ABBREVIATIONS

A AASHTO ALGEBRAIC DIFFERENCE IN GRADES AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF STATE HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION OFFICIALS ABAN ABUT AC AGG AH ALT ALUM ASY ASTM ADJ ABANDONED ABUTMENT ASBESTOS CEMENT AGGREGATE F AHEAD FF ALTERNATE Fix ALUMINUM FK ASYMMETRICAL FL AMERICAN SOCIETY OF TESTING MATERIALS ADJUSTING OR ADJACENT Ftg G G1 G2 Galv G/C GL GRP FOOTING GRADE ENTRY GRADE FP FLOW LINE FEEDER PILLAR FLUSHED KERB FIXED FRONT FACE FILL N NA NB NC NE No. NTS BARR BF BH BIT BK BLDG B/L BM BRG BC BARRICADE BACK FACE BOREHOLE BITUMINOUS BACK BUILDING BASE LINE BENCH MARK Ha BEARING HD BOLT CIRCLE Hx Hor CB CBR CC CCTV C/C CD CL C/L CLR cm. cu.m. CONC. CONST. CONT. CT CTC CTR CU CATCH BASIN Ht CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO HV CURVE TO CURVE POINT HW CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION Hwy CENTER TO CENTER Hz COLLECTOR DISTRIBUTION I/C COVER LEVEL ICD CENTER LINE / CONTROL LINE ID CLEAR OR CLEARANCE CENTIMETER CUBIC METER CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION CONTINUOUS CURVE TO TANGENT POINT CURVE-TANGENT-CURVE CENTER CUBIC OR COPPER JB D DBM DIA DK DRK DR DWG DEGREE OF CURVATURE DENSE BITUMEN MACADAM DIAMETER DROPPED KERB DROPPER KERB DRAINAGE DRAWING KA Kg Km Kph Kv Kw KN E EB EF EK EIev Emb Ent EP Eq Eq Sp ES EAST, EASTING OR ORDINATE EASTBOUND EACH FACE EDGE KERB ELEVATION EMBANKMENT ENTRANCE EDGE OF PAVEMENT EQUATION EQUAL SPACING END SECTION L LC LOC LOW LIN.M. LONG LT LVC m Med LENGTH OR LENGTH OF CIRCULAR CURVE LENGTH OF LONG CHORD LIMIT OF CONSTRUCTION OR CONTRACT LIMIT OF WORKS LINEAR METER LONGITUDINAL LEFT LENGTH OF VERTICAL CURVE METER S-E MEDIAN SE SOUTH EAST SUPERELEVATION S SB SWD Sdwk SOUTH KILO AMPERES R KILOGRAM KILOMETER KILOMETERS PER HOUR KILOVOLT KILOWATT KILONEWTON RC Rd Rdwy Reinf Ret RF RK R/L ROW Rt RADIUS REINFORCE CONCRETE ROAD ROADWAY REINFORCEMENT RETAINING (WALL) REAR FACE RAISED KERB REFERENCE LINE RIGHT OF WAY RIGHT Jt JUNCTION BOX Qty JOINT Q-TEL QATAR TELECOMMUNICATIONS QUANTITY IEK IL Int Inv IP IR ISO ITE INVERTED EDGE KERB PRC INVERT LEVEL Proj INTERIOR PS INVERT PT INTERSECTION POINT Pt IRRIGATION PVC INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ORGANIZATION PW INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERS POTABLE WATER POLYVINYL CHLORIDE POINT POINT OF TANGENT PARTICULAR SPECIFICATION PROJECTION POINT OF REVERSE CURVATURE INSIDE DIAMETER POE POINT OF END INSCRIBED CIRCLE DIAMETER POC POINT OF CURVATURE INTERCHANGE HERTZ HIGHWAY PVC PVT PL POB POINT OF VERTICAL CURVE POINT OF VERTICAL TANGENT PLATE POINT OF BEGINNING HIGH WATER PVI POINT OF VERTICAL INTERSECTION HIGH VOLTAGE HEIGHT HEXAGONAL HORIZONTAL HEAVY DUTY HECTARE Pavt PC Ped PGL PAVEMENT POINT OF CURVATURE PEDESTRIAN PROFILE GRADE LINE NW NORTH OR NORTHING NOT APPLICABLE NORTHBOUND NORMAL CROWN NORTH EAST NUMBER NOT TO SCALE NORTH WEST Est ET EW Exc Exist Exp ESTIMATE END TAPER EACH WAY EXCAVATION EXISTING EXPANSION MH min M/L mm MO MON MANHOLE MINIMUM MATCH LINE MILLIMETER MIDDLE ORDINATE MONUMENT

Sec Sect Shldr Sht Spcs Sp Sq Sq.m. Slp SS S/S Stab Sta Std Stl Str Surf

SECOND SECTION SHOULDER SHEET SPECIFICATIONS SPACE SQUARE SQUARE METER SLOPE SANITARY SEWER OR STAINLESS STEEL SUBSTATION STABILIZED STATION STANDARD STEEL STRUCTURE SURFACE SOUTH WEST OR STORM WATER SWITCH SYMMETRICAL OR SYMMETRY SERVICE RESERVATION STREET OR SERVICE TURRET STRAIGHT STIRRUP STREET LIGHTING

STANDARD CURVE DATA
PI

T

E

L
LC

X
TL

ECC

PC
G EN T

Xm
C BC

LT

PT
N TA

N TA

G N SI E EA G R A C IN IN HA C

ET C

HORIZONTAL CURVE
THE VERTICAL ALIGNMENT IS MADE UP OF A SERIES OF GRADES EXPRESSED AS PERCENTAGES AND PARABOLIC CURVES. THE PARABOLIC CURVES USED ARE OF THE FOLLOWING FORM:

X Y

EXIT GRADE OD GALVANIZED OG RATIO OF GREEN TIME TO CYCLE LENGTH Or GROUND LINE OR GROUND LEVEL Opng GLASS REINFORCED PLASTIC Opp OPPOSITE St ST Stir SL OPENING SR Y= ORANGE Sym 2 X 200K ORIGINAL GROUND Sw OUTSIDE DIAMETER SW

R

THE GRADIENT IS SHOWN AS +VE OR -VE IN THE DIRECTION OF INCREASING CHAINAGE.

BT C

EN G

R
G1

T

G2
R LVC LVC WHERE A IS THE ALGEBRAIC DIFFERENCE IN (G2-G1) A

K=

VERTICAL CURVE

t TBM TC Tel Thk TP Tran Trans Typ

TONNE TEMPORARY BENCH MARK TANGENT TO CURVE POINT TELEPHONE THICKNESS TRIAL PIT TRANSVERSE TRANSITION TYPICAL

UC

UTILITY CULVERT

V Var VC VCT Veh

VOLT VARIABLE OR VARIES VERTICAL CURVE VERTICAL CURVE TO TANGENT VEHICLE VERTICAL VERTICAL POINT OF INTERSECTION VERTICAL POINT OF REVERSE CURVE VERTICAL TANGENT TO CURVE
DESIGN CONSULTANT

Quad

QUADRANT

Vert VPI VPRC VTC

W WB WS Wt WWF

WEST, WATT OR WHITE WESTBOUND WEARING SURFACE WEIGHT WELDED WIRE FABRIC

X-ing X-Rd

CROSSING CROSS ROAD

Y @ SOUTHBOUND & STORM WATER DRAIN O SIDEWALK 6:1

OFFSET ORDINATE OF VC AT AND DIAMETER SLOPE - 6 UNITS HORIZONTAL TO 1 UNIT VERTICAL

STANDARD ABBREVIATIONS AND CURVE DATA

AZ EM AA NTS

EXW-P023-0002-CS-AEC-DG-20002- 001