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Www.helpBIOTECH.blogspot.com | Your Gate Way to Life Science Career

Www.helpBIOTECH.blogspot.com | Your Gate Way to Life Science Career

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10/22/2011

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Most scientific terms have accurate definitions that are used strictly
by the people who use science in their jobs. However, some terms such
as biodiversity and biotechnology were coined by a person to mean one
thing and then were interpreted to mean other things by many different

www.helpBIOTECH.blogspot.com | Your Gate Way to Life Science Career

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August 24, 2006 12:16

The Definition of Biotechnology

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people. Some of the definitions of biotechnology are narrower in scope
or only address on a particular type of biotechnology. The following
definitions have been used to describe biotechnology:

“The use of living things to make products.” —American Association for the
Advancement of Science

“Technologies that use living cells and/or biological molecules to solve
problems and make useful products.” —Perlegen Sciences, Inc.

“The application of the study of living things to a myriad of processes, such
as agricultural production, hybrid plant development, environmental re-
search, and much more.” —National Research Council

“Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organ-
isms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for
specific use.” —World Foundation for Environment and Development

“Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in
agriculture, food science, and medicine.” —United Nations Convention on
Biological Diversity

“The application of molecular and cellular processes to solve problems,
conduct research, and create goods and services.” —U.S. Commerce Depart-
ment

“Theindustrialapplicationoflivingorganismsand/orbiologicaltechniques
developed through basic research. Biotechnology products include phar-
maceutical compounds and research materials.” —Bio Screening Industry
News

“Applied biology directed towards problems in medicine.” —Arius Research,

Inc.

“The application of science and technology to living organisms, as well as
parts, products and models thereof, to alter living or non-living materials
for the production of knowledge, goods and services.” —Organisation for
Economic Co-operation and Development, France

“The ability to reliably manipulate and control living systems, from adding
or subtracting a single gene to cloning an entire organism. This can
be thought of as the manufacturing end of the life sciences industry.”

—University of Michigan, School of Medicine

“Body of methods and techniques that employ as tools the living cells of
organisms or parts or products of those cells such as genes and enzymes.”

—Lexicon Bioencyclopedia

“Biotechnology is the integration of natural sciences and engineering sci-
ences in order to achieve the application of organisms, cells, part thereof
and molecular analogues for products and services.” —University of
Hohenheim, Institute of Food Technology, Denmark

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6

Biotechnology 101

“1. Using living organisms or their products to make or modify a substance.
Techniques include recombinant DNA (see Genetic Engineering) and
hybridoma technology. 2. Industrial application of biological research,
particularly in fields such as recombinant DNA or gene splicing, which
produces synthetic hormones or enzymes by combining genetic material
from different species.” —American Foundation for AIDS Research

“A set of biological techniques developed through basic research and now
applied to research and product development. In particular, the use of
recombinant DNA techniques.” —The Pew Initiative on Food and Biotech-
nology

“The branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms
to perform specific industrial processes.” —Princeton University WordNet

“The use of current technologies such as DNA technologies for the modifi-
cation and improvement of biological systems.” —Biotech Canada

“Scientific process by which living things (usually plants or animals) are
genetically engineered.” —EcoHealth Organization

“A term designating the use of genetic engineering for practical pur-
poses, notably the production of proteins in living organisms or
some of their components. It is primarily associated with bacteria and
mammalian cells.” —The National Centers of Competence in Research in
Switzerland

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