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Swami Sivananda Kundalini Yoga

Swami Sivananda Kundalini Yoga

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Published by: Kishore Reddy on Dec 30, 2012
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09/16/2013

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When we study the construction, location and function of the Spinal Cord and the
Sushumna Nadi, we can readily say that the Spinal Cord was called Sushumna Nadi by the Yogins
of yore. The Western Anatomy deals with the gross form and functions of the Spinal Cord, while
the Yogins of ancient times dealt with all about the subtle (Sukshma) nature. Now in Kundalini
Yoga, you should have a thorough knowledge of this Nadi.

Sushumna extends from the Muladhara Chakra (second vertebra of coccygeal region) to
Brahmarandhra. The Western Anatomy admits that there is a central canal in the Spinal Cord,
calledCanalisCentralisandthatthecordismadeupofgreyandwhitebrain-matter.SpinalCordis
dropped or suspended in the hollow of the spinal column. In the same way, Sushumna is dropped
within the spinal canal and has subtle sections. It is of red colour like Agni (fire).

Within this Sushumna there is a Nadi by name Vajra which is lustrous as Surya (sun) with
Rajasic qualities. Again within this Vajra Nadi, there is another Nadi, called Chitra. It is of Sattvic
nature and of pale colour. The qualities of Agni, Surya and Chandra (fire, sun and moon) are the
three aspects of Sabda Brahman. Here within this Chitra, there is a very fine minute canal (which is
known as Canalis Centralis). This canal is known as Brahmanadi through which Kundalini, when
awakened, passes from Muladhara to Sahasrara Chakra. In this centre exist all the six Chakras
(lotuses, viz., Muladhara, Svadhishthana, Manipura, Anahata, Vishuddha and Ajna).

The lower extremity of the Chitra Nadi is called Brahmadvara, the door of Brahman, as
Kundalini has to pass through this door to Brahmarandhra. This corresponds to Haridwar which is
the gate of Hari of Badrinarayan in the macrocosm (physical plane). The Chitra terminates in the
Cerebellum.

In a general sense the Sushumna Nadi itself (gross Spinal Cord) is called Brahma Nadi
because, Brahma Nadi is within the Sushumna. Again the canal within the Chitra is also called
Sushumna,becausethecanaliswithintheSushumna.IdaandPingalaNadisareontheleftandright
sides of the spine.

ChitraisthehighestandmostbelovedoftheYogins.Itislikeathinthreadoflotus.Brilliant
with five colours, it is in the centre of Sushumna. It is the most vital part of the body. This is called
the Heavenly way. It is the giver of Immortality. By contemplating on the Chakras that exist in this
Nadi, the Yogi destroys all sins and attains the Highest Bliss. It is the giver of Moksha.

When the breath flows through Sushumna, the mind becomes steady. This steadiness of the
mind is termed “Unmani Avastha”, the highest state of Yoga. If you sit for meditation when
Sushumna is operating, you will have wonderful meditation. When the Nadis are full of impurities,
the breath cannot pass into the middle Nadi. So one should practise Pranayama for the purification
of Nadis.

19

KUNDALINI YOGA—THEORY

PARA-SYMPATHETIC AND SYMPATHETIC SYSTEM

On either side of the spinal cord run the sympathetic and para-sympathetic cords, a double
chainofganglia.Gangliameansacollectionofnerve-cells.TheseconstitutetheAutonomicSystem
whichsuppliesnervestotheinvoluntaryorgans,suchasheart,lungs,intestines,kidneys,liver,etc.,
and controls them. Vagus nerve which plays a vital part in human economy comes out of this
sympathetic system. Sympathetic system stimulates or accelerates. Para-sympathetic system
retards or inhibits. There are nerves to dilate or expand the arteries which carry pure oxygenated
blood to nourish the tissues, organs and cells of different parts of the body. These are called
Vaso-dilators. The left and the right sympathetic chains are connected by filaments. These cross
fromtherighttotheleftsideandviceversa,buttheexactplaceswherethesecrossesarenotknown,
thoughseveralhaveattemptedtofind.M’KendrickandSnodgrassintheirPhysiologyoftheSenses
write: “Where the sensory fibres cross from one side to the other is not known ..... In some parts of
the spinal cord the sensory fibres do cross from the right to left side and vice versa.”

IDA AND PINGALA NADIS

Ida and Pingala Nadis are not the gross sympathetic chains. These are the subtle Nadis that
carry the Sukshma Prana. In the physical body these tentatively correspond to the right and left
sympathetic chains.

IdastartsfromtherighttesticleandPingalafromthelefttesticle.TheymeetwithSushumna
NadiattheMuladharaChakraandmakeaknotthere.ThisjunctionofthreeNadisattheMuladhara
Chakra is known as Mukta Triveni. Ganga, Yamuna and Sarasvati dwell in Pingala, Ida and
Sushumna Nadis respectively. This meeting place is called Brahma Granthi. Again these meet at
the Anahata and Ajna Chakra. In the macrocosm also you have a Triveni at Prayag where the three
rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Sarasvati meet.

Ida flows through the left nostril and Pingala through the right nostril. Ida is also called
Chandra Nadi (moon) and Pingala as Surya Nadi (sun). Ida is cooling and Pingala is heating.
Pingala digests the food. Ida is of pale, Sakti Rupa. It is the great nourisher of the world. Pingala is
of fiery red, Rudra Rupa. Ida and Pingala indicate Kala (time) and Sushumna swallows time. The
Yogi knows the time of his death; takes his Prana into Sushumna; keeps it in Brahmarandra, and
defies time (Kala—death). The famous Yogi Sri Chang Dev of Maharashtra fought against death
several times by taking the Prana into Sushumna. He was a contemporary of Sri Jnanadev of
Alandi, near Poona. It was he who had Bhuta Siddhi, control over wild animals, through his Yogic
practices. He came on the back of a tiger to see Sri Jnanadev.

20

KUNDALINI YOGA

Chakras
Padmas, Lotuses of
the Astral body

Muladhara
or Adhara
Chakra

Swadhishthana

Manipura

Anahata

Vishuddha

Ajna

Sahasrara

Corresponding
nerve plexuses in
the physical body

(Sacral)
Sacro-Coccygeal
Plexus

Prostatic Plexus

Solar Plexus

Cardiac Plexus (Pharyngeal) Laryngeal
Plexus

Cavernous Plexus Pineal
Gland

Location or Position

Just below Kanda,
between the root
of reproductory
organ and anus. At
the base of spinal
column

At the Linga or the
origin of the
reproductory organ.
Between Muladhara
and Manipura
Chakras

Navel of Nabhi
Sthana

Heart

At the base of the
throat of Kantha-Mula
Sthana

At the space between
the two eyebrows or
Bhru-Madhya

Petals or number of
Yoga Nadis

4

6

10

12

16

2

Letters on the petals
or the vibrations of
the Yoga Nadis

v:ö S:ö \:ö s:ö

b:ö B:ö m:ö y:ö rö l:ö

Rö Zö N:ö t:ö T:ö
dö D:ö n:ö p:ö Pö

kö K:ö g:ö G:ö {ö c:ö
Cö j:ö J:ö W:ö Xö Yö

Aö A:ö Eö Iö uö Uö ?ö @ö

;ö =ö Oö Oðö A:ðö A:òö Aö AH

hö x:ö

Mandala or the
region of Tattva

Prithvi or
Bhumandal.
Region of the
Earth

Apas or Jala
Mandal.
Region of the water

Tejas or Agni
Mandal. Region of
Fire

Vayu Mandal.
Region of Air Akasa Mandal. Region
of Ether

Avyakta Ahankara
Manas Tattva. Region
of Mind

Shape of Mandala

Square

Crescent moon

Triangle

Hexagonal

Round

Round

Colour of Tattvas

Yellow

White

Red

Smoky

Blue

Function of Tattva Gandha or smell Rasa or taste

Rupa or sight Sparsha or touch Shabda or hearing

Sankalpa Vikalpa

Presiding Deity

Ganesha
(Brahma 4 faced) Brahma (Narayana

four handed) Shankara three eyed

(Vishnu) Shankara three eyed
(Siva)

Maheswara Sadasiva as
Bindurupa

Sadasiva or
Shambhu Nada

Goddess

Dakini

Rakini

Lakini

Kakini

Shakini

Hakini

Deva or Tattva

Prithvi

Varuna

Agni

Vayu

Akasa

Manas

Bija Akshara

l:ö

v:ö

y:ö

!

Corresponding
Lokas

Bhu Loka

Bhuvar Loka

Swah or Swarga
Loka

Mahar Loka

Janah or Janar Loka

Tapo Loka

Granthi Sthana

Brahma Granthi

-

-

Vishnu

-

Rudra

21

SUMMARY OF SHAT CHAKRAS

22

KUNDALINI YOGA

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