You are on page 1of 16

Apple: Analysis and overview

Apple: Analysis and overview

Prepared for:
Jenell Barnard-Keller
COM 338 Instructor

Prepared by
Jonathan Cummings, Heather Kelly, Breanna Kerrison, Delin Peng and Jinyao He
University of Michigan-Flint

November 22, 2015

MEMORENDUM

TO:

Professor Keller, Com 338

FROM:

Group 9; Jonathan Cummings, Heather Kelly, Jinyao He, Breanna Kerrison, Delin
Peng

DATE:

October 11, 2015

SUBJECT:

Apple.

As follows is a research analysis of the Fortune 500 Company, Apple Inc.


Our Apple report is an analysis of the company and how they compete year after year as well as
where they stand in the market and how over time they have gotten there. You will find statistics
as well as analysis of yearly figures including an income statements figure of apple, important
people that have gotten Apple to this point and why they lead the industry as well as how Apple
will continue to flourish.
We collaborated with this analysis report and divided certain sections of the paper among
ourselves so we could have a diversified paper with everyone giving proper input.
We would like to thank you for the opportunity to research a fortune 500 company. It has
certainly allowed us to get greater insight and get a more in depth look at a company of this
stature and has allowed us to analyze how it has gotten to the point of success its at now as well
as how it will continue to hold this stature. If you have any question or concerns please feel free
to email our group member our contact us via blackboard, thank you.

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION

1.
History of
apple

1.
Introduction of
products
1.
KEY PEOPLE WITHING
APPLE

1.

Steve
Jobs

1.
Jonathan
Ive
1.
Craig
Federighi
1.
Tim
Cook
.. 1.
Steve
Zadesky

1.
Jeff
Williams

1.
APPLE
GROWTH

2.
4

Salves
revenue

2.
IPad

3.
IPhone.

3.

TRENDS IN
BUSINESS
3.
Apple TV..
.. 4.
Ipone 7
Quandary
.
4.
Apple
Pay

4.
East
Market

4.
Losing a
leader
. 5.
Think differently .

5.

Legacy

5.
Moving on.
.

5.

HOW TO STAY ON
TOP..
6.
Clear
vision

6.
Customer Value

7.
CONCLUSION.
.
7.
REFRENCES

8.

FIGURES:
Figure 1. 2011- 2014 Income statement chart .....
. 3.

APPLE: ANALYSIS AND OVERVIEW

INTRODUCTION
Apple is a Technology company that specializes in communication devices, multimedia devices,
personal computers, Music devices, software and is now in the watch market (Market watch).
Apple continues to innovate and create new products which in turns leads to their massive
success and it being a renowned brand in the world. Apple was founded in 1976 In California by
Steve jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne who originally founded the company to produce
user friendly computers (Business History Apple). Since then Apple has experienced a lot of ups
and downs from peaking in the 1990, to what many believed was the end of the company in 1996
to its continuing stature as the best brand in the world today. Like any starter brand it was small
and started out in a garage before expanding to the multi-million dollar company it is today.
Apple is the most valuable brand in world, worth 145.3 Billion dollars (Forbes). Since its
foundation in 1976 apple has changed the way we view electronics and in many ways has
changed the world. Apple could not has gotten to the place it has today without a few key people
throughout the course in its history.

IMPORTANT PEOPLE IN APPLE


Steve Jobs and Jonathan Ive
Steve Jobs is the visionary co-founder of Apple and has changed the way that people saw and
have used personal computer, and led a cultural transformation in the way music, movies and
mobile communications are experienced. Jonathan Ive is the Chief executive officer of Apple
and is the genius behind the precision and signature detail of Apple products. Ive joined Apple in
1992 and is responsible for designing the iMac and iPhone. His designs have become well
known for Apple products and he was even knighted in 2013 for services to design and
enterprise. Ive holds over five thousand patents and has been recognized for numerous design
awards.
Craig Federighi and Tim Cook
Craig Federighi joined Apple in 2009 and is in charge of the software that the Apple products run
on. Federighi oversees how Apple iOS and OS X software is developed and he manages the
companys engineering team to make sure all updates are available when needed. Federighi and
his team are responsible for delivering software at the heart of Apples innovative products such
as user interface, applications and frameworks. Tim Cook is the Chief Executive Officer and is
7

said to be the most important person in Apple. Cook is in charge of running the company and
making all of Apples big decisions.
Steve Zadesky and Jeff Williams
Steve Zadesky has been with Apple since 1999 and oversees the product design for the iPhone
and iPod. Zadesky might be the person in charge of the Apple car project, this is a secret project
but it is reported that Zadesky was given permission to assemble a team of one thousand people
to help in this initiative. Jeff Williams joined Apple in 1998 and is a big part of the reason that
Apple is able to make millions of iPhones. Williams is the senior vice president of operations and
is in charge of Apples chain of supply. He was a large part of the reason that Apple produced
enough iPhones to break records. In 1998 Williams joined Apple as the head of worldwide
procurement and became vice president of operations in 20004. In 2007 he played a significant
role in Apples entry into the mobile phone market with the launch of the iPhone and has led
worldwide operations for iPods and iPhones since.

APPLE GROWTH

Sales Revenue
Apple has been one of the most successful companies in recent times and is often a benchmark
for its industry. The growth of apple has been astronomical since its first creation and it has seen
success in operating throughout the world. If we look at Apple financial statements over the past
5 years we can see the growth and the magnitude in a dollar figure. In 2010 apple did 65.07
Billion dollars in revenue which was in impressive year however what they were able to do since
then is even more impressive. In 2011 apple upped its revenues to 108,249 Billion, of course
this was a large part to with the growth of the apple IPad. Skip to 2012 and we see apple do
156,508 Billion dollars. In 2012 Apple did nearly 100 Billion dollars more in revenue then it did
in 2010. This type of growth is what fueled apple to become the super brand it is now. Apple also
did 170.910 Billion in 2013, as well as 182,795 Billion in the last year. Apple total Revenue
since 2010 has increased almost 300 percent to 2014. Apples Gross Profit hasnt see such an
impressive upside because of a small dip in 2013 where Apple did roughly 4 Billion dollars less
in gross profits then it did in 2012. Despite this small setback of a year if you compare at gross
profit in 2011 of 43,818 Billion to gross profit of 70,537 Billion in 2014, one can again
appreciate the true growth apple was able to accomplish. During this stint in time apple released
some of their most popular versions of products such as the iPad, iPhone and mac book. In 2015
we dont see apple slowing down but actually pushing its own growth pace. In Interbrands
annual ranking which ranks the top most valuable brands around the world, Apple solidified the
number one positon (Interbrand). The reason that apple growth is so recognized and admired is
because of the fact they are always in the top of their industry with products and continually
innovate to create bigger better products that the consumer cant help to want in turn leading to
revenue gain. Below is a graph of Apples trend financial data from 2011 to 2014.

FIG 1. (2011 -2014 Income statement chart)

From Bloomberg.com
IPad
Apples sales have significantly been on the rise which is the cause of the raise in total revenue.
The apple IPad had much to do with the success of apple. In 2014 the iPad was named the top 5
bestselling products by time magazine, they reported that year to date it had sold over 211
Million units (Time). This number is of course still on the rise and with the newest iPad hitting
the shelf almost every year this number is sure to be in an upward trend. Apple newest member if
the iPad family is a pro version which has many new features and capabilities.
IPhone
Besides the iPad, Apple also produces the most popular phone on the market, the iPhone. The
volume of sales that iPhone has done is truly incredible. When the phone was first introduced in
the beginning of 2008 apple sold aproximently 11.63 Million iPhones worldwide. The number
begin to increase yearly ever since in huge bounds. In 2009, one year after its release it sold
20.73 Million units. By 2010 iPhone hit the 40 Million mark proving growth in the smart phone
industry in 2011 iPhone nearly doubled in units sold before catapulting to 150.26 million units
sold in 2013 (Apple investor). In 2013 Apple was responsible for 60% to 70% of the profit
throughout the entire world (BGR). In today, 2015, Apple has sold a staggering 231.22 Million
iPhones throughout the world in that year (Apple investor). Currently Apple iPhone is
accountable for 20% to 40% the world cell phone market. Apple constantly releases the newest
phones every year which make sits customers constantly wanting to have the newest best phone
on the market. This technique keeps people wanting more and for now it looks like apple growth
is nowhere near finished.

APPLE BUSINESS TRENDS

Apple Inc. has its development plan in place after the extremely successful 2015. With the largest
market capitalization in stock market history, apple keeps its plans very secret indeed. For
instance, the Apple Watch does not leak out officially until the corporation is absolutely certain
that its the right time. Thus, it is difficult for us to analyze the business trend of Apple Inc.
exactly. However, it is still possible for us to make an educated guess about what will be carried
out in the following year.

Apple TV
Apple has been implying that it has numerous products, which will surprise and shock people.
Tim Cook has stated quite explicitly that the Apple hierarchy has discussed products that no one
has even predicted but what the company will release in the near future. Additionally, the CEO of
the company has strongly stated that the televisions are currently suffering from dated features
and Apple Inc. will work revolution on this technology niche. He implies that the new version of
Apple TV will shock the market when it is carried out.
IPhone 7 quandary
As we all know, the iPhone 6 has been massively successful and received a strong critical
reception as well. Thus, it is not necessary for Apple to make too many changes to the iPhone as
it retains its enduring popularity. On the other hand, the device does need to be significantly
updated if it is to retain its cutting edge image. How the corporation will choose and freeze
production costs will be a serious quandary. Apple probably will want to retain the price same
with the iPhone 6 because the previous iteration in the series sold so well. However, it is difficult
to maintain the same price if big design and build alterations occurred. How to cover the
significantly new technological innovations costs without rising in sale prices is an issued faced
by Apple Inc.
Apple Pay
Apple released its Apple Pay mobile payment system with the intention of establishing itself in
the extremely profitable marketplace. But some analysts believe that it will not become a major
player, or at least a dominant factor, in the mobile payment markets in the following years.
Experts uphold the view that, it is a long-term plan for Apple Inc. to place its Apple Pay system
into good position in market.
Eastern Markets
It is evident that the Apple products play particularly well in east markets such as China. The
Apple Watch will also be strongly branded as a fashion-conscious product niche in the East
market. According o my research, Apple Inc. showed 112% year-over-year revenue growth in the
Greater China region, which accounts for the companys sales in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong.
In the third quarter of 2015, revenue in China for Apple grew to $13.2 billion from $6.2 billion in
2014. Revenue in China again surpassed that of Europe at $10.3 billion. The Greater China
region remains Apples second largest market after the Americas, underscoring the critical
4

importance of this area to Apples future growth. In a conference call, Apple CEO Tim Cook
stressed the importance of sales growth in the Greater China region and the CFO Luca Maestri
further emphasized the sales of the iPhone 6 plus were particularly important to the iPhone unit
growth in China. Maestri said that the company plans to add 40 Stores in China over the next 12
months. Retail expanding in China seems to be an unavoidable trend in the following year.

LOSING THE LEADER


Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.- Steve Jobs.
When Steve Jobs co-founded the discovery of Apple in 1976 while in his parents garage, no one
could have imagined the impact that it would have on technology. Steve Jobs was an
entrepreneur unlike the world had ever seen before and a man with a dream that he wanted to
make real. Jobs always believed that you have to have the perseverance to make things change,
no matter how big or small. It is thanks to him that Apple has come as far as it has and continues
to grow even after his death in 2011.
Think Differently
Most people only know about Steve Jobs from the recent years of Apples newest creations such
as, the iphone 4, iPod and imac. In reality, Jobs has been around for a very long time and fully
ever since 1997 when the Apple executives realized that they needed the raw talent that he
provided. It was not long after this that Apple announced its, Think Differently campaign that
would take them to the top. Microsoft was the leader in computer software by the late 90s and
Apple needed something they didnt have, Jobs. Jobs believed deeply in simplicity, but also in a
seamless operating system. These two things combined would help Apple push Microsoft to the
side and create the first real competition in several years.
Legacy
A legacy of any size is hard to keep going when the person who created it is no longer here. After
the passing of Steve Jobs, Apple has done its best to keep his thoughts and creative aspect into
any new products that they design. Tim Cook, the now CEO of apple that took over Jobs
Position months before he passed away, believes that it is the Apple brand that draws people in.
Even though Apple has not had many new releases in the recent years, it is the design that Jobs
created that brings people back over and over. Apple is learning quickly that without Jobs, things
are difficult and for Cook, he realizes some changes will have to be made if Apple wants to keep
gaining revenue. It is hard to walk in the footsteps of the lead CEO of the century.
Moving on
Even though Steve Jobs is gone, Apple will continue to leap forward in whatever way that they
can. If there is one thing the former CEO of Apple brought to the table, it was motivation.
Motivation is the key to any business being successful. If you fail, you need to try again and

again, until you make it right. There is a lot of competition out there for the company, but thats
okay, after all, they never had a Steve Jobs.

HOW TO STAY ON TOP

No company stays king forever, including Apple, which is one of the most influential companies
in the world. It truly changes peoples lives. But rarely do we hear of once-dominant technology
companies that rebound to become dominant again. Apple, IBM, HP, Priceline, and Ebay as five
great technology turnarounds worked because each company disrupted themselves. Just to point
out the obvious, however, several of these companies are facing the need to disrupt and re-invent
themselves again.
Apple was competing head-to-head with Microsoft in the PC market to inventing a new kind of
consumer device business. However, Apples current consumer business is under siege. Low
cost, innovative manufacturers are creating devices at a faster and faster rate, making it
increasingly difficult for Apple to stay ahead of the pack. Companies like Samsung and Lenovo
are entering the market with lower cost models. If that werent bad enough, both Google and
Microsoft have recently strengthened their own positions. The Android system and Windows 8
now allow these juggernauts to create their own ecosystems, making it harder to draw new Apple
groupies. Its time for Apple to ask itself a fundamental question: Can it continue to win big by
focusing on its core market? If yes, they should double down on what they are doing today. If no,
they need to disrupt themselves. In fact, there is no way Apple can continue to win big doing
what its doing. There are too many competitors, many of them with a better value proposition.
As a result Apple needs to resort to disrupt and change themselves into a newer and better
position.
Clear vision
So what can Apple or any company do to change itself? First, Apple needs a clear vision of an
opportunity in the marketplace that leverages the companys core competencies. Steve Jobs saw
the chance to move from a PC company to a consumer device company and Apple had all the
design capabilities to make this shift successful. It was the right vision at the right time. Granted,
clarity of vision is not a common trait. It may not take a Steve Jobs to reinvent a company, but it
will take a different approach to gain clarity on whats happening in the marketplace, as well as
invent the strategies that will allow a company to seize a new opportunity.
Second, it is the need for a whole new way of operating. A new philosophy that allows a
company to accelerate ahead of its competition and then continually innovate to maintain that
position. The most successful tech turnarounds need to continually reinvent themselves.
Companies need to be entrepreneurial and agile, to seize new market opportunities while
executing on the business that got them there in the first place.
6

The basic concept is that companies can be great at execution and agility, but both cannot exist
within the same hierarchical structure. A dual-operating structure is required: Employees spend
part of their time within the execution hierarchy, the rest of their time is spent in the
entrepreneurial acceleration network. The result is greatly increased innovation, agility, and
speed of execution.

Customer value
Customer experience is very important for Apple. The Apple stores are good at building
relationship with the customers and they rely on a very effective communication technique: Steps
of Service. Every employee is trained to walk a customer through five steps that spell out the
acronym A-P-P-L-E.
A: Approach customers with a personalized, warm welcome.
P: Probe politely to understand the customers needs.
P: Present a solution for the customer to take home today.
L: Listen for and resolve issues or concerns.
E: End with a fond farewell and an invitation to return.
Apple always put the customers in the first place, it is one of the biggest differences among other
competitors. The Apple stores are one of the most important ways Apple interact with customers.
Not just for those who are already customers but potential customers--sometimes more than 50
million customers tromp through Apple's doors every three months, and half of them who make
purchases are first-timers.
In comparison to Apples competitors making PCs, Apple has an ecosystem of hardware
connected by its own software, iOS, iTunes, and Mac OS X. Apple has total control over its
products and has been able to branch out to other types of devices beyond desktops and laptops.
PC makers are somewhat beholden to the product cycles of Microsoft and are seen as just that,
PC makers--not consumer device makers.

CONCLUSION

Apple doesn't design noise, it aims to design substance, and a point Apple may have felt pressure
to emphasize considering that the Googles and Samsungs of the world continue to be
championed as the new kings of design and innovation. There was a six-year period between the
release of the iPod and the iPhone, a three-year span between the iPhone and the iPad, and only
two years between the launch of the iPad and the iPad mini. It is said that Apple has more new
products not yet released so that Apple can lead the whole industry. It is un-doubtable that apple
is one of the biggest brands in the world and has been known as a power house technology
company however It is important for Apple to keep innovating and changing itself. As long as
7

Apple have an effective operating and connect with the customers, it could lead the whole
industry and stay on top as it has for many years to come.

References

Moisescot, Romain. "Short Biography." All about Steve Jobs.com. N.p., 7. Mar. 2012. Web. 29
Oct. 2015

Isaacson, Walter. "Jobs' Biography: Thoughts On Life, Death And Apple." NPR.org. NPR.org,
25 Oct. 2011. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.

Isaacson, Walter. "The Real Leadership Lessons of Steve Jobs." Harvard Business Review. N.p.,
01 Apr. 2012. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.

Lam, Brian. "The Life of Steve Jobs." Gizmodo. N.p., 24 Aug. 2011. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.

Gustin, Sam. "Two Years After Steve Jobs Death, Is Apple a Different Company? TIME.com,
4 Oct. 2014. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.

Epstein, Zach. (March 17, 2014). One simple chart shows how severely apple iPhone is crushing
the competition. BGR.com. Web. 29 November. 2015.

Heisler, Yoni. (October 5, 2015). Apple has set itself up for a monster 2016. Yahoo News.
Retrieved from www.yahoo.com. Web. 2 November, 2015.

Time (May 8, 2014). These are the 10 best- selling products of all time. Time Magazine.
Retrieved from www.time.com. Web. 2 November, 2015.
8

Interbrand. (2015). Best global brands 2015. Interbrand. Retrieved November 1, 2015, from
http://interbrand.com/best-brands/best-global-brands/2015/ranking/

Bloomberg. (2015). Apple. Bloomberg.com. Retrieved November 2, 2015, from


http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/financials/financials.asp?
ticker=AAPL&dataset=incomeStatement&period=A&currency=native

Dormeil, Luke. (November 17, 2015). The astonishing rise of iPhone sales in one amazing chart.
Cult of Mac. Retrieved from www.cultofmac.com. Web. 2 November 2015.

Apple (2015) financial statements. Retrieved from http://investor.apple.com/financials.cfm

Terrell, E. (2008, April 1). Apple Computer, Inc. Retrieved November 23, 2015, from
http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/businesshistory/April/apple.html

Ottinger, R. (2013, February 21). How Will Apple Stay at the Top? It Must Disrupt Itself
Again. Retrieved November 6, 2015, from
http://www.forbes.com/sites/johnkotter/2013/02/21/how-will-apple-stay-at-the-top-itmust-disrupt-itself/

Gallo, C. (2015, April 10). How The Apple Store Creates Irresistible Customer Experiences.
Retrieved November 6, 2015, from
http://www.forbes.com/sites/carminegallo/2015/04/10/how-the-apple-store-createsirresistible-customer-experiences/

Ogg, E. (2010, September 20). Secrets of Apple's customer success - CNET. Retrieved
November 6, 2015, from http://www.cnet.com/news/secrets-of-apples-customer-success/

Thompson, C. (2013, July 16). Why Apple is still the king of design, innovation. Retrieved
9

November 6, 2015, from http://www.cnbc.com/id/100883593

10