ENERG

Compressor K-100:

Inlet Conditions:
Outlet conditions:
mass flow rate of air

Temperature
Pressure
###
1.07

303 K
202 Kpa

kg/hr
kgmol/sec

Inlet volumetric flow rate:

26.74
poly tropic efficiency
76%
Outlet temperature for poly-tropic flow:

then

m
T2

Work per mole for poly-tropic flow

0.38
393.2 K

m3/sec

120.05 C

n
Work

1.6
68.9

KJ/kgmol

Power Requirement
actual work
power requirment

90.66
97.45

KJ/kgmol
KW

Air Pre-heater E-101:

Inlet conditions
Outlet conditions
reference temperature
moisture in air

heat taken by air

temperature
temperature
120 C
107.5 kgmol

120.05 C
380 C

### KJ/hr

Benzene Pre-heater E-100:

Inlet conditions
temperature
Outlet conditions
temperature
boiling point of benzene
104.7 C
reference temperature
30 C
heat taken by benzene feed from benzene preheater

30 C
110 C

Pressure
Pressure

heat taken by benzene

###

KJ/hr

Feed Mixer MIX-100:

reference temperature

110 C

Assuming Tmix
average temperature

350 C
230 C

component

m (kgmole/hr)

Air
Benzene

Cp (KJ/kgmole oC)

###
59.02

### (Tmix-110)

=

30.57
59.02
###
Tmix
363.36 C

Reactor PFR-100:

Chemical Reactions:
C6H6 + 4.5 O2
C6H6 + 7.5O2
C6H6 + 4.5 O2

C4H2O3 + 2CO2 +2H2O
(Maleic Anhydride)
6CO2 +3H2O
6C0 + 3H2O

C6H6 + 1.5 O2

C6H4O2 + H2O
(quinon)

At steady state
Heat input to reactor = Heat output from reactor

component

m

Air
Moisture
Benzene

Cpℓ
3816
107.5
59

entahlpy of reactants

ΔTℓ

72.94
133

75
53

### KJ/hr

Enthalpy of products leaving at 400C:
component
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Water
CO2
MAN
CO
Benzene
Quinone

m

Cpℓ
3014
512
225
122
43
26
5
0.94

ΔTℓ

72.94

75

158

177

133
182

53
155

Enthalpy of products leaving at 400C

###

Heat produced by reactions assuming reaction takes place at 25C
By reaction (R1)
By reaction (R2)
By reaction (R3)
By reaction (R4)
Total Heat of reaction at 25C ΔHR
Heat taken by cooling salt

Waste Heat Boiler E-102:

###
###
###
###
###
###

Product steam (8) from the reactor is cooled from 400C to 76.5C at 152Kpa. For ener
balance around Waste Heat Boiler assume 76.5C as reference temperature.
average temperature

238.25 C

enthalpy of stream (8)
component
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Water
CO2
MAN
CO
Benzene
Quinone

m

Cpℓ
3014
512
225
122
43
26
5
0.94

ΔTℓ

73.56

24

163

126

189.2

104

Heat removed in waste heat boiler

Pre-scrubber cooler E-103:

Stream(11) is cooled from 76.5C to 50C before it enters Gas Scrubber. For energy ba
assuming 50C as reference temperature.

heat removed in pre-scrubber = {ehtahlpy of stream (12)}-{enthalpy of stream (11)

component

m

Nitrogen
Oxygen
Water
CO2
MAN
CO
Benzene
Quinone

Cpℓ
3014
512
225
122
25.35
26
4.71
0.71

ΔTℓ

72.94

26.5

148

26.5

137
171.2

26.5
26.5

heat removed in Pre-Scrubber cooler

Mixer MIX-101:

Pure water stream (16) is added to scrubbed liquid (13) to keep the concentration of
solution up to 40%. Assuming water enters at 30C and 101Kpa while scrubbed liquid
entering at 45C.
stream (15) and (17) are leaving at same temperature. So T15 = T17 = T
Energy balance around mixer MIX-101 is

assuming 30oC as reference temperature
Enthalpy of stream (13)
component
Water
MAC
Quinone

m
4426.43
495.81
0.71

Cpℓ
72.8
206.5
164.3

ΔTℓ
15
15
15

Total Enthalpy

### KJ/hr

Enthalpy of stream (15)
component

m

Water
MAC

Cpℓ
4551.1
470.9

Total Enthalpy

72.8
206.5
### (T-30)

ΔTℓ
(T-30)
(T-30)
KJ/hr

Enthalpy of stream (17)
component
Water
MAC
Quinone

m

Cpℓ
236.3
24.89
0.71

Total Enthalpy

72.8
206.5
164.3
### (T-30)

ΔTℓ
(T-30)
(T-30)
(T-30)
KJ/hr

temperature of stream(15) and (17)T

###
44.1

Scrubber T-100:

MAN is absorbed in 40% solution of MAC entering at 44.2C while the gases leaves fro
of scubber in vent stream (14).
For energy balance assuming 44.2C as reference temperature.

Reaction involved in scrubber
Reaction taking place:
C4H2O2 + H20

C4H4O4
(maleic acid)
∆H

### KJ/kgmol

m

Cpℓ

Enthalpy of stream (12)
component
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Water
CO2
MAN
CO
Benzene
Quinone

3014.4
512
234
122
25.35
26.22
4.71
0.71

ΔTℓ

29.33
29.51
72.78
39.25
144.4
29.91
133.3
167
Total Enthalpy

6.8
6.8
6.8
6.8
6.8
6.8
6.8
6.8
###

Enthalpy of stream (13)
component
Water
MAC
Quinone

m

Cpℓ

4426.43
495.81
0.71

ΔTℓ

72.8
206.5
164.3
Total Enthalpy

0.8
0.8
0.8
###

Enthalpy of stream (14)
component
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Water
CO2
MAN

m

Cpg
3014
512
333.6
122
0.43

29.26
29.48
72.79
39.16
144.4

ΔTg
(T-44.2)
(T-44.2)
(T-44.2)
(T-44.2)
(T-44.2)

CO
Benzene

26
4.71

29.22
131.2

(T-44.2)
(T-44.2)

Total Enthalpy
energy balance provides

T14

###
48.03 C

Dehydrator feed pre-heater E-104:

Feed is heated from 44.2C to 95C in vapor phase befor it enters the dehydrator
component
Water
MAC
Quinone

m

Cpℓ
236.3
24.89
0.71

ΔTℓ

73.1
215.8
173.6

heat duty of Dehydrator feed preheater

Dehydrator T-101:

Operating conditions:

51
51
51

Top plate temperature = 55C
Re-boiler temperature = 120 C
Operating pressure = 15.2 kpa
Assuming 100C as reference temperature
Reactions involved

(maleic acid)

(fumaric acid)

Overhead condenser:

Overhead product is condensed from 55C to 45C at 15.2Kpa.
Boiling point of water at 15.2Kpa = 53.
Boiling point of O-xylene at 15.2Kpa =
Taking 25oC as reference temperature
Enthalpy of stream (19)
component

m

Water
O-xylene

Cpℓ
248
72

72.77
194.3
Total Enthalpy

Enthalpy of stream (20)
component
Water
O-xylene

m

Cpℓ
248
72

72.77
192.3
Total Enthalpy

heat duty of overhead condenser

heat duty of overhead condenser

###

Enthalpy of stream (18) entering at 95C and 101Kpa
component

m

Water
MAC
Quinone

Cpℓ
236.3
24.89
0.71

72.9
212.4
170.4
Total Enthalpy

Enthalpy of stream (26) leaving at 120oC and 15.2KPa
component
Water
MAN
O-xylene
Fumaric acid
Quinone

m

Cpℓ
13.07
24.77
3.79
0.12
0.71

72.77
149.7
200.4
251
173.8
Total Enthalpy

Enthalpy of reflux stream (21)

###

Heat required by reaction (R1)

###

Heat required by reaction (R2)

###

Total heat required for reactions

###

heat duty of Re-boiler

heat duty of Re-boiler

Mixer MIX-102

Stream (27) entering at 120oC and 101Kpa is mixed with cr

Assuming 25oC as reference temperature so Enthalpy of st
component

m

Water
MAN
O-Xylene
Fumaric Acid
Quinone

13.07
24.77
3.79
0.12
0.71

Enthalpy of stream (28)
component

m

Water
MAN
O-Xylene
Fumaric Acid
Quinone

14.75
42.51
3.79
0.12
0.94
Total Enthalpy

Enthalpy of stream (10)
component
water

m
17.74

MAN
quinon

1.68
0.23

enthalpy balance around mixer is
### =
###

Distillation Coulmn T-102

Operating conditions:
Top plate temperature = 160oC
Re-boiler temperature = 200oC

Ope

Assuming 25C as reference temperature
Enthalpy of feed stream (29) entering at 108C
component
Water
MAN

m
14.75
42.51

O-Xylene
Fumaric Acid
Quinone

3.79
0.12
0.94

Enthalpy of stream (30)
component

m

Water
MAN
O-Xylene
Quinone

54.15
1.03
13.27
3.06

Enthalpy of stream (31)
component

m

Water
MAN
O-Xylene
Quinone

36.9
0.73
9.5
2.2

Enthalpy of stream (32)
component

m

Water
MAN
O-Xylene
Quinone

14.75
0.29
3.79
0.87

Enthalpy of stream (36)
component
MAN
Fumaric Acid
Quinone

m
42.21
0.12
0.17

Heat duty of condenser

Heat duty of condenser
Heat duty of re-boiler

ENERGY BALANCE

Pressure

101 Kpa

4

2
1.3

0.38
R
Zi

Pressure
Pressure

202 Kpa
202 Kpa

202 Kpa
202 Kpa

1.3
0.3 231.47
0.08 m3atm/kgmolK
8.31 KJ/kgmolK
1

m Cp
###
###

(R1)

∆H

### KJ/kgmol

(R2)

∆H

### KJ/kgmol

(R3)

∆H

### KJ/kgmol

(R4)

∆H

### KJ/kgmol

tput from reactor

CpℓΔTℓ

5470.5
7049

CpℓΔTℓ

5470.5
27966
7049
28210
KJ/hr

KJ/hr
KJ/hr
KJ/hr
KJ/hr
KJ/hr
KJ/hr

Cpg

ΔTg

32.21
35.65
136.4

Cpg
30.16
30.94
35.83
43.87
162.5
29.81
140.4
172.6

Cpg∆Tg
338
263
285

ΔTg

###
###
38874

Cpg∆Tg
375
375
300
375
198
375
322
220

λ

11310
###
10749
###
32175
###
###
37972

###
###

λ

###
###
###
###

.5C at 152Kpa. For energy
e temperature.

CpℓΔTℓ

###
20538

###
### KJ/hr

Scrubber. For energy balance

enthalpy of stream (11)}

Cpg
30.27
31.18
35.77
44.47
162.2
29.93
140.2
172.3

ΔTg

Cpg∆Tg
324
324
300
324
198
324
322
220

###
###
10731
###
###
###
###
37906

λ

###
###
###
###

CpℓΔTℓ

Cpg

ΔTg

Cpg∆Tg

29.4
29.6

26.5
26.5

779.1
784.4

39.72

26.5

###

29.22

26.5

774.33

###
3922
3630.5
4536.8
### KJ/hr

ep the concentration of MAC
pa while scrubbed liquid is

5 = T17 = T

CpℓΔTℓ
1092
3097.5
2464.5

∆H
###
###
1749.8

λ

∆H
### (T-30)
### (T-30)

∆H
### (T-30)
### (T-30)
116.65 (T-30)

C
C

hile the gases leaves from the top

C4H4O4
(maleic acid)

CpℓΔTℓ
199.44
200.67
494.9
266.9
981.92
203.39
906.44
1135.6

∆H
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
806.28

KJ/hr

CpℓΔTℓ
58.24
165.2
131.44
KJ/hr

∆H
### (T-44.2)
### (T-44.2)
### (T-44.2)
### (T-44.2)
62.09 (T-44.2)

∆H
###
###
93.32

759.72 (T-44.2)
617.95 (T-44.2)
(T-44.2) KJ/hr

ers the dehydrator
CpℓΔTℓ
3728.1
###
8853.6

### KJ/hr

∆H
###
###
###

e = 120 C
= 15.2 kpa

∆H

### KJ/kgmol

∆H

### KJ/kgmol

45C at 15.2Kpa.
water at 15.2Kpa = 53.6C
O-xylene at 15.2Kpa = 85.05C

ΔTℓ

CpℓΔTℓ

28.6
30

Cpg

2081.22
5829

33.8

### KJ/hr

ΔTℓ

CpℓΔTℓ
20
20

### KJ/hr

1455.4
3846

∆H
###
276912

ΔTg

Cpg∆Tg
1.4

47.32

KJ/hr

ΔTℓ

CpℓΔTℓ
70
70
70

5103
14868
11928

∆H
###
###
###

### KJ/hr

ΔTℓ

y of Re-boiler

28.6
95
60
95
95

CpℓΔTℓ
2081.22
14221.5
12024
23845
16511
### KJ/hr

### KJ/hr

Cpg

ΔTg

Cpg∆Tg

34.03

66.4

###

163.1

35

5708.5

101Kpa is mixed with crude MAN stream (10).

rature so Enthalpy of stream (27)
Cpℓ

ΔTℓ

CpℓΔTℓ

72.77
149.7
207
251
173.8

75
95
95
95
95

###
###
19665
23845
16511
Total Enthalpy

Cpℓ
73.12
149.7
207
251
173.8
Total Enthalpy

Cpℓ
145.3

Cpg

ΔTℓ

CpℓΔTℓ
75

ΔTg

34.42

20

### KJ/hr

Cpg

5484

34.4

ΔTg
(T-100)

(T-25)
(T-25)
(T-25)
(T-25)
670889

ΔTℓ

+

507.4 (T-100) +

CpℓΔTℓ
51.5

###

### (T-25)

∆H
###

72.8
168.5

51.5
51.5

3749.2
###

Total Enthalpy

670889

T

### KJ/hr

+

=

###
###

507.4 (T-100) +

### +
=

### (T-25)

### T
95.42 C

Top plate temperature = 160C
Re-boiler temperature = 200 C
Reflux temperature

= 112C

Operating pressure = 101 kpa
ce temperature

29) entering at 108C
Cpℓ
73.12
148.4

ΔTℓ

CpℓΔTℓ
75
83

5484
###

Cpg
34.38

ΔTg
8

204.9
250.2
172

83
83
83

Total enthalpy

Cpℓ

### KJ/hr

ΔTℓ

73.12
153.6
212.3
179.1

CpℓΔTℓ
75
135
119
135

Total enthalpy

Cpℓ

ΔTℓ

CpℓΔTℓ
75
87
87
87

Total enthalpy

ΔTℓ

5484
###
###

CpℓΔTℓ
75
87
87
87

Total enthalpy

157.8
256.6
181.9

ΔTg

34.57

60

181.8

16

Cpg

ΔTg

34.38

12

### KJ/hr

73.12
148.4
204.9
172

Cpℓ

5484
20736
###

Cpg

### KJ/hr

73.12
148.4
204.9
172

Cpℓ

###
###
14276

5484
###
###
14964

Cpg

ΔTg

34.38

12

### KJ/hr

ΔTℓ

CpℓΔTℓ
175
175
155

27615
44905
###

Cpg

152.2

ΔTg

20

Total enthalpy

### KJ/hr

condenser

uty of condenser

### KJ/hr

re-boiler

Heat duty of re-boiler

### KJ/hr

∆H
###
###
###

∆H
###
###
###
###
###
###
406289
###

∆H
###
###
###
###
###
###
375722
###

∆H
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

λ

∆H
###

###
419688

λ

∆H
###
###

###
###
###
2861.4
###

Cpg∆Tg

λ

688.4

Cpg∆Tg
34.4 (T-100)

∆H
###

λ

###
###
###
2861.4
###

∆H
###

670889
+
### (T-25)
784.53 (T-25)
30.12 (T-25)
163.37 (T-25)

507.4 (T-100)

Cpg∆Tg
275.04

λ

∆H
40000

###
###

###
###
###

Cpg∆Tg

λ

∆H

2074.2

40000

2908.8

37000

Cpg∆Tg

λ

412.56

Cpg∆Tg

3044

∆H
40000

λ

412.56

Cpg∆Tg

###
###
###

###
###
###

∆H
40000

λ

###
###
###
###

∆H

46000

###
5388.6
###