This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Nokia MSC Server System
The ﬁrst true mobile soft switch and backbone independent Multimedia Gateway for GSM/EDGE and WCDMA networks
When subscribers migrate from GSM to WCDMA. In this challenging environment. 2 . Although networks are growing. No changes in the elements or the network topology are needed. while the implementation of EDGE and WCDMA networks demands an economic balancing act from industry players. a common circuit switched core for both GSM/EDGE and WCDMA. the same core network elements can be used throughout the migration. Nokia has introduced the MSC Server solution. keeping the cost and risk to a minimum.White Paper Contents Introduction Facing the future with Nokia MSC Server System Safe interworking with existing networks New interfaces and protocols Cutting costs with the MSC Server System Fewer sites Transmission savings Savings by mobile optimized VoIP Field proven quality and resiliency Long-term investment protection Optimal solution for all operators Abbreviations 2 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 Introduction The mobile industry is facing new challenges in today’s turbulent business environment. the revenue per minute from mobile phone calls is decreasing. operators need a solution that can answer four vital questions: • How can I maximise voice revenue? • How can I reduce operational costs? • How can I protect existing network investments? • How can I deploy WCDMA while increasing proﬁtability in GSM? To solve these challenges.
This ensures that MSC Server System is compatible with today’s networks. 3GPP Rel4 MSC Server architecture and main interfaces. the MSC Server has similar call control and signaling functions as the MSC. The investment in the Nokia MSC Server System will bring substantial returns well into the IP Multimedia era. interfaces with GSM BSS (A interface) and WCDMA RAN (Iu-CS interface) networks are identical with today’s ﬁeld proven interfaces and protocols.248 Mc GSM BSS 3G RAN PSTN MGW Nb IP. allowing an existing Nokia MSCi to be upgraded to an MSC Server. 3GPP will standardize IP multimedia voice calls. The MSC Server System integrates safely into the existing network. 3 . while the actual voice trafﬁc ﬂow can be optimized by locating the MGWs close to trafﬁc hot spots and the interconnection points closer to other networks. This allows operators to achieve the beneﬁts of VoIP safely without the limitations of proprietary solutions. From the existing network’s point of view. The MSC Server (MSS) handles call control and signaling.White Paper Facing the future with Nokia MSC Server System The MSC Server System is independent of the transmission backbone and is speciﬁed in the 3G Partnership Program’s Release 4 speciﬁcations (3GPP Rel4). This division allows a totally new style of structure for the core network. Also. TDM or ATM Nb GSM BSS 3G RAN PSTN MGW Figure 1. It separates call control and signaling (control plane) and trafﬁc (user plane) into separate network elements. IN & other application servers CAP/INAP SIP IP Multimedia Subsystem HLR MAP MSC Server Nc BICC Mc SIGTRAN H. which offer the ﬁrst real possibility of implementing Voice over IP (VoIP) in the mobile environment in a standardized way. Looking further ahead. The Nokia MSC Server System provides a state of the art system compliant with 3GPP Rel4 standards. Call control can be amalgamated into very large centers. In the Nokia implementation. Safe interworking with existing networks The MSC Server System supports all existing interfaces with legacy network elements. Network Management Billing Network Management Billing IN (CAP/INAP) HLR (MAP) IN (CAP/INAP) HLR (MAP) MSC Server SIGTRAN H. including those with elements from several vendors. the MSC Server System uses the same ﬁeld-proven interfaces and protocols as the MSC System. Nokia MSC Server System supports both GSM/EDGE and and WCDMA radio networks. Intelligent Networks (with INAP or CAP) and GSM/PSTN networks (with ISUP) can be connected to the MSC Server System in a similar way to their connections with MSC systems. The Nokia MSC Server System will interconnect voice calls with SIP between the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) domain and existing circuit switched domains. safeguarding the existing MSC investment. ensuring safe interworking with both single vendor and multi-vendor networks.248/Megaco MSC (ISUP) RAN (RANAP) BSS (BSSAP) RAN (RANAP) BSS (BSSAP) MSC (ISUP) PSTN (ISUP) PSTN (ISUP) MSC MGW Figure 2. The similarity between the current MSC System and the MSC Server System is illustrated in Figure 2. while the Multimedia Gateway (MGW) takes care of switching and carries the actual trafﬁc. For example. The element can operate as both a MSC and a MSC Server simultaneously. It also ensures a safe interworking of the mobile VoIP core network with the existing network infrastructure.
number of sites needed.248 & SIGTRAN H. If the SMSC supports SIGTRAN. connecting the MSS to IP Multimedia Core elements and other SIP capable network elements. Site numbers and total ﬂoor space requirement are also reduced through the improved capacity per footprint ratios of the Nokia MSC Server – BHCA/ footprint – and MGW-Erlang/footprint. SIGTRAN can also be used between the MSC Server and HLR and IN/SCP.248 & SIGTRAN A Non SIGTRAN capable SMSC • Connection by C7 over TDM • SIGTRAN from MGW to MSC Server TDM E1 / MAP MGW MGW SMS path (SIGTRAN connected SMSC) SMS path (TDM connected SMSC) New interfaces and protocols 3GPP Rel4 technical speciﬁcations deﬁne the functional entities and the interfaces needed to support the mobile service. It is also used between the MGW and MSC Server to transport PSTN and GSM / UMTS Radio Network signaling to the MSC Server over the Mc interface. Figure 3 illustrates the options for connecting an SMSC. MSS (control) Only signalling between MSS and MGW • Number and location of MSS sites is independent of traffic => Number of sites can be reduced MGW seldom requires a site visit • MGW elements can be located to existing BSC/RNC sites => No dedicated sites required A Iu-CS Backbone PSTN Signalling only MSS and MGW are compact in size • Footprint 1/3 of typical MSC footprint => Floorspace cost minimized MGW (switching) Figure 4.248/Megaco is a control protocol used by the MSC Server to control the MGW over the Mc interface. Also. SIGTRAN is used to transport C7 signaling over the IP network. which can be located in existing BSC and/or RNC sites. a direct connection from the MSC Server by SIGTRAN is also possible. BICC is used for call control between two MSC Servers in the Nc interface. Thus the MGW acts as an integrated Signaling Gateway. The main new interfaces are: • Mc interface (MSC Server – MGW) • Nc interface (MSC Server – MSC Server) • Nb interface (MGW – MGW) The main protocols introduced by 3GPP Rel4 are H. Site cost is reduced due to the optimal location of elements and the reduced ﬂoor space needed. reducing the 4 . The Nokia MSC Server System supports Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). In the CS domain. the VMS and SMSC can be connected via the MGW with ISUP. allowing a backbone independent Control Plane and User Plane. access costs can be kept low by local switching at distributed MGWs. H. MSC Servers can be concentrated on a few sites at the most convenient location. the connection can remain in the MSC Server without changes. SMSC connection options • E1 connection to Integrated MSC Server • E1 connection to MGW • SIGTRAN connection to Integrated or Standalone MSC Server Figure 3. SIGTRAN and Bearer Independent Call Control (BICC).White Paper Voice Mail Systems and Short Message Service Centers (SMSC) connect to the MSC Server System with the same interfaces currently used. Fewer sites The separation of the user plane and control plane allows the respective elements to be located independently of each other. For a new standalone MSC Server. Cutting costs with the MSC Server System The Nokia MSC Server System provides key beneﬁts that increase revenue as well as decrease costs. Thus the total number of sites can be minimized. In the case of the integrated MSC Server. MSS SIGTRAN SIGTRAN capable SMSC • Connection directly to MSS by SIGTRAN H.248/Megaco. Site cost savings are illustrated in Figure 4. An SMSC connection to an MSC Server can use the same interfaces and protocols as SMSC connection to a traditional MSC.
Transmission backbone capacity can be shared based on trafﬁc needs.248 BSS/RAN MGW City A Figure 5. due to the fact that all trafﬁc needs to be transported to the MSC to be switched. MSC Server. TMSC TMSC MSC MSC MSC MSC Servers MSC TDM for voice MSC MSC MSC Multimedia Gateways IP for all voice. MSC network and MSC Server network. the distributed MGWs can perform local switching. this may lead to expensive inter-city transmission connections. the network elements must offer ﬁeld proven technology. Trafﬁc changes can be accommodated in the interfaces without modiﬁcations and the laborious conﬁguration familiar from TDM connections is also unnecessary. the TDM point-to-point connections of MSC networks can be replaced by Ethernet interfaces to the IP backbone. This eliminates long transmission legs in local calls. This is possible by an integrated voice compression feature that is compatible with all transmission technologies (TDM. The differences between MSC and MSC Server networks are illustrated in Figure 6. To facilitate the cost-effective operation of large networks. data and signalling MSC MSC MSC Figure 6. high capacity. which supports all current transport technologies. The MSC Server System is important in this development as it provides the voice call (and WCDMA real time video call) services in these networks. rather than requiring dedicated TDM interfaces for each trafﬁc direction.White Paper Transmission savings The MSC Server System saves transmission costs by local switching for calls managed by a single. The Nokia MSC Server System provides the highest proven capacity in the market. along with GPRS and WCDMA. even for local mobile-tomobile or mobile-to-PSTN calls. This is illustrated in Figure 5. local MGW. This ease of operation of the IP based network will dramatically reduce the required O&M work. removing the need to carry local trafﬁc over long distances. Savings by mobile optimized VoIP In a Nokia MSC Server network. The IP based network will also remove the need for a transit layer. Increasing the capacity of the call control element leads to increasing distances between call control and trafﬁc hot spots. this enables even large networks without a transit MSC layer. low energy consumption and small ﬂoor space. Non-real-time (non-voice) packet data will grow signiﬁcantly during the coming years. In the Nokia solution. The Nokia MSC Server System also saves transmission bandwith capacity compared what is needed by traditional switching systems. Together with the ﬂexible operation of IP compared to TDM. without compromising network operability. The MSC Server System uses the multi-service IP network to transport trafﬁc and signaling. Furthermore. the MSC Server and the Multimedia Gateway are based on the ﬁeld proven resilient DX 200 and IPA2800 platforms. Field proven quality and resiliency Mobile telecommunications networks have grown from niche applications to the preferred carrier of all voice and data. With MSC systems. BSS/RAN MSC MSC System • High MSC capacity increases access transmission cost • Difficult to reduce the number of MSCs PSTN MSC Server MSC Server System • Local traffic is switched locally in MGWs • MSC Server capacity can be maximized without access cost increase City B H. The processing capacity is the real operational capacity measured with a heavy usage proﬁle that includes IN services. With MSC Server Systems. Separation of call control and switching enables high capacity control elements and localized switching. IP and ATM). allows the operator to consolidate voice and data transport networks into a single IP based transport network. including TDM and ATM. IP transport in the backbone allows trafﬁc interfaces to be shared. transmission capacity savings can be combined with optimal voice quality by Transcoder Free Operation (TrFO) or Tandem Free Operation (TFO) with Nokia speciﬁc enhancements. In addition to 5 . The routing of trafﬁc and signaling is provided by the backbone.
Numbers of WCDMA subscribers are expected to grow rapidly – when they do. such as today’s large circuit switched GSM/WCDMA networks and PSTN. the Nokia MSC Server System is an ideal solution as it provides best-in breed products and high capacities. This ensures that there is no single point of failure in the entire Nokia MSC Server System. As the Nokia MSC Server System has been developed on ﬁeld proven Nokia platforms. The MSC Server System meets both these needs by providing a cost-effective optimized circuit switched core solution that will evolve to accommodate IP Multimedia. Voice migration from CS to IMS will happen gradually and investments in MSC Server Systems will be relevant well into the IP Multimedia era. such as today’s large circuit switched GSM/WCDMA networks and PSTN. allowing certain regions to be built with the MSC Server System while other regions continue with traditional switching architecture. Furthermore. ensures investments are fully protected and maintains value for operators developing a mobile network to keep ahead in the competition. as the existing MSCis can be fully re-used. MSC Server will be the system needed for interconnecting voice calls between the IMS domain and existing circuit switched (CS) domains. the Nokia MSC Server System is a feasible solution for expansion. mobile network operators must cut investment while ensuring they are not left behind by as networks evolve. The Nokia MSC Server System guarantees service continuity. For greenﬁeld operators. Optimal solution for all operators The Nokia MSC Server System is the optimal solution for all kinds of operators. the operator gets the latest technology together with high quality and availability. 6 . the advent of 3GPP Release 6 or Release 7 wilI standardize IP multimedia voice calls. The MSC Server System supports GSM/EDGE and WCDMA subscribers simultaneously and can dynamically allocate any share of its capacity between them. Nokia has a long experience of multi-vendor integration and interoperability testing. This means that full use can be made of the MSC Server investment even with a purely GSM network. Nokia can provide a ﬂexible solution to meet differing needs. 3GPP Rel 6 or Rel 7 will fully standardize IP multimedia voice calls in future. Nokia 3GPP Release 99 network elements can be upgraded to MSC Server System network elements with a simple software upgrade and in some cases with minor hardware changes. the network can be split. The Nokia MSC Server will interconnect voice calls with SIP between the IP Multimedia domain and existing circuit switched domains. the MSC Server System is a safe investment. In today’s challenging market situation. Voice migration from circuit switched to IP Multimedia will happen gradually.White Paper the resilient platforms. the Nokia MSC Server System employes system-wide multi-layer resilience mechanisms for both voice and signaling. Also. For operators currently using circuit switched core infrastructure from another telecommunications vendor. fully safeguarding the existing MSCi investment. since the Nokia MSC Server System has all the interfaces for interconnecting with GSM. the Nokia MSC Server System provides an easy migration to the 3GPP Release 4 architecture. guaranteeing a seamless expansion with the Nokia MSC Server System based on open interfaces. The Nokia MSC Server System also uses the current TDM based architecture where applicable. In terms of WCDMA migration as well as migration to VoIP. 3G MSC and MGW. Looking further ahead. For Nokia WCDMA customers. An investment in the Nokia MSC Server System allows easy and safe migration from GSM to WCDMA radio access and to the pure IP Multimedia core through simultaneous support of existing and new core interfaces and standards. regardless of their current situation and network structure. For the existing Nokia GSM/EDGE customer. WCDMA and PSTN networks. can be fully reused in the MSC Server architecture. the migration to MSC Server architecture is even easier as the current network elements. Long-term investment protection The current Nokia MSCi elements can be upgraded to MSC Servers in a simple way by activating the MSC Server software. MSS capacity can be used for WCDMA by adding interfaces to RNCs. yet the investment in the Nokia MSC Server System will bring substantial returns well into the IP Multimedia era.
trunk management. events notiﬁcation and instant messaging. CAP CAMEL Application Protocol. A license is hereby granted to download and print a copy of this document for personal use only.544 Mbps. telephony. without warranties of any kind with regards its accuracy or reliability. An international CCITT standard for high-speed packet-switched networks that operates at digital transmission speeds above 1. IP Internet protocol. including calling party number information. Unless expressly permitted herein. SIP Session Initiation Protocol. It is deﬁned in 3GPP Release 4 speciﬁcations. An Inter-MSC Server signaling protocol speciﬁed by ITU-T and 3GPP. Conﬁguration of a speech or multimedia call for which no transcoder device is physically present in the communication path and hence no control or conversion or other functions can be associated with it.248/Megaco MSC Server uses this protocol to control Multimedia Gateway over the Mc interface. How many call setups are made in an hour. SMSC Short Message Service Centre. TrFO Transcoder Free Operation. INAP Intelligent Network Application Protocol. This portion of the signaling system manages the telephone call. In no event shall Nokia be liable for any special. Network element that together with MSC Server forms the MSC Server System. SIGTRAN SIGTRAN is a set of protocols deﬁned to transport SS7 messages over IP networks. and speciﬁcally excluding all implied warranties. Regular phone lines. TDM Time Division Multiplexing. The content of this document is provided “as is”. Nokia product names are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Nokia. An open interface speciﬁed by ETSI. distribution or storage of part or all of the contents in any form without the prior written permission of Nokia is prohibited. Nokia and Nokia Connecting People are registered trademarks of Nokia Corporation. It takes care of switching and carries the actual trafﬁc. transfer. H. Conﬁguration of a voice or multimedia call for which transcoders are physically present in the communication path but transcoding functions are disabled or partially disabled in order to avoid multiple transcoding. PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network. TFO Tandem Free Operation. data or proﬁts. MGW Multimedia Gateway. Technology to carry voice communication over a data network based on the Internet protocol. reproduction. BICC Bearer Independent Call Control. arising out of or in connection with the use of the document. MSS MSC Server. Multimedia Gateway is deﬁned in 3GPP Release 4 speciﬁcations. ﬁtness for purpose. IMS IP Multimedia Subsystem. Network element that together with Multimedia Gateway forms the MSC Server System. The MAP functions mainly concern the information exchange between switches and registers in GSM networks related to the possibility for a mobile station to roam. 7 . It enables Intelligent Network services. Example value 3600 bhca means that new call attempt is made after every second. indirect or consequential damages.White Paper Abbreviations 3GPP Third Generation Partnership Project. ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode. presence. A signaling protocol for Internet conferencing. BHCA Busy Hour Call Attempt. A signalling protocol between Service Switching Point and Service Control Point. A type of multiplexing that combines data streams by assigning each stream a different time slot in a set. for example of merchantability. It enables Intelligent Network services for roaming subscribers. It handles call control and signaling. The purpose of TrFO is to remove unnecessary speech encoding completely from the speech path. Network element through which short messages are transmitted and in which they can be stored for later transmission if the receiver is not reached. MAP Mobile Application Part. system messaging. The use is deﬁned in 3GPP Release 4 speciﬁcations. No other license to any other intellectual property rights is granted herein. Third generation mobile system. All rights reserved. Other product and company names mentioned herein may be trademarks or trade names of their respective owners. call status checking. The objective of avoiding multiple transcoding is to improve the speech quality in calls. A communication protocol speciﬁed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Enables operators to deploy person-to-person multimedia services in 2G and 3G networks. UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunication System. The contents of this document are copyright © 2004 Nokia. ISUP ISDN User Part. title and non-infringement. VoIP Voice over IP. A signalling protocol between Service Switching Point and Service Control Point. or any damages whatsoever resulting form loss of use. MSC Server is deﬁned in 3GPP Release 4 speciﬁcations. Nokia reserves the right to revise the document or withdraw it at any time without prior notice. A group of organizational partners that have agreed to co-operate in the formulation of technical speciﬁcations for third generation mobile systems based on further evolved GSM core networks and radio access technologies.
com .O. All rights reserved.nokia. Box 300 FIN-00045 NOKIA GROUP. Nokia and Nokia Connecting People are registered trademarks of Nokia Corporation. Products are subject to change without notice.Nokia code: 11129 – 1204 Indivisual/Libris Copyright © 2004 Nokia. Other product and company names mentioned herein may be trademarks or trade names of their respective owners. NOKIA CORPORATION Networks P. Finland Phone: +358 (0) 7180 08000 www.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.