.4 57.8
b 1

2.18 1.5 2.75


b 1

over 100 but less over 20 million over 2 but less than 3
than 200
c 1

0.05 0.05 0.03


b 1

5130000 6930000 2040000

a 1

dew point saturation dry-bulb temperature


temperature a 1

75 75.26 78.5
a 1

the system can be the temperature increase in the


well insulated from of the air can humidity of the air is
the surroundings also be insignificant b 1
maintained
constant
0.05 0.02 0.01
b 1

final moisture equilibrium critical moisture


c 1
content moisture content content
flash drier tray drier freeze drier
c 1
the internal air flow air flow parallel to the
movement of perpendicular to solid surface
moisture beneath the surface of the
the surface of the solid a 1
solid

surface tension surface renewal moisture diffusivity


d 1
1.846 hrs 2.129 hrs 3.42 hrs

b 1
0.03 0.01 0

c 1

increases with decreases with no drying takes place


c 1
time time
to use counter to use cross flow to use spray
current operation evaporation percolators
a 1

0.8 1.5 2.3

b 1

4 5 6

b 1

conduction radiation all of A, B and C


a 1
conduction radiation all of A, B and C
c 1
sum of the inverse of the sum of the individual
individual total resistance resistances c 1
conductivities
condensation evaporation all of A, B and C b 1
415.7 451.7 475.1

c 1

242 5800 139200


d 1

11.02 m 5.51 m 4.14 m

c 1
1500 kg 966 kg 534 kg

d 1

58.5 sq.m. 85.8 sq.m. 88.5 sq.m.

b 1

101.3 kPa 14 kPa zero gauge

a 1

9.12 4.72 3.03

a 1

38 39 40

c 1

9 8 7

a 1

28.7 27.8 22.7

c 1
0.43 0.29 0.25

d 1

696 577 241

a 1

12.68 13.76 16.28


b 1

54.6 46.5 45.6


a 0

150 227.2 300

c 0

8457 11994 20451

d 1

35000 40130 45500

c 1

18.3 13.8 5
b 1

1644 1163 19.4


c 1

1.35 4.67 2
a 1

84 95 100

b 1
27.7 7 0.52

a 1

14.24 31.7 37.1


d 1

227 851 900


c 1

0.5 0.75 1

c 1

[B]=0.4(1-x)/(1- [B]=0.4(1- [B]=0.2


1.5x) 0.5x)/(1-x)
d 1

55.2 25.2 20

a 1

272 3478 3750

d 1

0.12 0.71 6.01

b 1

300 100 25

a 1

4392 W 13943 W 19343 W

c 1
18 23 33

b 1

100 38 0.04

d 1

B both contain the


same no of air a 1
molecules
increases 4 times increases by decreases.
c 1
about 40%
decreases. stays constant.
c 1
decreases. stays the same. may increase or
a 1
decrease.
The application The application The application
should be rejected should be should be given full
because it violates rejected because consideration
the second law of it violates both because it does not
Thermodynamics. 1st and 2nd laws violate any laws of d 1
of Thermo. Thermodynamics.

quadruples. increases 8x. increases 16x.


d 1

2.2 e8 3 e7 5.2 e8

b 1

tie substance excess reactant product yield b 1


combined feed reactant ratio fresh-feed conversion
ratio b 1

Heat of Latent Heat of Net Calorific Value


a 1
combustion Condensation
ash moisture volatile combustible
b 1
matters
Modified analysis Ultimate analysis Elemental analysis
a 1
SO3-free basis O2-free basis N2-free basis b 1
Theoretical Dulong's formula Oxygen unaccounted
Oxygen Equation for equation c 1

28.32 32.48 42.56 c 1


1.53 2.38 6.13
c 1

70% RH absolute humidity 60% saturation


a 1
of 0.05
PhP 424.26 PhP 434.16 PhP 450

c 1

0.02 0.03 0.05

a 1

3750 4350 6000

b 1

8 9.5 17
c 1

0.85 0.9 0.92

a 1

57.24 51.2 22.76

b 1

6.53 7.86 23.1

b 1

conc/time 1/conc 1/conc-time a 1


3 2 1.5
c 1
decreasing adding a catalyst removing the
temperature products of the c 1
reaction
the temperature the net equation the rate law.
dependency of the d 1
rate
depends on the does not depend is not a characteristic
conc of one of the on the initial of the reaction
c 1
products at concentrations
equilibrium
4 8 16
d 1
molecularity of the nature of temperature
c 1
reaction reactants
2 >0 <0 a 1
Ca vs time log Ca vs 1/Ca vs time
a 1
reciprocal time
1/Ca vs time lof Ca vs time Ca vs time
b 1
-ra = k Ca Cb^2 -ra = k Ca -ra = k Cb^2
b 1

Hess' Law Law of Mass Second Law of


c 1
Action Thermo
independent of proportional to inversely proportional
initial conc initial conc to initial conc d 1

74.7 85.3 99.1


d 1

100 s 231 s 768 s


c 1
19.6 min 19.1 min 10.4 min
b 1

7.43 8.33 9.33


c 1

32.5 m 52.63 m 56.23 m

c 1

0.18 0.34 0.62


a 1
275 300 527

a 1

0.43 0.33 0.24

c 1

11.4 12.7 20.7

a 1

9150 9550 10150


b 1

Cao/(2m-1) Cao/(1-2m) Cao/2


b 1

41.3 37.1 31.8

d 1

1/16 1/32 1/64


c 1

1 2 4
c 1
1 2 4
b 1
1 2 4
d 1
the discharge the suction suction is lost
valve is closed pressure is too
c 1
high
13.1 16.9 87.2
c 1

1.22 1.72 1.89


b 1

3.58 21 58.3
b 1

PhP 5000 PhP 7000 PhP 12000

b 1

1 2 2exp2
c 1
pressure head velocity head dynamic head
a 1
friction factor surface tension drag coefficient
a 1
36 63 85
b 1

4x3x8.5E 4x3x6 3x2x13


a 1
134 248 320
c 1

4 8 10
c 1

55 77 94

c 1

20 25 30
b 1

the operating there is a when the liquid level


pressure is low vacuum is high b 1

economy efficiency none of the given


b 1
choices
plate shell and tube extended surfaces
c 1
0.86 0.89 0.92
b 1
25 m2 17 m2 20 m2

d 1

249.3 255.65 214.65

b 1

high thermal less resistance to a porous structure


a 1
conductivity heat flow
does not provide a
accounts for none of these
safety factor foradditional
c 1
design resistance to
heat flow
Grashhoff number Peclet number Prandlt number
b 1
absorption with heat transfer in heat transfer in
chemical reaction turbulent flow laminar flow d 1

smooth clean contaminated polished surfaces


c 1
surfaces cooling surfaces
for fluid in laminar for fluids in when Grashhoff
flow turbulent flow number is very c 1
important
pressure pressure-vacuum vacuum
d 1
0.89 0.76 0.65
b 1

610 mm 1220 mm 2400 mm


c 1
screen-mesh no reduction ratio average particle
c 1
diameter
0.87 0.7 0.6 a 1
classification sorting centrifugation
a 1

pressure concentration electric field


b 1

pressure concentration electric field b 1


ordinary and thermal and thermal and Knudsen
a 1
Knudsen ordinary
c = cA + cB JA = JB NA = -cDAB dxA/dz
c 1
turbulent region buffer region viscous sub-layer
d 1

relative resistance relative time relative position


c 1
Sh Bi Pe
a 1
the gas phase the interface either of the bulk
b 1
phases
in the gas phase in the liquid in either film
a 1
phase
air conditioning water-cooling in a heating of air
d 1
cooling tower
humidification by a dehumidification dehumidification by
process similar to and removal of condensing water
c 1
air-water vapor sensible heat vapor in a refrigerator
saturator
wet-bulb adiabatic dew point
temperature saturation temperature b 1
temperature
1 2 50
b 1
bound moisture free moisture unbound moisture
c 1
origin of R vs X critical free equilibrium moisture
d 1
plot moisture content content
the solute the solute the solute
concentration of concentration of concentration of the
the liquid is less the liquid and gas is greater than a 1
than that of the gas phase are the liquid
bulk equal
2.44exp -5 1.77exp -6 1.22 exp -6
a 1

8490 10050 11570

d 1

1.6 hr 2.3 hr 2.9 hr

b 1

cm/sec cm^3/sec cm^2/sec^2 c 1


2 50 150
b 1
bubble-cup plate sieve-plate wetted wall column
a 1
column column
increases remains
a 1
unchanged
short tube vacuum falling film evaporator
a 1
evaporator evaporator
unsteady-state convective mass all of these
c 1
diffusion transfer
increase the increase the reduce the flow rate
surface area pressure drop in across the column b 1
the tower
the liquid flow rate the gas flow rate the number of stages
d 1
is maximum is maximum is infinite
0.31 0.51 0.68

c 1

0.86 0.71 0.65


c 1

18.5 20.9 22.4


b 1

0.85 min 0.87 min 1.18 min


b 1

inversely equal to shear a linear function of


proportional to rate of the shear rate of
d 1
rate of deformation. deformation.
deformation.
incompressible & incompressible incompressible &
d 1
viscous inviscid
5.29 1.84 0.25

c 1

velocity profile streamline none of these


c 1
155 101.3 61
d 1

superficial velocity mean linear local velocity


d 1
velocity
orifice venturi rotameter
b 1
compressibility coefficient of cross-sectional area
b 1
factor discharge
turbulence velocity head static head c 1
>1 <5 0 a 1
Gear pump Centrifugal pump Diaphragm pump
c 1
37 ft 34 ft 8 ft
b 1
globe needle gate a 1
reduce the size resemble closely are easy to control
requirement to isothermal c 1
compression
1 1.5 5 b 1
blowers fans compressors
d 1
height of descend viscosity surface tension
d 1
0.106 kg 0.189 kg 0.198 kg

b 1

continuous continuous distillation operating


distillation with distillation without at total reflux a 1
reflux reflux
small cross- less number of high reflux ratio
d 1
section trays
characterized by an irreversible always in equilibrium
adsorption of heat phenomenon c 1

rate of diffusion of both A and B either A or B


the solute through because these two
c 1
the solid and into mean the same thing
the liquid
provides larger results due to low is due to bubble cups
surface for mass gas velocity c 1
transfer
solvent phase and feed phase and overflow and
solute phase solvent phase underflow d 1

Leaching Absorption Stripping


d 1
chloroform 3-heptanol toluene
c 1
P.D. No. 233 P.D. No. 232 P.D. No. 826 a 1
FALSE it depends not governed by law
a 1

19 21 23
c 1

novelty industrial a technical solution


a 1
applicability to problem
abstract request claims
d 1
Environmental Environmental Environmental
Compliance Impact Critical Project b 1
Certificate Assessment
cement petroleum detergents
a 1
it increases the it poisons the all that are
boiling pt of fuel catalyst in the mentioned a 1
refining process
brighteners builders perfume
c 1

addition copolymerization natural b 1


hydration polymerization alkylation
d 1
curing agent retarders fillers a 1
vehicle opacifier filler a 1
pulp cellulose waste
c 1
extraction evaporation crystallization c 1
sulfite pulping bleaching calendering b 1
cellulose xylem lignin d 1
dichlorodiphenyldi Dichlorodiphenyl diphenyldichlorotriph
c 1
chloroethane dichlorobutane enylbutane
hydrogenation oxidation purification b 1
dryer thinner anti-skinning agent a 1
make glossy increase give elasticity and
surface atmospheric prevent cracking of d 1
oxidation the film
a monomer an inorganic thermosetting plastic
c 1
polymer
mastication vulcanization calendering
d 1
rubber pesticide polyester a 1
synthetic rubber polyester pigment b 1
0.32 0.68 0.77
c 1

path function state function state description of a


b 1
system
an irreversible and a reversible and constant enthalpy
constant entropy constant entropy process d 1
process
+1.13 kJ +1.57 kJ +2.27 kJ
c 1

adiabatic reversible irreversible


c 1
Gibb’s free energy carnot efficiency Helmholtz free
c 1
energy
Perpetual motion Energy is Energy is being
is possible. conserved in created as time
quality but not in passes. We have
quantity. more energy in the a 1
universe now than
when time began.
in between 0.75 less than 0.75 in between 0.84 and
and 0.85 0.90
b 1

has a vapor must be exist at a high


pressure less than economically pressure at the
d 1
atmospheric viable condensation
temperature
isenthalpic isothermal isentropic
a 1
critical condition equilibrium start of the process c 1
two isochoric and one isochoric, one isothermal, one
two adiabatic one isobaric, and isochoric and two
process two adiabatic adiabatic process a 1
process

porosity superficial specific volume


b 1
velocity
Reynold’s number Mach number Power number
d 1
2 0.2 0.12
b 1

fluid is z axis is defined normal surface


incompressible vertical & forces & gravity are
c 1
downward in the only forces
direction involved
controller output process variable load variable
a 1
temperature emf resistance
c 1

acceleration time velocity d 1


0.35kPa/K 17kPa/K 0.06kPa/K

c 1

damping Rise time overshoot


b 1
coefficient