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Quadratics

Expand these:
1. (x + 2) (x + 2)

2. (x-2) (x-2)

3. (x + 2)
2


4. (x - 2)
2


What do you notice about the
answers to 1 and 3 and 2 and 4?
Why?



Can you spot a pattern when you
expand these:

(x - 1) (x + 1)


(x + 2) (x - 2)



(x + a) (x a)


Solve these:

(x + 2) (x + 3 ) = 0


(x + 3) (x - 3 ) = 0


(x - 1) (x - 4 ) = 0



Factorise and hence solve these:

x
2
+ 4x + 3 = 0



x
2
+ 2x 3 = 0



x
2
- 2x 3 = 0





Solve these using the quadratic
formula
Check that you have the same
answers as when you factorise
and solve

x
2
+ 4x + 3 = 0



x
2
+ 2x 3 = 0



x
2
- 2x 3 = 0



Now try this why cant this be
solved by factorising?

x
2
+ 4 x 3 = 0






Solve these by completing the
square
Check that you have the same
answers as when you factorised
and/or used the quadratic formula
to solve

x
2
+ 4x + 3 = 0



x
2
+ 2x 3 = 0




x
2
- 2x 3 = 0


x
2
+ 4 x 3 = 0



For each of the above state the line
of symmetry and the position of the
vertex.


Use the information above to sketch the graphs of the following:







x
2
+ 4x + 3 = 0 x
2
+ 2x 3 = 0 x
2
- 2x 3 = 0 x
2
+ 4 x 3 = 0