You are on page 1of 90

o

. 1312-51

--


y
y

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.


--

.....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
..........................................................
1. .........................................................................................................................
2. .......................................................................................................
3. ....
4. ......
5. ....
6. ..................................
7. ........................................

1
1
2
3
4
8
9

........................................................................................................................

10

........................................................................................
................................................

11
25

--

n {~ n
(orr )
n ooo
2.2 r
A

Cd
D
Fbuoy
Fdyn
Fi
Fstatic
g

vi

W
w

Wi
U

o o n}
(drag coefficient) no 5.1.3

no n}
no n}
no n}
no n}
non nn 9.81 n2
n n}

o
n
n n} no 5.1.6
o
n}r
n}n no 5.1.8
n}n no 5.1.9

ooo n}
n}
n nn 1026 nr

3. n
non o
ron
o r } o no
2

nndnnoo oor
n
}
4.3 o
non
on n
on ono n
n n n nrr
n ooono 4.2 }o
n n n}n
oron
ooor n n
oo oo
noo }n
jn
4.4
n }n
o }n o{
onno 6.2
4.5 oo
onooo onor o o o}

4.6
oonon 2 n}o
ooi }o
4.7 no
oo}noo{~ o
n n
5. o
5.1
5.1.1 ( Fbuoy ) }non
4

ono nr
o
Fbuoy = U gV
(5.1.1)
5.1.2 ( Fstatic ) }no o

Fstatic

1
U gh 2 w
2

(5.1.2)

5.1.3 ( Fdyn ) }noo


o o
Fdyn

1
Cd U v 2 A
2

(5.1.3)

noon 1 2
1 (drag coefficient, Cd )
(o 5.1.3)
nonn
( Cd )
1 12
1.25
13 20
1.30
21 32
1.40
33 40
1.50
41 80
1.75
81 120
1.80
> 120
2.00
1) nonnnnnn
ooon
2) onn no oo
nnon
5.1.4 n o
}r or}o
nnrn 2.1 nn
5

o ron
roo 0.7 nn
5.1.5 o}o 80
on
2 n (drag coefficient, Cd )
(o 5.1.3)
n

( Cd )
1.20
1.50
2.00

1) nnoo oonn
2.0 onono
5.1.6 , Fi
nn o
non 5 o}nno
n
Fi

Wi vi
gt

(5.1.6)

vi }o 5.1.9 n
( t ) oon 3
3 n ( t )
(o 5.1.6)
o
o

n
6

, t ()

0.7 - 1.1
0.5 - 1.0
0.2 - 0.4
0.2 - 0.4
0.3 - 0.6
0.3 - 0.6
0.3 - 0.6

5.1.7 n oo
n n }
o o n } o o n o
jnno
n nonoo
nn 784 (80 )
nono 5.1.6 o
orr
noo
5.1.8 ( v ) oono
rn }o nonoonnn 1.4 gh
5.1.9 ( vi ) oonn ( v )
noono nnn
v /2
5.2 o
ooonnon 5 n
5.3 o
o r o o o D
L W T ononn U n
U

1 .7 D  2 .0 L

0.75(1.7 D  2.0 L  2.0W )

0.9 D  1.3W

1 .4 D  1 .7 L  T

0 .9 D  T

(5.3.)
(5.3.)
(5.3.)
(5.3.)
(5.3.)

5.4 ono
oono oo
(5.4.) (5.4.)
S

D  L T

0.9 D  T

(5.4.)
(5.4.)

oo oo (factor
of safety) nnn 1.33 n 1.50 n
1.50 no (5.4.) (5.4.)
6.
6.1 o
ooonon
o rn n
n n nj (pile cap) nn
ooon
6.2
on}on
4 onoon
nn nnoon 1.5
ooo ononn
4 o no
4 {~
(o 6.2)

n
jn
j
n

(on)
n{~n 100
n{~ 100
80
60
50
35
50
25
25
15
25
15
10
5

1) noo 40 j (dune)
nn
2) noo 50 nn}

7. noonno
noonnoo}o n
on
r (.) o . }o
onnoooonnn
o o rr
no }oon
onon jn
o n o o
on { onon
oo o
o nonn}n
n


CCH (2000). City and County of Honolulu Building Code, Department of Planning and Permitting of
Honolulu Hawaii, Chapter 16.
Disaster Prevention Research Institute (2005). Kyoto University, Japan, http://www.drs.dpri.kyotou.ac.jp/sumatra/index-e.html.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (2000). Coastal Construction Manual (FEMA-55).
Federal Emergency Management Agency (2000). Design and Construction Guidance for Community
Shelters (FEMA-361).
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (1998). Post-tsunami survey field guide, UNESCO IOC
Manuals and Guides, No. 37, 62 pp.
Matsutomi, H., Sakakiyama, T., Nugroho, S., and Matsuyama, M. (2006). Aspects of inundated flow due
to the 2004 Indian ocean tsunami, Coastal Engineering Journal, JSCE, Vol.48, No.2, pp.167-195.
Poovarodom, N., and Limsamphancharoen, N. (2005). Post-tsunami survey along the northern coastlines
of the affected areas in Thailand, Proceedings of the 10th National Convention on Civil
Engineering, Engineering Institute of Thailand, Thailand.
Yeh, H. (2007), Design Tsunami Forces for Onshore Structures, Journal of Disaster Research, Vol.2,
No.6, pp. 531-536.
55 (.. 2543). .. 2522
o (.. 2548).
r ooj r

, r , , , } ,
, r , , r, d
r (.. 2551).
or r
r r

10


o o
o
on}n n
}ono on
oo n non
n 1
}rnn o
o}roron n
nn ornono no}
r n}o ooroon
oo n }o
}oo (}n) }o
r (extreme case)
o 1.3 oo
(1) oo n
o on
o no 2
(orthogonal directions) no
(3) n o 5.1 o
o
(5) }o (performance) }oj
nn (total collapse)
o 2.1
. ro n r (storm surge) r
n r o n
o}o
11

. or 26 ..2547
12 (o no 3 ) on
9 nn 3
or (
, 2551)on 8.5 oo
n 9 o
o 3 n }
{~ n r 26 ..2547 o}
o 26 ..2547}
o n ( o
rr ) oo
r 26 2547
(orr ) nn 6 o
1 o o ooo

. onn o n
n oon}oo}
on
. on oon 6 n
i oon 12
o nnonn
nn 6.6 11.8
. n 15 oo
o o
oonn nooon
nno}

12

13

o 4.2 n o
ono}dn no
noo }o (nnno
ooo) n oonn
oo oo City and County of
Honolulu Building Code (CCH, 2000) onon 980.6 n
ononnoo
onn o
rnooo o
}o
o 4.5 re 2547 ooooon
oonon oo
}nr on
} ooono n
ooo} n }o }
oonno o
no
o 4.6 }n}n }o
o}ooo }ooo
nnonoo
55 (.. 2543) .. 2522
n n 300
oo 1.5 oono
n 2 ooi ooorn
onnn 60 70 ooo 3 on

o 4.7 oo{~nno o
no }onoo
14

o 5.1 FEMA-55 } no
oro (
, 2551)
5.1.1 (vertical hydrostatic force) (buoyant force)
nnnn
no oo (buoyancy) no
(saturated) oo
5.1.3 (hydrodynamic load) }noo
ooooo }o
o oo oo n}
noo{~ (FEMA-55, 2000) n
o
nn (steady state flow) n
on} n}o
n
nnnon n
(drag coefficient) nn 2.0 o n
n 1.2 n n on
1 o 5.1.3 onnno
nn onn no oo
nnon (FEMA-55, 2000)
5.1.4 or (
, 2551) no
ono
(steady state) oo ( 2)
3 nn City and County of Honolulu
Building Code (CCH, 2000) o (Yeh, 2007)

n oo o
n 3 noo n
15

ono ( 20% oo
) n no}r
}
n o no
o 2 nn on (effective
force) }nn FEMA-55
n n
nn 4 n 3 no
no{~
o
o rn
(o n 3 ) n 3() 3() on
nn 3()
n n
n o}nono
nnrn 1.6 nno
n () 2.7 n o
n 1.5 nn (mean+1.5S.D.) oo 93 n
nnrn 2.1 nno
n () } 3.5 n n
rn 0.7 nn o
oonnr n 0.5 0.7
nn
5.1.5 n
n 70-90% o
n
5.1.6 n
n }n
o 5 ( 500 )

16

oo n
no

() noo

() no
2 ( , 2551)

17

PS1F-2F-3F_00_40

n 40

Normalized
height
n (z/h)
(Z/max )

2
1.8
1.6

0.17
0.820.169333333

0.820666667
0.47
0.472666667
max
F
r
M
max
o

1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

i/gmax )

pressure
(P(Pi/Ugh)
Normalized

PS1F-2F-3F_00_60

n 60
Normalized

n (z/h)
height
(z/h)
(Z/max )

2
1.8
1.6

0.03
0.026666667
0.75

0.75
3.31
3.308
max
F
r
M

max
o

1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

(Pi/Ugh)
gmax
(P
ii/
/Ugh)
Normalized

pressure
(P

PS1F-2F-3F_00_80

n 80
Normalized

n(z/h)
height
(z/h)
(Z/max )

2
1.8
1.6

0.11
0.110666667
0.65

0.649333333
0.90
0.905333333
max
F
r
M

max
o

1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

gmax
Normalized
pressure
(P
(Pi/i/Ugh)

3() o (pressure profile) on


nd ( , 2551)
18

KS1F-2F-3F-4F_00_70

n 70

n (z/h)
(z/h)
Normalized
height
(Z/max )

2
1.8
1.6

0.05
0.58 0.05

0.58
1.20
1.20
0.74 0.74

max F
rmax
M
o

1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

(Pii//Ugh)
gmax
Normalized
pressure
(P
)

3() o (pressure profile) on


nd ( , 2551)
3

2.5

max

Normalized

n(H/h
(z/h)
Height
)

y = -0.5853x + 1.5938
R2 = 0.7383

mean +1.5S.D.

1.5

mean +1S.D.

mean

0.5

0
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

Pressure
(Pi/Ugh)
(Pi/ghmax)
(Pi/Ugh)
Normalized

3() n
n ( , 2551)

19

no FEMA-55 City and Country of


Honolulu Building Code (CCH, 2000) CCH oon
oo
1.0
o
0.5
o 0.1
nnooo FEMA-55
5.1.7 nonn
} 4 (
n 1 . ) n oo

4 noo
onoo
nn n 5 o 5.1.6 nn
nn 784 (80 )
nnn o
n}o n 784 (80 ) }noono
n
oon n 784
(80 ) ono 5.1.6 oooo
n }
oonn
20

o o vi o o ' ( 5)
o (principle of work and energy) non
nnr n}
o

'T

(-5.1.7.)

W } r
vi

'1

'2

'T

1 2
mvi
2

'3

'4

'5

mg

5 onooor
oo ( vi ) o 5.1.9 ( m )
(-5.1.7.) ooonn T

W P( )d

(-5.1.7.)

rno o o ( P ) o
( ) 6 ronoooo (pushover analysis)
P

'

6 rno
21

n {nno (conventional
building) n () j
nnon}oono
on}
5.1.8 nr
noo n 1.4 gh n
Matsutomi (2006) on n 0.96 gh
oon v 1.4 gh
n
5.1.9 }onn
n n
o}o
5.1.6 onn no}no
o nnonno
5.1.8
o 5.3 oo
oono rno
(FEMA-361, 2000) o
ro (rare event) () n 1.0
}on on
o (}n) n n
on noo
n nnn

o 6.1 n n n n }
}onnnooo nono
oo }o
oo{o
22

o 6.2 on o
}n
o (localized scour) o
o noo (bearing
capacity) ooo (resistance to lateral loads) o
(uplift)
n n}
nn oo CCH (2000)
j (dune) nn nn}
noo 6.2

23

24

ne 2547 (: 2548)
o
27
.
28
- o
29
- o
30
-
31
- o
32
- no
33
- n
34
.
35
- o
36
-
37
-
38
-
39
-
40
-
41
- o
42
- o 1
43
- o 2
44
- o
45
- onn
46
- n
47
- on
48
.
49
- o-o
50
- o-
51
- n-
52
-
53
- i
54
- -
55
- -r
25

.
- on 1
- on 2
- r-n
- n-n
- -or
- o-o
-
-
- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4
-
.
- o
- o
- op
- ok
.
- n
- n
- o
- on-o
- o

26

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80