Indian Standard

DESIGN, ERECTION AND TESTING ( STRUCTURAL PORTION ) OF CRANES AND HOISTS — CODE OF PRACTICE

(Second Revision )
Ship Building Centre, Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20

ICS 53.020.20

0 BIS 2006

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG NEW DELHI 110002
April 2006 Price Group -15

Cranes, Lifting Chains and Its Related Equipment”Sectional Committee, ME 14

FOREWORD This Indian Standard ( Second Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draft finalized by the Cranes, Lifiing Chains and Its Related Equipment Sectional Committee had been approved by the Mechanical Engineering Division Council. This standard covers design of structural portion of cranes and hoists and specifies ,permissible stresses and other details of design. In order to ensure economy in design in reliability in operation: To deal with the subject conventional Iy, cranes have been broadly classified into eight classes depending upon their duty and number of hours in service per year. The correct classification of a crane is important and should be joint responsibility of the producer and the manufacturer. This standard was first published in 1963. In the first revision the permissible stresses for members subjected to fluctuations of stress have been aligned with IS 1024: 1999 ‘Code of practice for use of welding in bridges and structures subject to dynamic loading’, and AWS D 14.1 introducing the number of cycles of operation for fatigue calculations. The limits of camber have also been specified, in the current revision. [n the current revision, the following points are added: a) b) c) d) e) t) The classifications of the cranes are based on operating time and load spectrum and classification from Mlto M8, State of loading is based on the hoist spectrum, The various loads have been explained elaborately and notch effect, The fatigue and notch effect have been dealt elaborately, ,’,

Ship Building Centre, Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20

The welding joint design, welding procedures and inspection of welding for industrial cranes have been . explained in detail, and The design of bolts, quality of bolts, bolts tightening and effective friction surface has been dealt elaborately.

The composition of the Committee responsible for formulation of this standard is given in AnnexC. This standard is the first in the series of standards relating to cranes and covers the structural design. The other standards covering the mechanical and electrical portion are as follows: 1s3177: 1999 1S4137 :-1985 Code of practice for overhead traveling cranes and gantry cranes other than steel work cranes ( second revision ) Code of practice for heavy duty electric overhead traveling cranes including special service math ines for use in steel work (first revision )

1S 807:2006

CONTENTS
Page

Scope References Terminology Materials Classification of Cranes 5.1 5.2 5,3 6 Class of Operating Time Load Spectrum State of Stress — Stress Spectrum

1 1

2 -4 4 5 5 5 5 5
10

State of Loading 6.1 Loads to be Considered

7 8

Loads Due to Climatic Effects Miscellaneous Loads 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 Loads Carried by Platforms Seismic Load Amplification of Load Case of Loading (Combination of Loads) Transportation and Erection

12
Ship Building Centre, Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20

12 12 13 13 ... , 14 14 14 14

9

Allowable Stress 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Fundamental Allowable Stress Structural Members and Welds Rivets, Bolts and Pins Conventional Number of Cycles and Stress Spectrum

14 21 21 21 21 26 % 26 27 27 27 27 27

10 Stability against Overturning 10.1 Special Measures 10.2 Safety against Movement by the Wind 11 Calculation of Tension Members 12 Calculation of Compression Members 13 Calculation of Box Girder Subjected to Bending and Torsional Stresses 13.1 Bending 13.2 Torsion 14 Calculation of Members Subjected to Bending by Force in the Direction of Axis 15 Calculation of Welded Joints 15.1 Stresses on Joints under Tension, Compression or Shear Force 15.2 Combined Stresses on Joints under “Bending and Shear Moment i

Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 A-1 Design of Bolted Joints A-1. .3 Web Joint of Plate Girder Receiving Bend 19 Welding of Industrial and Mill Cranes 20 Limiting Deflection 21 Camber~ 22 Diaphragms and Vertical Stifl%ess 22. 1 Co-efficient of Friction (p) A-1.1 Girder Proportion 25.3 Limit for Slenderness Ratio 17.IS 807:2006 Page 16 Calculation of Local Buckling of Plates 16.4 Quality of Bolts ANNEX B Weld Joint Design.6 Shear Stress Acting on Combined Compressive Members 18 Detailed Design of Girders Subjected to Bending 18. 28 28 29 29 29 29 36 36 37 38 38 38 40 40 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 44 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 45 48 Ship Building Centre.2 Bridge and Gantry Rails 25 Welded Box Girders 25..2 Slenderness Ratio 17.1 Diaphragms 23 Girder and Connection 24 Bridge Trucks 24.1 Ratio of Crane Span to End Carriage Wheel Base 24..2 Height — Thickness Ratio of Web Plate 25. Visakhapatnam.1 Compressive Stress or Shear Stress Acts Independently 16.2 Normal Stress and Shear Stress Acts Simultaneously 17 Designs of Structural Members Subject to Axial Forces 17.1 Rivets or Bolts for Joining Girder 18.2 A-l.3 Compression Stress A?WEX A Classification of Joints .1 Net Sectional Area of Tension Member 17.2 Rivets. Welding Procedures and Inspection of Welding for Industrial and Mill Cranes ii .3 Bolts Tightening Value of the Tensile Stress Area of the Bolts A-1.4 Compressive Members with Variable Height 17. Bolts or Welded Directly Subjected to Wheel Load 18.5 Combined Compressive Members 17.

6 B-5. WeJd Metal B4 Fatigue 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 B-5 Weld Joint Design B-5..1 B-5. .7 Staggerad Intermittent Fillet Welds Plug and Slot Welds 55 55 55 55 66 66 66 69 Ship Building Centre. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 B-6 Weld Joint Categories B-7 Welding Process B-7.5 Intermittent Fitlet Welds B-5.1 Tolerances for Groove Weld Joint Preparations for Arc Welding B-8 Control of Distortion and Shrinkage Stresses B-9 Nominal Number of Loading Cycles ANNEX C Committee Composition m .2 B-5. Visakhapatnam.IS 807:2006 Page B-1 Allowable Stress B-2 Base Metal B-3.4 General Requirements Groove Welds Intermittent Groove Welds FiIlet Welds B-5.3 B-5..

goliath. ERECTION AND TESTING ( STRUCTURAL PORTION ) OF CRANES AND HOISTS — CODE OF PRACTICE (Second Revision ) 1 SCOPE IS No. manufacture. B and C ( third revision) ( Part 3 ): 2002 Mechanical properties of.IS 807:2006 Indian Standard DESIGN. studs and nuts – Product grades A.5 to M 64 ) ( third revision ) Code of practice for generaI construction in steel ( second revision ) ( Part 5 ): 2002 Hexagon thin nuts ( unchamfered ) ( size range M 1. screws and nuts of product grade ‘C’: (Part 1): 2002 General requirements for bolts. At the time of publication. erection and testing ( structure) of EOT cranes. 800:1984 Title 1364 Hexagon head bolts. screws.5 to-M 4 ) ( third revision ) Hexagon nuts ( size range M 1. 2 REFERENCES The following standards contain provisions.fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel — Bolts.5 to M 64 ) ( third revision ) 875 Code of practice for design loads ( other than earthquake ) for buildings and structures: 1367 Technical supply conditions threaded steel fasteners: for (Part l): 1987 Dead loads — Unit weights of building material and stored materials ( second revision ) ( Part-2): 1987 Imposed loads ( second revision) (I?art 3): 1987 Wind loads ( second revision ) (Part 4):1987 (Part 5):1987 961:1975 1363 Snow loads ( second revision ) loads load Special and combinations ( second revision ) Structural steel ( high tensile ) ( second revision) Hexagon head bolts.ews and studs (fourth revision ) ( Part 5 ): 2002 Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel — Set screws and similar threaded fasteners not under tensile stresses ( third revision ) (Part 6): 1994 Mechanical properties and test methods for nuts with specified proof loads ( third revision) (Part 7): 1980 Mechanical properties and test methods for nuts without specified proof loads ( second revision) 1 ( Part 1 ) :2002 Hexagon head “bolts ( size range M 5 to M 64 ) (fourth revision) ( Part 2 ) :2002 Hexagon head screws ( size range M 5 to M 64) (fourth revision) (Part 3):1992 Hexagon nuts ( size range M 5 to M 64 ) ( third revision) . All standards are subject to revision and parties to agreements based on this standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below: 1S No. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 ( Part 4 ): 2002 Hexagon thin nuts ( chamfered ) ( size range M 1. Title This standard covers the code of practice for design. shear legs and derricks. screws and nuts of product grades A and B: ( Part 1 ): 2002 Hexagon head bolts ( size range M 1.5 to M 64 ) ( third revision ) Ship Building Centre. scf. Visakhapatnam. which through reference in this text constitute provisions of this standard. the editions indicated were valid. screws and studs ( third revision ) ( Part 2 ): 2002 Tolerances for fasteners – Bolts.5 to M 64 ) ( third revision ) (Part2 ):2002 (Part 3):2002 Hexagon head screws ( size range M 1.

walk way and drive mechanism which carries the trolleys traveling along the runway rails. Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 Electroplated revision ) coatings ( third 3138:1966 3737:1966 6610:1972 6623:1985 6639:1972 6649:1985 Phosphate coatings on threaded fasteners ( second revision ) Hot-dip galvanized coatings on (second threaded fasteners revision) (Part 14):1984 Stainless-steel threaded fasteners ( second revision) Specification for high strength structural nuts (first revision ) Specification for hexagon bolts for steel structures Specification for hardenetf’ and tempered washers for high strength structural bolts and nuts (first revision ) Structural steel ( microalloyed ) ( medium and high strength qualities ) —“Specification (. 3. trucks.4 Bridge — That part of a crane consisting of girders. screws and studs ( third revision ) ( Part 14/Sec 2 ) : Mechanical properties of 2002 corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners. Section 3 Set screws and sim iIar fasteners not under tensile stress ( third revision ) Designation system for fasteners ( third revision) Inspection. Section 2 Bolts. This type of end truck is used when more than four wheels are required on a crane due to the design of the runway. screws and studs for general applications ( third revision ) Surface discontinuities. Section 1 Bolts.IS 807:2006 IS No. acceptance revision ) 3 TERMINOLOGY 3. Section 1 Bolts.3 Bogie Fixed — A short end truck which is rigidly connected to one girder.firsf revision ) ( Part 14/Sec 1 ) : Mechanical properties of 2002 corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners. end ties.Bogie — A short end truck attached to the end of one girder ( or to a connecting member. ( Part 20 ) :1996 .1 . ( Part 6 ) :2002 ( Part 7): 1996 and sampling procedure ( third ( Part 8): ( Part 9): 996 997 Packaging ( third revision ) Axial load fatigue testing of bolts. screws and studs Torsional test and minimum torques for bolts and screws with nominal diameters 1mm to 10 mm 2 3. screws and studs for special applications ( third revision ) Surface discominuities — Nuts (~hird revision) Specification for hot forged steel rivets for hot closing ( 12 to 36 mm diameter ) (first revision) Steel for general structural purposes — Specification (Jjih revision ) 2062:1999 2155:1982 Specification for cold forged solid steel rivets for hot closing ( 6 to 16 mm diameter ) (first revision) Specification for hexagonal bolts and nuts ( M42 to M150 ) Leather safety boots for workers in heavy metal industries Specification for heavy washers for steel structures Ship Building Centre. 3.2 Bogie Equalizing — A short end truck which is flexibly connected to one girder ( or connecting member ) by means of a pin upon which the truck can oscillate to equalize thq loading on the two truck wheel. ( Part 8 ): 2002 Title IS No 1893:1984 Title Prevailing torque type steel hexagon nuts — Mechanical and performance properties ( third revision ) Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures ( fourth revision ) 1929:1982 ( Part 9/See 1 ) : 1993 ( Part 9/See 2 ) : 1993 ( Part 10): 2002 (Part 11 ):2002 (Part 12):1981 (Part 13):1983 Surface discontinuities. Section 2 Nuts ( third revision) ( Part 14/Sec 3 ) : Mechanical 8500:1991 2002 properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners. if more than one bogie is used per girder).

3. 3. motor 1 3. Hot Molten Material Handling ( Ladle ) — An overhead crane used for trans- and control panels. 3.12 Crane. which serves to support the top cover plate and bridge and to transfer the forces of the trolley wheel load to the webs rail. Semi-gantry — A gantry crane with one end of the bridge supported on one or more legs and other end of the bridge supported by an end truck connected to the girders and running on an elevated runway. . 3. 3.24 End Truck ( End Carriage) — An assembly consisting of structural members.22 Dynamic Effect — The effects on the structure caused by inertia or sudden load application such as retardation/acceleration breaking impact due to collision. axles. Manually Operated — A crane whose hoist and travel mechanism are driven by manual operation. 3. vertical curve given to girders partially compensate for deflection due to rated load and weight of the crane parts. For the bridge. paral Iel to the runway between the centre line of the hook(s) and theface of the wall (-or columns ) at the end of the building. upward.An energy absorbing bumper or energy dissipating ( buffer ) device for reducing impact when a moving bridge or tralley reaches the end of its permitted travel. etc.34 Longitudinal Travel Motion — The motion of the whole crane on its gantry or tracks is known as the longitudinal travel motion.30 Hook Approached ( End ) — The minimum horizontal distance. 3.7 Cab — The operator’s compartment on a crane. porting or pouring molten material. Gantry — A crane similar to an overhead crane except that the bridge is rigidly supported in two or more legs. 3. 3.15 Crane.19 Deflection ( Dead Load ) — The vertical displacement of a bridge girder due to its own-weight plus the weight of parts permanently attached thereto.33 Over Load — Any hook load greater than the rated load. 3. 3. 3. other than the end truck. 3.13 Crane. 3. For the trolley.10 Cover Plate — The top or bottom plate of a box girder. which supports the bridge girders. 3. drive mechanism. Floor Operated — A crane which is controlled by means of suspension from the crane with the operator on the floor or on an independent platform. such as foot walk.IS 807:2006 3.of the crane to the point of nearest obstruction. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 3.9 Clearance — The minimum distance from any part . 3. the live load consists of the rated load plus the weight of the block.32 Live Load — A load which moves or varies relative to the member being considered. between the centre line of a hook ( main or auxiliary ) and the centre line of the runway rail.-18 Dead Load — The weight of the crane structured steel work moving on crane runway girder with all material fastened there to and supported permanently. attached to the bridge or trolley for access purpose.29 Hoist ‘Main — The primary hoist mechanism provided for lifting and lowering the rated load of the crane. 3.25 Foot Walk — A walk way with hand rail and toe boards. bearings.31 Hook Approach ( Side ) — The minimum horizontal distance. 3.20 Deflection ( Live Load ) — The vertical displacement of a bridge girder due to the weight of the trolley plus the rated load. This device may be attached to the bridge trolley or runway stop. Visakhapatnam.14 Crane.11 Crane Cab Operated — A crane controlled by an operator in a cab attached to the bridge or trolley. 3. 3.6 Cranes — A specially designed structure equipped with mechanical means for moving a load by raising and lowering by electrical or manual operation and whilst the load is in such a state ofmotion or suspension transporting it. the live load consists of the rated load plus the weight of the trolley.26 Gauge — The horizontal distance between centre-to-centre of the bridge rails.27 Hoist — A machinery unit that is used for Iiftiug and lowering a load. The dead load deflection is fully compensated for in the girder camber.16 Crane. perpendicular to the runway. 3.5 Bumper ( Buffer ) –.28 Hoist Auxiliary — A supplemental hoisting unit used to handle light loads.17 Cross Traverse Motion — The motion of the trolley or crab across the crane span is known as cross traverse motion.8 Camber — The slight.23 End Tie — A structural member. which connects the ends of the girders to maintain the squareness of the bridge. 3. Ship Building Centre. wheels. 3. 3. 3. 3.21 Diaphragm — A vertical plate ( or channel ) between the girder webs. 3.

3. high strength bolts and nuts.3 and4. NOTE— No black bolts shall be used forthe principal load bearing members in the crane. 3. but shall exclude wind load.IS 807:2006 3.47 Wheel Load Bridge — The vertical force ( without impact) produced on any bridge wheel by the sum of the rated load.43 Stop — A member to physically limit the travel of the trolley orbridge. Product (2) Rivets Pins and bolts High strength bolts and nuts 2155 1929 1364 ( Parts 1 to 5 ) 3138 6639 6623 6649 3757 . This member is rigidly attached to a fixed structure and normally does not have energy absorbing ability. 3. lifting beams. . 3. grabs.38 Runway — The assembly of rails. 3.3 Materials for pins.1 The mat~rial of structures shall be in the form of Table 1 Rivet and Bolts ( Clauses 4. 4.2X 10-f 7.45 Wheel Base — The distance from centre-tocentre of the outer most wheels of the bridge or trolley.48 Wheel Load Trolley — The vertical force ( without impact) produced on any trolley wheel by the sum of the rated load and trolley weight.42 Stability Reach — The distance of the jib head pin from the point of intersection of the nearest base line and vertical plane passing through the center line of the jib. rivets and bolts including high strength bolts and nuts shall be as given in Table 1. 4. lifting tackles such as magnets. in N/mm2 Modulus of elasticity in shear (G).40 Span — The horizontal distance between centreto-centre of the runway rails.36 Radius — The horizontal distance from the centre line of the lifting hook before loading to the centre about which the jib slews. 3. 3. 3.39 Rail Sweep — A mechanical device attached to the end truck of a bridge or trolley.35 Rated Lifted Loads — The rated lifted load from the mechanism design consideration shall mean the external load lifted and handled by the crane and shall include in addition the safe working load.4 and4.41 Stability Base — The effective span of the supporting base. 3.44 Web Plate — The critical plates. trolley weight and bridge weight.3 1. 4. sheet and rolled sections.2 Structural steel shall conform to IS 2062 or IS 8500 as per designers suitability or as mutually agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer permissible stress shall be related to yield stress of the material used.85 v) 5 CLASSIFICATION OF CRANES There are two factors to be taken into consideration for Ihe purpose of determining the group to which the cranes belong are the class of utilization and the state of loading... that is: a) b) 4 Class of operating time. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 (1) i) ii) iii) Table 2 “Physical Properties ( Clauses 4.. (1) i) ii) iii) iv) Parameter (2) Modulus of longitudinal elasticity ( E ). connecting the upper and lower flanges or cover plate of a girder.37 Reach — The horizontal distance from the centre line of the laden hook to the nearest point of the chassis/ under frame with respect to hook. IXI05 8.5 S1 No. 4 MATERIALS 4. 3.46 Wind Load — The forces produced by the velocity of the wind which is assumed to act horizontally. The physical characteristics of steel are given in Table 2. in N/mmz Poisson’s ratio (I/m) Co-efficient of linear expansion (a) Specific gravity (y) of Steel ) Values (3) 2. pins and bolts. brackets and frame work on which the crane operates. 3. girders. 3.5 Table 1 contains the different material grade for principal load bearing members and also rivets. 4.4 Material characteristics shown in Table 2 may be used for design purpose.1 x104 0. plate.5 S1 No. 3. with the trolley so positioned on the bridge as to give maximum loading. measured parallel to the rail. and Load spectrum. Visakhapatnam. ) Ref to Fndian Standard (3) Ship Building Centre.

The loads due to the dead weight of the components ( crane girders. 6.1 Class of operating time indicates the average period per day. P=213.I. These curves represent the four sets of conventional spectra corresponding to the number of cycles to class of utilization are shown in Table 4. This concept could be represented by the number of working cycles.1) S1 No.1 The state of hoist loading determines the extent to which the crane lifts the maximum load.1. normally. The lifted . frequency The following loads shall be considered in the calculation of the steel structural parts of the cranes. L~a or only a lesser load. LT machinery and electrical items panel. and Higher classes of operating time for more than one shift per day. designated by the vahres P= 1. P= 1/3 and P= Oare shownon the curves.3 X Number Cycles of Frequency of Utilization Hoisting Motion (3) Irregularoccasionaluse followed by long idle periods ‘Regular use on intermittent duty Regular use on intensive duty Intensive.. the bottom block spreader bar.I ) 0 ii) iii) iv) Class of Utilization (2) A B c D 5.1 Class of Ope&ing Time a) b) c) 5. Table 3 Classes of Utilization (Clause S1 No.3 State of Stress — Stress Spectrum The state of stress are defined in the same manner on those of the hoisted loads with same -spectra according to Table 5. . The classes of utilization are used as a basis for the design of the structure.l ) of the Conventional Hoisting (4) 6. Visakhapatnam. 6. Class of utilization takes of one of the cranes as account of the There are four states of loading. L. resistance boxes ). very Iight loads Cranes which only hoist the SWL and normally loaded about one-third of SWL Cranes which hoist the SWL fairly frequently and normally loads between 1/3 to 213 of SWL Cranes which are regularly loaded close to the SWL P= 1/3 P = 2/3 iv) Heavy P=l 5 . plate forms.1 Loads to be Considered a whole when in service.1. Two hundred fitly working days per year shall be considered.2.IS 807:2006 5. end carriage. It is one of the important factors determining the severity of the duty of the cranes.2 Lifted Loads Ship Building Centre.1 State Spectrum of Hoist Loading — Hoist Load 6J. This idea is illustrated by a spectrum of hoist loads showing the number of cycles of operation during which a certain fraction of the maximum load is reached or exceeded. the lifting magnet and also a proportion of the carrying means such as ropes. shiftlday heavy duty more than one 104 2 x 105 6. (1) O ii) iii) State of Loading (2) Very light Light Moderate Definition (3) “ Corresponding (4) P=o Spectrum Cranes which hoist SWL exceptionally and. (.. the grab. 5.2. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 loads ( hook loads ) comprise the useful load and the self weights of members designed to carry the useful load.1 Principal Loads Exerted on the Structure 5.2 Load Spectrum 5. which the crane would accomplish during its life ( see Table 3 ). 6 STATE OF LOADING 6.1. Table 6 and Table 7. for example.1.3 X 10s 2x 106 Table 4 State of Loading ( Clause 5.

(1) i) ii) iii) State of Loading (2) Very Iight Light Moderate Components Definition (3) subjected exceptionally maximumstress and normally to light to its Spectrum (4) P=o P = 113 P = 2/3 Components rarely subjected to its maximum stress but noskslly about 1/3 of maximum stress Components frequently . Visakhapatnam.6 0. subjected to its iv) Heavy maximumstress and normally stress vary from 1/3 to 2/3 of the maximumstress Components regularly subjected to its maximumstress P=l 6 .4 0. Ship Building Centre. 1.6 0.8 0.IS 807:2006 LIL max. 4 GRAPHICALREPRESENTATION CLASS OF OF UTILIZATIOND 2 x 106 CYCLES States of Stress ( Clause 5.4 \ F& 0. 0.2 0 104 1 10 102 103 104 1(-)5 FIG.2 o 1 10 102 103 0.0 L/L max. 1 GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION CLASS OF OF UTILIZATIONA FIG. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 P=’ 0. 3 GRAPHICALREPRESENTATION CLASS OF OF UTILIZATION x 105 CYCLES C 6.0 L/L max.8 0. 6.8 0.6 0. 1.6 0.4 ‘0.4 0.0 1.2 0.2 0 1 10 102 103 o 104 105 1 10 102 103 104 105 106 FIG.0 1.8 0.3 x 104CYCLES 2 GRAPHICALREPRESENTATION CLASS OF OF UTILIZATION 2 x 105 CYCLES B L/L max.3) S1 No.3 Table5 FIG.

Charging cranes 9. State of Hoist Loading or State of Stress Class Utilization and Number of Hoisting c 6. Grabbing over head traveling A A Class of Utilization (4) State of Loading (5) o-1 I -2 Group (6) cranes MI-M2 Ship Building Centre. Derrick for construction -building 3. M5 A . Floating cargo crane 4. Unloaders 5. Hot cranes. Floating grabbing crane and B A-B A-B 7 . Cranes with grab. P = O Light. Stripper cranes cranes. machine and assembly shop and cranes for general use 3. Ladle cranes 7. magnets iv) Jib cranes 1. Cranes for stocking yard iii) Gantry cranes 1. Cranes for building construction v) Derrick 1. D 2 x I ()(’ (6) M5 M6 M8 (1) i) ii) iii) iv) (2) Very light.M7-M8 M6-M7-M8 M7-M8 M7-M8 M7-M8 M7-M8 M1-M2 M3-M4 M4-M5-M6 M7-M8 MI-M3 M3-M4-M5 M5-Mti-M7 M7-M8 M1-M3 MI-M2 M3-M4 M5-M6 M5-M6-M7 “’’” cranes. Wharf cranes 3. repair shop. P = I (3) Ml M2 M3 M4 M5 of Cranes M6. P = 2/3 Heavy.3) S1 No. M4 M4. Grabbing and magnet cranes 4. Cranes for steel works 6. stocking yard. Store room cranes.3 X 104 B 2x Iof (4) M2. soaking pit D C-D’ D A B-C B-C B-C-D A-B B-C C-D D B A-B 8. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 M2-M3-M4 B-C C-D C-D C-D 1-2 3 3 3 3 3 3 o-1 1-2 2 3 1-2 2-3 2-3 3 1-2 0-1 2-3 2 3 M4-M5-M6 M6. workshop cranes 4.3 X 10s (5) M4 M5 M6. Cranes for power station and cranes for repair shop 2. M7 Cycles r A 6.3) S1 No (1) O Type of Cranes (2) Over head travei]ing Applications (3) 1. assembling shop 2.. P = i/s Moderate. Stocking yard cranes. Forging cranes ii) Gantry cranes 1. M3 M3. M7 M8 Table 7 Examples of Classification ( Clause 5. Visakhapatnam. Cranes for warehouse. cranes for repair shops 2. cranes for power station.IS 807:2006 Table 6 Group Classification of Cranes ( Clause 5. Cranes for-container handling 2. Derrick for heavy load 2. magnet cranes 5.

For a normal crane a value between 0. and Buffet effects.3 6. The rates of acceleration shall depend upon the cranes. However.39 0.16 Low and Moderate Speed with Long Travel Acceleration Time. ~ = 0. in mls2 (4) — — — 0.25 0.3.1 m/s2 and 0.67 0.52 0.6 5.6m/s2. Speed to be Reached.1.19 0. in mls.43 “0.2 2.50 “1. . according to the speed and radius. in s (7) 6. travel. = slewirtg radius. ~ = 0.25 0..35 0.2 4.7 3. in kgf or N. resulted tlom the slewing radius and slewing motion and shall be obtained from the following formula: F =& gR Ship Building Centre. ~ = 0. ins (5) 8..3 5.0 —. may be chosen for the acceleration at the jib head so that an acceleration time of 5 to 10 second @achieved. it shall be considered that the load is acting at the end point of the jib. = centrifugal force.15 0. level luffing motion and slewing motion of the crane shall generally be considered as ~ times of the weight of the moving parts and the hoisting load. in case of traverse motion and travel motion by the wheel drive.01 W For slewing motion.5 Acceleration. in m/s2 (6) 0.2 Force due to slewing and luffing motion 6.00 3.1. slewing or luffing motions. in m.58 0.2 3. for the slewing motion. = acceleration of free fall. in m/s (2) 4.064 Moderate and High Speed ( Normal Applications) Acceleration Time. NOTE— If the speed and acceleration values are not specified by the user. acceleration times corresponding For slewing and luffing motions the calculation shall be based on the acceleration ( or deceleration ) torque applied to the motor shaft of the mechanism.0 3. Visakhapatnam. 6.0 7. in kgf or N.078 0.1 8. and = peripheral speed. Cranes of moderate and high speed for normal application. wldch is acting outwards in the direction of slewing radius.63 0. Table 8 Acceleration Time and Acceleration ( Clause 6. and High speed cranes with high acceleration.00 0. These effects can be calculated in terms of the value of acceleration (or deceleration ) and its values are given in Table 8.0 5.15 2.16 — — High Speed with High Acceleration Acceleration Time.44 0.22 0.1 h For transverse travel motion.32 0.1 6.0 4. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 where F g R V .3 Effects of centrlfixgalforce The centrifugal force shall be the force.50 0.006 W where v is the speed of respective motion. — — — Acceleration.1 3.1.3 The loads due to horizontal motion areas follows: a) Inertia effects due to acceleration ( .3. Transverse horizontal reaction resulting from rolling action. and be given by the following formula: For level luffhg motion. in m/s2 (8) -0.47 0.5 2.33 — — — — (1) i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) 8 .5 — — Acceleration.4 4.12 0. in s (3) — — — 9. b) c) d) 6.1.2 2. Value W = hoisting load.6 5. Effects of centrifugal force. travel motion.3.3 ) SI No. in rn/s2.19 0.0 1.8 4.1. in m/min. Moreover. it shall be taken as 15 percent of the load of the driving wheel at maximum.40 0.or deceleration ) of the traverse. to the speeds to be reached maybe chosen according to the three following working conditions: a) b) c) Cranes of low and moderate speed with great length of travel.098 0.IS 807:2006 6.1 fnertia force The forces of inertia resulted from the acceleration and deceleration of the traverse motion.

-I.— I — I I I I I I a 6A Four Wheels on a Rail a 66 Eight Wheels on a Rail I I I I ———— —— — I I I I 1 I I a 6C Over Eight Wheels on a Rail FIG. t the outer two guide rollers shall be tpken as the effective wheel base. Visakhapatnam.7 m/s. 5 by the ratio of the span and the effective wheel base.3.6A.5 Buffer effects The impact due to collision with buffers may b. for higher speed ( greater than 1 m/s) the use of decelerating device which act upon approach to the ends of the track is permitted provided the action of these devices is automatic and they produce an effective deceleration on the cranes which always reduces the speed to the predetermined lower value before the buffers are reached. 6C. Fig. The loads can be computed by considering that horizontal force applied at the level of the load is capable of causing two of the crab wheels to lift. and That in which rigid guides prevent swing.eapplied on the structure or on the suspended load. side force constant on wheel. account shall be taken of reactions set up in the structure by collisions with buffers. A distinction maybe drawn between: a) b) The case in which the suspended load can swing.10 0.05 For 6. 6B and Fig.6 Collision effects on the suspended load Ship Building Centre.ad obstructions are taken into account only for cranes when the load is rigidly guided. no account shall be taken of buffer effect. For speed exceeding 0. 6.15 0. in kgf or N. when the horizontal guide rollers are provided.1. span.3. in m. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 L= //.5(a) the following rules shall be applied: For horizontal speed below 0. AND EFFECTIVE WIIEEL BASE OF versus SIDE FORCE CONSTANTON WHEELS SF=X. the centre distance between I I I . 02468 I a % ~ Fi~. Moreover. in kgf or N.7m/s. 6. 6 METHOD FOR TAKING EFFECTIVE WHEEL BASE 9 . wheel load.4 Transverse reactions due to rolling action The lateral force on wheel shal I be the horizontal force acting at right angles with the traveling direction of the wheels and shall be given from Fig. 5 RATIO SPA:. in m. 0.1.R where s.1S807 :2006 6. However. . 1= a= Impacts due to collision between the load and fix.— —— - The effective wheel base shall be taken from Fig. and wheel base.3.1. = lateral force on wheels.3. I .

C In case of lattice girders.1.1.2 Wind Pressure The aerodynamic pressure. q kgf/m2 or I m Velocity. the wind force on the protected part of the girder is determined by applying a reducing coefficient ‘q’ to the force calculated in accordance with the formula P = ‘rl. gravitational acceleration.q. 9 The wind exerts a force against a girder.1. b) 7.2) I . C. distance between the surfaces facing each other. in m/s2. 9= (J. 7 and values of coefficient are given in Table 11. 7. in m/s. the reducing coefficient shall be the same as that for a solid girder. The configuration of girders is given in Fig. 8. Ship Building Centre.2. density. the ratio Q = A/Aeis.IS 807:2006 7 LOADS DUE TO CLIMATIC EFFECTS 7. in kglm~. and aerodynamic coefficient which takes the increased and reduced pressure on the various surface and depends upon the configuration of the girder. q kgf/m2 or I mls (6) 36 (5) 25 Maximum Wind (Crane Out of Service) Velocity.1 7.2 Values of the Reducing Coefficient 7.6. Vw kmth (7) 130 Aerodynamic Pressure.4 Case of Several Another 7.q. from snow loads and from temperature variations.2. 7. 1 I S1 No.1. Girders Located Behind One a) It shall be assumed that the wind can blow horizontally in all directions. and the component of this force resolved along the direction of the wind is given by the relation: P= A. the projected area of the The wind action on the suspended load shall be determined by taking account of the greatest area which can face the wind and its values given in Fig. q is given by the general formula: VW2. Table 9 Wind Velocity and Pressure ( Clause 7. The values of C are given in Table 10. aerodynamic pressure. and . in kgfi area presented to the wind by girder ( in m-2)that is. in kgf/m2. = enveloped area ( solid portion + voids ).1 The loads due to climatic effects are those resulting component parts of the girder on a plane perpendicular to the direction of the wind. A.1. 7 ).A. and . 7. The value of this coefficient ‘q’ is depends upon ‘b’ and ‘h’ and on the ratio of A/Ae ( see Fig.1 Wind Load for Suspended Load (q) where p. g The values of wind velocity and pressure are given in Table 9. in kgffmz.1. Visakhapatnam. A= resultant load. Vw mls (3) 20 kmlh (4) 72 & ii) iii) N/m* N/m2 (8) 80 110 20 to 100 Over 100 doldoldo do 14211501 I do I 10 do I 46 I 165 I 130 .awter than 0. 9= Vw= wind velocity.3 Calculating Wind Effects depth of the girder. Height of Member Above Ground Limiting Working Wind Aerodynamic Pressure. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 . where A= 9=— where P 16g & visible area ( area of solid portions ). and It res-ults in increased and reduced pressure whose magnitude are proportional to the aerodynamics pressure. from the action of the wind. p When a girder or part of a girder is protected from the wind by the presence of another girder. h= b= pressure.1 Wind Action aerodynamic pressure. in kg/m”2. The action of the wind will depend essentially upon the shape of the cranes.

6 ii) Plate girder or box girder Ship Building Centre. 0.J Coefficient C S1 No. n~ 1 9 J \ \ GLUUJC /. The basic wind pressures for different regions in India shall be taken fkom 1S875 ( Part 3 ).. Visakhapatnam.1S 807:2006 Table 10 Values of the Aerodynamic lrl”. for the handling of miscellaneous loads less than 25 t. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 L h~ iii) c ylindrical member or truss of cylindrical member @ d~<l d~>l 1.2’”’ 0.5m2 per t for that part from 5 t to 25 t.l. Ho-wever. 7 DISTANCEOF CONFORMITYGIRDERS be-precisely determined by the user.7 d in m where q in kgf/m2 I d t 11 b FIG. where the wind facing area cannot . (1) i) Type of Girder (2) Truss of rolled sections i h Type of Girder (3) Variable (4) — c (5) 1. 11 The resulting force shall be calculated taking C = 1 for the value of aerodynamic coefficient.. the values may be assumed as lm2per t for the part up to 5 t..

81 0.2 Seismic Load 8.3 0. which may be..21 0.1 0.2 0. driver’s cabins and platforms 12 The horizontal load of 20 percent of the self-weight shall be taken as seismic load irrespective to types.66 0. 8 MISCELLANEOUS LOADS 8.68 1.05 0.IS 807:2006 Table 11 Values of Coefficient q in Terms of Q =A/A.4 0.25 0.5 (6) 0. 0.45 0. However.2 \ \ \ \ .2 Snow Load Snow load shall be neglected in the design calculations for over head traveling cranes.1 (2) 0. such as traveling or fixed cranes.2 0.75 0.55 0.8 0.5 0. the horizontal load of the hoisting load suspended by the .45 0.8 (8) 0.2.2 0. exerted on hand rails and toe-guards.75 0.68 0.1 Loads Carried by Platforms Access gangways.4 (5) 0.68 0.2 0. 7.0 r\\mL \ 0. the maximum temperature fluctuation shall be taken to be – 20”C to + 45°C.6 Ship Building Centre.05 0.3 (4) 0.95 1 1 0.63 0.1 0.75 0.6 (7) 0..8 BEs \ b L\ \ h b/h=6 .43 0.6 0.7 0.0 (9) 0. bridge cranes and jib cranes.5 0.45 0.4) Q=A/Ae (1) b/h = 0. shall be designed to carry the following concentrated loads: a) b) c) 300 kg for maintenance gang ways and platform where materials may be placed.5 blh = 1 blh = 2 blh = 4 b/h = 5 0.0 FIG.32 0.88 0.3 Temperature Variation Stresses due to temperature variation shall be considered only in special cranes such as when members are not free to expand.4 0.95 0. NOTE— These loads are not used in the calculations for girders. 5 [ 0. \ I t 0. Visakhapatnam.33 0. 8 RELATIONDIAGRAM BETWEEN q ANDq 7.1 0. 30 kg as the horizontal force.59 0.2. 150 kg for gangways and platforms intended only for access of personnel.8 0. In such cases.05 1. and b/h ( Clause 7.1 !). Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 T-1 0.76 0.9 1.88 0.4 \ 1 \ \ \ 1 \ k b/h=3 b/i=2 I blh=l b/h=O. .15 0.1.2 (3) 0.92 0.

40 M8 (9) 1. Cranes undergoing static as well as dynamic tests. The height of the following combination shall be considered: Ship Building Centre.06 (7) 1. Cranes out-of-service with maximum wind.06 M2 (3) 1. The three different cases of loading are to be considered: a) b) c) Working without wind.3 Amplification of-Load 8.3.3 Cranes Sutjected to Exceptional Loadings Exceptional loading occurs in the following cases: a) b) c) . a load multiplied by ( 1 – V )/2 to the hoisting load shall be taken into consideration of the impact load caused by setting the load down on the ground.2 Choosing or Duty Factors the Ampljjication Coefficient (M) 8. For a structural member.12 (9) 1.2 Ml M2 M3 M4 MS M6 M7 M8 . where M is the duty factor. The main loads shall be multiplied by the duty factors given in Table 13 considering the working conditions and the importance of the duty. Visakhapatnam.3. and For exceptional loadings. Y is -the impact factor. 8.05 (6) 1. Loads due to dead weight and working load due to the service load plus the greatest buffer effect. and are given by multiplying the impact factor specified in Table 12. and Loads S~ due to the dead weight plus the highest of the-two loads YP.2) Group of Classification (1) M (2) 1 (3) 1 (4) 1 (5) 1. c) where In the calculation of stresses. the most unfavorable combination shall be applied.12 M3 (4) 1.S~ and P&. from that of the self-weight.2 Cranes Working with Wind M [ ( self weight ) + Y ( hoisting load ) + ( horizontal load ) ] + ( wind load in services ) + ( load due to heat ). to the hoisting loads. The seismic load coefficient in some important town in India and map of India showing seismic load are given in IS 1893. Table 12 Impact Factor.3.4 Case Loading ( Combination of Loads ) Loads due to the dead weight plus the load due to the maximum wind. 8. SL = safe working load.1) Group of Cranes (1) Y Ml (2) 1. and Cranes working and subjected to a buffer effect.32 M6 (7) 1. W )]. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 a) b) The value of the ampli~ing co-efficient M depends upon the group classification of the cranes.5 Table 13 Duty Factor (Clause 8. the stress caused from the hoisting load is different in sign. deflection of the girder.4 M7 (8) 1. W ( Clause-8.18 M4 (5) 1. and S~ = maximum permissible load.4.4. 8. = coefficients by which the safe working load is multiplied for the dynamic test.4.Factors (Y) The impact Ioads caused in the hoisting operation are different in value according to the hoisting speed.25 MS (6) 1.1 (8) 1.1 Impact . 8.3. Working with limiting working wind. P.IS 807:2006 rope may be neglected. P* = coefficients which the safe working load is multiplied for the static test. rope length.1 Cranes Working Without Wind The following shall be taken into consideration [ ( static load due to deadweight)+ ( working load) x ( dynamic coefficient. 8.

IS 807:2006 NOTES 1 Alltheloads aretobe selected intbemostunfavourable position and magnitude for the member under consideration. the value of Y should be taken as 1. 2 The quality of steels used shall be stated and the physical properties. If there is no designation..3 1.3 and 8.. channels.4 Conventional Spectrum Number of Cycles and Stress NOTES 1 In the case of the slewing crane the jib shall be placed at a designated position with no load when out of service. the working case with limiting working wind. The stresses set up in the various structural members are determined for the case of loading ( the working case without wind.3 Rivets. the value of Y may be taken as 1. it shall be assumed that the jib is against the wind in its most unfavorable direction. Suitable provision shall be made in the design of the structural member to the protection against cause of the following fatigue failure: a) b) c) d) Failure due to maximum tensile stress of sufficiently high value. Ship Building Centre. residual stress and combined stress. over load. Table 14 Load Factor 1 Only tested quality materials ( plates. iii) Erection loads Transportation I Transportation . and Protection against stress concentration. the trolley shall be placed at a determined position with no load. 2 The application of load due to heat and seismic load shall be applied respectively (see 7. Bolts and Pins The allowable stresses for rivets. However if it clear that the horizontal motionsdo not occur at the same time with the hoisting motions. metallurgical structure..2. if the value not multiplied by Y is larger than multiplied by W. To take care of the above condition the load factor as given in Table 14 is to be considered. whichever is the smaller.15 1. 9.2 Structural Members and Welds . For instance. The fundamental allowable stress. o.2).2 percent strain) or the tensile strength of the material by safety factor as per Table 15. Visakhapatnam. it shall be assumed that the trolley is placed at the most unfavorable position. the case of exceptional loading) and a check is made to ensure that there is a sufficient safety coefficient ‘-y’ in respect of the critical stresses. angles and rails ) shall be used for the principal loading members.5 1.2 by road by rail and ship I 1. 9 ALLOWABLE 9.5 Transportation and Erection i) ii) iii) NOTES I 11 111 1. 2 The horizontal loads shall be considered over the worst combination of loads which may happen simtdtaneously is of the loads. shall be taken as the value obtained by dividing either the yield point (or yield strength at 0. 4 in case of the slewing crane. beam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 I S1 No. If this cannot be determined. temperature. A sufficiently large number of cycles of the applied stress. Table 15 Safety Factor 8. 14 . depending upon the respective loading condition mentioned in the combination of loads.1 9. 9. and or buckling Exceeding the limit of endurance to fatigue. 3 When the crane is out of service.2. b) c) Exceeding the critical-tripping iodd. if crane structures in the course of transportat ion and erection at the site. A large enough variation or fluctuation in the applied stress.2. 1 (1) i) ii) [ . chemical composition and welding qualities shall be guaranteed by the manufacturer of the material. Allowable stresses for structural members and welds are given in Table 16.1 Fundamental STRESS Allowable Stress The number of cycles of variation of loading and the spectrum of stresses to be taken into consideration for fatigue stresses.3 and 8. If it is clear that the job is unable to be slewed by the wind. bolts and pins shall conform to the specification as given in Table 17. corrosion.8 1.4 I Concentrated and uniformly distributed load imposed by the dead weight.3 1. 5 The application of load due to temperature and seismic load shall be referred to 7. considering the following three possible causes of failure: a) E-xceeding the elastic limit.5 1. the jib shall be placed at a designated position with no load when out of service. Type (2) 1 Factor (3) 1. it shall be assumed that the jib is located at the most unfavorable position.

10 As given in ‘13. Bolts and Pins ( Clause 9. Oalfi oa Is. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 The weld shall be free from the defects for class M5 to M8./1. ii) In case of presence of defects of class Ml to M4.1S 807:2006 Table 16 Allowable Stresses for Structural ( CIause 9. 0. 15 The basic method of presenting engineering fatigue data is by means of S – N curve./ d3 1. S– N curve is ccmcerned chiefly in the fatigue failure at high number of cycles ( N > 105cycles ).40. Visakhapatnam. tra “ I I Diameterof bolt stem Diameterof bolt stem Diameter of bolt stem Diameter of bolt stem Diameter of pin when the pin slides slightly only the allowable stress for bearing -pressure shall be given as 50 percent of the left described I Apparent shear Shear Bearing pressure Shear Bearing pressure Bending Anchor bolt Tension Shear 0. the allowable value shall not be more than !4 of the allowable value. Table 17 Allowable Stresses for Rivets. 0.3) ..4 Oa High tensile bolt High tensile grip bolt Reamed bolt Pin joint IS 2155 IS 3138 Is 3737 1s 6610 IS 6623 IS 6639 [S 6649 Shear 80% of the above Bearing pressure Apparent shear o.2IGl CiaI J3 1. compression Shear NOTES 1 Net section shall be located at the position of minimum section excluding holes of rivets and bolts.35 Cra Diameter of bottom screw 9. Remarks: Diameter Used in Calculation../43 1.1 Fatigue Curve for Ferrous Metal against the number of cycles ‘N’. 2 The welds shall conform to the i) Allowable Ua 6.40.15 As given in 12 0.1 o. 0.21aa 0.60. a plot of stress ‘S’ .lfi Throat Gross Gross and net Stresses Section for Calculation Oross Gross Members and Welds followingconditions in the testing methods: Ship Building Centre.2 ) Kind of Stresses Structural members Tension Compression Buckling Shear Bending Welds Butt weld Tension Compression Shear Fillet weld Tension in the direction of-bead. etc Diameter of rivet hole I I I Kind of Joint Rivet Material IS 1363 IS 1364 IS 1367 1S 1929 Kind of Stresses Shop Shear Bearing pressure -Fields Allowable Stresses 0.4.

6 . 9. \ \ - FATIGUE LIMIT Ship Building Centre. The fatigue ratio for steel shall be around 0. high number of cycles and load spectrum.03 .. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 .7 ..~5 ... below this limiting stress ( fatigue limit or endurance limit ) the material can endure an infinite number of cycles without failure. 10 NOTCH EFFECT 16 . The shapes of the parts joined and the means of doing it have the effect of producing stress concentration ( notch effect )“ which considerably reduces the fatigue strength of the member. high stress... ~ .04 . 10..2 Material Used and Notch Effect The fatigue strength of member depends upon the quality of the material used.given graphically in Fig. Visakhapatnam. While designing the structural member.05 . 4/. The fatigue strength of the structural members depends upon the shape and the method of making the joints. . 9.IS 807:2006 S – N curve becomes horizontal at a certain limiting stress..3.. due consideration shall be given to fatigue limit.2 to 0. The failure is at high stress in a short number of cycles. Representation is..8 .09 NUMBER CYCLESTO FAILUREN OF FIG.7 .02 . Representation is given graphically in Table 18 and Fig. Classification of various joints to their degree of stress ‘concentration (or notch effect ) is given in Annex A.4. 9 FATIGUECYCLES 1400 1200 u) (n Lu lx 1U-J 600 400 200 0 10 .6 NUMBER OF CYCLES ~ FIG.6 .

.- “. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 d *— 0“ ii) Butt joint of plates of different thickness at right angles to the force Asymmetrical slope c c d _ [_~-. & d = .IS 807:2006 Table 18 Classification by Notch Strength ( Clause 9. / .. - Asymmetrical joint d c ..2) S1 No.. Explanation Figure Classification by Notch Strength As Welded (}) (2) Parent metal Butt joint at right angles to the force (3) Butt joint of fiat piates (4) Bead Finished (5) (6) Remarks a c O a ~y~y d Butt joint of shapes / c Taken as d. when a backing strip is used b Confirm absence of lamination ./ d e Cruciform joint . ~-t-l c b Symmetrical slope * :---=z~~ ------- Symmetrical joint d c 17 . ---”.. Visakhapatnam.~. Ship Building Centre.4..<. . =. “.

’) (4) Bead Finished (5) (6) Confirm absence of lamination Remarks d c @ / / iv) Continuous butt weld and fillet weld parallel to the force / Butt weld / b b Ship Building Centre.K. Explanation Figure Classification by Notch Strength As Welded (1) iii) (2) Fillet weld at right angles to the force /’ Q d / (3) \ P . & . @ d c [— ~ 1A* i “\.. .– S1 No. ~ R’ d c . b / /& Butt Weld —— w =.. Visakhapatnam. fillet weld ( spot) c c c ..IS 807:2006 Table 18 ( Continued) .. .. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 / Fillet weld @ / / @ @ v) Discontinuous -R-L -D-L vi) With necessary member joint Fillet weld. x vii) With necessary member joint Fillet weld.

Visakhapatnam.. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:20 1. .. ix) 3eneath rail Filletweld d d I’illet weld (perfect) c b u h’” ““’” GY /“’- x) rruss Fillet weld d c 19 . Explanation Figure Classification by Notch Strength As Welded (1) viii) (2) loint of curved flange and web (4) 3ead Finishe[ (5) c (6) Remarks Fillet weld c A -1 ! I ! I I -i IA Fillet weld (perfect) b b I ! ! Ship Building Centre.IS 807:2006 Table 18 ( Continued) S1 No.

. which varies from +1 to –1.-rM.. M.n are the algebraic values of these extreme stresses. in case of shear I where ‘Mm = This ratio. . . 9. . .. O~aX Maximum stress cr~ti is the highest stress in absolute value that is.5 Amplitude Method The amplitude of the variable Stresses ( o&fax~k~. . Ship Building Centre. .. .. E % \ (3) (4) d Bead Finished (5) c (6) Remarks --- Fillet weld E-groove —--- -.. —. If a~m and c~. .’.. Explanation Figrme Classification by Notch Strength As Welded (1) xi) Pipe (2) Fillet weld . o~aXbeing the extreme stress having higher absolute valve. To determine this ratio ‘K’ by taking two extreme values which can occur during possible operation.4 Ratio (K) between the Extreme Stresses This ratio is determined by calculating the extremes values of the stresses to which the component is subjected according to loading condition. . without the application of amplifying coefficients.. . . The ratio may vary depending upon the operating cycles but it depends on the safe side. ( ~Ma. Cdwith respect to the direct stress for parent metals. . “ .IS 807:2006 Table 18 ( Concluded) .4. .. or CT~d. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 “---”r:_t”--” c ~~~~ 9.——. .. ( ?w. . 6d/ w For welds. .... and ‘Max = maximum direct stress..-~lwn )< ~J.-—.. . o~.n f o~o. ... .—..FL. .3 Determination of the Maximum Stress. Visakhapatnam. . 9. / . . S1 No...4. . — JLD xii) Perforated member --—. it maybe tension or compression which occurs in the member in loading case... ..— .. 20 minimum direct stress.2 ).~~.4. .. FJ.. . .F~.)S ~J. ~~are to be taken from the ‘u’ notch (see 9. is positive if the extreme stresses are both of the same sense ( fluctuating stresses) and negative when the extreme stresses are one of the opposite sense (alternating stresses). the ratio may be written: K = ~~.4. a~/ W with respect to the shear stress for welds shall be applied.— .) shall not exceed the allowable stress and also shal I satisfy the following three formulae: ( ~~aX-~~i~ ) S ‘J. . .

Table 19 Joint Factors (F’. This should be taken as 1 000 kgf/cm2 or 100 N/mm2. “inkgf/cm2 or N/mmz.2 (6) ]. shall be provided. allowable fatigue stress. the coefficient of friction between the clamps and the rail shall be taken as 0. st-42.2 Safety against Movement by the Wind Table 20 Life Factors (F. at 90 percent -survival.6 Checking the Members Subjected to /“atigue The permissible stress for fatigue is derived from the critical stress defined as being the stress which on the basis of test made with test pieces. clamps.2 1. Where there is danger of movement a mooring device such as a chains.1 1. 10 STABILITY AGAINST OVERTURNING The tension stress shall be calculated by the net sectional area excluding the holes of the bolts and the rivets from the following formula: Ut =—<qa An N where N= tensile force in axial direction. I I.1 Special Measures Supplementary means of mooring may be provided to ensure stability when out of service. in kgf or N: An = net sectional area.() I.4 (4) 1. at = tensile stress.4. assuming the tipping point to have been reached by increasing the working load and the dynamic and weather effects by the factors specified in Table 21. Further more. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 FL. 10.2 (7) 1.() lo Ml M2 M3 M4 M5 h46 M7 Mg Independently of the stability against overturning. For the design of clamps.o (8) (9) 1. st-52 according to the various group in which the components are classified and notch effects of the main types of joints used. *d = life factor given in Table 20.5) Group of Cranes Notches (1) (2) 1.r = Tli[lll = F-. This check shall be carried out assuming a coefficient of friction equal to 0. ~A{(n = TMu. b c.) (Clause 9. = direct stress. minimum shear stress. Such measures should only be adopted atler agreement between the user and the manufacturer as they impose conditions on operation.=1S 807:2006 where a A’4U.() lo ].25. 16.1 ]. Practical indications based on the results of research in this field is given in Annex A on the determination of permissible stresses for steel grade st-37. 12 to and rigid. corresponds to a 90 percent probability of survival to which a coefficient of safety of 4/3 is applied thus: ad of fatigue = 0. and O. in kgi7cm2 or N/mm2. in cm2 or mmz. Visakhapatnam.Kmaximum = N/mmz.4 (s) 1.) calculation.d 9. Graphical representation is given in Fig. Stability against overturning shall be checked by . in kgf/cm2 or minimum direct stress. Ship Building Centre.7 (3) 1.3 1.14 for braked wheels and a resistance to rolling of 10 kgf/t for unbraked wheels mounted on anti-friction bearing or of 15 kgf/t for bushed wheels.4. maximum shear stress. each stress shall not exceed the al Iowable stress. it is permissible to impose definite positions of the cranes or of certain of it’s components when out of services or alternatively to allow freedom of movements of the latter ( crane jib for example ). due accounts shall be taken of the inclination imparted to the crane as a whole. in kgf/cm2 or N/mmz. the rail track or the base of the appliance being assumed to be horizontal Typical diagram are shown in Fig. joint factor given in Table 19. and = 10.a = allowable tensile stress. In case of floating cranes. manual or automatic locking pin.750. However. a check should be made that the cranes shall not be set in motion if maximum wind increased by 10 percent. in kgf/cm2 or Nhnmz.2 1. etc. 11 CALCULATION OF TENSION MEM-BERS a.

12 ILLLJSTRATION STABILITYBASE STABILITYREACH AND REACH 22 . Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 STABILITY REACH MEASURED FROM BASE LINE TO STABILITY REACH MEASURED FROM ~ 1/ GtB HEAD PIN . + ~min. 11 ALLOWABLEFATIGUESTRENIGTH Ship Building Centre. t y 0 A 90° / +++% TABILITY BASE BASE LINE ~kL’E4 l--STABILllY BASE —1 SUSPENSION CRANES m FORNON-SLEWING 3 OR 4 POINIFIG. * $)’’” \ q BASE LINE TO GIB HEAD PIN ‘“’ . BASE “NE ~ . Visakhapatnam. . 2 ( kgf/cm2) / ( N/mm*) FIG.IS 807:2006 600 400 200 0 -1000 -500 0 500 1000 1500 2000 ~ (Tin= ~m~x.

Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 I-till lrll/ STABILITY BASE a) FT RADIUS STABILITY BASE b) r RADIUS CRANE FIG. 13 TYPEMOUNTED OBILE M CRANE Ship Building Centre. REACH I \ I STABILITY I I 1- I----=Q ‘EACH - FIG.IS 807:2006 STABILITY BASE —.. Visakhapatnam.—.——. 23 . 14 TRAWLER TYPEMOBILE .

Visakhapatnam. / 7 /// FIG.Ship Building Centre.. m J . Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 . 15 PORTAL CRANE JIB .

Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 .Ship Building Centre. Visakhapatnam.. 1(j TOWER CRANE OR TOWER DERIRC CRANE 25 . “FIG.

IS 807:2006 Table 21 Stability ( C/ause Checks ‘to . Visakhapatnam. in kgf orN. in cm~ or mm4. w= buckling coefficient. ‘—.35 I 1 -0. shear stress. in kgfcm or Nmm: I= geometrical moment of inertia. However.3 I 1 Loads to be Considered (2) c) Wind Dynamic check Cranes under load a) Safe working load b) Twu horizontal effects c) Limiting working wind D}namic check Cranes uudcr no-load a) Safe working load b) Two horizontal effects c) Limiting working wind ~ (’hecking for m2i\inlunl tviud I ( a) Safe working load b) Horizontal effects Storm !vincl ) c) Maximum wind ~ Check for breakage of sling a) Safe working load b) Two horizontal effect with no load c) Limiting working wind NOTES I Limiting working wind ill the most unfavorable direction. 13 CALCULATION OF BOX GIRDER SUBJECTED TO BENDING AND TORSIONAL STRESSES The bending stress and torsional stress for the 26 F —. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 2 Travel motion used for positioning only and shall bc made separately. 13. The ratio of the effective length /to the least radius of gyration for compression members shall not exceed 180 for main member and 240 for wind bracing and subsidiary members. in kg flcm~ or N/mm2. and rsca= allowable compressive stress.1 – 0. = allowable tensile strkss.1 Bending 6.5 o o 1. in kgf/cm2 or N/mmz. 3 Unless calculation juslilj 12 CALCULATKIN MEMBERS a lower value.be Made (1) Static check a) Safety working load b) Horizontal effects Requirements IO) Amplifying (3) 1. in kgf/cmz or N/mm*. the lateral buckling due to the bending is not considered. The actual values shall be taken from IS 800. in kgf/cm2 or N/mm2. T= ‘Ta = allowable shear stress. a= c compressive stress along edge. q. MM I M !“ — <(3. in the case of the cranes when the ratio ( span/width ) of the girder is not more than 40.1 I 1 () o 1. bending moment. cJ=— c T= A = gross sectional area. Ship Building Centre.2 where N= An < ~ca compression force in axial direction. A/f. . OF COMPRESSION The compressive sectional the rivets frolm stress shal I be calculated by the gross area not excluding the holes of the bolts or the following formula: box girder subjected to bending and torsional stresses shall be respectively calculated as follows. in cm2 or mm2. An’ <Ta where at = tensile stress along edge. Oc = compressive stress.

in kgf/cm2 or N/mm2. open section such as 1section member shall be checked about lateral buckling..1 Stress Due to Bending Moment c M ‘—”Y [ (3= c crta = allowable tensile stress. “O. where 0. bending moment acting at the joint.’1 = gross sectional area of tension flanges. 27 .= and e ==distance between the neutral axis and the edge of section. where 0= M= I= tensile or compressive stress at the weld. in cm or mm. in cm4 1= or mnd..1S 807:2006 . in cm2 or mmz. area surrounded with centre lines of webs and flanges in cm? or mmz. 15. in kgf-cm or N-mm. in kgf/cm2 or N/mm2. 15. = net sectional area of tension flanges. t= M CALCULATION OF MEMBERS SUBJECTED TO BENDING BY FORCE IN THE DIRECTION OF AXIS Stress of the members subjected to bending by force in the axial direction shall be calculated from the following formulae or a precise buckling calculation shall be carried out considering the deformation of the members as required: 15.W+O.2. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 A = shear stress at the weld. in cm or mm. and effective length of the weld. in kgf or N. “ tensile stress along edge.A.I Stresses at the butt weld or the fillet weld shall be calculated from the following formulae: <~ a o ‘— P X a. in cmz or mm2. 6’= ~ .4. and thickness of web or flange in cm or mm. vertical or horizontal butt weld of webplates and fiIlet weld connecting l-shape girder to wall surface: ~s 6. allowable shear stress. such as the continuous weld connecting a web plate and flange. in cm or mm. and ‘c = shearing stress. a= 1= T . in kgf/cm2 or N/mmz.2 Torsion q l~here T. Visakhapatnam..ED JOINTS A. and in cm? or mm2. force in axial directicm. compressive stress along edge. in kgf or N. = tensile or compressive stress at the weld.2 Combined Stresses on Joints under Bending and Shear Moment Composite stress shall be calculated from the following formula for joints on which the bending moment and the shear force act simultaneously. 2. 15 CALCULATION OF WELD. N.1 Stresses on Joints under Tension.9 — 1 . Ship Building Centre. Moreover. M = bending moment. distance between the neutral axis to tension edge. where G= ‘r= p. force acting on the joint.e < ~ta where 6 = tensile or compressive stress at the weld.in kgf/cm2 or N/mmz. G=— c N A M . moment of inertia of the throat around the An = net section area of member. in cm or mm. in cm2or mm2. . A= gross sectional area of member. Compression or Shearing Fcirce 13-. edge or compression shear force. in kgf/cmz or N/mmz. in cmz or mm2. geometrical moment of inertia. in kgf or N.— P X a. in kgf/cm2 or N/mm2. throat of the weld.1 Ta = M. = =_ M. in kgfcm. torsional moment around the shearing centre in kgf cm or N mm. in kgf/cm2 or N/mmz. = bending stress in kgf/cm2 or N/mmz.’ = net sectional area of web subjected to shear.1 shear stress due to torsional moment in kgf/cm~.

in cm or mm.1 In such case where OIL.Wress T ..: )2.k. in kgf or N. a5 a = THROAT FIG. ?1 r I&f 1 }“ \ a3 . fundamental buckling stress given from the following formula: CTc= n2.CI 61k]= local ideal buckling stress given from the formula 6. Visakhapatnam. = oC. it shall be obtained according to the condition of each stress from Table 23.1 Compressive Independently Stress or Shear Stress Acts elasticity. in cm or mm. 12b2(l -p2) modulus of longitudinal kgf/cm2 or N/mm2.. in cm or mm.1. ( see where -c= p. and Y ==distance from the neutral axis to a point under consideration.— P –— value of the maximum al = absolute compressive stress in k-gf/cm2or N/cm~. . width of the panel. in cm4 or mm4. and throat. effective o..t2 =( 1378. in P poisson’s ratio. in cm or mm. in ligf/cm2 or N/cmz. T= s = MG = geometrical moment of the area ofa section Isc = I= a= moment of inertia. t b= k= . /-- local buckling coefficient and concerning the partial panel it shall be in accordance with Table 23.kgf/cmz or N/mm~ Ship Building Centre. local ideal buckling given fi-omthe formula ~kl= OC k.IS 807:2006 neutral axis andinthe case of fillet weld. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 16 CALCULATION OF LOCAL BUCKLING OF PLATES E. the allowance stress shall be al t’. 17 EXPANSIONOF TIiROKI 28 a5 1 t . ‘k] = shear stress.. Concerning the whole surface including stiffeners.. 16.2. shear stress in kgf/cm2 or N/mm*.2 Shear . f 16. Local buckling strength of the plates shall be calculated on both the buckling of a partial panel surrounded by the stiffeners and the buckling of the whole panel including stiffeners where the load acting on the plate shall be multiplied by the impact factor (~) and the duty factor. M. outside of the weld line under consideration about the neutral axis. s— reduced accordingly ‘Iki the moment of inertia of expansion section as shown in Fig.. safety factor for local buckling Table 22). thickness of the plate. 17 in which the ‘throat is expanded on the joining surface. in cm4 or mm4. where s ‘ki ‘t s— s 15. in cms or mm3.— a4 ~- l—l-f R.it~i exceeds the elastic limit of the material.E. shear force at the joint. A4fG I. .

when the nodal of a and b of both trusses do not displace perpendicularly to the plane of truss and the forces of members N. 17. in cm or mm. when o = O. and k = minimum radius of gyration relating to a The two local buckling stress.~i re separately calculated and the local combined stress.. and all-owable reduced stress. d) (sVk = reduced combined stress. The slenderness ratio k of the member shall be calculated from the following formula: k= lklk where Ship Building Centre. in cm or mm. The buckling length f~shall be obtained as follows: As to the buckling in aplane of a truss. Visakhapatnam. 17. /k shall be taken as 0. a Clki ) * -t (:)* ‘ki b) =drJ.. In special case when ~ = O. + — — 4 4 (d ‘Ik! where $ = ratio of maximum to minimum stress acting perpendicular to a plate. 17.75+ 0. in cm or mm. The bend buckling vertical to the plane of the truss shall be as follows: a) The distance of nodal points may be taken as /k. ideal combined stress.1 Net Sectional Area of Tension Member In order to obtain the effective net sectional area of the tension member. if the both ends of the member are supported not to permit displacement. which is the distance between the centre of gravity of the joining bolts ( including rivets ) at the ends of the member. ol~. ratio of length to width of the panel. the areas of the rivet-or the bolt holes shall be reduced adequately according to the position of the rivets or the bolts. — safety factor for local buckling. ov~.i~g length is taken as lk. [n thecase where one end of the member is joined rigidly to a lateral member having bend rigidity not to displace laterally. s ‘-— F hi s= F= gross sectional area of the stiffeners in cm2 or mm~.25 — ) NI N2 29 . crVk.71. In Fig.and ~. ~+3#= ~ Cr . a =— (1 h 17 DESIGNS OF STRUCTURAL SUBJECT TO AXIAL FORCES M-EMBERS Y= stiffeners ratio of the stiffener. J Y0.092 i5t3 The structural members and joints shall be of the structure free from eccentricity and special stress concentration. four rivets or bolt holes shall be reduced from the sectional area of the member.2 Slenderness Ratio J= geometrical moment of inertia about the centre line of the plate to calculate the local buckling for the gross section of the stiffeners.IS 807:2006 a= a= length of the panel. i? ~ki = In case where ideal combined stress av~i exceeds the elastic limit of the material the allowable stress shall be determined by the reduced combined stress Ovk CT vk buckling axis. these shal I be designed taking into consideration the effect. In Fig. it shall taken as /k = (0. 18.~i shall be obtained from the following formula: Ovkl = 3-4) I+@ _ IS. o. ratio of area of the stiffener.= alk. . Nl are different in magnitude and N2< NI. In the case where both ends are jointed rigidly to the lateral members having bend rigidity not to displace laterally. and in the inevitable case.in kgflcm~or N/mm2 c) where al s a= vkl ok = value of the maximum = absolute compressive stress in kgf/cmz or N/cm*. if the section a-c-c-a is smaller than that of a-a.81. Normal Simultaneously 16. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 NOTE — The values ot’ buckling coefficient shall be taken from Tables 23 [o ?7.2 Stress and Shear Stress Acts /k = buckling length.s 1. in cm’ or mm4. When a member intersects the other members. . the intersecting part may be regarded as rigid in the plane of the truss. the buckl. f~ shall be taken as 0.

.05($-1) 1.125($-1) 1. where compressive stress are equai and tensile stress is larger @.1.1...50+0. Loading Condition Safety Factor for Buckling of the Whole Plane (3) 1.180($-1 1. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 iii) Linearly distributed tensile and compressive stresses.71 + 0.S-1 Uniformly shear stress distributed 30 .5+0.35+0.075 (($-1) ) Safety Factor for Buckling of a Partial Panel Surrounded by Stiffness (4) 1. Visakhapatnam.IS 807:2006 Table 22 Safety Factors for Local Buckling ( Clause 16.25+ 0. iv ) u >213 K=23.9 iv) — v) Linearly distributed tensile and compressive stresses.1 ) Range of Application Bsrckling Coefficient K No.1 ) S1 No.. ) K’” = buckling coefficient for @= -1 ( refer to No.i) ii) iii) (2) I 11 111 Table 23(a) Buckling Coefficient for the Partial Panel K ( without stiffner ) ( Clause sl Loading Condition 16.35 +0. ~= O ( refer-to No. Uniformly distributed compressive stress 1#1=1 ii) Linearly distributed compressive stress ()< @<l Ship Building Centre..075($–1) 1. ). where compressive stress is larger -1<$<0 ~ a ~Jm~ K=(l+@)K–@K’+ 100 (l+@) K’= buckling coetlicient Iijr .025 (@-l ) (1) .

. One horizontal and one vertical centre stiffener at 0.. One horizontal stiffener and vertical stiffeners at centre .0 .o A = 1.93 (l+cP) a% 10.41 (l+9a~)z+ 13. a3) +26L) w— iv) ~= Uniformly distributed shear stress. One vertical stiffener at centre 4.2)2+ 2y@(l+a2)2 vi) Uniformly distributed shear stress.t -1 +27 a<4dl+2y ‘= ‘= 0.24( I +a2 )2+0..95(@+l.5( I +a2)z+0. N z m .l . *U.24 ( 1 + a2)z +3.lly ‘(l+a~)2( 9+a~)z+2ya. NOTE — Both stiffeners sl}all cross each other iiithout reduction of hknding stitTness or be combined at the same siiffness.1 ~= (l+a*)~+ d(l 2(yL+yQ. .11 yczz 1+9a2)z+ 162yu3( l+az)s+2yaz( l+9aD)2 r ~l+a’)2( 10.1 ) S1 No Loading Condition and Arrangement of Stiffness Range of Application O-* Buckling 2 Coefficient (l+cF)~ K i) Uniformly distributed compressive stress o<l@l<l One horizontal stiffener at centre Uniformly distributed compressive stress ()<@<] One vertical stiffener at centre Uniformly distributed compressive stress.5 s Cx<2. Visakhapatnam.24 ( 1 + a2 )2 + 3..1) cx~(l +28) I+ N’1+27 1+2(5 ii) 0.24( 1 +az )2+0. —.9 SCX <1.0 r = 1 u-u J (l+a2)2( l+9az)2+ 2y(l+a2)z+2y( I+9LY’)Z 10. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 0. .93 (1+az) a’~ G 10.5< a 52.Table 23(b) Buckling Coefficient for the Partial Panel h’ ( Clause 16. One horizontal stiffener at centre 4.4 SCIS i.1) +1.1.95 ($$ 4 o. (9+a3)z +162y(l+LZ2)~ K= v) Uniformly distributed shear stress.16 (1 +9c#)2 + 4.05y 0.. =&x a.05yas + (I+ Q?)2(9+cr2 )2+2@ (9+ry.41 (9+a~)2+ 1~.3Lx2y [(l +a:)o +(9+&)2] iii) Ship Building Centre.16(9+ &)2+ 4. -= E m.167 B=(l+az )z(9+az)~L2a:y (9+ Lx:)~+3.ab HI —.

IS 807:2006
Table 24 (Cluuse Buckling L 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 I 00 )10 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 I 90 200 o 1.04 1.08 1.14 1.21 1.30 1.41 1.55 1.71 1.90 2.11 2.43 2:85 3.31 3.80 4.32 4.88’ -5.47 6.10 6.75 01 for Cylindrical 1 1.00 1.03 1.07 1.13 1.20 1.29 1.40 1.54 1.73 2.08 2 1.00 1.04 1.08 1.13 1.20 1.30 1.41 1.56 1.76 2,12 .3 1.00 1.04 1,08 1.14 1.21 1.31 1.42 1.58 1.79 2.16 Coefficients 1 1.04 1.09 1.14 1.22 1.31 1.42 1.56 1.73 1.92 2.14 2.47 2.90 3.36 3.85 4.38 4.94 -5.53 6.16 16.1.1)

@ for Steel Members of Yield not more than 24 kgf/mm2 ( 240 N/mm* ) 2 1.04 I .09 1.15 1.23 1.32 1.44 1.58 1.74 I .94 2.16 2.51 2.94 3.41 3.90 4.43 5.00 5.59 6.23 3 1.05 1,10 1,16 1.23 1.33 1.45 1,59 1.76 1.96 2.18 2.55 2.99 3.45 3.95 4,49 5.05 5.66 6.29 4 1.05 1.10 1.16 1.24 1.34 1.46 1.61 1.78 1.98 2.21 2.60 3.03 3.50 4.00 4.54 5.11 5.72 6.36 5 1.06 1.11 1,17 1.25 1.35 1.48 1.62 1.80 2.00 2.23 2.64 3.08 3.55 4.06 4.60 5.17 5,78 6.42 6 1.06 [.11 1.18 1.26 1.36 1.49 1.64 1.82 2.02 2.27 2,63 3.12 3.60 4.11 4.65 5.23 5,84 6.49 7 I .07 1,12 1.19 1.27 1.37 1.50 1.66 1.84 2.05 2.3 I 2.72 3.17 3.65 4.16 4.71 5.29 5.91 6.55 8 1,07 1.13 1.19 1.28 1.39 1.52 I .68 1,86 2,07 2.35 2.77 3.22 3.70 4.22 4.77 5.35 5.97 6.62 9 1.08 1.13 I .20 1.29 I .40 1.53 1.69 1,88 2.00 2.39 2.81 3.26 3.75 4.27 4.82 5.41 6.03 6.69 k 20 :() 4(I 50 00 70 80 90 100 110 1?() I .30 I 40 150 160 170 180 I ()() 200

Ship Building Centre, Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21

,,
“Buckling Coefficients x 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 o 1.00 1.03 1.07 1.12 1.19 1,28 1.39 1.53 1.70 2.05 Steel Members of Yield not more than 24 kgf/mm2 ( 240 N/mn12 ) 4 1.01 1.04 1.09 1.15 1.22 1.32 1.44 1.59 1.83 2.20 5 1.01 1.05 1.09 1.15 1.23 1.33 1.46 1.61 1.87 2.23 6 1.01 1.05 1.10 1.16 1.24 1,34 1.47 1.63 1.90 2.27 7 1,02 1.05 1,10 1,17 1.25 .1.35 1.48 1,64 1.94 2.31 8 1.02 1.06 1.11 1.17 1.26 1.36 1.50 1.66 1.97 2.35 9 I .02 1.06 1.11 1.18 1.27 1,37 1,51 1.68 2.01 2.39 k 2() 3() 40 50 60 70 X() 90 I 00 110
equal

NOTE — To cylindrical coefficients, to 120 or more.

of which ratio of diameter to plate thickness is not more than 6 and k is

32

1S 807:2006
Table 25

(Clause 16.1.1)
Buckling Coefficients 02 for Steel Members of Yield Point 30 kgf/mmz ( 300 N/mm* ) to32 ( 320 N/mmz ) 2 I I I I I I I 1.06 1.12 1.20 1.29 1.42 1.58 1.76 2.01 2.39 2.88 3.40 3.00 4,63 5.29 6.02 6.78 7.60 8.45 ! I ] I 3 1.07 1.12 1.21 1.31 1.44 1.60 1.79 2.03 2.43 2.93 3.46 4.06 4.69 5.36 6,09 6.86 7.68 8.54 4 .5 I ] I I I I I 1,08 1.14 1.23 1.33 1.46 1,63 1.83
— -,

kgf/mm2

A 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 ! I I I \ I I

o 1.o5 I.it 1.18 1.28 1.39 1.54 1.73 1.95 2.29 2.77 3.30 3.88 4.49 5.16 5.86 6.62 7.42 8.27 9.18 \ j I I I \ I

1 1.06 I.11 1.19 1.28 1.41 1.56 1.74 1.98 2.34 2.82 :.35 3.94 4.56 5.22 5.94 6.70 7.51 8.36

6 I I I I I I I I I 1.08 1.15 1.23 1.35 1.48 1.65 1.85
—..,

7 I I I I I I I I I 1,09 1.16 1,24 1,36 1.50 1.67 1,88
—.-,

8 I I I I I I 1.10 1.17 1.25 1.37 1.51 1,69 1.90 2.20 2.67 3,19 3.75 4.37 5.02 5.72 6.48 7.25 8.10 8.98 I I I ! ] I I I
,—

9 1.10 1.17 “1.27 1.38 1.52 1.71 1.93 2.24
—-!

L \ ] 20 3() 40 50 60 70 80 ()() 100 110 120 130 140 150 I 60 170 180 I ()() 2i)i)”

I
I I I I I I
!—–,

1.07 1.13 1.22 1,32 1.45 1.61 1.81 2.05 2.48 2.98 3,52 4.12 4.75 5.43 6.17 6.94 7.76 8.62

I
I I \ I ! ]

I
I I

I
\ I

I \

I 2.07 \ 2,53 3.03 3.58 4.18 4.81 5.50 6.25 7.02 7.85 8.70

2.11 2.58 3,09 3.63 4.24 4.88 5.57 6.32 7.10 7,94 8.79

2.15 2.62 3.14 3.69 4.30 4.95 5.64 6.40 7.17 8.02 8.88

I

I

2.72 3.24 3.82 4.43 5.09 5,79 6.55 7.34 8.18 9.08

Ship Building Centre, Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21

Bucking Coefficients

for Cylindrical

Steel Nlembers to of Yield Point 30 kgf/mm2 ( 300 N/mmz ) to 32 kgf/mm2 ( 320 N/mmz )

L 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

()

I 1.02 1.06 1.11 1.18 1.27 1.40 1.57 1.90

2 1.02 1.06 1.11 1.19 1.28 1.41 1.58 1.94

3 1.03 1,07 1.12 1.19 1,29 1 43 1.60 1.98

4 1.03 1.07 1.13 1.20 1.31 1.45 1.62 2.03

5 1.03 1.08 1.13 1.21 1.32 1.46 1.66 2.07

6 1.04 1.08 1.14 1.22 1.33 1,48 I .70 2.11

7 1.04 1.09 1.15 1.23 1.34 149 1.73 2.15

8 1.04 1.09 1.15 1,24 1.36 1.51 1.77 2.20

y 1.05 1,10 1.16 1.25 1.37 1.53 1.82 2.24

A ?() 3() 40 5() 60 70 8() 90

1.02 1.05 1.10 1.17 1.26 1.38 1.55 1.86

NOTE — To cylindrical to I 00 or more,

coetTicients, Of which ratio Of diameter to

plate thickness is not more than 6 -and k is

eqLIal

33

IS

807:2006
Table26

(Cluuse 16.1.1) Buckling Coefficients o) for Steel .Members of Yield Point 34 kgf/mm2 ( 340 N/mmz ) to 36 kgf/mm2
( 360 N/mmz )


k Z() 30 40 5() 60 70 80 90 10 () — 110 120 130 1-1o + 150 — o 1,06 Ill 1,18 1.28 1.41 1.58 I .79 2.05 2.53 3.06 3.65 4,96 4.69 5.70 t’ocfficients for Cylindrical 1 1,06 1.12 1.19 1.29 I .43 1.60 1,81 2.10 2,58 3.12 3.71 4,35 5.04 2 I .07 1.13 1.20 1.31 i .44 1.62 1.83 2.14 2.64 3.18 3.77 4.41 5.11 3 1.07 1.14 121 1.32 1.46 1.64 1.86 2.19 2.69 3.23 3.83 4.48 5.18 4 1.08 1.14 1.22 1.33 1.47 1.66 1.88 2.24 2.74 3.29 3.89 4.55 5.25 5 1.08 1.15 1.23 1.34 I .49 1.68 1.91 2.29 2.79 3.35 3.96 4.62 5.33 6 1.09 1.15 1.24 1.36 1.51 1.70 ],93 2.33 2.85 3.41 4.02 4.69 5.40 7 .1.09 1.16 1.25 1.37 1.52 1.72 1.96 2.38 2,90 3.47 4,09 4.75 5.47 8 1.10 1.17 1.26 1.38 “1.54 1.74 1.98 2.43 2.95 3.53 4.15 4.82 5.55 9 1.11 1.18 1.27 1.40 1.55 1.76 2.01 2.48 3,01 3.59 4.22 4.89 5.62 k 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 9() 1()() 110 120 130 140 [50

Ship Building Centre, Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21

Buckling

Steel Members w of Yield Point 34 kgf/mm2 ( 340 N/mmz ) to 36 kgf/mm2 ( 360 N/mmz ) 3 4 1.03 1.07 1.13 1.22 1.33 1.49 1.79 5 1,03 1.08 1.14 1.23 1.35 1.51 1,83 6 1.04 1.08 1.15 1.24 1.36 1.53 1.88 7 I .04 1.09 1.16 1.25 1.38 1.55 1.92 8 1.05 1.10 1,16 1.26 1.39 1.57 1.97 9 I .05 1.10 1,17 1.27 1.41 1.59 2.01 k20 30” “ 40 50 60 70 80

.
—— A 20 3() —. — — 40 5() 60 7() 80 () I,02 1,05 1.11 1.18 1.28 1.42 I .62 1 1.02 1.06 1.11 1.19 1,30 1,44 1.66 2 I .02 1.06 1.12 1.20 1.31 1.46 1.71 1.03 1.07 1.13 1.21 1.32 1.47 1.75

Nol E — To cylindrical [0 90 or mm

ctwt’tlcients. of which ratio of diameter to plate thickness k not more than 6 and A.is equal

34

83 6 1.13 1.42 1.85 I 1.76 6.09 5.58 3.94 6.94 I 1 1.16 1.52 4.31 5.52 3.28 1.34 6.45 1.44 1.32 7.51 1.14 .01 4.33 I 1.IS 807:2006 Table 27 (Clause 16.47 1.25 1.70 3.00 1.85 5.09 4.01 5.09 1.11 7.32 1.19 1.46 5.27 I .18 1.o4 1.77 5.07 1.83 2.66 4.12 1.03 1.07 1.00 1.04 1.06 3.14 1.33 1.06 1.70 2.12 1.72 2.67 coefficients.24 2.13 3.50 6.87 4.02 1. M’ 3() 40 “50 60 -70 N(3TE — To cylindrical to 80 or more.82 3.51 1.64 3.06 1.08 2.67 6.40 1.00 3.26 1.29 1.13 1.15 1.80 4.“38 5.98 9 1.1.16 4.09 1.01 1.34 !.47 1.09 1.25 6.26 1.ol 1. of which ratio of diameter to plate thickness is not more than 6 and k is equal 35 .14 2.46 4.65 1.02 6.41 3.58 1.98 2.59 4.02 1.1) Buckling Coefficients w for Steel Members of Yield Point 44 kgf/mmz ( 440 N/mm* ) to 46 kgf/mm2 ( 460 N/mmz ) 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Ilo 120 130 140 150 I 103 1.60 “1 1.25 1.43 1. Visakhapatnam.61 5.75 2.12 1.09 1.17 6.88 7 1.37 1.20 1.54 1.23 I ?() 30 40 50 60 70 X() 90 I 00 110 [Z() 130 140 150 - Ship Building Centre.62 1.26 3.13 I 1.08 1.93 5.35 1.21 1.75 I 1.35 2.03 a.67 2.53 5.05 1.47 3.22 1.74 4 1.11 1.30 1.30 2.32 1.17 1.00 1.37 1.20 1.39 1.77 2.42 6.64 2 I .15 1.04 I 1.60 1.11 1.46 1.19 3.13 1.69 5.80 2.05 1.06 1.29 7.73 4.20 7.10 1.04 1.78 5 I.01 I .23 1.08 1.07 1.o6 1. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 Buckling Coefficients for Cylindrical Steel Members (o of Yield Point 44 kgf/mm2 ( 440 N/mm2 ) to 46 kgf/mm2 ( 460 N/mmz ) ?& 20 30 40 50 60 70 o loo 1.88 2.03 1.93 2.41 1.o5 1.88 3.55 2.35 1.47 I I 1.57 I 1.49 1.93 8 1.19 2.10 1.03 2.24 1.16 1.66 I 1.23 5.85 6.38 1.29 1.1.76 3.94 3..39 4. 3 1.32 4.59 6.30 1.94 4.17 1.23 1.18 1.21 1.56 1.

4 Compressive Members with Variable Height The compressive members having approximately uniform sectional area but having variable height .81~11 ~0. see Table 29.e member 1 Auxiliary compressive member i) ii) -JL-. Visakhapatnam.3 Limit for Slenderness Ratio The slenderness ratio of the members shall not exceed the values given in Table 28. _ 10 IMUX (2) Main compressi}. 19 BUCKLINGLENGTH OUT OF PLATE 17.A FIG.ur c= 1 forll >0.01 Ih.IS 807:2006 “t-- A . and N2and Forces of members FIG. / (1) Kinds of Members Ratio Members Slenderness Ratio of the member shall have the equivalent geometrical moment of inertia obtained by multiplying the maximum geometrical moment of inertia by the reducing factor C.8/ c may be interpolated in linear proportion for 0. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 l— I I where a and b are Nodal points ofTrusses and N. l=cxlMar where ~. 18 EFFECTIVENET SECTIONALAREA Ship Building Centre.-l 150 240 These shall be applied only to the bearing member of hinged joint of 10>0.51 36 17. Table 28 Limit of Slenderness S“l No.+__Q-+-@--- 1.

i)) d 1.5~)+~ (0. number of single members built up into one combined unit by means of horizontal joint as shown in Fig.l<r<l ~ = — m . .) ( (). slenderness ratio of. The combined compressive members shall be dealt same as single compressive member the equivalent slenderness-ratio is given by the following formula: e= kl d= ~l=nm2 ~:% distance between the neutral axis to tension edge or compression edge.92r ) +. 21 ). 21. slenderness ratio ofa single member. o.A and I = moment of inertia.)= rzll II 1[.33r+(). .48 + 0. = ~ for rigid frame member 1 I’m = maximum geometrical moment of inertia. in cm or mm.1S 807:2006 Table 29 Reducing Factor C (C/ausc 17. = radius of gyration of a single member in where k.l<r<l ~= . Shape of Ibc Member (~) Reducing (3) Factor 1<0.. ~= compressive member.62+~– 1.52r) s’”” ii) b I.0. . cm or mm.08 + 0..<o.l<r<l k k (=((). in cm4 or mm4.l<rs/ : c = ( 0. = equivalent slenderness ratio of a combined 37 A= .5 Combined Compressive ~= The combined compressive members are divided into lattice members shown in Fig. L -la I)mabola where 10 = equivalent geometrical moment of inertia. 20(a) and rigid frame members shown in Fig. (). =r~ll /. Visakhapatnam. [o=r2[ O.02r + o. length ofa diagonal member in cm or mm: gross sectional area of a compound member in cm2 or mm2. 20(11). I I()=r:ll O.5/. ~ (..32 + 4&4.32r ) -’Ea- L iii) c 10= r: [1 II It.4) il Nu.. Members m= 17.51. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 L I)ilrabola . (1) i) (r l.18 + 0.all members to a principal axis ( see Fig.17+ 0. k.5W .21.=/.~~ Ship Building Centre.— 13.32r+ 0.

1: I I I I I 1$ I t. II :+ a) F’1~.— I e ——— II - II II il II II 11 *’ ‘e II $ I I II !1 II II ! 1 49’ ‘+ II II II II 61 1+ I I I I I I r~ :1 tl I L 0.4= 0= c<1 1= gross sectional area of combined compressive member in clmzor mm?.le member. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 ‘t Z sin a with their ioints shall not exceed the allowable stresses against the equivalent shear forces shown in the following forlmula: I where a = angle between the main member and t]lc diagonal member. = equivalent stear force in kgf or N. 80 18 DETAILE-D DESIGN OF GIRDERS SUBJECTED TO BENDING 18.+ 5 [. in kgfor N.20 COMBINW COMPRHSIVE MFMFERS . the force D acting on the diagonal members due to F. shear force acting on the girder. geometrical moment of inertia of a girder to the neutral axis of the girder in cm4 or mm~. 17. ~ * b) where k. II = buckling length ofa single member in cm or mm. and = geometrical moment of area of the section Ha = allowable load for rivet or bolt. in cm~ or mm. 8020 ~ !1 s relating to the neutral axis of the girder. and Z = number of horizontal joints arranged in a parallel plane. .IS 807:2006 e I . q The rivets or the bolts forjointing the combined member in the relategirders shall be calculated from the formula: FS where P= pitch of rivets or bolts. 38 . II 1 L_ ‘. is to be given from the following formula: D= Ship Building Centre. the equivalent shear force shall be taken as the value shown in the following formula: .. and allowable comperssive stress in kgf/cml or N/mm7.=q 80 II . in cmJ or mtm4. in the case where axial distance of single member exceeds 20 kl. the section of which is intended to be jointed with rivets or bolts. in cm or mm: geometrical moment of inertia of a girder to the neutral axis of the girder.4~ = sectional area of a lattice member cm2 or mmz.6 Shear Stress Acting on Combined Compressive Members All of the batten plates and parting lathes together = minimum radius of gyration of a sing.-20) .1 Rivets or Bolts for Joining Girder w41ere F. Visakhapatnam. b) In the case of a lattice member constituted of two members.frame member. in kgf or N: 1= a) F= ~. 100 =/4%. For a rigid .

e) m=2 1P)’ Jx $iHF \4- Y x I \ Y Ship Building Centre. x —— . Y x 1. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 f) m=2 1] Y. Y x’ _.. – I x Y .1S 807:2006 YI ... Visakhapatnam.1 *-IY k) m=2 x I 11 yl I IY g) m=2 h) m=2 Y\ Y/“ x /Y % \ x A Y/‘ x \ /Y 7\ x FIG.3 3’ L x x 1 Y! a) m=2 b) m=2 c) m=2 e l——---- YI x -\# I YI d) m=2 x x +jJk I y . 21 MFTHOD OF SL~ND~RNESSRATIO ( Continued) 39 .L-- 31E x x —T 1“ t u C=d 7 Fr 1.

22. shall be assu[med that the wheel load is distributed uniformly in the angular direction of 45° from just under 50 mm of the wheel as shown in Fig.IS 807:2006 G!P-lik-. Visakhapatnam.21 METHOD OF SWNDERN~SSRATIO 18. and Y“ = distance from the neutral axis to the furthermost bolt. the allowable strength ot. in kgf. 40 . maximum shear force at thejoint.mm. —_. It to Iw provided M. 23 ) of the plate girder receiving bending moment shall be designed considering both the shear force and the bending moment.the distance from the tlange of plate girder to the neutral axis relative toyn in the formula: resultant force acting on a bolt atJ. in cmz or mm2. in cm or mm. In this case. bending moment on the welded joint of the girder. 18. in kgf.cm or N mm. Then the maximum resultant force acting on the joining bolts ( including rivets ) shall be calculated from the following formula.3 Web Joint of Plate Girder Receiving Bend The web joint ( see Fig. 22 where the rail is just on the web and particularly the correct calculation is impossible.k= h4 — [ where R= n= ~= ~w . around the neutral axis of the gross section of the girder. ‘/’ T@ ‘ Y ~ 4+”%. bolts or the welds directly subjected to the wheel load shall be as given in Fig. Bolts or Welded Directly Subjected Wheel Load ‘[he rivets.-bolt shall be reduced according to the fiatio ot. total number of jointing bolts on one side of-the joining line. moment of inertia in cm4 or mm4. in cm4 or mm4. in kgfor N: bending moment on the web. I= Iw = geometric moment of inertia of the web Ey = total sum of square of distance from joint bolts atone side of the joint line to the neutral axis. ___ Xe Ship Building Centre. cm or N. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 F1ci. in kgf orN.2 Rivets. ~.

4-- I t A 50 mm --1- .. I I I +---4’ 4+” -+-+ +--+- +---+ NEUTRAL ——-—— AXIS ’+-+ — ‘+--4 Y.ITL . --Q--t%----e-t-o ---e-* I Ship Building Centre. -J +----i I Y.--1- --1-- / . Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 FIG.22 DISTRIBUTION OFWHEEL LOAD .23 WEBJOINT 41 . Y2 ----------Yn — DISTANCES FROM NEUTRAL AXIS (cmor mm) FIG.

5 m. 19. the weight of the trolley and the rated load shall not exceed 1/750 of the span of the crane ( if the span of the cranes is more than 12 m). It is recommended that the bridge rails shall be supported on wear plate welded on top of the top cover plate and positioned above each girder diaphragm. in mm3.and 42 depends upon the wheel load ( maximum) and wheel diameter.DIJSTRIAL AND M-ILL W = maximum trolley wheel load.1 Ratio of Crane Span to End C-arriage Wheel Base Following condition to be considered: a) b) c) 24. the wheel base is measured from centre line to centre line of the two wheels which are far apart on the runways. . b) Allowable stress in welds. and 1/600 of the span ( if the span of the crane is less than 12 m ). All welds shall be designed for maximum shear and bending. whichever is greater. CR ( Crane Rail ) or equivalent rails for both for bridge rails as well as gantry rails. 22. and = shear stress in web plate. 23 GIRDER A substantial END -CONNECTION 19. so that the bending stress produced in the rail by trolley wheel load is not transmitted into the top cover plate. 24 ) shall be fabricated of structural steel with continuous ( full penetration butt and fillet welds ) longitudinal welds running the full length of the girders. For cranes over21 m span and up to 24. Cranes with equalizing bogie trucks require a rigid end connection.2 For cranes up to and including 20 m span not less than one-sixth of the span. web plate shall be reinforced with full depth diaphragms at major load points. and d) Classification of welded joints 1) Weld joint design. The girders with the truck shall be provided by the large gusset plate welded to the bottom of the truck and attached to girders with bolts in reamed holes. The maximum vertical deflection of the girder produced by the dead load. Cranes with fixed bogie trucks require a flexible end connection to obtain the equalizing effec~. not less than 3. If the spacing exceeds 1. 2) Weld joint category. welding procedure and inspection of welds given in Annex B. 21 CAMBERS Girders shall be cambered to an amount approximately equal to the dead load deflection plus one-half the live load deflection. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 ‘The deflection of members or the structure as a whole ( without taking into consideration the impact factor ) should not be such as would impair the strength or efficiency of the structure or lead to damage to tlnishing. The welding of clips are preferred. Visakhapatnam. 22 DIAPHRAGMS AND VERTICAL STIFFNESS web stiffness shall not 24.2 Weld joint design. The rails shall be selected based on the IRS ( Indian Rail Steel ). Ship Building Centre. in mm.1 Diaphragms The distance between the adjacent diaphragm ( longer/ short ) shall not exceed 7600 S w where S = section modules of rail. points shall be taken into Short diaphragm shall be placed between the fulIdepth diaphragm to support the bridge rail. 20 LIMITING DEFLECTiON end tie must be provided to give horizontal tixed end for rigidity to girder. All diaphragms shall bear against the top cover plate and shall be welded to the web plates. in kg( without impact ).IS 807:2006 19 WELDING CRANES OF IN. and For cranes over 24.5 m span not less than one-seventh of the span.75 m or depth of the web (h). 25 WELDED BOX GIRDERS Welded box girders ( Fig. in kg/cm2.1 The following consideration: a) Weldability classification of qualified steel. c) Fatigue stress in welds. 24 BRIDGE TRUCKS The cranes having bogie trucks. The bridge rail shall be attached to the bridge girders by means of alternately spaced rail clips that are welded to the girder or attached with welded studs.5 m of the span. Bridge and Gantry Rails The spacing of vertical exceed 6 where I v ‘ The selection of bridge rails as well as gantry rails 800 [ = thickness of one web plate.

Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 TROLLEY STOPS :-A SOLID STOP SHALL BE WELDED TO GIRDERS AS SHOWN IN THE FIGURE FIG.TROLLEY WHEEL LOAD [ n----n II II II II Ii ++ — t di=d=l II II II 11” .24 GIRDER ARRANGEMENT 43 .. Visakhapatnam. . l!!dl h Ship Building Centre.

the allowable compression stress shall be computed from the following formula: ~=1235 Height — Thickness b) Plate C(k+l) J 1235 shall not exceed M & where = thickness of top cover plates. in mm. ~c k t J( ) blc b/c 40 44 48 52 56 38 — ~ = maximum compressive stress. and bfc shall not exceed 60.2 Compression stress is less than I 235 kg/cmz when the ratio of b/c ( see Table 30 ). Visakhapatnam. and thickness of the top cover plates. in kgf or mm2. in mm. When the ratio of blc exceeds 38 ( see Table 30 ). Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 f.1 Girder-Proportion The box girder shall be designed for suitable size taking into account of the following proportions: a) c) where [= h= b= At reduced stress level.. span of the crane. width of the girder. in mm. and = thickness of web. ( kgf/cm2 ) 1 145 99() x70 770 690 The coefficients C and M For Longitudinal None Stiffness c M 188 376 564 iii) I iv) 81 162 243 v) One Two vi) 60 625 44 . in mm. b) I/b shall not exceed 60. is equal to or less than 38. in mm. depth of the girder.1S 807:2006 25. in mm r Table 30 Values of Compression S1 No. the maximum value ‘M’ for hlt maybe as follows: a) b) c) Maximum h/t for I 145 kg/cm2 compression stress for Maximum h/t 845 kg/cm2 compression stress Maximum h/t for 700 kg/cm2 compression stress Stress = = — – 188 220 240 //h shall not exceed 25. = f~f. i) ii) Shear Stress Ship Building Centre.3 Compression a) c= 25. ( h/t ) Ratio of Web 25.

6) OF JOINTS CLASSIFICATION A-1 DESIGN A-1. Visakhapatnam. A. A-1. and m=3 where m is the friction surface. Joined Material Normally Prepared Surfaces ( DegreasesI and Brushing ) (3) 0.50 0.lOc.30 0. = torque to be applied. They shall be heat treated so that their hardness shall be at least equal to that of metal constituting the bolt. rust. Table 32 Values of Tensile Stress ( Clause A-1. Oil stains must be removed by tlame cleaning orby the application of suitable chemical products ( carbon tetrachloride for instance ). and the other above the nut. Schematic diagram is shown in Fig.3) ~ Nominal Diameter. It is necessary to insert two washers.6 10 58 12 84.30 0. The coefficient of friction are given in Table31.55 (1) i) (2) St 37 St 42 St 52 ii) Iii) elastic limit. and c= coefficient depending on the thread form. brushing must be done just prior to jointing. A minimum preparation before joining shall consist of removing every trace of dust.3 14 115 16 157 18 192 20 245 22 303 24 353 27 459 J . in mm. This could be sand blasting.2 Bolts Tightening Value of the tension induced in the bolt shall be pre-determined by calculation.=l. oil and paint by energetic brushing with a clean metallic brush.IS 807:2006 ANNEX ( Clauses A 9.F of Friction ( p ) The coefficient of friction used for calculation of the force transmitted by friction depends upon the joined material and upon the preparation of the surfaces. The tension. A more careful preparation may increase the coefficient of friction. in tonnes. shot blasting or oxy-acetylene flame cleaning done not more than five hours before tightening.2 and 9. Table 31 Values of Coefficient SI No.4 Quality of the Bolts -Bolts used for this type of joint have a high elastic limit: The ultimate tensile strength ORmust be greater than the values given in Table 33. These washers shall have a 45° bevel. one under the bolt head. Effective friction surface shall be considered as: a) b) c) m=l.l Coefficient OF BOLTED JOINTS the torque to be applied to the bolt and given by the formula: p. d= nominal diameter of the bolt. at least on the internal rim and turned towards the bolt head or the nut.30 where P.18 ( metric bolts ). 25. in mm L i Tensile ‘Stress Area. can be measured by calculation of The diameter of holes shall not exceed by more than 2 mm of bolt diameter.30 501 45 . A-1. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 of Friction(p) Special Prepared Surfaces ( Flame Cleaned Shot or Sand Blasted ) (4) 0.1. where ‘E = Ship Building Centre. in m-kg. the friction co~fficient on the threads and between the nut and the washer.3 Value of the-Tensile Stress Area of the Bolts When determining the stress in the bolt. resulting from tightening. in inn): [ 8 36. These values are given in Table 32. m=2.4. the tensile area shall be calculated by taking the arithmetic mean of the core ( minor ) diameter and the effective thread diameter.50 0. c = 0. F= nominal tension to be induced in the bolt. Property values of bolts are given in Table 34. d.4.

Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 1 I I ili #1 1 1 1 I I 1:1 Ill I I 1 I I I I I Ill FIG.12f3E > I. kgf/mm2 (3) ~ 1.4 ) SI No. (1) i) ii) iii) o~ ( 0.1. ).Table 33 Tensile Strength of Bolts ( Clause A.25 EFFECTIVEFRICTIONSURFACE .2”/. kg/mm2 (2) <70 70 to 85 >85 a~. IOCTE I 1 I 111 I 1 I I Ship Building Centre.15tJE > 1. Visakhapatnam.

90 11. A-42.36 1.72 2.10 3. .60 t (14) 2.86 2.m Normally Prepared Surfaces Steels A-37.18 6.26 2.60 5.14 6. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 NOTE — For bolt with elastic limit of CE.00 t (9) 1.70 7.89 2.00 (5) 8.76E) these values aretobe divided bY 1.55 3.02 10.45 8.45 11.97 6.90 8.4) SI No.14.4 22. =0.55 12.39 2.76 4.93 5.40 33.27 11.27 8.06 8.55 2.08 6.14 j.25 3.00 t (12) [.3 115 157 192 245 303 353 459 (4) 4.02 4.27 14.76 5.61 8.79 4.20 9.14 1.2 69.50 13.21 1. A-42 p = 0.80 5.00 9.75 3.94 1.50 Case I Case 11 Case 111 t (1) i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) A + viii) ix) (2) 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 27 (3) 58 84.25 5. Visakhapatnam.80 25.27 9. Where no special measures are taken toavoid stripping of thethreads [O.06 6.08 3.36 5.31 12.03 4.30 13.8 49.80 17.0 120 176 (6) 0.25 8.55 2.55 Case 1 Case 11 Case 111 t Steels A-37.52 2.15 5.j7 2.50 3. Bolt Dia mm Tensile Stress Area mmz Clamping Force Applied Torque kg.42 4.28 3.50 Ship Building Centre.40 t (11) 1.70 16.71 7.00 9.75 3.7 95. A-52 p=o.Table 34 Property Values of Bolts ( Clause A-1.85 7.10 t (13) 1.3 Case I Case 11 Case 111 Specially Prepared Surfaces Steels A-52 p = 0.76 3. the values of the forces and of the torque indicated in this table are to be multiplied by the ratio oE/90.90 12.22 3.08 3.65 6.60 t (7) 0.80 10.55 15.60 21.52 4.10 4.68 5.42 t (8) 1.94 9.17 6.83 1.00 t (lo) 1.9 35.97 4.02 2.

in which the weld metal completely fill the groove and is fused to the base metal throughout its total thickness. B-5.2 Groove Welds a) B-5.slot welds. B-5. B-3 WELD METAL Allowable stresses in the weld metal shall conform m Table 35. B-5. a) The minimum given in Table size as shown welds are used fillet weld size -shallabe as 38 except where fillet weld in Fig. groove weld.6 mm when the metal is more than 6 mm thick. welds.3 Intermittent Groove Welds Intermittent groove welds are prohibited. 2) Thickness of the base metal 1. b) The maximum fillet weldsizepermitted along the edges of members should be: 1) Thickness of the base metal when the metal is less than 6 mm thick. Intermittent fillet welds may be used to carry calculated loads. and Weld metal. Fillet welds shall not be used in skewed T-joints that have an included angle of less than 60”0. b) c) b) .4 Fillet Welds Types of fillet weld shown in Fig. The shear stress in a fillet weld shall be considered as applied to this effective area regardless of the direction of applied load. B-5. 29 and where fillet to reinforce groove welds. with a minimum of 51 mm.2) OF WELDING FOR WELDING PROCEDURES AND INSPECTION INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES B-1 ALLOWABLE STRESSES a) b) Base metal. 29. Fillet Welds Intermittent Fillet welds. and e) g) Plug and. at least 25 percent of the joint shall be welded. I Genera} Requirements Complete information regarding location type. B-4 is one that has been welded from both sides or from one side. c) The effective weld area shallbe the effective weld length multiplied by the effective throat. 26to 28. to limit the root opening to 3 mm maximum. 19. Table 37 and Fig. Maximum spacing permitted between welds shall be 300 mm. Visakhapatnam. size and extent of all welds and welded joints shall be shown on the drawing. FATIGUE Ship Building Centre.1S 807:2006 ANNEX B ( clause WELD JOINT DESIGN. The edges of the abutting member shall be beveled when necessary. B-2 BASE METAL The allowable tensile or compressive stress in the base metal shall be 50 percent of the yield strength and the allowable shear stress in the base metal shall be 40 percent of the yield strength for members not controlled by buckling. B-5 WELD JOINT DESIGN Following a) b) c) d) ej f) points General Groove to be considered: requirements. A complete-joint penetration groove weld 48 Length of any segment of intermittent fillet weld shall not be less than 4 times the weld size.5 Intermittent a) The effective area of a full penetration weld shall be the effective weld length multiplied by the effective throat. or the allowable fatigue stress and the stress range does not exceed the value given in Table 36. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 The maximum stress in welded joints to repeated stress fluctuation or reversals shall not exceed a) b) the basic allowable stress. intermittent fillet welds. Intermittent fillet -welds shall not be less than 51 mm in length at each end of the joint. The dimensions for different metal thickness are given in Table 37. except in secondary members. Intermittent Staggered d) fi!let welds.

Visakhapatnam. except shear stress on base metal shall not exceed 0.3 6 yield strength of bas e metal 49 .27 nominal tensil e Weld metal with a strength level strength of weld metal. except stress on base “meta[ sha!l not exceed 0.55 yield strength of base metal 0. except tensile strength on base metal shall not exceed 0.36 yield strength of base metal nominal 0. except shear stress on base metal shall not exceed 0.55 percent of base metal Same as base metal Same as base metal . Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 .36 yield strength of base metal Same as base metal iii) Partial Joint Tension nominal effective area to iv) Fillet Welds Shear on effective area Tension parallel weld v) Plug and Welds Slot compression to the axis of Shear parallel to effective area 0.IS 807:2006 Table 35 Allowable Stresses in Weld ( Clause B-3) II No.45 nominal tensile strength of weld metal.27 nominal tensile strength of weld metal.27 nominal tensile strength of weld metal..36 yield strength of base metal C. equal to or less than matching weld shear stress on metal metal may be used shall not exceed 0.27 tensile strength of weld metal.(1) i) Type of Weld (2) Complete Penetration Joint Stress Weld (3) Tension normal effective area to the to Allowable (4) Same as base metal Same as base metal Stress Required Weld Strength Level (5) Matching weld metal shall be used Weld metal with a strength level equal to or one classification less than matching weld metal may be used Weld metal with a strength level equal to or less than matching weld metal may be used normal Compression the effective area Tension or compression parallel to the axis of the weld Shear on the effective area Same as base metal 0.loint designed to bear Tensile parallel weld or compression to the axis of the to axis of Shear parallel weld 0.27 nominal tensile strength of weld metal. . except shear stress on base metal shall not exceed 0. Weld metal with a strength level equal to or less than matching weld metal may be used ii) Partial Joint Compression normal to effective area Joint not designed to bear Ship Building Centre.

R with weld termination ground when Longitudinal loading materials having equal or unequal thickness welds sloped web ground connedion BB cc DD EE c Ship Building Centre. and weld metal in or adjacent complete joint penetration groove welded splices either not requiring transition or when metal required with transition having slope not greater is not than I to 2 % and when in either case. built-up plates or shapes connected by continuous complete or partial joint penetration groove welds or by continuous fiIlet welds parallel to the direction of applied stress Calculated flexural stress at toe of transverse stiffener welds on girder web or flanges Base metal at end or partial length welded cover mates having square or tapered endswith or without welds across the ends c E B iii) Groove Welds Base metal and weld metal at complete joint penetration groove welded splices of rolled and welded sections having similar profiles when welds are ground and weld soundness established by non destructive testing Base metal and weld metal in or adjacent to complete joint penetration groove welded splices at transitions in width or thickness with welds ground to provide slopes no steeper than 1 to 2 % and weld soundness established by non-destructive testing B iv) Groove Welded Base metai at details of any length attached by groove welds subjected to transverse or longitudinal loading or both when weld soundness is transverse to the direction of stress is established by non-destructive testing and the detail embodies a transition radius. 5 I mm or greater and with weld termination ground a) when R >610 mm b)when610mm>R> 152mm c)when152mm>R>51mm Shear stress on throat of fillet welds Base metal at intermittent welds attaching transverse stiffeners and stud type shear connectors Base metal at intermittent fillet welds attaching longitudinal stiffeners ix) x) Stud Welds Plug and Slot Welds Shear stress on nominal shear area of stud type shear connectors Base metal adjacent to or connected by plug or slot welds 50 vi) Groove or Fillet Welded Connection c D E vii) Fillet Welded Connections B c D F c E F E viii) Fillet Welds . less than 51 mm and when the detail length L. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 a) R>610mm b)610mm>R> 152mm c)152mm>R>51mm d)51mm~R>0 v) Groove Welds Base metal. Visakhapatnam. parallel to the line of stress is a) <51 mm b)51mm<L<102mm c) L > 102 mm Base metal at details attached by fillet welds parallel to the direction of stress regardless of length when the details embodies at transition radius R. reinforcement removed and weld soundness is established by non-destructive testing Base metal at details attached by groove or fillet welds subject to longitudinal loading where the details embodied a transition radius R. with tine smoothness Oxygen cut edges Stress Category (4) A B Base metal and weld met-al in members without attachment. (1) O ii) General Condition (2) Plain Material Built-up Members Situation (3) Base metal with rolled or cleaned surfaces.IS 807:2006 Table 36 Fatigue Stress Provisions — Tension or Reversal Stresses ( Clause B-4) S1 No.

.26 ALLOWABLEFATIGUESTRESS FOR CRANES ( M 1 and M2 ) . Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 500 -50 1000 -1oo 1500 -150 2000 -200 FIG.1S-807 :.2006 2000 200 1507) 150 1000 100 500 50 -1 Ship Building Centre.

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 27 ALLOWABLE FATIGUETRESS CRANES ( M3. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 -1= o 0 I -500 I 1 i I I I I I I I I I I I I I I -50 I I WI I I 1 -1000 -1oo -1500 -150 -2000 -200 I I FIG.IS 807:2006 2000 200 1500 150 1000 100 50 Ship Building Centre. M4 and M5 ) S FOR 52 . Visakhapatnam.

IS 807:2006 2000 200 1500 150 1000 100 500 50 -1 o Ship Building Centre. Visakhapatnam. 28 ALLOWABLEFATIGUESTRESS FOR CRANES ( M6. M7 and M8 ) 53 . Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 500 -50 . 1000 -1oo 1500 -150 2000 -200 FIG..

Visakhapatnam.? . .29 FILLET WELD 54 .. ~ ‘. I ROOT OF WELD i ROOT CF WELD 29A Weld deposit 29B Weld deposit by a deep penetrating process Ship Building Centre.1S 807:2006 — — - --Jd f WELD SIZE -WELDSIZE --. (. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 1 ROOT OF WELD ik’N\ EFFECTIVE THROGHOUT 1 REINFORCEMENT / 29C Actual throat reinforcement of a bevel group with a fillet weld weld FIG.

lap or edge joints. B-7 WELDING-PROCESS B-5.1 to 57. . fillet welded lap.6 Staggered Intermittent Fillet Welds Complete joint penetration butt. Single V-groove weld butt joint (B). comer joint a) Plug or slot welds may be used to transmit shear loading in a lap joint to prevent buckling or separation of lapped parts.4) Welded butt joints with complete joint penetration.2 Category 11 ““~ in mm (1) Metal Arc in mm Process for Single Horizontal Position in mm I (4) Welded butt or T-joints with complete joint penetration. B-6. c) The minimum diameter of the hole for a plug weld shall not be less than the thickness of the part containing it. any odd number of weld segments may be used.7 Plug and Slot Welds a) b) c) d) 55 Square-groove weld butt joint (B). Finished joints shall be non-destructively tested.4 Category IV a) When staggered intermittent fillet welds are used. The root of the first weld is chipped.2) SI No. welds of secondary importance in strength and structural welded joints of secondary importance. T-joints corner. The maximum diameter of the hole shall not be greater than 2 M times the thickness of the weld. corner joint (C).6 Category VI Joints with no special welded groove preparation such as butt. Double b) V-groove weld butt joint (B).IS 807:2006 Table 37 Minimum Effective Throat for Partial Joint Penetration Groove Welds ( Clauses B-4 and B-5. partial penetration butt. T-joints and corner joint welded from both sides or from one side using a backing strip that is not removed after welding. gouged or ground to sound metal before making ‘the second weld and the weld faces are ground or machined flush with the direction of metal removal parallel to the principal stress. plus 8 mm. plug or slot welded up. (1) O ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) 6to Metal Thickness of Thicker Part Joimt mm (2) 6 !3 Minimum Effective Throat mm (3) 3 5 6 8 10 13 16 of the hole or slot m the plane of the faying surface. plug welds in joints. Visakhapatnam.groove weld T-joint (7’). Square .corner joint (q. B-6. B-6. T-joints and corner joints.1 Category I Table 38 Minimum Fillet Weld Size ( Clause B-5.5 -Category V b) Partial joint penetration butt. The effective area shall be the nominal area (Q. provided: 1) Welds are placed at each end of the joint on one side. B-6.3 Category 111 Ship Building Centre. Finished joints shall be non-destructively tested. T-joints and comer joint welded on both sides. When the total aggregate length of the staggered intermittent fillet weld is 90 percent or more of the joint length. gouged or ground to sound metal before making the second weld. The root of the first weld is chipped. Complete penetration butt.1 57. and 2) Clear spacing does not exceed 152 mm. T-joints and corner joints welded on both sides. B-6. B-6 WELD JOINT -CATEGORIES 13to19 19 to 38 38. T-joints and corner joints and fillet. the clean spacing shall be considered the distance between two consecutive welds even though they are on opposite sides of the pIate.1 to 152 152 Different types of weld joint categories are given in Table 39. or to join component parts of built up members except with quenched and tempered steel. T-joints and corner joints welded on one side only. B-6. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 I (2) I (3) I EM!_U-l B-5.

- * F EL F N = A F e A E 56 .Table 39 Classification ( Clause Category Conf’iguratlon of Welded Joinls B-6) of Welded Joints I I r 11 & III A F Ship Building Centre. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 . Visakhapatnam.

IS 807:2006 Table 39 — Continued Ship Building Centre. T-joint (7’). Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:21 NOTES 1 Details of weld joint (groove design. Single J-groove weld butt joint (B). 2 The diameters of plug welds or the width of slot welds is indicated by dimension ‘d’. corner joint (C). comer joint (C). etc) are those required for the welding process to be used. 9 g) Double -bevel groove weld butt joint T-joint. comer joint (C). j) k) Some joint (C). h) Single U-groove welds butt joint (B).corner joint (C). Single-bevel groove weld T-joint (7). . butt joint (B). Visakhapatnam. root opening. e) Single-bevel groove weld butt joint (B). and Double J-groove weld T-joint(7). corner 57 of various joints are given in Table 40.

Max 10. –(J +6.0 +2-0 +2. –2 T. -3. Max Tz mm — u All All All — — Not required R=T1 R=TI +2.5 +2.5. Visakhapatnam.5 +2.5 R=O +2. –2 — Ship Building Centre. Max 10. -3. –2 +6. –(J +2. mm $ub-merged Metal Arc Welding ( SMAW ) Gas Metal Arc Welding GMAW ) Flux Cored Arc Welding : FCAW ) 6. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 Square — Groove Butt Joint Square-groove weld Butt joint (B) II 1 b& MILD STEEL Welding Process Base Metal Thickness ( U = Unlimited ) 1 Groove Preparation Tolerances in mm Permitted Welding Positions Up Gas Shielding for FCAW T] mm Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding Sub-merged Arc Welding (SAW) 6. -3. Max 12. –0 As tit Up +6. Max 6.IS ?307:2006 Table 40 Square — Grooved Butt Joints (B) ( Clause B-7) MILD STEEL Square-groove weld Butt joint (f?) Process Base Metal Thickness ( U = Unlimited Corner joint (f) Permitted Welding Positions Gas Shielding for FCAW Welding Groove Preparation Tolerances in mm ) Root opening R=TI As detailed +2. Max Tz mm Root opening As detailed As tit — — R= T112 R = 0-3.5 All All Fiat — Not required — — +0 58 .

joint (T) Corner joint (C) I I T-Joint (7) Corner Joint (C) MILD STEEL —Welding Process Base Metal Thickness ( U = Unlimited ) Groove Preparation Tolerances in mm Permitted Welding Positions Gas Shielding for FCAW TI mm Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding Sub-merged Arc Welding 6.3.5 Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding u — R=5 R=5 R=6 * Sub-merged Arc We[ding Sub-merged Arc Welding 2.0 As fit Up +2. mm Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding T2. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 Single V-Groove Single V-groove weld Butt joint (B) MILD STEEL AA Butt Joint (B) Tolerances As detailed As fit UP df%J \. .12 R= Oto 3. -3. Tz mm Root opening R= T.! J \ i !Q -d&Welding Process Base Metal Thickness ( U=Unlimited Groove Preparation ) Root Opening Groove Angie ~ = 45o ~ = 300 ~ = 200 ~ = 300 ~ = 300 ~ = 300 ~ = 300 T.1S 807:2006 Square-Groove Square-groove weld T.. 10. Max — R=6 u — R=8 (-J 200 = 59 .5 +2. Visakhapatnam. mm u — R=6 R=1O All l– R= 12. IO.0 +2.5 As detailed +2. () Ship Building Centre.5 All All Flat Not required &tOX Max u u u Max R=O *O +2.

–o l“J@ Welding Process Base Metal Thickness (f/= Unlimited) T. –o +10”. OH — — Required Not required Not recruired las Metal Arc Welding ‘Iux Cored Arc-Welding u u R=5 . OH F. @ M “ Note Tolerances As detailed R=O As fii = ~Ip 6.-0 f=io a = +19° –0° = +0 1. –5” +1. Visakhapatnam.. OH F. V. mm I T. mm .. OH U spacer = 6 x R I a = 20” Fl - .. mm I Groove Preparation Root Opening Root Face ‘ Groove Angle Permitted Gas Sub-merged Metal Arc Weldirw Sub-merged Arc Welding U preferably 16 or thicker svacer = 3 x R F.. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 Double V-Groove Butt Joint (B) Double V-groove weld Butt ioint (B) MILD STEEL fa .5 a = 45° a = 3130 a = 20° a= 30° All F. mm u u R=6 R=1O R= 12.5.ub-merged Metal Arc Welding T..ub-merged Arc We!ding lub-merged Arc Welding 12.(3H I l– — -~ — R=16 f= Oto6 F. &fL7X I u — I Ship Building Centre.5.IS 807:2006 Single V-Groove Corner Joint ( B ) $iogle V-groove weld Corner joint (C) MILD STEEL I 17- L 1 Welding Process Base Metal Thickaess ( U= Unlimited Groove Preparation ) Root Opening Groove Angle Permitted Welding Positions Gas Shielding for FCAW T.5.

OH All All Flat I Gas Shielding for FCAW — — Required Requirwd Welding Tz.IS 807:2006 Single-Bevel lingle-bevel groove weld Butt joint (B) Groove Butt Joint (B) Tolerances R=+l.. ~ = 30. u — R=6 R=1O @= 45.0 ~ = +100 -00 +6. \M _p.5. a = 30. mm Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding T1 .. ~n <. --—--.5 +10”.. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 Not required . Ship Building Centre. mm u — R=6 R=IO R=5 ~=450 ~ = 30. 1 (x ~. . Visakhapatnam.. -5” IY -. -1. MILD STEEL 9 Process Base Metal Thickness 7[. 61 . Groove Preparation Root Opening Groove Angle “ Permitted Welding ‘ositions All F.

-._ [ Note J R Tolerances T2 L![. Permitted Welding Positions Gas Shielding for FCAW Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding U Preferably 16 or thicker — -o -o 1.5.–5” All Not required 62 . f Z Groove Preparation Tolerances Root Opening As fit LSp Root Face As detailed Groove Angle R= Oto3 j-=oto3 ~= 450 p=o”to 15° 1.. Groove Preparation Root Opening mm Groove Angle Permitted Welding Positions Gas Shielding for FCAW Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding u u u u R=6 R=1O cl=45° ~=loo ~=300 ~=300 Ct=45° ~= 30. . c1 . .~x .5.. .– ma Note * Welding Process Base Metal Thickness T. OH All Flat All Flat — Required Not required Not required — Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding R=5 R=1O R=6 I Sub-merged Arc Welding u u R=lfl R=6 Ship Building Centre. T. + 1o”. f“ —-. #.._ -—-. Visakhapatnam. -o 1.. All — rx+p. –5” +0” +10”. .! v--t. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 * F = Flat.5. . ~=450 All * F. tilLD STEEL Welding Process 1 Base Metal Thickness T.. 1. ~ .5.-3 not limited rx+p.Single-Bevel Groove T-Joint (T) and Corner Joint (C’) ( Clause B-7) Single-bevel groove weld T-joint (T) Corner Joint (C) I -.–0” 1. -0 Not limited Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding (‘ Preferilbiy 16 or thicker – R= Oto3 f = o to.3 ~=450 p= f).–0” +1o”. +10”. -o 1..5. OH = Overhead Double-Bevel Groove Butt Joint (B) ( Clause louble-bevel Butt joint (B) groove weld TI B-7) .5. T..

OH All All — — Not required Not required u u u u R= Oto3 R= Oto3 63 . Single U-Groove Butt Joint (B) and Corner Joint (C) ( Clause B-7) Single U-groove weld Butt joint (B) Corner joint (C) ly~~~l R ... –1 . -3 not limited +10”. R= Oto3 R= Oto3 Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding * F = Flat.. –5” All Not required R= Oto3 ~ = fjoo All f= 5. –0” +10”. /- J+. Groove Preparation ) Root Opening R= Oto3 R= Oto3 Root Face Groove Angle ~ = 450 ~ = 200 Sub-merged M’etal Arc Welding u u f= 3 j= f= 3 .5. I T. –5” All Ship Building Centre. -0 Permitted Welding Positions Groove Radius ~=(j ~=6 All * F. .{ .’. }J ~4 ——.5. –o 1. -.. -5 Not required . ~1 Note V -.5 As tit up R= Oto3 f=oto3 ~=450 1.. Visakhapatnam. O -’:’qg{:.00 T.. h ( Tolerances As detailed As fit Up R = +1. –5” Not limited +1. . i? Note J Welding Process Base Metal Thickness Gas Shielding for FCAW Opening Root Face As detailed Groove Angle 1.5. Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding Sub-merged Arc Welding 1T u Preferably 16 or thicker lJ T +(j. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 — Preferably 16 or thicker I *O +10”. NOTE J +6.IS 807:2006 Double-Bevel Groove T-Joint (2) and Corner Joint (C) ( Clause B-7) )ouble-bevel groove weld T-joint (T) Corner joint (C) .5 R = +6. f =*1. OH Welding Process Base Metal Tlrickness ( U=Unlimited T. . T. –0” .5 Gas Shielding for FCAW a = +10”.. .5 +10”.5.—. Max +0. OH = Overhead 3 f= 3 f= 3 f= 3 ~ = 450 a = 20° a = 20° u = 200 ~=6 ~=6 ~=6 ~=6 All F. -(l *1. .. -o +10”.

— ru -\ As detailed -“F R = +1.5. OH All Not required 64 . Nolo V I ___ --- *. “..-50 I Not limited *1.I ‘) Ldk Welding Process Base Metal Groove Preparation Thickness ( U=Unlimited ) Permitted Welding Positions Gas Shielding for FCAW Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding * F = Flat.5.—~--+ ~fp”. –00 f = 1. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 + 1 Single J-Groove T-joint (T) and Corner Joint (C’) ( Clause B-7) ..5 –() Welding Process Base Metal Thickness ( U=Unlimited Groove Preparation ) Permitted Welding Positions Gas Shielding for FCAW Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding I I i I I Ship Building Centre. -0 r= +6. -O a = +1 O”. .IS 807:2006 Single J-Groove Butt Joint (B) (Clause B-7 ) jingle J-groove weld Butt joint (B) ~ = +100.–0 r = +fj.. Visakhapatnam. -3 +10”. 1!? .ingle J-groove weld T-joint (T) Corner joint (C) Tolerar es As fit Up . -0° f = 1.. if .5 ..5..5. OH = Overhead -=-bu u All R= Oto3 R= Oto3 . -5” Not limited *1.-O +1. Tolerances I +10°.. f= 3 f= 3 a = 30° a = 30” r=10 r=10 * F..

5.5. I . a = +10”. -O . –5” Not limited *1. I ) Root Opening Groove Preparation Permitted Welding Positiona troove Radius r=10 All Gas Shielding for FCAW Root Face j-= 3 Groove Angle Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding u Preferably 160r thicker 11 u R= Oto3 — Ship Building Centre.”’1.5. Visakhapatnam. p . T. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 Gas-Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding — R= Oto3 f= 3 a = 30° r=10 All Not required Preferably 16 or thicker 65 . -O As fit UP +1. .K -. -00 f = 1. -3 +10”..IS 807:2006 Double J-Groove Butt Joint (B) ( Clause B-7) Double J-groove weld Butt joint (B) \ [I’/ <-. -o r = +6...> Toleral As detailed R = +1. i I -Welding Process Base Metal Thickness ( U= Unlimited T.5 .

— —.— .5.2’)and Corner Joint (C) ( Clause B-7) Double J-groove weld T-joint (T) Corner joint (C) r:% Tolera As detailed es As tit Up +1. I Root Opening R= Oto3 R= Oto3 Root Face Groove Angle ~ = 45° a = 30” ~ = 3rJo u Preferably 160r thicker — f= 3 j= 3 Ship Building Centre. shall be deposited in a sequence that will balance the B9 NOMINAL NUMBER OF MM. -5” Not limited +1..1 Tolerances for Groove Weld Joint Preparations for Arc Welding applied heat while welding progresses. Joints that are expected to produce large shrinkage should &ually be welded with as little restraint as possible before other joints that are expected to cause less shrinkage are welded.— . Visakhapatnam. in so far as practicable.. OH = overhead. All welds. 30 and tolerances given in Table41. the loading cycles are given in Table 42. B-8 CONT-ROL OF DISTORTION SHRINKAGE STRESSES a) AND d) Procedure and welding sequence for assembling and joining parts of a structure or of built-up members or for welding reinforced parts to members shall be designed to minimize distortion and shrinkage.5. -0 r = +6. b) 66 .IS 807:2006 Double J-Groove T-Joint (.DING CYCLES For different type of stress category. -3 +10”. c) A programme for welding sequence and distortion control shall be provided where shrinkage stresses or distortions are Iikely to affect the adequacy of the structure.5 R = +1.+ ““R~ Note ~ = +100 -00 V f = 1. -O d l-- . T. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 r=10 r=10 All Not required u Preferably 16 or thicker — R= Oto3 f= 3 I q F = Flat. J Welding Process w Groove Preparation Permitted ‘Welding Positions Groove Radius r=10 Gas Shielding for FCAW I Sub-merged Metal Arc Welding Gas Metal Arc Welding Flux Cored Arc Welding T. t Nole..5. B-7. –o . Some joint preparations are shown in Fig.

5 +1.5 Not applicable + 10” -5° Root opening with other than steel backing Root opening with steel backing Groove angle 67 .1) for Arc Welding S1 No. (1) i) ii) iii) iv) Root face Weld Preparations (2) Root not Gouged mm (3) *1. I 24 1 Ship Building Centre. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 Transition by slopingweldsurface chamfering 1 24 1 24 CHAMFER BEFORE CHAMFER BEFORE WELDING ~ 1 24 1 BEFORE WELDING OFFSET ALIGNMENT CENTRE LINE ALIGNMENT FIG. Visakhapatnam. 30 TRANSITIONBY CHAMFERINGTHICKNESSPART Table 41 Tolerances for Groove Weld Joint Preparation ( Clause B-7.IS 807:2006 1 24 1 24 1 I 1 REMOVE AFTER 2.5 +6 + 5“ Root Gouged mm (4) Not limited +1.

Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 .IS 807:2006 Table 42 Allowable Range of Stress (MPa) ( Clause B-9) SI No. D E F 10000 to 20000 (3) 276 228 193 166 117 117 100000 to .500. Visakhapatnam.000 500000 to 2000000 (4) (5) 221 172 145 117 83 96 Over 2000000 (6) 166 103 83 62 41 62 166 117 96 69 48 76 Ship Building Centre. (1) i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) Stress Category (2) A B c .

Mumbai Hercules Hoists Ltd. Mumbai Furnance and Foundry Equipment Co. Kolkata SHRI M. GURNANI SHRI P. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 Alternate ) Indian Link Chain Manufacturers . RATHORE SHRI J. SINGH( Alternate ) SHRI D. S. L. CHAKRABORTHY SHRIL. ROY SHRIH. K. Mumbai SHRIP. C. MANICKAM (Chairman) SHRIA. New Delhi SHRIB. B. PATHAK Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd. New Delhi Mukand Ltd. S. HERI SH~IN. K. New Delhi SHRI R.E( Alternate) M. SINGH ( Allernate ) Unicon Technology lntcrnationol Pvt Ltd. Thane “MISHRA ( Alternate ) Alternafe ) SHRI D. Dastur and Co Ltd. CHITLANGIA SHR~ LALITMOHA~ ( Ship Building Centre. DAS SHRI K. MISHRA ( A/[ernate ) Tata iron and Steel Company limited. NEVATIA SHRI BIMAL CHANDRAPAL SHRI TAPAN DATTA ( Alternate ) . GUPTA SHRID. BHARANI ( A1/ernate ) ( Central Building Research Institute. K. C.lessop and Co Ltd. S. Roorkee SHRIR. K. DATTA SHRI D. New Delhi SHRI K. New Delhi SHRI BALRAJ GOEL SHRI R. MAJUMDAR SHRI N. BHUJLE ( Metallurgical and Engineering Consultants (1) Ltd. N.IS 807:2006 ANNEX ( Foreword) C COMMI’ITEE COMPOSITION Cranes. K. P. Mega Drives Pvt Ltd. K.N. PARTHI~AN SHRI RAJJNDER SJNGH ( Alternate ) Ministry of Surface Transport. S. JOSHI SHRI S. N AI-WA SHRI MANISH NALWA ( A/ternate ) 69 . Visakhapatnam.K. C. GAUTAM Alternate ) Directorate General Factory Advice Service and Labour Institute. Hyderabad SHRI GIRISH SHRIVASTAVA SHRI H. Kolkata SHRID. GHOSH SHRIG. S: YADAV ( Alternate Reva Engineering industrial (P) Ltd. Mumbai Indian Chain Pvt Ltd. K. B. Kolkata Ltd. P. Ranchi SHRIT. Kolkata Ministry of Defence ( DGI ). S. VASUOEVAA/lernate ) ( SHRIK. GANDHI ( A/ferns/e ) Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co Ltd. Anand Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd. K. Jamshedpur SHRID. BHATTACHARYA SHRI R. ME 14 Organization Representative(s) SHRIK. Bangalore Anupam Ltd. CHAKRABORTHY SHRJ D.. RAO ( A1/ernute ) SHRI SHYAM M. Thane SHRI T. Lifting Chains and Its Related Equipment Sectional Committee. SENTHILVEL ( Alternate ) ) National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd. Larsen and Toubro Limited. t3ANERJF. KUCHERIA SHRI P. Tiruchirappalli Armsel MHE Pvt Ltd. Pune SHRI R.

IS 807:2006 WMI Cranes Ltd. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 70 . S. Visakhapatnam. BASU. BIS Ship Building Centre. MALANI SHRI D. ROY Director ( MED ). CHATTERJEE ( Alfernate ) SHRIA. B. Mumbai BIS Directorate General SHRI S. M. BIS ( flx-oficio ) ] Member Secretary SHRJS.Director and Head ( MED ) [ Representing Director General.

FARIDABAD.bis. PARWANOO. marking and quality certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country.22542315 T28329295. PATNA. KANPUR. GHAZIABAD. HYDERABAD. 1. in the course of implementing the standard. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. Campus. type or grade designations.23233375.23379120 2603843 ( 2609285 22541216. Printed at New India Printing Press. of necessary details. Standards are also reviewed periodically.Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act.to the latest issue of ‘BIS Catalogue’ and ‘Standards : Monthly Additions’. BHOPAL. in Regional Offices: Telephones Central : Manak . COIMBATORE. This Indian Standard has been developed from Doc : No. Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. Andheri (East) MUMBA1400093 Branches : AHMEDABAD.T. E9 MIDC. Amendments Issued Since Publication Ship Building Centre. such as symbols and sizes.28327858 ~28327891. India . No part of these publications maybe reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. ME 14 ( 0422 ). a standard. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications). Visakhapatnam. BANGALORE. 1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:50:22 Amend No. Kankurgachi KOLKATA 700054 23237617 [ 23233841 23378499. Khuria.2323 9402 Website: www.28327892 BHUBANESHWAR.23378561 { 23378626. Road. V. New Delhi 110002 Telephones :23230131. This does not preclude the free use. Eastern Northern : SC0335-336. CHENNAI 600113 Western : Manakalaya. I. VISAKHAPATNAM. PUNE. NAGPUR.Bha. if the review indicates that changes are needed. Date of Issue Text Affected BUREAU Headquarters: OF INDIAN STANDARDS I$lanak Bhavan. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition by referring. GUWAHATI. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg.22541442 ( 22542519. BIS. h is taken up for revision. LUCKNOW.org.along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed. JAIPUR.van. CHANDIGARH 160022 Southern : C.T. 9 Bahaiiur Shah Zafar Marg NEW DELHI 110002 : l/14C. P. 1. Marol. RAJKOT. Sector 34-A. IV Cross Road. Scheme VIIM.