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The Fight Against Trafficking in Persons: the Philippine Experience
TRAFFICKING ACTS, MEANS AND INTENT
ACTS - Recruitment - Transportation - Transfer - Harboring - Receipt of person; with or without the victim’s consent or knowledge MEANS - Threat or Force or Coercion - Abduction - Fraud or Deception - Abuse of power or position - Taking advantage of vulnerability - Giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve consent of person having control over another person PURPOSE - Prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation - Forced labor or services - Slavery - Servitude - Removal or sale of organs VENUE Within or across national borders
TRAFFICKING ACTS, MEANS AND INTENT
A. Recruiting for prostitution, pornography, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery, involuntary servitude or debt bondage B. Mail-order Filipino brides for foreign nationals for purposes of exploitation
Prostitution or pornography E. MEANS AND INTENT C.TRAFFICKING ACTS. Recruit. Sex tours D. Removal or sale of vital organs G. Adoption of minors for purposes of sexual exploitation or forced labor F. transport or adopt a child to engage in armed conflicts and military activities .
000 to 1 million 1st offense: 6 months community service and a fine of P50.PENALTIES Act Acts of Trafficking in Persons (Sec. 11) Penalty 20 years imprisonment and a fine of P1 to 2 million Life imprisonment and a fine of P2 to 5 million 15 years imprisonment and a fine of P500. 4) Qualified Trafficking in Persons (Sec.000 Subsequent offenses: 1 year imprisonment and a fine of P100. 5) Use of trafficked Persons (Sec. 6) Acts that Promote Trafficking in Persons (Sec.000 .
to Sec. 6 (c) and 10 (c) (Qualified Trafficking) • 2 – Quezon City (December 8. 2005) Spouses sentenced to 4 life imprisonment and pay Php 8M in fines for violation of Sec. 2005) 2 persons sentenced to render 6 months of community service for pleading guilty to Sec. 4 in rel. 2005) 3 persons sentenced to life imprisonment and pay Php 2M in fines for violation of Sec. 4 in rel. 2005) 1 person sentenced to 1 year imprisonment for pleading guilty to Sec. 11(Use of Trafficked Persons) • 2 – Batangas City (November 9 & 14.PHILIPPINE FIGURES ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING A TOTAL OF FOURTEEN (14) CONVICTED PERSONS (BASED ON REPORTED CASES FROM DOJ AS OF DECEMBER 2008) • 1 – Batangas City (November 11. 11(Use of Trafficked Persons) • 3 – Zamboanga City (November 29. to Sec 6 (a) and (c) (Qualified Trafficking) .
to Sec. subjected to sexual exploitation. 4 in rel. coerced and compelled to work as prostitutes in Malaysia Were promised to work as entertainers in Sandakan with P25.PHILIPPINE FIGURES ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING A TOTAL OF FOURTEEN (14) CONVICTED PERSONS (BASED ON REPORTED CASES FROM DOJ AS OF DECEMBER 2008) 1 – Zamboanga City (March 2007) 1 female recruiter was sentenced to life imprisonment and pay Php 2M in fines for violation of Sec.000 salary. forced. but was only given 5-15 ringgits per customer Were transferred to Zamboanga City via Cebu Pacific then boarded a vessel for Sandakan through cross border exit . 6 (c) and 10 (c) (Qualified Trafficking) Six complainants are from Laguna and Cavite.
2007) 2 persons sentenced to Life Imprisonment and to pay Php 3M in fine for violation of Sec. . 10(a). (c) and (d) in relation to Section 3. 6(a) (Qualified Trafficking) • 1 – Davao City (July 27. 2008) 2 persons sentenced to 20 years imprisonment and to each pay Php 1M in fine for violation of Sec. 4(a) in relation to Sec.PHILIPPINE FIGURES ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING A TOTAL OF FOURTEEN (14) CONVICTED PERSONS (BASED ON REPORTED CASES FROM DOJ AS OF DECEMBER 2008) • 2 – Cebu City (July 20. 2007) 1 person sentenced to Life Imprisonment and to pay the sum of Php 2M in fines for violation of Section 6(a). 4(a) and 10(c) (Qualified Trafficking) • 2 – Parañaque City (November 27.
.CFO INTERVENTIONS CFO Provides the following assistance : Conduct investigations on reported trafficking activities. Assist in the repatriation of trafficking victims from abroad. Assist in the location of whereabouts of trafficking victims. Draft complaint-affidavits of trafficking victims and their witnesses.
court hearings and trials. and Monitor the development of cases filed by trafficking victims. Assist in the provision of legal counsel for trafficking victims.CFO INTERVENTIONS Assist in the filing of appropriate charges against traffickers. Accompany victims and witnesses during investigations. .
284 1 1 4 20 8 21 13 58 10 75 4 213 2 1 3 .TRAFFICKING AND OTHER RELATED CASES Per Region/Country of Origin as of 30 April 2009 COUNTRY AFRICA Ivory Coast Total ASIA Brunei Macau Mainland China Hong Kong Japan Malaysia Philippines Singapore South Korea Total EUROPE Cyprus United Kingdom Total TOTAL NUMBER OF CASES 161 1 1 1 4 2 5 6 22 9 43 5 97 2 1 3 TOTAL NUMBER OF VICTIMS .
TRAFFICKING AND OTHER RELATED CASES Per Region/Country of Origin as of 30 April 2009 COUNTRY MIDDLE EAST Bahrain Egypt Jordan Lebanon Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Kuwait Qatar Syria United Arab Emirates Total NORTH AMERICA United States of America Total SOUTH AMERICA Brazil Total TOTAL NUMBER OF CASES 161 4 2 4 2 14 6 3 8 14 57 2 2 1 1 TOTAL NUMBER OF VICTIMS – 284 5 2 5 2 16 6 5 7 17 65 1 1 1 1 .
TRAFFICKING AND OTHER RELATED CASES Per Region/Country of Origin as of 30 April 2009 NATURE OF CASES Benefits claim Death sentence Domestic violence Financial assistance Illegal recruitment Immigration violation Labor exploitation Legal assistance for homicide case Location of whereabouts Health problem Mail-order bride Money laundering Passport irregularities Rape Repatriation of OFW Repatriation of remains Request for immigration assistance Sexual exploitation Theft Unknown cause of death NUMBER OF CASES 2 2 2 3 15 5 39 1 6 2 3 1 1 1 4 4 3 65 1 1 .
TRAFFICKING AND OTHER RELATED CASES Per Region/Country of Origin as of 30 April 2009 NUMBER OF CASES SEX Female Male ACTION TAKEN BY TFHT Repatriation assisted by CFO-TFHT Cases endorsed to NBI-AHTRAD CIDG – WACCO CIDG – Anti-Fraud DFA-OUMWA/PECS OWWA POEA Local Government Units STATUS OF CASES Number of Cases Pending in Court Number of Cases Pending at the Prosecutors’ Office Number of Cases Withdrawn NUMBEROF VICTIMS 220 64 128 18 9 1 34 5 5 2 6 3 1 .
CFO INTERVENTIONS Publication of information and education materials Primers on RA 9208 Posters Stickers Standard Reporting Format or SRF Standard Monitoring Format or SMF OFW SOS SMS brochure .
CFO INTERVENTIONS Conduct of Community Education Program Covered 63 areas in 33 provinces and 4 cities in the National Capital Region in 2007 Covered 57 areas in 26 provinces and 8 cities in the NCR from January to December 2008 Will cover 64 areas in 22 provinces and 8 cities in the NCR from January to September 2009 .
CFO INTERVENTIONS Conduct of Community Education Program Conduct of Cineforum series in colleges and universities which aimed at screening films and documentaries about migration Conducted the Cineforum in 6 universities and 1 NGO in 2008 .
Leyte. Cebu. Negros Oriental and Samar -.Davao City (March 28-29. Compostela Valley. Misamis Oriental. South Cotabato.Cebu City (November 10-11. Bohol. Davao Oriental. Agusan del Sur. fora and conferences Conducted two-day Advocacy Seminar-Workshop for the Youth on Anti-trafficking of Women and Children for Labor and Sexual Exploitation -. Davao del Sur. North Cotabato. 2007) with 46 youth from the provinces of Antique. Negros Occidental. Surigao del Norte and Zamboanga del Norte . 2008) with 59 youth from the provinces of Agusan del Norte.CFO INTERVENTIONS Conduct of researches.
-. 2008) with 40 youth from the provinces of Albay. Benguet. Ifugao. La Union. Nueva Vizcaya. fora and conferences Conducted two-day Advocacy Seminar-Workshop for the Youth on Anti-trafficking of Women and Children for Labor and Sexual Exploitation -. Quirino. Catanduanes. . Tarlac and Zambales. Ilocos Sur.Baguio City (August 29-30.CFO INTERVENTIONS Conduct of researches. 2008) with 50 youth from the provinces of Abra. Masbate and Sorsogon.Legaspi City (November 12-13. Camarines Norte. Camarines Sur. Mountain Province.
fora and conferences • • • • • An Act Instituting Mechanisms for the Creation of Temporary Shelter Program for Trafficked Persons An Act Mandating Pre-Marriage Counseling Program for Filipino Fiancées and Other Partners of Foreign Nationals Opposing the Liberalization and Acceleration of the Processing and Deployment of Overseas Filipino Contract Workers Resolution Opposing the Creation of a Migrant Workers’ Hospital Project Proposal on the Installation of Computers to Selected LGU-PNP Offices for the Use of the Philippine Information System on Trafficking .CFO INTERVENTIONS Conduct of researches.
CFO INTERVENTIONS Conduct of researches. fora and conferences • • • • • • • Conditions of Filipino women in Filipino-Japanese intermarriages Conditions of Filipinos and existence of trafficking activities in Malaysia and Singapore Forms of assistance extended by the government of other countries to trafficking victims Mail-order websites being maintained in the Philippines Publications in the Philippines that promote trafficking in persons Rules and manual on the provision of financial and other forms of assistance for trafficking victims Local ordinances on trafficking being implemented .
CFO INTERVENTIONS CFO-TFHT WEBSITE .
civil society and other stakeholders responding to trafficking cases Trafficking laws and other legislations from other countries Global and Philippine routes of trafficking incidents Current statistics on trafficking and related incidents . NGOs.CFO INTERVENTIONS CFO WEBSITE (FEATURES) • • • • • Weekly news reports and articles on trafficking and related issues and concerns Database on GOs.
RECOVERY AND REPATRIATION Trafficking Cases Handled by DFA for 2002-2006 Regions Asia Pacific Middle East Africas US and Americas Europe Total Cases 536 111 35 9 1 692 Source : IACAT .
258 Source : IACAT 2004 2005 2006 2007 NCR 2003-2007 Grand Total 5.VICTIM PROTECTION AND ASSISTANCE Year Male Sex Female Total # of Victims 2003 DSWD Total No.411 221 908 4.258 .026 5.141 116 141 320 2.941 531 1. of Victims Served 2003-2007 6 23 154 530 310 118 1.117 122 164 474 2.
548 75 115 162 1.354 1. of Victims Served By Age Group By Year 2003-2007 – 2004 2005 10 42 208 563 271 1.144 5.258 5.094 37 7 104 1.738 526 2.VICTIM PROTECTION AND ASSISTANCE Age Group Year Below 12 13-18 Above18 Grand Total DSWD 2003 No.616 122 164 474 3.258 2006 2007 Total Source : IACAT .053 347 1.
Areas where TIP cases are pending 45% Metro Manila 25% Luzon 16% Mindanao 11% Visayas MAP OF THE PHILIPPINES .
Nueva Ecija. Cavite Masbate. Pangasinan Isabela Baguio City Zambales. Sarangani. Tarlac and Bataan Manila Rizal. Southern Leyte Zamboanga. Butuan City DSWD Provinces and Cities Where Victims Come From or Originate II CAR III NCR IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII CARAGA . Santos City.Victim Protection & Assistance Region I Provinces and Cities La Union. Iloilo. Negros Occidental Cebu. Bukidnon Davao del Norte. Sultan Kudarat Agusan del Sur. Agusan del Norte. Bohol Tacloban City. Gen. Eastern Samar. Misamis Oriental. Davao del Sur South Cotabato. Northern Samar. Leyte. Zamboanga Sibugay Cagayan de Oro. Surigao Sur. Pampanga. Camarines Norte Aklan.