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1 A valve that controls flow by means of a disk or wedge-shaped gate valve butterfly valve

dam sliding at right angles to the direction of flow and seating

tightly in the valve body is a

2 The friction factor for flow through a pipe with relative roughness 0.05 0.03

of 0.004 at a Reynold's No. of 80,000 is approximately equal to

3 The equation that relates friction factor and Reynold's No., smooth pipes laminar and

f=64/Reynold's No. holds for turbulent flow

4 Oil flows under laminar conditions inside a steam heated copper equal to the the average

pipe. The overall heat transfer coefficient is approximately heat transfer between the

coefficient of heat transfer

the oil coefficient of the

steam and that

of oil

5 In multi-stage liquid-liquid extraction with partially miscible the extraction the minimum

solvents must be done number of

to form co- stages occur

currently in when the

order to operating lines

minimize the are parallel.

extraction.

6 The enrichment of the vapor steam as it passes through the evaporation stripping

column in contact with the reflux during distillation is called

7 The maximum number of plates for a given distillation system is variable reflux maximum reflux

obtained at

8 The correct unit for the specific rate constant for the reaction square square

A--->B determined to be first order is liter/square liter/square

mol/min mol/square min

9 On one side of a heat exchanger where either a condensing large effect little effect

vapor or a boiling liquid is present, the temperature may be

assumed to be constant. In determining the logarithmic mean

temperature difference the direction of flow will have

10 For a cylinder where steady-state radial heat transfer takes the heat flux is maximum heat

place constant transfer rate

occurs at the

surface

11 A plate holding a pool of liquid from which rises a vapor whose separation plate theoretical plate

average composition is in equilibrium with a liquid whose

composition is the average of that of the liquid leaving the plate

is called

12 Crystallization occurs in a solution that is concentrated unsaturated

13 Mass transfer in a flowing fluid may be correlated by Sherwood, Peclet,

Nusselt and Reynold's and

Reynold's No Schimdt No

14 The ratio of the average diameter of the feed to the average settling ratio discharge ratio

diameter of the product is the

15 The rate of formation of C for the reaction 2A + B ---> C is found the rate of the order of

to be rate=k(A)(B) formation of C reactio is zero

is equal to the

rate of

disappearance

of B

16 A device for increasing the velocity of a fluid in steady flow is a nozzle vent

17 In steady-state backmix flow reactor, composition is not constant constant

throughout the throughout the

reactor reactor

18 The amount of money obtainable from the sale of used property net value salvage value

over and above any changers involved in removal and sale is

called

19 In fractionation, an increase in reflux ratio increases the decreases the

number of reboiler duty

theoretical

plates

20 In mass transfer where the solute in the gas phase is very the ratio of the gas phase

soluble in the liquid phase liquid phase resistance is

resistance to approximately

the overall equal to the total

resistance is resistance

close to unity

21 Heat transfer in turbulent flow may be described through an Nusselt, Nusselt, Prandtl

empirical equation correlating Stanton and and Reynold's

Reynold's Nos Nos

22 Which of the following fittings exhibits the highest pressure drop 90-degree long 90-degree

for the same flow conditions? radius elbow standard elbow

23 A chamber into which steam from a high pressure line can be switching bank vent

bled during periods of low steam demand from the power plant

is called

24 Which one of the following pipes has the highest relative 2" diameter 4" dia Wrought

roughness? Wrought iron iron pipe

pipe

25 In steady-state heat transfer through a series of materials with decreases varies with the

varying resistances, the heat transfer rate towards the thermal

direction of conductivity of

heat transfer each material

26 Reactions whereby reactants proceed along several paths and polymeric reversible

give different products are reactions reactions

27 Which one among the following materials has the best insulating window glass wood

property?

28 An operation where warm vapor mixture is cooled such as by evaporation dehumidification

contact with a liquid resulting in condensation and decreased

humidity is

29 The pressure exerted on a plane parallel to the direction of flow gauge pressure velocity pressure

of a moving fluid is called

30 For mass transfer to take place, there must be a phase change reaction

component

31 Water vapor condenses at 1 atm on a tube whose surface 212 deg F 80 deg F

tmeperature is at 80 deg F. in analyzing the heat transfer

through the condensate film, it is best to evaluate the liquid

properties at

32 The diffusity of water in air at 100 deg F in sq.cm./sec is 0.26 0.28

33 A fluid flowing at a rate of 25 cubic meters per hour inside a 60 5.9 2.5

mm I.D. pipe has an average velocity in meter per sec equal to

34 An equimolar mixture of benzene and toluene is subjected to a 66.6 58.1

single batch distillation. Distillation is discontinued when 60% of

the benzene in the feed is distilled. At this instance the bottom

product when analyzed shows benzene to be 36.4 mole%. In the

distillate, the mole% of benzene is

35 When 32 kg of methane is burned completely the theoretical 16 kg 64 kg

oxygen required is

36 The standard heat of reaction for the production of water gas, in 32.2 31.4

kcal/gmole, as given by the equation: C(s) + H2O(g) = CO(g) +

H2(g) is

37 A rectangular duct 4 ft x 1.5 ft in cross section carries 4 2.18

conditioned air. In determining the pressure drop through the

duct the equivalent diameter in ft may be used which in this case

is

38 A gas decomposition reaction has an activation energy of 245 over 100,000 over 100 but

kJ/mol. The rate of reaction can be accelerated by using a but less than a less than 200

platinum catalyst where the activation energy for the resulting million

catalyzed reactions is lower at 136 kJ/mol. Using Arrhenius' law

and assuming the frequency factor remains the same the

catalyzed reaction is faster than the original reaction by a factor

of

39 Water at 100 deg F is flowing through a straight 4-in Sch 40 pipe 0.04 0.05

at a rate of 1.0 gal/min. The length of the pipe is 10 ft. The

velocity at the center of the pipe in ft per sec is

40 A metallic rod 2 cm in diameter is used as a heating element. 4440000 5130000

The thermal conductivity is 370 J/sec.sq.m.degC. The surface

temperature is maintained at 200 deg C. For the center of the

rod not to exceed 500 deg C, the maximum volumetric heat

generation rate within the metallic rod in J/sec cu.m. must be

41 This is a steady state temperature reached by a small amount of wet-bulb dew point

liquid evaporating into a large amount of unsaturated vapor-gas temperature

mixture.

42 Air, supplied at the rate of 1200 cfm to a refrigerated coil, has a 74.3 75

relative humidity of 20% and dry bulb temperature of 150 deg F.

The mass flow of dry air entering per minute is

43 In adiabatic humidification, it is possible to maintain the according to the the system can

temperature of water constant since phase rule, the be well insulated

degrees of from the

freedom is 3 surroundings

44 An air-carbon tetrachloride vapor mixture at 100 deg F dry bulb 0.1 0.05

and 60 deg F wet bulb is heated until the temperature reaches

180 deg F. the final percent relative humidity is about

45 The portion of water in the wet solid that cannot be removed by free moisture final moisture

the air in its contact is called content

46 This type of drier is used for drying pasty materials such as wet rotary drier flash drier

filter cakes and lumpy solids

47 In the constant-rate period, the rate of drying is established by a balance of the internal

the heat movement of

requirements moisture

for evaporation beneath the

and the rate at surface of the

which heat solid

reaches the

surface

48 Unbound moisture in granular and porous solid moves through desorption surface tension

the intertices of the solid by a mechanism involving

49 Wet solid is to be dried from 40% to 10% in 5 hours under 0.542 hrs 1.846 hrs

constant drying conditions. The critical moisture content is 20%

and the equilibrium moisture content is 7%. All moisture

contents are on dry basis. The time needed to dry from 15% to

5% free moisture under the same drying conditions is

50 If the rate of drying under constant drying conditions with air at 0.12 0.03

140 deg F and absolute humidity of 0.03 lb water per lb dry air of

unknown mass of solid is given by R=0.5-exp(-60X) [in lb

water/hr-sqft], then the equilibrium moisture content (db) of the

material is

51 In drying at the falling rate period, the rate at which moisture is remains increases with

removed from the solid material constant time

52 The major problem in diffusion is to promote diffusion of the to reduce the to use counter

solute out of the solid and into the liquid. The most effective way solid to the current

of doing this is smallest size operation

feasible

53 A slurry flaked soybeans weighing 100 kg contains 75 kg inert 0.3 0.8

solids and 25 kg of solution 10 weight % oil and 90% wt solvent

hexane. This slurry is contacted with 100 kg pure hexane in a

single stage so that the value of retention for the outlet

underflow is 1.5 kg of insoluble solid per kg solvent in the

adhering solution. The composition of underflow leaving the

extraction stage in %wt oil is

54 Tung meal containing 55% oil is to be extracted at the rate of 3 4

4000 lb per hour using n-hexane containing 5% oil as solvent. A

countercurrent mulitple stage extraction system is to be used.

The meal retains 2 lb of solvent per pound of oil free meal while

the residual charge contain 0.11 lb oil per lb oil free meal while

the product is conposed of 15% oil. The theoretical number of

ideal stages is

55 The movement of molecules over a substantial distance is convection conduction

associated with the transfer of heat by

56 The mode of heat transfer that can take place in a vacuum is convection conduction

known as

57 The overall conductance for a composite material in series is sum of the sum of the

equal to the individual individual

conductances conductivities

58 Film and drop are terms associated with boiling condensation

59 A 6-in Sch 80 steel pipe is carrying glycerin at an average 99.95 415.7

temperature of 100 deg F. The pipe is uninsulated, and the

outside temperature is 30 deg F. The inside film conductance is

1000 Btu/h-ft-degF while the outside film conductance is 3.0

Btu/h-sq.ft.-degF. Determine the heat lost [Btu] per minute from

a 75-ft length of the pipe. Glycerine is flowing at 800 gpm.

60 An oak (k=0.096 Btu/h-ft-degF) door, 30 in wide, 78 in high, and 97 242

2 in thick, has 9 glass (k=0.45 Btu/h-ft-degF) windows, each 6 in

by 8 in by 1/4 in thick. Determine the amount of heat lost [Btu]

each day with a surface-to-surface temperature difference of 80

deg F.

61 Determine the length needed for a simple concentric-tube, 185.5 m 11.02 m

parallel flow heat exchanger to transfer heat from hot water to

cold water at a rate of 900 W. The heat exchanger consists of

two Type K copper (k=386 W/m-degC) tubes. The smaller tube

has an inside diameter of 49.8 mm and an outside diameter of

54.0 mm. Assume that both film coefficients are equal to 100

W/sq.m.-degC. The hot water enters at 90 degC and leaves at

50 degC, and the cold water enters at 10 degC and leaves at 40

degC.

62 A saturated solution containing 1500 kg of potassium chloride at 4301 kg 1500 kg

360 K is cooled in an open tank to 290K. If the specific gravity of

the solution is 1.2, the solubility of potassium chloride per 100

parts of water is 53.55 at 360K and 34.5 at 290K, calculate the

amount of crystals obtained assuming that loss of water by

evaporation is negligible.

63 An evaporator, working at atmospheric pressure, is to 55.8 sq.m. 58.5 sq.m.

concentrate a solution from 5% to 20% solids at the rate of 1.25

kg/s. The solution which has a specific heat of 4.18 kJ/kg-K is

fed to the evpaorator at 295K and boils at 380K. Dry saturated

steam at 240 kPa is fed to the calandria and the condensate

leaves at the temperature of the condensing steam. If the heat

transfer coefficient is 2.3 kW/sq.m-K, what is the required area

of heat transfer surface. The latent heat of vaporization maybe

taken as the same as that of water.

64 2.5 kg/s of a solution at 288K containing 10% dissolved solids is 115 kPa 101.3 kPa

fed to a forward-feed double effect evaporator operating at a

pressure of 14 kPa in the last effect. If the product is to consist

of a liquid containing 50% by weight of dissolved solids and dry

saturated steam is fed to the steam coils, what should be the

pressure of the steam? The surface in each effect is 50 sq.m.

and the coefficients for heat transfer in the first and second

effects are 2.8 and 1.7 kW/sq.m.-K respectively. Assume that

the concentrated solution exhibits a boiling point rise of 5 degK,

that the latent heat has a constant value of 2260 kJ/kg and that

the specific heat of the liquid stream is constant at 3.75 kJ/kgK.

has the mol fraction reduced to 1% of this value by

countercurrent absorption with water in a packed tower. The gas

flow-rate G is 1 kg/sq.m-s of air and the water entering is 1.6

kg/sq.m-s. For this system, Henry's law holds and Ye=1.75x,

where Ye is the mol fraction of acetone in the vapour in

equilibrium with a mol fraction x in the liquid. How many overall

transfer units are required?

66 A still has a liquor composition of ortho-xylen 10%, meta-xylene 37 38

65%, para-xylene 17%, benzene 4%, and ethylbenzene 4%.

How many plates at total reflux are required to give a product of

80% meta-xylene and 14% para-xylene? The data are given as

mole percent.

67 A mixture of alcohol and water with 0.45 mol fraction of alcohol 10 9

is to be continuously distilled in a column so as to give a top

product of 0.825 mol fraction alcohol and a liquor at the bottom

with 0.05 mol fraction alcohol. How many theoretical plates are

required if the reflux ratio used is 3?

68 Prepared cottonseed meats containing 35% extractable oil are 72.2 28.7

fed to a continuous countercurrent extractor of the intermittent

drainage type using hexane as solvent. The extractor consists of

ten sections, the section efficiency being 50%. The entrainment,

assumed constant, is 1 kg solution/kg solids. What will be the oil

concentration in the outflowing solvent if the extractable oil

content in the meats is to be reduced to 0.5% by weight?

69 0.4 kg/s of dry seashore sand, containing 1% by weight of salt, 0.49 0.43

is to be washed with 0.4 kg/s of fresh water running

countercurrent to the sand through two classifiers in series.

Assume that perfect mixing of the sand and water occurs in

each classifier and that the sand discharged from each classifier

contains one part of water for every two of sand (by weight). If

the washed sand is dried in a kiln drier, what percent of salt will

it retain?

70 Forty-five pounds per minute of water is heated from 60 to 180 2173 696

deg F in a 5/8 in., 16 BWG heat exchanger tube. If the steam

condensing at 260 deg F, on the outside of the tube gives an h о

of 1000 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF, calculate the inside heat transfer

coefficient [Btu/hr-cu.ft-degF].

71 How many cu.ft. per minute of entering air is needed to 12.54 12.68

evaporate 10 lb of water per hour from a rayon, if the air enters

at 80 deg F and 25% humidity and leaves at 170 deg F and 55%

relative humidity. The operating pressure is 14.3 psia.

of a 2% nicotene solution is extracted once with 200 lb of

kerosene, what percent of the nicotene is extracted?

{Equilibrium data: Y[lb nicotene/lb kerosene] = 0.90X [lb

nicotene/lb water]}

73 We must cool 2500 gpm of water from 120 to 80 deg F. A 77.2 150

cooling tower, at 70 deg F and 1 atm, is to be designed to

operate with entering air of 40% relative humidity. How many

gpm of makeup water must be supplied if windage loss is 95%

of the amount lost by evaporation.

74 We wish to build an economical cold room 20 ft square and 10 ft 3537 8457

high. The outside temperature is 80 deg F and te room is to be

maintained at 0 deg F. The boss has suggested parallel wooden

outer and inner walls separated by a 6-in air space. What will be

the heat loss [Btu/hr] through each wall?

75 A colloidal solution is to be concentrated from 15 to 65% solids. 10500 35000

The specific heat of the feed, entering at 50 deg F is 0.93. The

pressure of the saturated steam to the evaporator is 10 psia; the

condenser pressure is 5-in. Hg abs. The steam chest has an

overall heat transfer coefficient of 200 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF. Water

must be evaporated at the rate of 35,000 lb/hr. Neglecting

boiling point elevation, what is the steam consumption [lb/hr]?

76 What is the settling time [sec] for galena particles to settle under 38.1 18.3

free settling conditions through 5 ft of water at 50 deg F. Galena

is spherical in shape, with specific gravity and 0.01 inch in

diameter.

77 A 10-ft diameter tank with a quick-opening value to a sump has 2951 1644

a 10-ft depth of liquid. How long [t in sec] does it take to drain

the tank if the valve is assumed to be equivalent to a 4-in

diameter orifice? The liquid density is 60 lb/cu.ft.

78 What size sharp-edged orifice [inches] was in use if a flow of 2.21 1.35

120 gpm produced a 4-in Hg differential in a 4-in Schedule 40

pipe. The fluid, measured at 60 degF, had a viscosity of 1 cSt

and a specific gravity of 1.

79 Seven hundred gallons per minute of water are being 63 84

discharged by a centrifugal pump 5 ft above the pump inlet. The

inlet pressure is 4-in Hg above atmospheric and the discharge

pressure is 29 psia. If the pump has an 8-inch diameter inlet and

a 4-inch diameter discharge, calculate the pump efficiency.

80 Determine the net positive suction head available to a centrifugal 34.2 27.7

pump when the level of water is just at the suction point. The

pumped fluid is water at 140 deg F and it is pumped from an

atmospheric tank at 250 gpm. The tank suction point is 7 ft

above the pump. The piping is 5-in Schedule 40, 10-ft long with

two short radius 90 deg elbows. [Use density=61.38 lb/cuft,

Pv=2.89 psi, viscosity=0.47 cP]

81 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe. A 11.61 14.24

pitot tube in the pipe shows a 3-inch Hg differential. If the pitot

tube is located at the center of the pipe, what is the mass flow

rate of the water [lb/s]?

82 The gas phase irreversible reaction A+B---->C is elementary. 113 227

The entering flow rate of A is 10 mol/min and is equal molar in A

and B. The entering concentration of A is 0.4 mol/L. What CSTR

volume [L] is necessary to achieve 90% conversion?

83 The irreversible zero order gas phase dimerization 2A ----->A2 0.15 0.5

is carried out in a packed bed reactor with 5 kg of catalyst. The

entering pressure is 10 atm and the exit pressure is 1 atm. Pure

A enters at a flow rate of 10 mol/min. The reaction is zero order

in A. What is the exit conversion?

84 The gas phase reaction 2A+B----->C is carried out in a PFR. The [B]=0.4(1-x)/(1- [B]=0.4(1-x)/(1-

feed is equal molar in A and B and the entering temperature is 0.5x) 1.5x)

500K and the entering pressure is 16.4 atm. If the exit

conversion is x, then the exit concentration of B is

85 Heat is generated in a 2.5 cm square copper rod at the rate of 75.2 55.2

35.3e6 W/cu.m. The rod is exposed to a convection environment

at 20 deg C where the convection heat transfer coefficient is 4

kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine the surface temperature [deg C] of

the rod.

86 A 5cm diameter cylinder is maintained at a constant temperature 13 272

of 200 deg C and it is "completely enclosed" by a wind tunnel

test chamber, walls of which are at 10 deg C. Air at 350K is

forced across the cylinder at a velocity of 50 m/s (h=180 W/m-

degC). If the surface emissivity of the cylinder is 0.7, determine

the total (i.e., convective and radiative) heat transfer from the

cylinder [W per meter length].

87 A building wall consists of a 6-in of concrete (kc= 0.7 Btu/hr-ft- 0.03 0.12

degF), 2 in of fiber insulating board, and 3/8 in of gypsum board

(kg=0.03 Btu/hr-ft-degF). The inside and outside heat transfer

coefficients are 2 and 7 Btu/hr-sqft-degF, respectively. The

inside temperature is 72 degF and the outside temperature is 20

degF. Determine the overall heat transfer coefficient for this wall

[Btu/hr-sqft-degF].

88 Current is passed through a cylindrical laboratory heater, which 325 300

has a 3 cm diameter, generating heat at the rate of 20

MW/cu.m. The heater is exposed to a convection environment at

25 degC where the convection heat transfer coefficient is 0.5

kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine its surface temperature [degC].

89 A straight rectangular fin has a length of 3.5 cm, a thickness of 1500 W 4392 W

1.5 mm, and is made of a material characterized by thermal

conductivity of 255 W/m-degC. The fin is exposed to a

convection environment at 20 degC and h=1.5 kW/sq.m.-degC.

Determine the maximum possible heat transfer from this fin for

the base temperature of 150 degC.

90 A gaseous fuel is composed of 20% methane( CH4), 40% 1 18

ethane (C2H6) and 40% propane (C3H8), where all percentages

are by volume. The volumetric analysis of the dry products of

combustion (ie. everything except the water) for this fuel gives

10.6% carbon dioxide (CO2), 3% oxygen (O2), 1% carbon

monoxide (CO) and 85.4% nitrogen (N2). Determine the air fuel

ratio on a mass basis for this reaction.

91 Dodecane (C12H26) gas at 25 degC is burned in a steady flow 170 100

combustion chamber with 20% excess air that enters at -23.15

degC. The products leave the combustion chamber at 500K.

Assuming steady operating conditions and complete

combustion, determine the required mass flow rate of the

dodecane to supply heat at a rate of 1.5 kW [kg/s].

92 Two rooms A and B of identical volume are connected by an A B

open doorway. The thermostat in the rooms are set so that

Ta<Tb. Which room contains more air molecules?

93 If the absolute temperature of a gas is doubled, the mean speed is doubled. increases 4

of the gas molecules times

94 When ice cubes melt in a glass of water, the temperature of the increases. decreases.

resulting mixture of water and ice

95 In all naturally occurring processes, the entropy of the universe increases. decreases.

96 An inventor seeking a patent claims that a building may be The application The application

comfortably heated in winter by a device that draws heat into the should be should be

building from the earth, even though the temperature of the rejected rejected

earth is lower than the desired temperature inside the building. because it because it

He further claims that the quantity of heat supplied to the violates the first violates the

building in a given time period can significantly exceed the work law of second law of

done by the device during the same period. If you were a patent Thermodynami Thermodynamic

clerk (like the young Albert Einstein), what should be your cs. s.

recommendation about the application?

connected to a dimmer switch. The dimmer is adjusted so that

the temperature of the tungsten filament inside the bulb

increases from 1300K to 2600K. The total power radiated by the

bulb

98 A 30 MW geothermal electric power plant uses hot steam from 2.5 e8 2.2 e8

the earth at 157 deg C to heat and vaporize isobutane, which

turns a turbine that is connected to a generator. The isobutane

is subsequently cooled to 27 degC using fans and condensed

back to a liquid. The overall efficiency of the plant is 40% of the

ideal (Carnot) efficiency. How many joules of heat must be

released to the atmosphere per second?

99 The material which remains unchanged in a process is limiting reactant tie substance

100 The ratio of the total quantity of a reactant present in the reactor recycle ratio combined feed

feed of a recycling operation to the quantity of the same reactant ratio

entering the operation as fresh feed is the

101 The heating value measured when water formed from Gross Calorific Heat of

combustion is in the liquid state. Value combustion

102 In the combustion of solid fuels, the tie element between the cooked coal ash

feed and the refuse is the

103 The coal analysis which is based upon the volatilization Proximate Modified

characteristics of the fuel is analysis analysis

104 An Orsat analysis of the flue gas when pyrite is roasted is on a SO2-free basis SO3-free basis

105 The empirical relation which allows one to compute for the net Calderwood Theoretical

hydrogen in a given solid fuel is the equation Oxygen

Equation

106 The equivalent of 45degTw in the Baume scale is 26.63 28.32

107 A furnace completely burns coal containing 70%C. Analysis of 1.2 1.53

the flue gas shows 15% CO2, 4% O2, 81% N2, and no CO.

What is the % of the net hydrogen in the coal?

108 Which has the lowest water content? dew point at 70% RH

20degC

109 A contract was made between a buyer and a paper PhP 405 PhP 424.26

manufacturer for paper containing 5% moisture at PhP450/tonne

FOB on specifications that price adjustment will be made if the

quality is different. How much should the buyer pay for 1 tonne

of paper with 8% moisture content? Freiht cost is PhP45/tonne.

110 One drier will dry a material from 45% moisture (wb) to 20% 0.01 0.02

moisture (db). From here the material enters another drier where

the water content is further reduced to give a final product

weighing 1000 kg. If the total evporation from both driers is 800

kg, the moisture of the final product is

111 An experimental oil is used to distill 6000 kg.hr of Athabasta tar 2250 3750

sand which analyzes 30% 'heavy oil', 'light oil', and non-volatile

matter. If the distillate contains 12 % heavy oil and this

constitutes 25% recovery of the component, the weight in kg of

the distillate obtained is

112 Coal fired in a furnace has a heating value of 13800 Btu/lb and 4.22 8

contains 78.05%C and 1.2%S. The proximate analysis shows

4%M, 24%FC, 8%A and the analysis of the refuse shows

8%VCM, 25%FC and 32% ash. Calculate the % of C lost in the

refuse.

113 Ninety grams of ethane and 384 grams of oxygen are fed 0.8 0.85

continuously to a laboratory furnace. The total combustion

products collected was 16.2 gmole with no carbon dioxide.

However, not all of the ethane was burned due to faulty

combustion. The fraction of ethane that was burned is equal to

114 The furnace at the Bataan refinery is using a fuel gas which 63.25 57.24

contains methane, ethane and 20% nitrogen. The orsat analysis

of the combustion products showed 7.8% CO2, 7.4% O2, and

84.8% N2. The gas is burned with excess air. The % methane in

the fuel gas is

115 Pyrite containing 78% FeS2 and 22% gangue is burned with 3.52 6.53

excess air to produce a stack gas with the following analysis:

7.29% SO2, 8.92%O2, 82.44%N2 and 1.35%SO3. If the cinder

was found to have a partial analysis of 62.10% Fe2O3, the % of

FeS2 lost in the pyrite is

116 The unit of k for a 1st order elementary reaction is 1/time conc/time

117 If the temperature of a chemical reaction is raised by 10 degC, 4 3

the rate of reaction is increased by a factor of

118 The E of a reaction may be lowered by increasing decreasing

temperature temperature

119 The mechanism of a reaction can sometimes be deduced from the activation the temperature

energy dependency of

the rate

120 The equilibrium constant in a reversible chemical reaction at a depends on the depends on the

given temperature initial conc of conc of one of

the reactants the products at

equilibrium

121 If the volume of a reaction vessel is suddenly reduced to one 2 4

half its original volume the rate will increase by a factor of

122 The rate of reaction is not influenced by conc of the molecularity of

reactants the reaction

123 The net rate of reaction of an intermediate is 0 2

124 A reaction is known to be first order in A. A straight line will be log Ca vs time Ca vs time

obtained by plotting

125 If the reaction 2A ---> B+C is second order, which of the Ca^2 vs time 1/Ca vs time

following plots will give a straight line?

126 For the reaction A+B ---> 2C, when Ca is doubled the rate -ra = k Ca^2 -ra = k Ca Cb^2

doubles, when Cb is doubled the rate increases fourfold. The Cb^4

rate law is

127 It states that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the Le Chatelier's Hess' Law

activity of the reactants. principle

128 The half life of a material undergoing second order decay is proportional to independent of

the square of initial conc

the initial conc

129 A fluid flows through 2 CSTR in series. Each reactor has a 66.8 74.7

capacity of 400,000 L and the fluid enters at 100 L per hr. The

fluid undergoes a first order decay with a half life of 24 hours.

Find the conversion of the fluid.

130 A first order reaction has a specific rate constant of 3e-3 per 0.0021 s 100 s

sec. The half life is

131 A certain reaction is 1st order in A. In 30 min, the concentration 45.1 min 19.6 min

of A decreases from 0.55 to 0.15 mol/L. The time it will take for

A to decrease from 0.35 to 0.15 mol/L is

132 A gas decomposes at 900 degC according to 2A--->2R+S with a 3.83 7.43

rate constant of 1000 cc/gmol-s using pure A. The time it will

take to react 80% of A in a batch reactor at 900 degC and 1 atm

in min is

133 Calculate the length of a chlorinating pipe line with diameter of 25.36 m 32.5 m

0.6 m required to kill 95% of the bacteria in waste water flowing

at 0.05 cu.m/s. Test shows that 95.33% kill is obtained in 5

minutes when treated with 5 mg/L of chlorine. Chlorine

disinfection kinetics is given by the equation: dC/dt = k Ct^1.5

where C = number of bacteria. Assume that the same

concentration of chlorine is used in actual treatment operation.

134 The set of data given below is for the parallel reaction: a---k1-- 0.17 0.18

>2R, a---k2-->S. At t=0, Ca=15 moles/cuft, Cr = 1 mole/cuft,

Cs=1 mole/cuft; At t=1 hr, Cro = 9 moles/cuft, Cs = 3 moles/cuft.

The value of K2 per hour is

135 A batch reaction 2D+E----->F has a conversion factor expressed 257 275

by the equation r =0.24 t^0.5 where r = conversion factor based

on the reactant E; t = time in hours which ranges from 0.5 to 16

hours per batch depending upon the process variables. The

average molecular weight of the feed is 60 and a density of 1.4

g/cc. The feed consists of 2 kgmole of D and 1 kgmole of E. The

charging, cleaning and discharging time per batch is 2.5 hrs and

the volume of the reactor is twice the volume of the feed.

Assume 300 days per year and 12 hours operation/day. The

volume of the reactor in liters is

136 A container holds 100 gal of salt solution containing 50 lb of 0.73 0.43

dissolved salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a

layer of rock salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a

layer of rock salt whose surface is practically constant. The salt

dissolved into the solution according to r = k(C-3) where C is the

concentration of the brine expressed in lb/gal. If the water in the

tank were fresh, the rate of solution would be 1.0 lb/min. Fresh

water enters at 3 gpm and brine overflows at the same rate.

Assume constant volume at any brine concentration, the

concentration of brine in container after 1 hour in lb/gal of salt is

137 An aqueous solution of ethyl acetate is to be saponified with 10.3 11.4

NaOH. The initial concentration of the ethyl acetate is 5 g/L and

that of the caustic soda is 0.10M. Values of the second order

rate constant in L/gmole-min are k = 23.5 at 0 degC; k = 92.4 at

20 degC. The reaction is essentially irreversible. The time

required to saponify 95% of the water at 40 deg C is

138 At 500K the rate of bimolecular reaction is 10 times the rate at 8150 9150

400K. Find E in cal, the activation energy for this reaction from

Arrhenius Law.

139 The reaction A+2B--->R is 1st order with respect to each Cao/2m Cao/(2m-1)

reactant. If equimolar amounts of A and B are introduced into a

constant-volume reactor and (1/m) th of A remains after t1, how

much will remain after t2=2t1?

140 When the 1st order homogeneous reaction (gas-phase) A--- 43.1 41.3

>2.5R is carried out in an isothermal batch reactor at 2 atm with

20% inerts present, the volume increases by 60% in 20 min.

When the reaction is carried out in a constant volume reactor,

the time required for the pressure to reach 8 atm if the initial

pressure is 5 atm, 2 atm of which consist of inerts in min is

141 When the ID of the pipe through which a fluid flows is doubled, 1/8 1/16

the pressure loss due to friction per unit length of pipe and for

the same volumetric flow rate is changed by approximately a

factor of

142 When two centrifugal pumps are connected in series, the 1/2 1

discharge changes by a factor of

143 When two reciprocating pumps are connected in parallel, the 1/2 1

volumetric capacity of the system changes by a factor of

144 The pressure drop in a pipeline changes by a factor of _____ 1/2 1

when the velocity of the flowing fluid is doubled.

145 Cavitation occurs in a centrifugal pump when the discharge the discharge

pressure valve is closed

becomes too

high

146 Oil with a viscosity of 30 cP and a density of 60 lb/cu.ft. flows 0.63 13.1

through a 1/2-inch inside diameter pipe. Determine the velocity

in fps below which flow will be laminar.

147 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch inside diameter 1.05 1.22

smooth horizontal pipe. If the Reynold's number is 353000,

calculate the ratio of maximum velocity to average velocity.

148 The pressure after the pump in a 6-inch inside diameter smooth 0.6 3.58

pipe conducting water is 20 psia. The water is discharged at an

open tank 100 ft from the pump. Calculate the rate of discharge

of water in cu.ft/s.

149 A water storage tank assumes the supply of water into a factory. PhP 3300 PhP 5000

Water is supplied to the tank through a booster pump installed in

the water line. The theoretical pump horsepower required is 3.25

hp. What is the monthly operating cost of the pump if electric

power cost on the average is PhP 3.73/kWh. The pump is 65%

efficient and operates for 12 hr a day.

150 When the impeller speed of an ideal centrifugal pump is 1/2 1

doubled, the vol. flow rate of discharge is increased by a factor

of

151 The differential height between two points which a fluid has to potential head pressure head

be transferred is the

152 The resistance of a layer of fluid to flow over the next layer is viscosity friction factor

measured by

153 An axial flow pump operating at a speed of 880 rpm can supply 20 36

water at a rate of 3000 gpm. The maximum head that this pump

can deliver in ft. of water is

154 Specify the type of open impeller pump to use if the capacity is 3x2x8.5E 4x3x8.5E

400 gpm at a head of 200 ft of water.

155 What will be the rated capacity [gpm] of a 4-1/2 inch impeller 95 134

centrifugal pump operating at a speed of 3450 rpm capable of

generating a head of 40 ft of water.

156 If the speed of a centrifugal pump is doubled, the energy 2 4

requirement becomes approximately ___ times the original

energy requirement.

157 A cylindrical tank 1 ft in diameter discharges through a nozzle 32 55

connected to the base. Find the time needed for the water level

in the tank to drop from 4 ft to 2 ft above the nozzle. The

diameter of the nozzle is 1 inch and its discharge coefficient

maybe taken as unity.

158 The NPSH of a single suction centrifugal hot water pump at a 15 20

speed of 3550 rpm operating at a pressure of 600 psi and a

capacity of 450 gpm is ___ ft.

159 The rate of evaporation at a given operating temperature in a n when the the operating

evaporator is more when operating pressure is low

pressure is high

160 An optimim number of the effects for a given application is a capacity economy

function of the

161 A popular type of heat exchanger for cooling large quantities of double-pipe plate

fluid is the

162 An evaporator is used to concentrate 10,000 lb/hr of a 20% 0.82 0.86

solution of NaOH in water at 140 oF using saturated steam at 25

psia at a rate of 7,000 lb/hr. The OHTC is 275 BTU/hr-ft 2-oF

when the pressure in the vapor is 1.7 psia. The steam economy,

SE, is

163 A cross flow heat exchanger uses mixed air at 4 kg/s that enters 22.2 m2 25 m2

at 15oC and leaves at 45 oC. The air cools unmixed water, which

enters at 95 oC and 0.70 kg/s. The OHTC equals 150 W/m 2-oC.

After several months of operation, a scale resistance of 0.002

m2-oC/W developed. 16. The heat transfer area required to

accomplish the change is

164 As solution of 28% wt Na 2SO4 is to be crystallized to yield 285.3 249.3

Glauber salt in a four section (one section is 10 ft in length)

Swenson Walker Crystallizer. It is fed to the unit at 120 oF and

cooled to 60 oF using cooling water which enters at 50oF and

leaves at 70oF. The crystallizer has a cooling surface of 3 ft 2 per

foot of length. The feed rate is 500 lb/hr and the crystallizer is

seeded with 50 lb/hr of 65 mesh crystals. 19. The amount of the

crystalline crop (C) produced in lb per hour is

165 An insulator should have low thermal high thermal

conductivity conductivity

166 Fouling factor is a does not provide

dimensionless a safety factor

quantity for design

number number

168 The Graetz number is concerned with mass transfer absorption with

between a gas chemical

and a liquid reaction

169 Dropwise condensation occurs on clean and dirt smooth clean

free surfaces surfaces

170 Dietus-Boelter equation for determination of heat transfer co- for liquid metals for fluid in

efficient is valid laminar flow

material moving in an air stream or pressure less than ambient.

172 If the total percentage of particles larger than the screen 0.98 0.89

opening in the feed, oversize, undersize are 36%, 89% and 3%,

respectively, the effectiveness of the screen if the undersize is

the product is

173 The estimated width of an apron conveyor having a capacity of 305 mm 610 mm

75 tons/hr at a speed of 50 ft/min is

174 It is defined as the ratio of the average diameter of the feed to settling ratio screen-mesh no

the average diameter of the product.

176 The separation of a dilute slurry or suspension by gravity settling thickening classification

into a clear fluid and a slurry or suspension by gravity settling

into a clear fluid and a slurry of higher solids content is called

fractions in polymeric or biological systems. What is the

gradient for mass transfer in the separation using this mass

transfer device?

178 Ordinary diffusion takes place because of ___ driving force. temperature pressure

179 What are the two limiting cases of steady-state diffusion? UMD and EMD ordinary and

Knudsen

180 Which of the following is not true in (binary) equimolar counter- DAB = DBA c = cA + cB

diffusion?

181 A fluid is flowing on a surface, which contains a component that Knudsen region turbulent region

leaches out to the fluid. Assuming that all the 3 regions of mass

transfer are present, in which of these regions is diffusion

controlling?

182 In unsteady-state mass transfer, the quantity (D ABt/rm^2) is unaccomplishe relative

referred to as d change resistance

183 What is the equivalent of Prandtl number in convective mass Sc Sh

transfer?

184 If kx > ky, then the controlling phase is the liquid phase the gas phase

185 In two-phase mass transfer, equilibrium may exist at the interface in the gas phase

186 Which of the following processes may always be regarded as a cooling of air air conditioning

constant- humidity process?

by a process a process similar

similar to that in to air-water

a cooling tower vapor saturator

188 What do you call the steady-state non-equilibrium temperature dry-bulb wet-bulb

reached when a small amount of water is contacted under temperature temperature

adiabatic conditions by a continuous stream of gas?

189 The moisture content of a solid is given as 50% wet basis. What 0.5 1

is the moisture content, dry basis?

190 The moisture that can be removed by drying is called equilibrium bound moisture

moisture

191 Falling-period in drying terminates at the end of origin of R vs X

constant-rate plot

period

192 Which is not true at the interphase of a gas scrubbing the solute the solute

operation? concentration concentration of

of the gas is the liquid is less

less than that of than that of the

the bulk bulk

193 He and N2 gas are contained in a conduit 5 mm in diameter and 2.35 exp -5

2.44exp -5

a 0.1 m long at 298 K and a uniform pressure of He at one end

of the tube is 0.6 atm and 0.02 atm at the other end. Assuming

equimolar countercurrent diffusion, the flux in kmol/s-m 2 is

194 100 m3/hr of air at 60°C and 20% RH is needed for a chemical 5280 8490

reactor. This will be obtained from process air at 60 °C and 10%

RH by humidifying adiabatically the process air followed by

heating to its original temperature. The wattage of the heater at

80% efficiency is

195 Wet solid is to be dried from 36% to 8% moisture in 5 hr under 1 hr 1.6 hr

constant drying condition. Critical and equilibrium moisture

contents are 14 and 4% respectively. Calculate how much

longer will it take to dry the same material from 8% to 5.5%

moisture under constant drying condition. All moisture contents

are on a dry basis.

196 The unit of volumetric diffusivity is cm^2/sec cm/sec

197 If reflux to a distillation column is 100 moles/hr, when the 0.5 2

overhead product rate is 50 moles/hr. the reflux ratio is

198 Which of the following provides maximum contact surface for a packed lower bubble-cup plate

liquid-vapour system? column

199 In extraction, as the temperature increases, the area of decreases increases

heterogeneity (area covered by bimodal curve)

200 The suitable evaporator for concentration of foaming liquids is

long tube short tube

evaporator evaporator

201 Macroscopic transfer of mass between moving fluid and surface molecular unsteady-state

which is of different concentration is called diffusion diffusion

202 For a packed column the main purpose of packing is to strengthen the increase the

column surface area

203 In a gas absorption operation, when the operating line crosses the NTU is zero the liquid flow

the equilibrium curve rate is maximum

204 Methanol diffuses in 0.15 cm stagnant film of 1:1 mole mixture of 0.15 0.31

hydrogen and CO2 at 100oC and 2 atm. The partial pressures of

methanol on both sides are 0.6 and 0.2 atm. The average

diffusivity of methanol in the hydrogen and CO 2 at 0 oC and 1

atm in cm2/s is

205 Gaseous reactant A decomposes according to the reaction A --> 0.92 0.86

3R (-rA = 0.5 CA mole/L-min). The feed, which consists of 70% A

and 30% inert, enters a 1.5-m 3 CSTR at a flow rate of 150 L/min.

4. If CA0 = 0.30 mole/L, what is the conversion, XA?

206 Between 0 degC and 50 degC, the average activation energy of 14.7 18.5

a certain reaction is 80 kJ/mol. How many times faster will the

reaction occur at 300 K than at 275 K?

207 Consider a gas-phase reaction 2A ---> R + 2S with unknown 0.54 min 0.85 min

kinetics. A space velocity of 0.8/min is needed for 95%

conversion of A in a PFR. Find the mean residence time or

holding time of the fluid in the PFR.

208 For Newtonian fluids, the shear stress is constant. inversely

proportional to

rate of

deformation.

209 An ideal fluid is one that is compressible incompressible

& viscous

210 Water flows through an 8-in (ID=7.981 in) steel pipe at an 10.58 5.29

average velocity of 6 ft/s. Downstream the pipe splits into an 8-in

main and a 2 in (ID=2.067 in) bypass pipes. If the velocity in the

bypass is twice the velocity of the main pipe, the volumetric flow

rate [ft 3/s] in the main pipe is

211 An imaginary line within a fluid flow such that a tangent at any stream tube velocity profile

point indicates the direction of flow at that point.

212 Air at 250C [viscosity=0.018 cP] enters a section of 2-in schedule 350 155

40 commercial steel pipe at a gauge pressure of 310 kPa and a

flow rate of 1200 kg/h. Assuming isothermal flow, what is the

pressure drop [kPa] in 60 m of pipe?

213 A simple pitot tube measures acoustical superficial

velocity velocity

214 Which of the following meters will have the highest permanent pitot tube orifice

pressure loss?

215 In the flow meter equation, Y, indicates the mass flow rate compressibility

factor

216 The loss due to sudden contraction is proportional to velocity turbulence

217 Stoke’s law is valid when the particle Reynolds number is <1 >1

218 Priming needed in a Reciprocating Gear pump

pump

219 Maximum theoretical suction lift for water at 60˚F by a centrifugal 40 ft 37 ft

pump is 34 ft. The same for water at 200˚F will be

220 The most economical valve for use with large diameter pipes. butterfly globe

221 Multistage compressors are used in industry because, they reduce the cost reduce the size

of compressor requirement

223 of the following produces maximum pressure difference for vacuum pumps blowers

transportation of gases?

224 The fluid property which matters for falling rain drops to acquire pressure height of

spherical shape is its descend

225 A wastewater solution having a volume of 1000 L contains 0.21 0.007 kg 0.106 kg

kg phenol/m3 of solution. A total of 1.40 kg fresh granular

activated carbon is added to the solution, which is then mixed

thoroughly to reach equilibrium. What is the amount of phenol

absorbed per kg carbon at equilibrium?

226 The overhead product composition decreases with time in batch distillation continuous

with reflux distillation with

reflux

227 For a binary mixture with low relativity, continuous rectification to low reflux ratio small cross-

get pure products will require section

228 Chemisorption is the same as characterized by

van der Waals adsorption of

heat

229 The stage efficiency in leaching depends on the time of contact rate of diffusion

between the of the solute

solid and the through the solid

solution and into the

liquid

230 Weeping in distillation or absorption column increases tray provides larger

efficiency surface for mass

transfer

231 What are the two contacting phase in leaching? extract phase solvent phase

and raffinate and solute

phase phase

232 Hydrogen sulfide is removed from water by contacting the Distillation Leaching

solution with warm air. The operation is

233 Disregarding the cost, which is the best solvent for the extraction caproic acid chloroform

of acetic acid from an aqueous solution at 25deg C?

234 Professional Regulations Commission was created under P.D. No. 223 P.D. No. 233

235 A chemical engineer who designed and built a new type pf TRUE FALSE

reactor and for three years, sold many units to the public can still

patent his reactor.

236 A person who has passed the Chemical Licensure Examination 18 19

can take his/her oath as a chemical engineer if his/her age is not

less than _______ years.

237 Which of the following is not a requirement for utility model inventive step novelty

registration?

descriptions of the benefits obtained from using the invention is

called the

239 A document issued by the DENR secretary indicating that the Environmental Environmental

proposed project will cause significant negative environmental Impact Compliance

impact. Statement Certificate

240 In the Philippines, sulfur for sulfuric acid manufacturing is paper cement

sourced from _______ industry.

241 Sulfur is undesirable in petroleum because it causes it increases the

engine boiling pt of fuel

knocking

performance by exhibiting synergistic cleaning effect with

surfactant.

243 Polyethylene is an example of _____________ polymerization condensation addition

244 Principal chemical conversion in the production of resin from condensation hydration

monomer.

245 Carbon black is added to rubber compounding as activator curing agent

246 The binder for all the powder materials of paint pigment vehicle

247 A fibrous material left after cane sugar has been milled is bagasse pulp

commonly called as

248 Molasses is a by product of raw sugar from the ______ process milling extraction

249 Kraft process is a common name for sulfate pulping sulfite pulping

250 Water insoluble cell binders of wood pulp cellulose

251 DDT means Diphenyldichlor dichlorodiphenyl

otriphenylethan dichloroethane

e

252 Rancidity of oil can be reduced by decoloration hydrogenation

253 Varnish does not contain pigment dryer

corrosion surface

resistant

256 The process involved in converting rubber into a thin sheet or extrusion mastication

coating it on fabric is called

257 Alkyl benzene sulfonate (ABS) is a detergent rubber

258 Neoprene is a monomer synthetic rubber

259 Steam enters an adiabatic turbine at 10 MPa and 500 degC at a 0.23 0.32

rate of 3 kg/s and leaves at 0.1 MPa. If the power output of the

turbine is 2 MW, determine the turbine efficiency.

260 Work is a property of the path function

system

isothermal and constant

process entropy

isothermally and reversibly at 0°C from 22.4L to 44.8L. The heat

absorbed by the system is

263 Maximum work can be obtained from a system when the change isothermal adiabatic

taking place in it is

264 The ratio of work performed by a system and the heat it Entropy Gibb’s free

absorbed from a reservoir is referred to energy

265 According to the first law of thermodynamics Energy is Perpetual

neither lost nor motion is

gained in any possible.

energy

transformation.

266 In a 3-stage compressor system whose isentropic efficiencies greater than in between 0.75

are reported to be 0.75, 0.85 and 0.84, respectively, steam 0.85 and 0.85

initially at 10 kPa is compressed to a final pressure of 500 kPa.

The overall efficiency of the system is

267 In choosing the refrigerant, the fluid must have the following environmentally has a vapor

characteristics, except benign pressure less

than

atmospheric

268 Coolers and boilers are ordinarily operated at ________ isobaric isenthalpic

condition.

269 For an isolated system, maximum entropy will occur at half-life critical condition

and two and two

adiabatic adiabatic

process process

271 This is also known as the volume fraction of the voids in packed sphericity porosity

beds.

272 A measure of the ratio of the drag force acting on a unit area of Froude number Reynold’s

the impeller & the inertial stress. number

273 Sulfuric acid is pumped at 3 kg/s through a 60-m length of 3 2

smooth 25 mm pipe. If the pressure drop falls by one-half, what

will be the new flow rate [kg/s]? Assume the following properties

of sulfuric acid: SG = 1.84, viscosity = 25 cP.

274 The equation del(P) = -(rho)(g) del(z) is known as the hydrostatic shear forces fluid is

vertical law for which all the following assumptions are applied, are not involved incompressible

except

275 Which of the following can be adjusted by human operator in a set point controller output

closed feedback control loop?

276 The thermocouple is based on the Seebeck effect which states current temperature

that a/an _____ is generated when opposite junction of certain

dissimilar pairs of wires are exposed to different temperatures.

277 Dead time is a function of distance and momentum acceleration

278 A pneumatic controller is used to control temperature within the 2.83kPa/K 0.35kPa/K

range 280K to 310K. The controller is adjusted so that the

output pressure goes from 20kPa (valve fully open) to 105 Kpa

(valve fully closed) as the measured temperature goes from

295K to 300K with the sent point held constant. What is the

proportional gain?

279 The parameter which completely describes the behavior of the Time constant damping

response to a disturbance of a second order system is the coefficient

280 Water is flowing through a 3-inch schedule 40 pipe at 60 deg F. 11.61 ft/s 37.1 kg/s

A pitot tube is inserted at the centerline of the pipe and registers

a 3-inch Hg differential. What is the mass flow rate of the water?

281 An oil well is 1200 ft below ground level. Oil at 500 psig at the 9365 9461

bottom flows to ground level through a 12-inch schedule 80

commercial steel pipe. The oil has a SG of 0.86 and viscosity of

8 cP. The vol flow rate of oil in barrels per hour is

282 The equivalent diameter of a concentric annular space where 1- pi/4 inch 1 inch

inch OD pipe is located inside a 2-inch ID pipe is

283 Based on Bond's crushing law, the power required to crush a 20.2 41.4

certain material will change by _____% if the diameter of the

product is made smaller by 50%.

284 The BPR of a 50% NaOH solution at an evaporator pressure of 73 degF 173 degF

4.7 psia is

C D ANSWER SCORE

globe valve orifice

a 1

0.03 0.04

o 0

d 1

only only

equal to the equal to the

heat transfer heat transfer

coefficient coefficient of

equivalent to the steam o 0

the resistance

offerred by the

pipe

the minimum the amount of

number of solvent used

stages occur must be

when the tie enough to form b 1

line coincides 2 phases.

with an

operating line.

rectification fractionation

c 1

minimum reflux optimum reflux

c 1

mol/liter/min liter/mol/min

o 0

no effect significant

effect

o 0

transfer is temperature is

constant uniform c 1

throughout the

cylinder

transition plate bubble plate

d 1

supersaturated saturated c 1

Sherwood, Prandtl,

Reynold's and Schimdt and o 0

Schimdt No Reynold's No

reduction ratio classification

c 1

ratio

the value of k is the reaction

independent of cannot proceed

the initial

concentrations c 1

of A and B

orifice venturi a 1

a function of not uniform

time throughout the

reactor and b 1

varies from

time to time

book value market value

b 1

amount of condenser duty

o 0

distillate

resistance is phase

negligible resistance to

liquid o 0

resistance is

approximately

zero

Peclet, Stanton Schimdt, Peclet

and Prandtl Nos and Friction o 0

Nos

45-degree square-corner

d 1

standard elbow elbow

compressor accumulator

b 1

tubing steel pipe d 1

material is throughout the

inversely series of

proportional to materials d 1

the thickness of

the material

parallel consecutive

c 1

reactions reactions

air concret

b 1

humidification extraction

b 1

o 0

pressure

concentration momentum

c 1

gradient gradient

113 deg F 146 deg F

0

1.48 0.58 0

1.5 0.6

0

33.4 54.4

128 kg 32 kg

0

26.4 57.8

0

1.5 2.75

0

than 3

0.05 0.03

0

6930000 2040000

saturation dry-bulb

temperature temperature a 1

75.26 78.5

0

of the air can humidity of the

also be air is b 1

maintained insignificant

constant

0.02 0.01

0

moisture content c 1

content

tray drier freeze drier

c 1

air flow air flow parallel

perpendicular to to the solid

the surface of surface

the solid

a 1

d 1

diffusivity

2.129 hrs 3.42 hrs

0.01 0

c 1

time place

to use cross to use spray

flow percolators

a 1

evaporation

1.5 2.3

5 6

a 1

C

radiation all of A, B and

c 1

C

inverse of the sum of the

total resistance individual c 1

resistances

evaporation all of A, B and

b 1

C

451.7 475.1

5800 139200

5.51 m 4.14 m

966 kg 534 kg

4.72 3.03

0

39 40

8 7

27.8 22.7

0.29 0.25

577 241

13.76 16.28

46.5 45.6

227.2 300

11994 20451

0

40130 45500

13.8 5

0

1163 19.4

0

4.67 2

0

95 100

7 0.52

31.7 37.1

0

851 900

0

0.75 1

[B]=0.4(1- [B]=0.2

0.5x)/(1-x)

0

25.2 20

3478 3750

0.71 6.01

100 25

13943 W 19343 W

23 33

38 0.04

same no of air a 1

molecules

increases by decreases.

0

about 40%

stays constant.

c 1

stays the same. may increase

a 1

or decrease.

The application The application

should be should be

rejected given full

because it consideration

violates both because it

1st and 2nd does not 0

laws of Thermo. violate any

laws of

Thermodynami

cs.

3 e7 5.2 e8

b 1

reactant ratio fresh-feed

conversion b 1

a 1

Condensation Value

moisture volatile

combustible b 1

matters

Ultimate Elemental

a 1

analysis analysis

O2-free basis N2-free basis b 1

Dulong's Oxygen

formula unaccounted c 1

for equation

32.48 42.56 a 1

2.38 6.13

0

humidity of 0.05 a 1

0

0.03 0.05

4350 6000

9.5 17

0.9 0.92

51.2 22.76

7.86 23.1

1/conc 1/conc-time 0

2 1.5

0

adding a removing the

catalyst products of the c 1

reaction

the net equation the rate law.

d 1

depend on the characteristic

c 1

initial of the reaction

concentrations

8 16

0

nature of temperature

c 1

reactants

>0 <0 a 1

log Ca vs 1/Ca vs time

a 1

reciprocal time

lof Ca vs time Ca vs time

b 1

-ra = k Ca -ra = k Cb^2

b 1

c 1

Action Thermo

proportional to inversely

initial conc proportional to 0

initial conc

85.3 99.1

0

231 s 768 s

0

19.1 min 10.4 min

0

8.33 9.33

0

52.63 m 56.23 m

0.34 0.62

0

300 527

0.33 0.24

0

12.7 20.7

9550 10150

0

Cao/(1-2m) Cao/2

0

37.1 31.8

1/32 1/64

0

2 4

0

2 4

0

2 4

0

the suction suction is lost

pressure is too

c 1

high

16.9 87.2

0

1.72 1.89

0

21 58.3

0

2 2exp2

0

velocity head dynamic head

a 1

surface tension drag coefficient

a 1

63 85

0

4x3x6 3x2x13

0

248 320

0

8 10

0

77 94

25 30

0

vacuum level is high

0

0

given choices

shell and tube extended

c 1

surfaces

0.89 0.92

17 m2 20 m2

255.65 214.65

a 1

to heat flow structure

accounts for none of these

additional

c 1

resistance to

heat flow

Peclet number Prandlt number

0

heat transfer in heat transfer in

turbulent flow laminar flow 0

contaminated polished

cooling surfaces c 1

surfaces

for fluids in when

turbulent flow Grashhoff

0

number is very

important

pressure- vacuum

vacuum d 1

0.76 0.65

0

1220 mm 2400 mm

0

reduction ratio average

particle 0

diameter

0.7 0.6 0

sorting centrifugation

a 1

b 1

thermal and thermal and

0

ordinary Knudsen

JA = JB NA = -cDAB

0

dxA/dz

buffer region viscous sub-

layer

0

0

Bi Pe

0

the interface either of the

b 1

bulk phases

in the liquid in either film

0

phase

water-cooling in heating of air

a cooling tower d 1

dehumidificatio dehumidificatio

n and removal n by

of sensible heat condensing c 1

water vapor in

a refrigerator

adiabatic dew point

saturation temperature a 0

temperature

2 50

0

free moisture unbound

c 1

moisture

critical free equilibrium

moisture moisture d 1

content content

the solute the solute

concentration of concentration

the liquid and of the gas is 0

gas phase are greater than

equal the liquid

1.77exp -6

1.22 exp -6

10050 11570

2.3 hr 2.9 hr

cm^3/sec cm^2/sec^2 0

50 150

0

sieve-plate wetted wall

0

column column

remains

0

unchanged

vacuum falling film

0

evaporator evaporator

convective all of these

0

mass transfer

increase the reduce the flow

pressure drop rate across the

0

in the tower column

rate is stages is 0

maximum infinite

0.51 0.68

0.71 0.65

0

20.9 22.4

0

0

rate of function of the

0

deformation. shear rate of

deformation.

incompressible incompressible

0

& inviscid

1.84 0.25

0

101.3 61

0

0

velocity

venturi rotameter

0

coefficient of cross-sectional

0

discharge area

velocity head static head 0

<5 0 0

Centrifugal Diaphragm

0

pump pump

34 ft 8 ft

0

needle gate 0

resemble are easy to

closely to control

0

isothermal

compression

1.5 5 0

fans compressors

0

viscosity surface tension

0

0.189 kg 0.198 kg

continuous distillation

distillation operating at 0

without reflux total reflux

less number of high reflux ratio

0

trays

an irreversible always in

phenomenon equilibrium 0

because these

two mean the 0

same thing

low gas velocity bubble cups 0

solvent phase underflow 0

Absorption Stripping

0

3-heptanol toluene

0

P.D. No. 232 P.D. No. 826 0

it depends not governed

by law 0

21 23

0

industrial a technical

applicability solution to 0

problem

request claims

0

Environmental Environmental

Impact Critical Project 0

Assessment

petroleum detergents

0

it poisons the all that are

catalyst in the mentioned

0

refining process

builders perfume

0

copolymerizatio natural

0

n

polymerization alkylation

0

retarders fillers 0

opacifier filler 0

cellulose waste

0

evaporation crystallization

0

bleaching calendering 0

xylem lignin 0

Dichlorodipheny diphenyldichlor

ldichlorobutane otriphenylbutan 0

e

oxidation purification 0

thinner anti-skinning

0

agent

increase give elasticity

atmospheric and prevent

0

oxidation cracking of the

film

an inorganic thermosetting

0

polymer plastic

vulcanization calendering

0

pesticide polyester 0

polyester pigment 0

0.68 0.77

0

description of a 0

system

a reversible and constant

constant enthalpy

0

entropy process process

+1.57 kJ +2.27 kJ

0

reversible irreversible

0

carnot Helmholtz free

0

efficiency energy

Energy is Energy is being

conserved in created as time

quality but not passes. We

in quantity. have more

energy in the 0

universe now

than when time

began.

0.84 and 0.90

0

economically pressure at the

viable condensation 0

temperature

isothermal isentropic

0

equilibrium start of the

a 0

process

one isochoric, one isothermal,

one isobaric, one isochoric

and two and two

adiabatic adiabatic 0

process process

0

velocity

Mach number Power number

0

0.2 0.12

0

vertical & forces & gravity

downward in are the only 0

direction forces involved

a 1

variable

emf resistance

0

time velocity d 1

17kPa/K 0.06kPa/K

0

37.1 lb/s 317 lb/s

0

52581 393308

d 0

0

50.5 58.6

0

0

NO QUESTION A

1 A valve that controls flow by means of a disk or wedge-shaped dam gate valve

sliding at right angles to the direction of flow and seating tightly in

the valve body is a

2 The friction factor for flow through a pipe with relative roughness of 0.05

0.004 at a Reynold's No. of 80,000 is approximately equal to

3 The equation that relates friction factor and Reynold's No., smooth pipes

f=64/Reynold's No. holds for

4 Oil flows under laminar conditions inside a steam heated copper equal to the heat

pipe. The overall heat transfer coefficient is approximately transfer

coefficient of the

oil

must be done to

form co-currently

in order to

minimize the

extraction.

6 The enrichment of the vapor steam as it passes through the column evaporation

in contact with the reflux during distillation is called

7 The maximum number of plates for a given distillation system is variable reflux

obtained at

8 The correct unit for the specific rate constant for the reaction A--->B square

determined to be first order is liter/square

mol/min

9 On one side of a heat exchanger where either a condensing vapor large effect

or a boiling liquid is present, the temperature may be assumed to be

constant. In determining the logarithmic mean temperature

difference the direction of flow will have

10 For a cylinder where steady-state radial heat transfer takes place the heat flux is

constant

11 A plate holding a pool of liquid from which rises a vapor whose separation plate

average composition is in equilibrium with a liquid whose

composition is the average of that of the liquid leaving the plate is

called

12 Crystallization occurs in a solution that is concentrated

13 Mass transfer in a flowing fluid may be correlated by Sherwood,

Nusselt and

Reynold's No

14 The ratio of the average diameter of the feed to the average settling ratio

diameter of the product is the

15 The rate of formation of C for the reaction 2A + B ---> C is found to the rate of

be rate=k(A)(B) formation of C is

equal to the rate

of disappearance

of B

16 A device for increasing the velocity of a fluid in steady flow is a nozzle

17 In steady-state backmix flow reactor, composition is not constant

throughout the

reactor

18 The amount of money obtainable from the sale of used property net value

over and above any changers involved in removal and sale is called

number of

theoretical plates

20 In mass transfer where the solute in the gas phase is very soluble in the ratio of liquid

the liquid phase phase resistance

to the overall

resistance is

close to unity

21 Heat transfer in turbulent flow may be described through an Nusselt, Stanton

empirical equation correlating and Reynold's

Nos

22 Which of the following fittings exhibits the highest pressure drop for 90-degree long

the same flow conditions? radius elbow

23 A chamber into which steam from a high pressure line can be bled switching bank

during periods of low steam demand from the power plant is called

24 Which one of the following pipes has the highest relative 2" diameter

roughness? Wrought iron pipe

varying resistances, the heat transfer rate towards the

direction of heat

transfer

26 Reactions whereby reactants proceed along several paths and give polymeric

different products are reactions

27 Which one among the following materials has the best insulating window glass

property?

28 An operation where warm vapor mixture is cooled such as by evaporation

contact with a liquid resulting in condensation and decreased

humidity is

29 The pressure exerted on a plane parallel to the direction of flow of a gauge pressure

moving fluid is called

30 For mass transfer to take place, there must be a phase change

tmeperature is at 80 deg F. in analyzing the heat transfer through

the condensate film, it is best to evaluate the liquid properties at

32 The diffusity of water in air at 100 deg F in sq.cm./sec is 0.26

33 A fluid flowing at a rate of 25 cubic meters per hour inside a 60 mm 5.9

I.D. pipe has an average velocity in meter per sec equal to

34 An equimolar mixture of benzene and toluene is subjected to a 66.6

single batch distillation. Distillation is discontinued when 60% of the

benzene in the feed is distilled. At this instance the bottom product

when analyzed shows benzene to be 36.4 mole%. In the distillate,

the mole% of benzene is

35 When 32 kg of methane is burned completely the theoretical oxygen 16 kg

required is

36 The standard heat of reaction for the production of water gas, in 32.2

kcal/gmole, as given by the equation: C(s) + H2O(g) = CO(g) +

H2(g) is

37 A rectangular duct 4 ft x 1.5 ft in cross section carries conditioned 4

air. In determining the pressure drop through the duct the equivalent

diameter in ft may be used which in this case is

38 A gas decomposition reaction has an activation energy of 245 over 100,000 but

kJ/mol. The rate of reaction can be accelerated by using a platinum less than a million

catalyst where the activation energy for the resulting catalyzed

reactions is lower at 136 kJ/mol. Using Arrhenius' law and assuming

the frequency factor remains the same the catalyzed reaction is

faster than the original reaction by a factor of

39 Water at 100 deg F is flowing through a straight 4-in Sch 40 pipe at 0.04

a rate of 1.0 gal/min. The length of the pipe is 10 ft. The velocity at

the center of the pipe in ft per sec is

40 A metallic rod 2 cm in diameter is used as a heating element. The 4440000

thermal conductivity is 370 J/sec.sq.m.degC. The surface

temperature is maintained at 200 deg C. For the center of the rod

not to exceed 500 deg C, the maximum volumetric heat generation

rate within the metallic rod in J/sec cu.m. must be

41 This is a steady state temperature reached by a small amount of wet-bulb

liquid evaporating into a large amount of unsaturated vapor-gas temperature

mixture.

42 Air, supplied at the rate of 1200 cfm to a refrigerated coil, has a 74.3

relative humidity of 20% and dry bulb temperature of 150 deg F.

The mass flow of dry air entering per minute is

43 In adiabatic humidification, it is possible to maintain the temperature according to the

of water constant since phase rule, the

degrees of

freedom is 3

44 An air-carbon tetrachloride vapor mixture at 100 deg F dry bulb and 0.1

60 deg F wet bulb is heated until the temperature reaches 180 deg

F. the final percent relative humidity is about

45 The portion of water in the wet solid that cannot be removed by the free moisture

air in its contact is called

46 This type of drier is used for drying pasty materials such as wet filter rotary drier

cakes and lumpy solids

47 In the constant-rate period, the rate of drying is established by a balance of the

heat requirements

for evaporation

and the rate at

which heat

reaches the

surface

48 Unbound moisture in granular and porous solid moves through the desorption

intertices of the solid by a mechanism involving

49 Wet solid is to be dried from 40% to 10% in 5 hours under constant 0.542 hrs

drying conditions. The critical moisture content is 20% and the

equilibrium moisture content is 7%. All moisture contents are on dry

basis. The time needed to dry from 15% to 5% free moisture under

the same drying conditions is

50 If the rate of drying under constant drying conditions with air at 140 0.12

deg F and absolute humidity of 0.03 lb water per lb dry air of

unknown mass of solid is given by R=0.5-exp(-60X) [in lb water/hr-

sqft], then the equilibrium moisture content (db) of the material is

51 In drying at the falling rate period, the rate at which moisture is remains constant

removed from the solid material

52 The major problem in diffusion is to promote diffusion of the solute to reduce the

out of the solid and into the liquid. The most effective way of doing solid to the

this is smallest size

feasible

53 A slurry flaked soybeans weighing 100 kg contains 75 kg inert solids 0.3

and 25 kg of solution 10 weight % oil and 90% wt solvent hexane.

This slurry is contacted with 100 kg pure hexane in a single stage so

that the value of retention for the outlet underflow is 1.5 kg of

insoluble solid per kg solvent in the adhering solution. The

composition of underflow leaving the extraction stage in %wt oil is

lb per hour using n-hexane containing 5% oil as solvent. A

countercurrent mulitple stage extraction system is to be used. The

meal retains 2 lb of solvent per pound of oil free meal while the

residual charge contain 0.11 lb oil per lb oil free meal while the

product is conposed of 15% oil. The theoretical number of ideal

stages is

55 The movement of molecules over a substantial distance is convection

associated with the transfer of heat by

56 The mode of heat transfer that can take place in a vacuum is known convection

as

57 The overall conductance for a composite material in series is equal sum of the

to the individual

conductances

58 Film and drop are terms associated with boiling

59 A 6-in Sch 80 steel pipe is carrying glycerin at an average 99.95

temperature of 100 deg F. The pipe is uninsulated, and the outside

temperature is 30 deg F. The inside film conductance is 1000 Btu/h-

ft-degF while the outside film conductance is 3.0 Btu/h-sq.ft.-degF.

Determine the heat lost [Btu] per minute from a 75-ft length of the

pipe. Glycerine is flowing at 800 gpm.

60 An oak (k=0.096 Btu/h-ft-degF) door, 30 in wide, 78 in high, and 2 in 97

thick, has 9 glass (k=0.45 Btu/h-ft-degF) windows, each 6 in by 8 in

by 1/4 in thick. Determine the amount of heat lost [Btu] each day

with a surface-to-surface temperature difference of 80 deg F.

61 Determine the length needed for a simple concentric-tube, parallel 185.5 m

flow heat exchanger to transfer heat from hot water to cold water at

a rate of 900 W. The heat exchanger consists of two Type K copper

(k=386 W/m-degC) tubes. The smaller tube has an inside diameter

of 49.8 mm and an outside diameter of 54.0 mm. Assume that both

film coefficients are equal to 100 W/sq.m.-degC. The hot water

enters at 90 degC and leaves at 50 degC, and the cold water enters

at 10 degC and leaves at 40 degC.

62 A saturated solution containing 1500 kg of potassium chloride at 4301 kg

360 K is cooled in an open tank to 290K. If the specific gravity of the

solution is 1.2, the solubility of potassium chloride per 100 parts of

water is 53.55 at 360K and 34.5 at 290K, calculate the amount of

crystals obtained assuming that loss of water by evaporation is

negligible.

63 An evaporator, working at atmospheric pressure, is to concentrate a 55.8 sq.m.

solution from 5% to 20% solids at the rate of 1.25 kg/s. The solution

which has a specific heat of 4.18 kJ/kg-K is fed to the evpaorator at

295K and boils at 380K. Dry saturated steam at 240 kPa is fed to

the calandria and the condensate leaves at the temperature of the

condensing steam. If the heat transfer coefficient is 2.3 kW/sq.m-K,

what is the required area of heat transfer surface. The latent heat of

vaporization maybe taken as the same as that of water.

64 2.5 kg/s of a solution at 288K containing 10% dissolved solids is fed 115 kPa

to a forward-feed double effect evaporator operating at a pressure

of 14 kPa in the last effect. If the product is to consist of a liquid

containing 50% by weight of dissolved solids and dry saturated

steam is fed to the steam coils, what should be the pressure of the

steam? The surface in each effect is 50 sq.m. and the coefficients

for heat transfer in the first and second effects are 2.8 and 1.7

kW/sq.m.-K respectively. Assume that the concentrated solution

exhibits a boiling point rise of 5 degK, that the latent heat has a

constant value of 2260 kJ/kg and that the specific heat of the liquid

stream is constant at 3.75 kJ/kgK.

65 An acetone-air mixture containing 0.015 mol fraction of acetone has 10.92

the mol fraction reduced to 1% of this value by countercurrent

absorption with water in a packed tower. The gas flow-rate G is 1

kg/sq.m-s of air and the water entering is 1.6 kg/sq.m-s. For this

system, Henry's law holds and Ye=1.75x, where Ye is the mol

fraction of acetone in the vapour in equilibrium with a mol fraction x

in the liquid. How many overall transfer units are required?

66 A still has a liquor composition of ortho-xylen 10%, meta-xylene 37

65%, para-xylene 17%, benzene 4%, and ethylbenzene 4%. How

many plates at total reflux are required to give a product of 80%

meta-xylene and 14% para-xylene? The data are given as mole

percent.

67 A mixture of alcohol and water with 0.45 mol fraction of alcohol is to 10

be continuously distilled in a column so as to give a top product of

0.825 mol fraction alcohol and a liquor at the bottom with 0.05 mol

fraction alcohol. How many theoretical plates are required if the

reflux ratio used is 3?

68 Prepared cottonseed meats containing 35% extractable oil are fed 72.2

to a continuous countercurrent extractor of the intermittent drainage

type using hexane as solvent. The extractor consists of ten

sections, the section efficiency being 50%. The entrainment,

assumed constant, is 1 kg solution/kg solids. What will be the oil

concentration in the outflowing solvent if the extractable oil content

in the meats is to be reduced to 0.5% by weight?

69 0.4 kg/s of dry seashore sand, containing 1% by weight of salt, is to 0.49

be washed with 0.4 kg/s of fresh water running countercurrent to the

sand through two classifiers in series. Assume that perfect mixing of

the sand and water occurs in each classifier and that the sand

discharged from each classifier contains one part of water for every

two of sand (by weight). If the washed sand is dried in a kiln drier,

what percent of salt will it retain?

70 Forty-five pounds per minute of water is heated from 60 to 180 deg 2173

F in a 5/8 in., 16 BWG heat exchanger tube. If the steam

condensing at 260 deg F, on the outside of the tube gives an hо of

1000 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF, calculate the inside heat transfer coefficient

[Btu/hr-cu.ft-degF].

71 How many cu.ft. per minute of entering air is needed to evaporate 12.54

10 lb of water per hour from a rayon, if the air enters at 80 deg F

and 25% humidity and leaves at 170 deg F and 55% relative

humidity. The operating pressure is 14.3 psia.

72 Nicotine is to be extracted from water using kerosene. If 100 lb of a 64.5

2% nicotene solution is extracted once with 200 lb of kerosene,

what percent of the nicotene is extracted? {Equilibrium data: Y[lb

nicotene/lb kerosene] = 0.90X [lb nicotene/lb water]}

73 We must cool 2500 gpm of water from 120 to 80 deg F. A cooling 77.2

tower, at 70 deg F and 1 atm, is to be designed to operate with

entering air of 40% relative humidity. How many gpm of makeup

water must be supplied if windage loss is 95% of the amount lost by

evaporation.

74 We wish to build an economical cold room 20 ft square and 10 ft 3537

high. The outside temperature is 80 deg F and te room is to be

maintained at 0 deg F. The boss has suggested parallel wooden

outer and inner walls separated by a 6-in air space. What will be the

heat loss [Btu/hr] through each wall?

75 A colloidal solution is to be concentrated from 15 to 65% solids. The 10500

specific heat of the feed, entering at 50 deg F is 0.93. The pressure

of the saturated steam to the evaporator is 10 psia; the condenser

pressure is 5-in. Hg abs. The steam chest has an overall heat

transfer coefficient of 200 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF. Water must be

evaporated at the rate of 35,000 lb/hr. Neglecting boiling point

elevation, what is the steam consumption [lb/hr]?

76 What is the settling time [sec] for galena particles to settle under 38.1

free settling conditions through 5 ft of water at 50 deg F. Galena is

spherical in shape, with specific gravity and 0.01 inch in diameter.

10-ft depth of liquid. How long [t in sec] does it take to drain the tank

if the valve is assumed to be equivalent to a 4-in diameter orifice?

The liquid density is 60 lb/cu.ft.

78 What size sharp-edged orifice [inches] was in use if a flow of 120 2.21

gpm produced a 4-in Hg differential in a 4-in Schedule 40 pipe. The

fluid, measured at 60 degF, had a viscosity of 1 cSt and a specific

gravity of 1.

79 Seven hundred gallons per minute of water are being discharged by 63

a centrifugal pump 5 ft above the pump inlet. The inlet pressure is

4-in Hg above atmospheric and the discharge pressure is 29 psia. If

the pump has an 8-inch diameter inlet and a 4-inch diameter

discharge, calculate the pump efficiency.

80 Determine the net positive suction head available to a centrifugal 34.2

pump when the level of water is just at the suction point. The

pumped fluid is water at 140 deg F and it is pumped from an

atmospheric tank at 250 gpm. The tank suction point is 7 ft above

the pump. The piping is 5-in Schedule 40, 10-ft long with two short

radius 90 deg elbows. [Use density=61.38 lb/cuft, Pv=2.89 psi,

viscosity=0.47 cP]

81 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe. A pitot 11.61

tube in the pipe shows a 3-inch Hg differential. If the pitot tube is

located at the center of the pipe, what is the mass flow rate of the

water [lb/s]?

82 The gas phase irreversible reaction A+B---->C is elementary. The 113

entering flow rate of A is 10 mol/min and is equal molar in A and B.

The entering concentration of A is 0.4 mol/L. What CSTR volume [L]

is necessary to achieve 90% conversion?

83 The irreversible zero order gas phase dimerization 2A ----->A2 is 0.15

carried out in a packed bed reactor with 5 kg of catalyst. The

entering pressure is 10 atm and the exit pressure is 1 atm. Pure A

enters at a flow rate of 10 mol/min. The reaction is zero order in A.

What is the exit conversion?

84 The gas phase reaction 2A+B----->C is carried out in a PFR. The [B]=0.4(1-x)/(1-

feed is equal molar in A and B and the entering temperature is 500K 0.5x)

and the entering pressure is 16.4 atm. If the exit conversion is x,

then the exit concentration of B is

85 Heat is generated in a 2.5 cm square copper rod at the rate of 75.2

35.3e6 W/cu.m. The rod is exposed to a convection environment at

20 deg C where the convection heat transfer coefficient is 4

kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine the surface temperature [deg C] of the

rod.

86 A 5cm diameter cylinder is maintained at a constant temperature of 13

200 deg C and it is "completely enclosed" by a wind tunnel test

chamber, walls of which are at 10 deg C. Air at 350K is forced

across the cylinder at a velocity of 50 m/s (h=180 W/m-degC). If the

surface emissivity of the cylinder is 0.7, determine the total (i.e.,

convective and radiative) heat transfer from the cylinder [W per

meter length].

87 A building wall consists of a 6-in of concrete (kc= 0.7 Btu/hr-ft- 0.03

degF), 2 in of fiber insulating board, and 3/8 in of gypsum board

(kg=0.03 Btu/hr-ft-degF). The inside and outside heat transfer

coefficients are 2 and 7 Btu/hr-sqft-degF, respectively. The inside

temperature is 72 degF and the outside temperature is 20 degF.

Determine the overall heat transfer coefficient for this wall [Btu/hr-

sqft-degF].

88 Current is passed through a cylindrical laboratory heater, which has 325

a 3 cm diameter, generating heat at the rate of 20 MW/cu.m. The

heater is exposed to a convection environment at 25 degC where

the convection heat transfer coefficient is 0.5 kW/sq.m.-degC.

Determine its surface temperature [degC].

89 A straight rectangular fin has a length of 3.5 cm, a thickness of 1.5 1500 W

mm, and is made of a material characterized by thermal conductivity

of 255 W/m-degC. The fin is exposed to a convection environment

at 20 degC and h=1.5 kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine the maximum

possible heat transfer from this fin for the base temperature of 150

degC.

90 A gaseous fuel is composed of 20% methane( CH4), 40% ethane 1

(C2H6) and 40% propane (C3H8), where all percentages are by

volume. The volumetric analysis of the dry products of combustion

(ie. everything except the water) for this fuel gives 10.6% carbon

dioxide (CO2), 3% oxygen (O2), 1% carbon monoxide (CO) and

85.4% nitrogen (N2). Determine the air fuel ratio on a mass basis

for this reaction.

91 Dodecane (C12H26) gas at 25 degC is burned in a steady flow 170

combustion chamber with 20% excess air that enters at -23.15

degC. The products leave the combustion chamber at 500K.

Assuming steady operating conditions and complete combustion,

determine the required mass flow rate of the dodecane to supply

heat at a rate of 1.5 kW [kg/s].

92 Two rooms A and B of identical volume are connected by an open A

doorway. The thermostat in the rooms are set so that Ta<Tb. Which

room contains more air molecules?

93 If the absolute temperature of a gas is doubled, the mean speed of is doubled.

the gas molecules

94 When ice cubes melt in a glass of water, the temperature of the increases.

resulting mixture of water and ice

95 In all naturally occurring processes, the entropy of the universe increases.

comfortably heated in winter by a device that draws heat into the should be

building from the earth, even though the temperature of the earth is rejected because

lower than the desired temperature inside the building. He further it violates the first

claims that the quantity of heat supplied to the building in a given law of

time period can significantly exceed the work done by the device Thermodynamics.

during the same period. If you were a patent clerk (like the young

Albert Einstein), what should be your recommendation about the

application?

97 A fixture containing an ordinary incandescent light bulb is connected doubles.

to a dimmer switch. The dimmer is adjusted so that the temperature

of the tungsten filament inside the bulb increases from 1300K to

2600K. The total power radiated by the bulb

98 A 30 MW geothermal electric power plant uses hot steam from the 2.5 e8

earth at 157 deg C to heat and vaporize isobutane, which turns a

turbine that is connected to a generator. The isobutane is

subsequently cooled to 27 degC using fans and condensed back to

a liquid. The overall efficiency of the plant is 40% of the ideal

(Carnot) efficiency. How many joules of heat must be released to

the atmosphere per second?

99 The material which remains unchanged in a process is limiting reactant

100 The ratio of the total quantity of a reactant present in the reactor recycle ratio

feed of a recycling operation to the quantity of the same reactant

entering the operation as fresh feed is the

101 The heating value measured when water formed from combustion is Gross Calorific

in the liquid state. Value

102 In the combustion of solid fuels, the tie element between the feed cooked coal

and the refuse is the

103 The coal analysis which is based upon the volatilization Proximate

characteristics of the fuel is analysis

104 An Orsat analysis of the flue gas when pyrite is roasted is on a SO2-free basis

105 The empirical relation which allows one to compute for the net Calderwood

hydrogen in a given solid fuel is the equation

107 A furnace completely burns coal containing 70%C. Analysis of the 1.2

flue gas shows 15% CO2, 4% O2, 81% N2, and no CO. What is the

% of the net hydrogen in the coal?

108 Which has the lowest water content? dew point at

20degC

109 A contract was made between a buyer and a paper manufacturer PhP 405

for paper containing 5% moisture at PhP450/tonne FOB on

specifications that price adjustment will be made if the quality is

different. How much should the buyer pay for 1 tonne of paper with

8% moisture content? Freiht cost is PhP45/tonne.

110 One drier will dry a material from 45% moisture (wb) to 20% 0.01

moisture (db). From here the material enters another drier where

the water content is further reduced to give a final product weighing

1000 kg. If the total evporation from both driers is 800 kg, the

moisture of the final product is

111 An experimental oil is used to distill 6000 kg.hr of Athabasta tar 2250

sand which analyzes 30% 'heavy oil', 'light oil', and non-volatile

matter. If the distillate contains 12 % heavy oil and this constitutes

25% recovery of the component, the weight in kg of the distillate

obtained is

112 Coal fired in a furnace has a heating value of 13800 Btu/lb and 4.22

contains 78.05%C and 1.2%S. The proximate analysis shows 4%M,

24%FC, 8%A and the analysis of the refuse shows 8%VCM,

25%FC and 32% ash. Calculate the % of C lost in the refuse.

113 Ninety grams of ethane and 384 grams of oxygen are fed 0.8

continuously to a laboratory furnace. The total combustion products

collected was 16.2 gmole with no carbon dioxide. However, not all

of the ethane was burned due to faulty combustion. The fraction of

ethane that was burned is equal to

114 The furnace at the Bataan refinery is using a fuel gas which 63.25

contains methane, ethane and 20% nitrogen. The orsat analysis of

the combustion products showed 7.8% CO2, 7.4% O2, and 84.8%

N2. The gas is burned with excess air. The % methane in the fuel

gas is

115 Pyrite containing 78% FeS2 and 22% gangue is burned with excess 3.52

air to produce a stack gas with the following analysis: 7.29% SO2,

8.92%O2, 82.44%N2 and 1.35%SO3. If the cinder was found to

have a partial analysis of 62.10% Fe2O3, the % of FeS2 lost in the

pyrite is

116 The unit of k for a 1st order elementary reaction is 1/time

117 If the temperature of a chemical reaction is raised by 10 degC, the 4

rate of reaction is increased by a factor of

118 The E of a reaction may be lowered by increasing

temperature

119 The mechanism of a reaction can sometimes be deduced from the activation

energy

120 The equilibrium constant in a reversible chemical reaction at a given depends on the

temperature initial conc of the

reactants

121 If the volume of a reaction vessel is suddenly reduced to one half its 2

original volume the rate will increase by a factor of

122 The rate of reaction is not influenced by conc of the

reactants

123 The net rate of reaction of an intermediate is 0

124 A reaction is known to be first order in A. A straight line will be log Ca vs time

obtained by plotting

125 If the reaction 2A ---> B+C is second order, which of the following Ca^2 vs time

plots will give a straight line?

126 For the reaction A+B ---> 2C, when Ca is doubled the rate doubles, -ra = k Ca^2 Cb^4

when Cb is doubled the rate increases fourfold. The rate law is

127 It states that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the Le Chatelier's

activity of the reactants. principle

128 The half life of a material undergoing second order decay is proportional to the

square of the

initial conc

129 A fluid flows through 2 CSTR in series. Each reactor has a capacity 66.8

of 400,000 L and the fluid enters at 100 L per hr. The fluid

undergoes a first order decay with a half life of 24 hours. Find the

conversion of the fluid.

130 A first order reaction has a specific rate constant of 3e-3 per sec. 0.0021 s

The half life is

131 A certain reaction is 1st order in A. In 30 min, the concentration of A 45.1 min

decreases from 0.55 to 0.15 mol/L. The time it will take for A to

decrease from 0.35 to 0.15 mol/L is

132 A gas decomposes at 900 degC according to 2A--->2R+S with a 3.83

rate constant of 1000 cc/gmol-s using pure A. The time it will take to

react 80% of A in a batch reactor at 900 degC and 1 atm in min is

133 Calculate the length of a chlorinating pipe line with diameter of 0.6 25.36 m

m required to kill 95% of the bacteria in waste water flowing at 0.05

cu.m/s. Test shows that 95.33% kill is obtained in 5 minutes when

treated with 5 mg/L of chlorine. Chlorine disinfection kinetics is

given by the equation: dC/dt = k Ct^1.5 where C = number of

bacteria. Assume that the same concentration of chlorine is used in

actual treatment operation.

134 The set of data given below is for the parallel reaction: a---k1-->2R, 0.17

a---k2-->S. At t=0, Ca=15 moles/cuft, Cr = 1 mole/cuft, Cs=1

mole/cuft; At t=1 hr, Cro = 9 moles/cuft, Cs = 3 moles/cuft. The

value of K2 per hour is

135 A batch reaction 2D+E----->F has a conversion factor expressed by 257

the equation r =0.24 t^0.5 where r = conversion factor based on

the reactant E; t = time in hours which ranges from 0.5 to 16 hours

per batch depending upon the process variables. The average

molecular weight of the feed is 60 and a density of 1.4 g/cc. The

feed consists of 2 kgmole of D and 1 kgmole of E. The charging,

cleaning and discharging time per batch is 2.5 hrs and the volume

of the reactor is twice the volume of the feed. Assume 300 days per

year and 12 hours operation/day. The volume of the reactor in liters

is

136 A container holds 100 gal of salt solution containing 50 lb of 0.73

dissolved salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a layer of

rock salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a layer of rock

salt whose surface is practically constant. The salt dissolved into the

solution according to r = k(C-3) where C is the concentration of the

brine expressed in lb/gal. If the water in the tank were fresh, the rate

of solution would be 1.0 lb/min. Fresh water enters at 3 gpm and

brine overflows at the same rate. Assume constant volume at any

brine concentration, the concentration of brine in container after 1

hour in lb/gal of salt is

137 An aqueous solution of ethyl acetate is to be saponified with NaOH. 10.3

The initial concentration of the ethyl acetate is 5 g/L and that of the

caustic soda is 0.10M. Values of the second order rate constant in

L/gmole-min are k = 23.5 at 0 degC; k = 92.4 at 20 degC. The

reaction is essentially irreversible. The time required to saponify

95% of the water at 40 deg C is

138 At 500K the rate of bimolecular reaction is 10 times the rate at 8150

400K. Find E in cal, the activation energy for this reaction from

Arrhenius Law.

139 The reaction A+2B--->R is 1st order with respect to each reactant. If Cao/2m

equimolar amounts of A and B are introduced into a constant-

volume reactor and (1/m) th of A remains after t1, how much will

remain after t2=2t1?

140 When the 1st order homogeneous reaction (gas-phase) A--->2.5R 43.1

is carried out in an isothermal batch reactor at 2 atm with 20% inerts

present, the volume increases by 60% in 20 min. When the reaction

is carried out in a constant volume reactor, the time required for the

pressure to reach 8 atm if the initial pressure is 5 atm, 2 atm of

which consist of inerts in min is

141 When the ID of the pipe through which a fluid flows is doubled, the 1/8

pressure loss due to friction per unit length of pipe and for the same

volumetric flow rate is changed by approximately a factor of

142 When two centrifugal pumps are connected in series, the discharge 1/2

changes by a factor of

143 When two reciprocating pumps are connected in parallel, the 1/2

volumetric capacity of the system changes by a factor of

144 The pressure drop in a pipeline changes by a factor of _____ when 1/2

the velocity of the flowing fluid is doubled.

145 Cavitation occurs in a centrifugal pump when the discharge

pressure

becomes too high

146 Oil with a viscosity of 30 cP and a density of 60 lb/cu.ft. flows 0.63

through a 1/2-inch inside diameter pipe. Determine the velocity in

fps below which flow will be laminar.

147 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch inside diameter smooth 1.05

horizontal pipe. If the Reynold's number is 353000, calculate the

ratio of maximum velocity to average velocity.

148 The pressure after the pump in a 6-inch inside diameter smooth 0.6

pipe conducting water is 20 psia. The water is discharged at an

open tank 100 ft from the pump. Calculate the rate of discharge of

water in cu.ft/s.

149 A water storage tank assumes the supply of water into a factory. PhP 3300

Water is supplied to the tank through a booster pump installed in

the water line. The theoretical pump horsepower required is 3.25

hp. What is the monthly operating cost of the pump if electric power

cost on the average is PhP 3.73/kWh. The pump is 65% efficient

and operates for 12 hr a day.

150 When the impeller speed of an ideal centrifugal pump is doubled, 1/2

the vol. flow rate of discharge is increased by a factor of

151 The differential height between two points which a fluid has to be potential head

transferred is the

152 The resistance of a layer of fluid to flow over the next layer is viscosity

measured by

153 An axial flow pump operating at a speed of 880 rpm can supply 20

water at a rate of 3000 gpm. The maximum head that this pump can

deliver in ft. of water is

154 Specify the type of open impeller pump to use if the capacity is 400 3x2x8.5E

gpm at a head of 200 ft of water.

155 What will be the rated capacity [gpm] of a 4-1/2 inch impeller 95

centrifugal pump operating at a speed of 3450 rpm capable of

generating a head of 40 ft of water.

156 If the speed of a centrifugal pump is doubled, the energy 2

requirement becomes approximately ___ times the original energy

requirement.

157 A cylindrical tank 1 ft in diameter discharges through a nozzle 32

connected to the base. Find the time needed for the water level in

the tank to drop from 4 ft to 2 ft above the nozzle. The diameter of

the nozzle is 1 inch and its discharge coefficient maybe taken as

unity.

158 The NPSH of a single suction centrifugal hot water pump at a speed 15

of 3550 rpm operating at a pressure of 600 psi and a capacity of

450 gpm is ___ ft.

159 The rate of evaporation at a given operating temperature in a n when the

evaporator is more when operating

pressure is high

160 An optimim number of the effects for a given application is a capacity

function of the

161 A popular type of heat exchanger for cooling large quantities of fluid double-pipe

is the

162 An evaporator is used to concentrate 10,000 lb/hr of a 20% solution 0.82

of NaOH in water at 140 oF using saturated steam at 25 psia at a

rate of 7,000 lb/hr. The OHTC is 275 BTU/hr-ft 2-oF when the

pressure in the vapor is 1.7 psia. The steam economy, SE, is

163 A cross flow heat exchanger uses mixed air at 4 kg/s that enters at 22.2 m2

15oC and leaves at 45 oC. The air cools unmixed water, which

enters at 95 oC and 0.70 kg/s. The OHTC equals 150 W/m 2-oC.

After several months of operation, a scale resistance of 0.002 m 2-

o

C/W developed. 16. The heat transfer area required to accomplish

the change is

164 As solution of 28% wt Na 2SO4 is to be crystallized to yield Glauber 285.3

salt in a four section (one section is 10 ft in length) Swenson Walker

Crystallizer. It is fed to the unit at 120 oF and cooled to 60 oF using

cooling water which enters at 50 oF and leaves at 70 oF. The

crystallizer has a cooling surface of 3 ft 2 per foot of length. The feed

rate is 500 lb/hr and the crystallizer is seeded with 50 lb/hr of 65

mesh crystals. 19. The amount of the crystalline crop (C) produced

in lb per hour is

165 An insulator should have low thermal

conductivity

166 Fouling factor is a

dimensionless

quantity

between a gas

and a liquid

169 Dropwise condensation occurs on clean and dirt free

surfaces

170 Dietus-Boelter equation for determination of heat transfer co- for liquid metals

efficient is valid

moving in an air stream or pressure less than ambient.

172 If the total percentage of particles larger than the screen opening in 0.98

the feed, oversize, undersize are 36%, 89% and 3%, respectively,

the effectiveness of the screen if the undersize is the product is

tons/hr at a speed of 50 ft/min is

174 It is defined as the ratio of the average diameter of the feed to the settling ratio

average diameter of the product.

175 The sphericity of cubical particles is 1

176 The separation of a dilute slurry or suspension by gravity settling thickening

into a clear fluid and a slurry or suspension by gravity settling into a

clear fluid and a slurry of higher solids content is called

177 An ultracentrifuge is used to separate high-molecular weight temperature

fractions in polymeric or biological systems. What is the gradient for

mass transfer in the separation using this mass transfer device?

178 Ordinary diffusion takes place because of ___ driving force. temperature

179 What are the two limiting cases of steady-state diffusion? UMD and EMD

180 Which of the following is not true in (binary) equimolar counter- DAB = DBA

diffusion?

181 A fluid is flowing on a surface, which contains a component that Knudsen region

leaches out to the fluid. Assuming that all the 3 regions of mass

transfer are present, in which of these regions is diffusion

controlling?

182 In unsteady-state mass transfer, the quantity (D ABt/rm^2) is referred to unaccomplished

as change

183 What is the equivalent of Prandtl number in convective mass Sc

transfer?

184 If kx > ky, then the controlling phase is the liquid phase

186 Which of the following processes may always be regarded as a cooling of air

constant- humidity process?

187 Air conditioning in tropical countries involves humidification by

a process similar

to that in a cooling

tower

188 What do you call the steady-state non-equilibrium temperature dry-bulb

reached when a small amount of water is contacted under adiabatic temperature

conditions by a continuous stream of gas?

189 The moisture content of a solid is given as 50% wet basis. What is 0.5

the moisture content, dry basis?

190 The moisture that can be removed by drying is called equilibrium

moisture

191 Falling-period in drying terminates at the end of constant-

rate period

192 Which is not true at the interphase of a gas scrubbing operation? the solute

concentration of

the gas is less

than that of the

bulk

193 He and N2 gas are contained in a conduit 5 mm in diameter and a 2.35 exp -5

0.1 m long at 298 K and a uniform pressure of He at one end of the

tube is 0.6 atm and 0.02 atm at the other end. Assuming equimolar

countercurrent diffusion, the flux in kmol/s-m 2 is

194 100 m3/hr of air at 60°C and 20% RH is needed for a chemical 5280

reactor. This will be obtained from process air at 60 °C and 10% RH

by humidifying adiabatically the process air followed by heating to its

original temperature. The wattage of the heater at 80% efficiency is

constant drying condition. Critical and equilibrium moisture contents

are 14 and 4% respectively. Calculate how much longer will it take

to dry the same material from 8% to 5.5% moisture under constant

drying condition. All moisture contents are on a dry basis.

197 If reflux to a distillation column is 100 moles/hr, when the overhead 0.5

product rate is 50 moles/hr. the reflux ratio is

198 Which of the following pr ovides maximum contact surface for a packed lower

liquid-vapour system?

199 In extraction, as the temperature increases, the area of decreases

heterogeneity (area covered by bimodal curve)

200 The suitable evaporator for concentration of foaming liquids is long tube

evaporator

201 Macroscopic transfer of mass between moving fluid and surface molecular

which is of different concentration is called diffusion

202 For a packed column the main purpose of packing is to strengthen the

column

203 In a gas absorption operation, when the operating line crosses the the NTU is zero

equilibrium curve

204 Methanol diffuses in 0.15 cm stagnant film of 1:1 mole mixture of 0.15

hydrogen and CO2 at 100oC and 2 atm. The partial pressures of

methanol on both sides are 0.6 and 0.2 atm. The average diffusivity

of methanol in the hydrogen and CO 2 at 0 oC and 1 atm in cm 2/s is

(-rA = 0.5 CA mole/L-min). The feed, which consists of 70% A and

30% inert, enters a 1.5-m 3 CSTR at a flow rate of 150 L/min. 4. If

CA0 = 0.30 mole/L, what is the conversion, XA?

206 Between 0 degC and 50 degC, the average activation energy of a 14.7

certain reaction is 80 kJ/mol. How many times faster will the

reaction occur at 300 K than at 275 K?

207 Consider a gas-phase reaction 2A ---> R + 2S with unknown 0.54 min

kinetics. A space velocity of 0.8/min is needed for 95% conversion

of A in a PFR. Find the mean residence time or holding time of the

fluid in the PFR.

208 For Newtonian fluids, the shear stress is constant.

210 Water flows through an 8-in (ID=7.981 in) steel pipe at an average 10.58

velocity of 6 ft/s. Downstream the pipe splits into an 8-in main and a

2 in (ID=2.067 in) bypass pipes. If the velocity in the bypass is twice

the velocity of the main pipe, the volumetric flow rate [ft 3/s] in the

main pipe is

211 An imaginary line within a fluid flow such that a tangent at any point stream tube

indicates the direction of flow at that point.

212 Air at 250C [viscosity=0.018 cP] enters a section of 2-in schedule 40 350

commercial steel pipe at a gauge pressure of 310 kPa and a flow

rate of 1200 kg/h. Assuming isothermal flow, what is the pressure

drop [kPa] in 60 m of pipe?

213 A simple pitot tube measures acoustical velocity

214 Which of the following meters will have the highest permanent pitot tube

pressure loss?

215 In the flow meter equation, Y, indicates the mass flow rate

217 Stoke’s law is valid when the particle Reynolds number is <1

218 Priming needed in a Reciprocating

pump

219 Maximum theoretical suction lift for water at 60˚F by a centrifugal 40 ft

pump is 34 ft. The same for water at 200˚F will be

220 The most economical valve for use with large diameter pipes. butterfly

221 Multistage compressors are used in industry because, they reduce the cost of

compressor

223 of the following produces maximum pressure difference for vacuum pumps

transportation of gases?

224 The fluid property which matters for falling rain drops to acquire pressure

spherical shape is its

225 A wastewater solution having a volume of 1000 L contains 0.21 kg 0.007 kg

phenol/m3 of solution. A total of 1.40 kg fresh granular activated

carbon is added to the solution, which is then mixed thoroughly to

reach equilibrium. What is the amount of phenol absorbed per kg

carbon at equilibrium?

226 The overhead product composition decreases with time in batch distillation

with reflux

227 For a binary mixture with low relativity, continuous rectification to get low reflux ratio

pure products will require

228 Chemisorption is the same as van

der Waals

between the solid

and the solution

efficiency

231 What are the two contacting phase in leaching? extract phase and

raffinate phase

232 Hydrogen sulfide is removed from water by contacting the solution Distillation

with warm air. The operation is

233 Disregarding the cost, which is the best solvent for the extraction of caproic acid

acetic acid from an aqueous solution at 25deg C?

234 Professional Regulations Commission was created under P.D. No. 223

235 A chemical engineer who designed and built a new type pf reactor TRUE

and for three years, sold many units to the public can still patent his

reactor.

236 A person who has passed the Chemical Licensure Examination can 18

take his/her oath as a chemical engineer if his/her age is not less

than _______ years.

237 Which of the following is not a requirement for utility model inventive step

registration?

238 A section of the patent application containing detailed descriptions disclosure

of the benefits obtained from using the invention is called the

239 A document issued by the DENR secretary indicating that the Environmental

proposed project will cause significant negative environmental Impact Statement

impact.

240 In the Philippines, sulfur for sulfuric acid manufacturing is sourced paper

from _______ industry.

241 Sulfur is undesirable in petroleum because it causes engine

knocking

performance by exhibiting synergistic cleaning effect with surfactant.

244 Principal chemical conversion in the production of resin from condensation

monomer.

245 Carbon black is added to rubber compounding as activator

246 The binder for all the powder materials of paint pigment

247 A fibrous material left after cane sugar has been milled is commonly bagasse

called as

248 Molasses is a by product of raw sugar from the ______ process milling

249 Kraft process is a common name for sulfate pulping

250 Water insoluble cell binders of wood pulp

251 DDT means Diphenyldichlorotr

iphenylethane

252 Rancidity of oil can be reduced by decoloration

253 Varnish does not contain pigment

254 Plasticisers are added to paints to make it corrosion

resistant

256 The process involved in converting rubber into a thin sheet or extrusion

coating it on fabric is called

257 Alkyl benzene sulfonate (ABS) is a detergent

258 Neoprene is a monomer

259 Steam enters an adiabatic turbine at 10 MPa and 500 degC at a rate 0.23

of 3 kg/s and leaves at 0.1 MPa. If the power output of the turbine

is 2 MW, determine the turbine efficiency.

260 Work is a property of the

system

261 Throttling process is a reversible and

isothermal

process

262 A sample consisting of 1.00 mole of Argon gas is expanded 0

isothermally and reversibly at 0°C from 22.4L to 44.8L. The heat

absorbed by the system is

263 Maximum work can be obtained from a system when the change isothermal

taking place in it is

264 The ratio of work performed by a system and the heat it absorbed Entropy

from a reservoir is referred to

265 According to the first law of thermodynamics Energy is neither

lost nor gained in

any energy

transformation.

266 In a 3-stage compressor system whose isentropic efficiencies are greater than 0.85

reported to be 0.75, 0.85 and 0.84, respectively, steam initially at 10

kPa is compressed to a final pressure of 500 kPa. The overall

efficiency of the system is

267 In choosing the refrigerant, the fluid must have the following environmentally

characteristics, except benign

268 Coolers and boilers are ordinarily operated at ________ condition. isobaric

270 A carnot cycle consists of two isothermal

and two adiabatic

process

271 This is also known as the volume fraction of the voids in packed sphericity

beds.

272 A measure of the ratio of the drag force acting on a unit area of the Froude number

impeller & the inertial stress.

273 Sulfuric acid is pumped at 3 kg/s through a 60-m length of smooth 3

25 mm pipe. If the pressure drop falls by one-half, what will be the

new flow rate [kg/s]? Assume the following properties of sulfuric

acid: SG = 1.84, viscosity = 25 cP.

274 The equation del(P) = -(rho)(g) del(z) is known as the hydrostatic shear forces are

vertical law for which all the following assumptions are applied, not involved

except

275 Which of the following can be adjusted by human operator in a set point

closed feedback control loop?

276 The thermocouple is based on the Seebeck effect which states that current

a/an _____ is generated when opposite junction of certain dissimilar

pairs of wires are exposed to different temperatures.

277 Dead time is a function of distance and momentum

278 A pneumatic controller is used to control temperature within the 2.83kPa/K

range 280K to 310K. The controller is adjusted so that the output

pressure goes from 20kPa (valve fully open) to 105 Kpa (valve fully

closed) as the measured temperature goes from 295K to 300K with

the sent point held constant. What is the proportional gain?

279 The parameter which completely describes the behavior of the Time constant

response to a disturbance of a second order system is the

B C D ANSWER SCORE

butterfly valve globe valve orifice

a 1

c 1

laminar and turbulent flow laminar flow only

d 1

turbulent flow only

the average equal to the heat equal to the heat

between the heat transfer transfer coefficient of

transfer coefficient coefficient the steam

of the steam and equivalent to the d 1

that of oil resistance

offerred by the

pipe

the minimum the minimum the amount of solvent

number of stages number of stages used must be

occur when the occur when the enough to form 2

operating lines are tie line coincides phases. b 1

parallel. with an operating

line.

stripping rectification fractionation

c 1

maximum reflux minimum reflux optimum reflux

c 1

square liter/square mol/liter/min liter/mol/min

mol/square min c 1

d 1

transfer rate is constant uniform throughout

c 1

occurs at the the cylinder

surface

theoretical plate transition plate bubble plate

d 1

Peclet, Reynold's Sherwood, Prandtl, Schimdt and

and Schimdt No Reynold's and Reynold's No c 1

Schimdt No

discharge ratio reduction ratio classification ratio

c 1

the order of the value of k is the reaction cannot

reactio is zero independent of proceed

the initial c 1

concentrations of

A and B

vent orifice venturi a 1

constant a function of time not uniform

throughout the throughout the

b 1

reactor reactor and varies

from time to time

salvage value book value market value

b 1

reboiler duty amount of condenser duty d 1

distillate

the gas phase the gas phase the ratio of gas

resistance is resistance is phase resistance to

approximately negligible liquid resistance is b 1

equal to the total approximately zero

resistance

Nusselt, Prandtl Peclet, Stanton Schimdt, Peclet and

and Reynold's Nos and Prandtl Nos Friction Nos c 1

d 1

standard elbow standard elbow

vent compressor accumulator

b 1

4" dia Wrought 1" dia Drawn 4" dia Riveted steel

iron pipe tubing pipe d 1

thermal material is throughout the series

conductivity of inversely of materials

each material proportional to d 1

the thickness of

the material

reversible parallel reactions consecutive reactions

c 1

reactions

wood air concret

b 1

dehumidification humidification extraction

b 1

b 1

pressure

reaction concentration momentum gradient

c 1

component gradient

80 deg F 113 deg F 146 deg F

c 1

2.5 1.5 0.6

b 1

58.1 33.4 54.4

a 1

64 kg 128 kg 32 kg

c 1

31.4 26.4 57.8

b 1

b 1

over 100 but less over 20 million over 2 but less than 3

than 200

c 1

b 1

a 1

temperature a 1

75 75.26 78.5

a 1

well insulated from of the air can humidity of the air is

the surroundings also be insignificant b 1

maintained

constant

0.05 0.02 0.01

b 1

c 1

content moisture content content

flash drier tray drier freeze drier

c 1

the internal air flow air flow parallel to the

movement of perpendicular to solid surface

moisture beneath the surface of the

the surface of the solid a 1

solid

d 1

1.846 hrs 2.129 hrs 3.42 hrs

b 1

0.03 0.01 0

c 1

c 1

time time

to use counter to use cross flow to use spray

current operation evaporation percolators

a 1

b 1

4 5 6

b 1

a 1

conduction radiation all of A, B and C

c 1

sum of the inverse of the sum of the individual

individual total resistance resistances c 1

conductivities

condensation evaporation all of A, B and C b 1

415.7 451.7 475.1

c 1

d 1

c 1

1500 kg 966 kg 534 kg

d 1

b 1

a 1

a 1

38 39 40

c 1

9 8 7

a 1

c 1

0.43 0.29 0.25

d 1

a 1

b 1

a 0

c 0

d 1

c 1

18.3 13.8 5

b 1

c 1

1.35 4.67 2

a 1

84 95 100

b 1

27.7 7 0.52

a 1

d 1

c 1

0.5 0.75 1

c 1

1.5x) 0.5x)/(1-x)

d 1

55.2 25.2 20

a 1

d 1

b 1

300 100 25

a 1

c 1

18 23 33

b 1

100 38 0.04

d 1

same no of air a 1

molecules

increases 4 times increases by decreases.

c 1

about 40%

decreases. stays constant.

c 1

decreases. stays the same. may increase or

a 1

decrease.

The application The application The application

should be rejected should be should be given full

because it violates rejected because consideration

the second law of it violates both because it does not

Thermodynamics. 1st and 2nd laws violate any laws of d 1

of Thermo. Thermodynamics.

d 1

2.2 e8 3 e7 5.2 e8

b 1

combined feed reactant ratio fresh-feed conversion

ratio b 1

a 1

combustion Condensation

ash moisture volatile combustible

b 1

matters

Modified analysis Ultimate analysis Elemental analysis

a 1

SO3-free basis O2-free basis N2-free basis b 1

Theoretical Dulong's formula Oxygen unaccounted

Oxygen Equation for equation c 1

1.53 2.38 6.13

c 1

a 1

of 0.05

PhP 424.26 PhP 434.16 PhP 450

c 1

a 1

b 1

8 9.5 17

c 1

a 1

b 1

b 1

3 2 1.5

c 1

decreasing adding a catalyst removing the

temperature products of the c 1

reaction

the temperature the net equation the rate law.

dependency of the d 1

rate

depends on the does not depend is not a characteristic

conc of one of the on the initial of the reaction

c 1

products at concentrations

equilibrium

4 8 16

d 1

molecularity of the nature of temperature

c 1

reaction reactants

2 >0 <0 a 1

Ca vs time log Ca vs 1/Ca vs time

a 1

reciprocal time

1/Ca vs time lof Ca vs time Ca vs time

b 1

-ra = k Ca Cb^2 -ra = k Ca -ra = k Cb^2

b 1

c 1

Action Thermo

independent of proportional to inversely proportional

initial conc initial conc to initial conc d 1

d 1

c 1

19.6 min 19.1 min 10.4 min

b 1

c 1

c 1

a 1

275 300 527

a 1

c 1

a 1

b 1

b 1

d 1

c 1

1 2 4

c 1

1 2 4

b 1

1 2 4

d 1

the discharge the suction suction is lost

valve is closed pressure is too

c 1

high

13.1 16.9 87.2

c 1

b 1

3.58 21 58.3

b 1

b 1

1 2 2exp2

c 1

pressure head velocity head dynamic head

a 1

friction factor surface tension drag coefficient

a 1

36 63 85

b 1

a 1

134 248 320

c 1

4 8 10

c 1

55 77 94

c 1

20 25 30

b 1

pressure is low vacuum is high b 1

b 1

choices

plate shell and tube extended surfaces

c 1

0.86 0.89 0.92

b 1

25 m2 17 m2 20 m2

d 1

b 1

a 1

conductivity heat flow

does not provide a

accounts for none of these

safety factor foradditional

c 1

design resistance to

heat flow

Grashhoff number Peclet number Prandlt number

b 1

absorption with heat transfer in heat transfer in

chemical reaction turbulent flow laminar flow d 1

c 1

surfaces cooling surfaces

for fluid in laminar for fluids in when Grashhoff

flow turbulent flow number is very c 1

important

pressure pressure-vacuum vacuum

d 1

0.89 0.76 0.65

b 1

c 1

screen-mesh no reduction ratio average particle

c 1

diameter

0.87 0.7 0.6 a 1

classification sorting centrifugation

a 1

b 1

ordinary and thermal and thermal and Knudsen

a 1

Knudsen ordinary

c = cA + cB JA = JB NA = -cDAB dxA/dz

c 1

turbulent region buffer region viscous sub-layer

d 1

c 1

Sh Bi Pe

a 1

the gas phase the interface either of the bulk

b 1

phases

in the gas phase in the liquid in either film

a 1

phase

air conditioning water-cooling in a heating of air

d 1

cooling tower

humidification by a dehumidification dehumidification by

process similar to and removal of condensing water

c 1

air-water vapor sensible heat vapor in a refrigerator

saturator

wet-bulb adiabatic dew point

temperature saturation temperature b 1

temperature

1 2 50

b 1

bound moisture free moisture unbound moisture

c 1

origin of R vs X critical free equilibrium moisture

d 1

plot moisture content content

the solute the solute the solute

concentration of concentration of concentration of the

the liquid is less the liquid and gas is greater than a 1

than that of the gas phase are the liquid

bulk equal

2.44exp -5 1.77exp -6 1.22 exp -6

a 1

d 1

b 1

2 50 150

b 1

bubble-cup plate sieve-plate wetted wall column

a 1

column column

increases remains

a 1

unchanged

short tube vacuum falling film evaporator

a 1

evaporator evaporator

unsteady-state convective mass all of these

c 1

diffusion transfer

increase the increase the reduce the flow rate

surface area pressure drop in across the column b 1

the tower

the liquid flow rate the gas flow rate the number of stages

d 1

is maximum is maximum is infinite

0.31 0.51 0.68

c 1

c 1

b 1

b 1

proportional to rate of the shear rate of

d 1

rate of deformation. deformation.

deformation.

incompressible & incompressible incompressible &

d 1

viscous inviscid

5.29 1.84 0.25

c 1

c 1

155 101.3 61

d 1

d 1

velocity

orifice venturi rotameter

b 1

compressibility coefficient of cross-sectional area

b 1

factor discharge

turbulence velocity head static head c 1

>1 <5 0 a 1

Gear pump Centrifugal pump Diaphragm pump

c 1

37 ft 34 ft 8 ft

b 1

globe needle gate a 1

reduce the size resemble closely are easy to control

requirement to isothermal c 1

compression

1 1.5 5 b 1

blowers fans compressors

d 1

height of descend viscosity surface tension

d 1

0.106 kg 0.189 kg 0.198 kg

b 1

distillation with distillation without at total reflux a 1

reflux reflux

small cross- less number of high reflux ratio

d 1

section trays

characterized by an irreversible always in equilibrium

adsorption of heat phenomenon c 1

the solute through because these two

c 1

the solid and into mean the same thing

the liquid

provides larger results due to low is due to bubble cups

surface for mass gas velocity c 1

transfer

solvent phase and feed phase and overflow and

solute phase solvent phase underflow d 1

d 1

chloroform 3-heptanol toluene

c 1

P.D. No. 233 P.D. No. 232 P.D. No. 826 a 1

FALSE it depends not governed by law

a 1

19 21 23

c 1

a 1

applicability to problem

abstract request claims

d 1

Environmental Environmental Environmental

Compliance Impact Critical Project b 1

Certificate Assessment

cement petroleum detergents

a 1

it increases the it poisons the all that are

boiling pt of fuel catalyst in the mentioned a 1

refining process

brighteners builders perfume

c 1

hydration polymerization alkylation

d 1

curing agent retarders fillers a 1

vehicle opacifier filler a 1

pulp cellulose waste

c 1

extraction evaporation crystallization c 1

sulfite pulping bleaching calendering b 1

cellulose xylem lignin d 1

dichlorodiphenyldi Dichlorodiphenyl diphenyldichlorotriph

c 1

chloroethane dichlorobutane enylbutane

hydrogenation oxidation purification b 1

dryer thinner anti-skinning agent a 1

make glossy increase give elasticity and

surface atmospheric prevent cracking of d 1

oxidation the film

a monomer an inorganic thermosetting plastic

c 1

polymer

mastication vulcanization calendering

d 1

rubber pesticide polyester a 1

synthetic rubber polyester pigment b 1

0.32 0.68 0.77

c 1

b 1

system

an irreversible and a reversible and constant enthalpy

constant entropy constant entropy process d 1

process

+1.13 kJ +1.57 kJ +2.27 kJ

c 1

c 1

Gibb’s free energy carnot efficiency Helmholtz free

c 1

energy

Perpetual motion Energy is Energy is being

is possible. conserved in created as time

quality but not in passes. We have

quantity. more energy in the a 1

universe now than

when time began.

in between 0.75 less than 0.75 in between 0.84 and

and 0.85 0.90

b 1

pressure less than economically pressure at the

d 1

atmospheric viable condensation

temperature

isenthalpic isothermal isentropic

a 1

critical condition equilibrium start of the process c 1

two isochoric and one isochoric, one isothermal, one

two adiabatic one isobaric, and isochoric and two

process two adiabatic adiabatic process a 1

process

b 1

velocity

Reynold’s number Mach number Power number

d 1

2 0.2 0.12

b 1

incompressible vertical & forces & gravity are

c 1

downward in the only forces

direction involved

controller output process variable load variable

a 1

temperature emf resistance

c 1

0.35kPa/K 17kPa/K 0.06kPa/K

c 1

b 1

coefficient

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