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ENERG

Compressor K-100:

Inlet Conditions: Temperature 303 K


Outlet conditions: Pressure 202 Kpa

mass flow rate of air ### kg/hr


1.07 kgmol/sec
Inlet volumetric flow rate:

26.74 m3/sec
poly tropic efficiency 76%
Outlet temperature for poly-tropic flow:

then m 0.38
T2 393.2 K 120.05 C

Work per mole for poly-tropic flow


n 1.6
Work 68.9 KJ/kgmol

Power Requirement

actual work 90.66 KJ/kgmol


power requirment 97.45 KW

Air Pre-heater E-101:

Inlet conditions temperature 120.05 C


Outlet conditions temperature 380 C
reference temperature 120 C
moisture in air 107.5 kgmol

heat taken by air ### KJ/hr

Benzene Pre-heater E-100:

Inlet conditions temperature 30 C Pressure


Outlet conditions temperature 110 C Pressure
boiling point of benzene 104.7 C
reference temperature 30 C
heat taken by benzene feed from benzene preheater
heat taken by benzene ### KJ/hr

Feed Mixer MIX-100:

reference temperature 110 C

Assuming Tmix 350 C


average temperature 230 C

component m (kgmole/hr) Cp (KJ/kgmole oC)

Air ### 30.57


Benzene 59.02 59.02

### (Tmix-110) = ###


Tmix 363.36 C

Reactor PFR-100:

Chemical Reactions:

C6H6 + 4.5 O2 C4H2O3 + 2CO2 +2H2O


(Maleic Anhydride)
C6H6 + 7.5O2 6CO2 +3H2O

C6H6 + 4.5 O2 6C0 + 3H2O


C6H6 + 1.5 O2 C6H4O2 + H2O
(quinon)
At steady state
Heat input to reactor = Heat output from reactor

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Air 3816
Moisture 107.5 72.94 75
Benzene 59 133 53

entahlpy of reactants ### KJ/hr

Enthalpy of products leaving at 400C:

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Nitrogen 3014
Oxygen 512
Water 225 72.94 75
CO2 122
MAN 43 158 177
CO 26
Benzene 5 133 53
Quinone 0.94 182 155

Enthalpy of products leaving at 400C ###

Heat produced by reactions assuming reaction takes place at 25C

By reaction (R1) ###


By reaction (R2) ###
By reaction (R3) ###
By reaction (R4) ###
Total Heat of reaction at 25C ΔHR ###
Heat taken by cooling salt ###

Waste Heat Boiler E-102:


Product steam (8) from the reactor is cooled from 400C to 76.5C at 152Kpa. For ener
balance around Waste Heat Boiler assume 76.5C as reference temperature.

average temperature 238.25 C

enthalpy of stream (8)

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Nitrogen 3014
Oxygen 512
Water 225 73.56 24
CO2 122
MAN 43 163 126
CO 26
Benzene 5
Quinone 0.94 189.2 104

Heat removed in waste heat boiler

Pre-scrubber cooler E-103:

Stream(11) is cooled from 76.5C to 50C before it enters Gas Scrubber. For energy ba
assuming 50C as reference temperature.

heat removed in pre-scrubber = {ehtahlpy of stream (12)}-{enthalpy of stream (11)


component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Nitrogen 3014
Oxygen 512
Water 225 72.94 26.5
CO2 122
MAN 25.35 148 26.5
CO 26
Benzene 4.71 137 26.5
Quinone 0.71 171.2 26.5

heat removed in Pre-Scrubber cooler

Mixer MIX-101:

Pure water stream (16) is added to scrubbed liquid (13) to keep the concentration of
solution up to 40%. Assuming water enters at 30C and 101Kpa while scrubbed liquid
entering at 45C.

stream (15) and (17) are leaving at same temperature. So T15 = T17 = T

Energy balance around mixer MIX-101 is

assuming 30oC as reference temperature

Enthalpy of stream (13)

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Water 4426.43 72.8 15


MAC 495.81 206.5 15
Quinone 0.71 164.3 15
Total Enthalpy ### KJ/hr

Enthalpy of stream (15)

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Water 4551.1 72.8 (T-30)


MAC 470.9 206.5 (T-30)

Total Enthalpy ### (T-30) KJ/hr

Enthalpy of stream (17)

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Water 236.3 72.8 (T-30)


MAC 24.89 206.5 (T-30)
Quinone 0.71 164.3 (T-30)

Total Enthalpy ### (T-30) KJ/hr

temperature of stream(15) and (17)T ###


44.1

Scrubber T-100:

MAN is absorbed in 40% solution of MAC entering at 44.2C while the gases leaves fro
of scubber in vent stream (14).

For energy balance assuming 44.2C as reference temperature.


Reaction involved in scrubber

Reaction taking place:

C4H2O2 + H20 C4H4O4


(maleic acid)
∆H ### KJ/kgmol

Enthalpy of stream (12)

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Nitrogen 3014.4 29.33 6.8


Oxygen 512 29.51 6.8
Water 234 72.78 6.8
CO2 122 39.25 6.8
MAN 25.35 144.4 6.8
CO 26.22 29.91 6.8
Benzene 4.71 133.3 6.8
Quinone 0.71 167 6.8

Total Enthalpy ###

Enthalpy of stream (13)

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Water 4426.43 72.8 0.8


MAC 495.81 206.5 0.8
Quinone 0.71 164.3 0.8

Total Enthalpy ###

Enthalpy of stream (14)

component m Cpg ΔTg

Nitrogen 3014 29.26 (T-44.2)


Oxygen 512 29.48 (T-44.2)
Water 333.6 72.79 (T-44.2)
CO2 122 39.16 (T-44.2)
MAN 0.43 144.4 (T-44.2)
CO 26 29.22 (T-44.2)
Benzene 4.71 131.2 (T-44.2)

Total Enthalpy ###

energy balance provides T14 48.03 C

Dehydrator feed pre-heater E-104:

Feed is heated from 44.2C to 95C in vapor phase befor it enters the dehydrator

component m Cpℓ ΔTℓ

Water 236.3 73.1 51


MAC 24.89 215.8 51
Quinone 0.71 173.6 51

heat duty of Dehydrator feed preheater

Dehydrator T-101:

Operating conditions:
Top plate temperature = 55C
Re-boiler temperature = 120 C
Operating pressure = 15.2 kpa
Assuming 100C as reference temperature

Reactions involved

(maleic acid) (fumaric acid)

Overhead condenser:

Overhead product is condensed from 55C to 45C at 15.2Kpa.


Boiling point of water at 15.2Kpa = 53.
Boiling point of O-xylene at 15.2Kpa =
Taking 25oC as reference temperature
Enthalpy of stream (19)

component m Cpℓ

Water 248 72.77


O-xylene 72 194.3

Total Enthalpy

Enthalpy of stream (20)

component m Cpℓ

Water 248 72.77


O-xylene 72 192.3

Total Enthalpy
heat duty of overhead condenser

heat duty of overhead condenser ###

Enthalpy of stream (18) entering at 95C and 101Kpa

component m Cpℓ

Water 236.3 72.9


MAC 24.89 212.4
Quinone 0.71 170.4

Total Enthalpy

Enthalpy of stream (26) leaving at 120oC and 15.2KPa

component m Cpℓ

Water 13.07 72.77


MAN 24.77 149.7
O-xylene 3.79 200.4
Fumaric acid 0.12 251
Quinone 0.71 173.8

Total Enthalpy

Enthalpy of reflux stream (21) ###

Heat required by reaction (R1) ###

Heat required by reaction (R2) ###

Total heat required for reactions ###

heat duty of Re-boiler

heat duty of Re-boiler


Mixer MIX-102

Stream (27) entering at 120oC and 101Kpa is mixed with cr

Assuming 25oC as reference temperature so Enthalpy of st

component m

Water 13.07
MAN 24.77
O-Xylene 3.79
Fumaric Acid 0.12
Quinone 0.71

Enthalpy of stream (28)

component m

Water 14.75
MAN 42.51
O-Xylene 3.79
Fumaric Acid 0.12
Quinone 0.94

Total Enthalpy

Enthalpy of stream (10)

component m

water 17.74
MAN 1.68
quinon 0.23

enthalpy balance around mixer is


### =

###

Distillation Coulmn T-102

Operating conditions:
Top plate temperature = 160oC
Re-boiler temperature = 200oC
Ope

Assuming 25C as reference temperature

Enthalpy of feed stream (29) entering at 108C

component m

Water 14.75
MAN 42.51
O-Xylene 3.79
Fumaric Acid 0.12
Quinone 0.94

Enthalpy of stream (30)

component m

Water 54.15
MAN 1.03
O-Xylene 13.27
Quinone 3.06

Enthalpy of stream (31)

component m

Water 36.9
MAN 0.73
O-Xylene 9.5
Quinone 2.2

Enthalpy of stream (32)

component m

Water 14.75
MAN 0.29
O-Xylene 3.79
Quinone 0.87

Enthalpy of stream (36)

component m

MAN 42.21
Fumaric Acid 0.12
Quinone 0.17
Heat duty of condenser

Heat duty of condenser

Heat duty of re-boiler


ENERGY BALANCE

Pressure 101 Kpa

2
1.3
0.38 1.3 0.3 231.47
R 0.08 m3atm/kgmolK
8.31 KJ/kgmolK
Zi 1

Pressure 202 Kpa


Pressure 202 Kpa

202 Kpa
202 Kpa
m Cp

###
###

(R1) ∆H ### KJ/kgmol

(R2) ∆H ### KJ/kgmol

(R3) ∆H ### KJ/kgmol


(R4) ∆H ### KJ/kgmol

tput from reactor

CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg Cpg∆Tg λ

32.21 338 ###


5470.5 35.65 263 ### ###
7049 136.4 285 38874 ###

CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg Cpg∆Tg λ

30.16 375 11310


30.94 375 ###
5470.5 35.83 300 10749 ###
43.87 375 ###
27966 162.5 198 32175 ###
29.81 375 ###
7049 140.4 322 ### ###
28210 172.6 220 37972 ###

KJ/hr

KJ/hr
KJ/hr
KJ/hr
KJ/hr
KJ/hr
KJ/hr
.5C at 152Kpa. For energy
e temperature.

CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg Cpg∆Tg λ

30.27 324 ###


31.18 324 ###
### 35.77 300 10731 ###
44.47 324 ###
20538 162.2 198 ### ###
29.93 324 ###
140.2 322 ### ###
### 172.3 220 37906 ###

### KJ/hr

Scrubber. For energy balance

enthalpy of stream (11)}


CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg Cpg∆Tg λ

29.4 26.5 779.1


29.6 26.5 784.4
###
39.72 26.5 ###
3922
29.22 26.5 774.33
3630.5
4536.8

### KJ/hr

ep the concentration of MAC


pa while scrubbed liquid is

5 = T17 = T

CpℓΔTℓ ∆H

1092 ###
3097.5 ###
2464.5 1749.8
∆H

### (T-30)
### (T-30)

∆H

### (T-30)
### (T-30)
116.65 (T-30)

C
C

hile the gases leaves from the top


C4H4O4
(maleic acid)

CpℓΔTℓ ∆H

199.44 ###
200.67 ###
494.9 ###
266.9 ###
981.92 ###
203.39 ###
906.44 ###
1135.6 806.28

KJ/hr

CpℓΔTℓ ∆H

58.24 ###
165.2 ###
131.44 93.32

KJ/hr

∆H

### (T-44.2)
### (T-44.2)
### (T-44.2)
### (T-44.2)
62.09 (T-44.2)
759.72 (T-44.2)
617.95 (T-44.2)

(T-44.2) KJ/hr

ers the dehydrator

CpℓΔTℓ ∆H

3728.1 ###
### ###
8853.6 ###

### KJ/hr
e = 120 C
= 15.2 kpa

∆H ### KJ/kgmol

∆H ### KJ/kgmol

45C at 15.2Kpa.
water at 15.2Kpa = 53.6C
O-xylene at 15.2Kpa = 85.05C

ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg Cpg∆Tg

28.6 2081.22 33.8 1.4 47.32


30 5829

### KJ/hr

ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ ∆H

20 1455.4 ###
20 3846 276912

### KJ/hr
KJ/hr

ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ ∆H

70 5103 ###
70 14868 ###
70 11928 ###

### KJ/hr

ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg Cpg∆Tg

28.6 2081.22 34.03 66.4 ###


95 14221.5
60 12024 163.1 35 5708.5
95 23845
95 16511

### KJ/hr

y of Re-boiler ### KJ/hr


101Kpa is mixed with crude MAN stream (10).

rature so Enthalpy of stream (27)

Cpℓ ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg

72.77 75 ### 34.42 20


149.7 95 ###
207 95 19665
251 95 23845
173.8 95 16511

Total Enthalpy ### KJ/hr

Cpℓ ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg

73.12 75 5484 34.4 (T-100)


149.7 (T-25)
207 (T-25)
251 (T-25)
173.8 (T-25)

Total Enthalpy 670889 + 507.4 (T-100) + ### (T-25)

Cpℓ ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ ∆H

145.3 51.5 ### ###


72.8 51.5 3749.2 ###
168.5 51.5 ### ###

Total Enthalpy ### KJ/hr

670889 + 507.4 (T-100) + ### (T-25)

= ### + ### T

T = 95.42 C

Top plate temperature = 160C

Re-boiler temperature = 200 C

Reflux temperature = 112C

Operating pressure = 101 kpa


ce temperature

29) entering at 108C

Cpℓ ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg

73.12 75 5484 34.38 8


148.4 83 ###
204.9 83 ###
250.2 83 ###
172 83 14276

Total enthalpy ### KJ/hr

Cpℓ ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg

73.12 75 5484 34.57 60


153.6 135 20736
212.3 119 ### 181.8 16
179.1 135

Total enthalpy ### KJ/hr

Cpℓ ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg

73.12 75 5484 34.38 12


148.4 87 ###
204.9 87 ###
172 87

Total enthalpy ### KJ/hr

Cpℓ ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg

73.12 75 5484 34.38 12


148.4 87 ###
204.9 87 ###
172 87 14964

Total enthalpy ### KJ/hr

Cpℓ ΔTℓ CpℓΔTℓ Cpg ΔTg

157.8 175 27615


256.6 175 44905
181.9 155 ### 152.2 20
Total enthalpy ### KJ/hr

condenser

uty of condenser ### KJ/hr

re-boiler

Heat duty of re-boiler ### KJ/hr


∆H

###
###
###

∆H

###
###
###
###
###
###
406289
###
∆H

###
###
###
###
###
###
375722
###
∆H

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
λ ∆H

### ###
419688
λ ∆H

### ###
###
### ###
2861.4
###
Cpg∆Tg λ ∆H

688.4 ### ###


###
###
2861.4
###

Cpg∆Tg λ ∆H

34.4 (T-100) ### 670889 + 507.4 (T-100)


### (T-25)
784.53 (T-25)
30.12 (T-25)
163.37 (T-25)
Cpg∆Tg λ ∆H

275.04 40000 ###


###
###
###
###

Cpg∆Tg λ ∆H

2074.2 40000 ###


###
2908.8 37000 ###

Cpg∆Tg λ ∆H

412.56 40000 ###


###
###

Cpg∆Tg λ ∆H

412.56 40000 ###


###
###
###

Cpg∆Tg λ ∆H

###
5388.6
3044 46000 ###