You are on page 1of 16

WorksCited

PrimarySources
FDRsDayofInfamySpeechThePearlHarborAddress.
Youtube
.Alphabet,n.d.Web.10
Jan.2016.<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bmYwEFWLIg&feature=youtu.be>.
ThisvideowasusedinourwebsitetoshowthespeechthatPresidentFDRmadeabout
thesuddenJapaneseattackonPearlHarbor.
Government,US.LoyaltyQuestionnaire.
DenshoEncyclopedia
.Densho,n.d.Web.10Jan.
2016.<http://encyclopedia.densho.org/sources/endenshopdp72000041/>.Thiswebsite
provideduswithaPDFfileofacopyoftheloyaltyquestionnairethatwasgiventoall
JapaneseAmericaninternees.
Havey,LilyYurikoNakai,andCherstinLyon.
GasaGasaGirlGoestoCamp:ANiseiYouth
BehindAWorldWarIIFence
.SaltLakeCity:UniversityofUtahPress,2014.Print.This
memoirisHaveysaccountoftheexperiencesshehadlivinginCaliforniaandeventually
beinguprootedfromherhometomultipleconcentrationcampsinAmerica.Sheincludes
herownwatercolorpaintingsandphotographs,alongwithherstoryinordertoconvey
herfullmessageofwhatitwaslikesurvivingtwocamps.Shewasbornin1932in
SouthernCaliforniaandgraduatedwithanMFAfromtheUniversityofUtah.She
emphasizesthecontrastsbetweenlifeinCaliforniaandlifeincamp,detailingthemany
emotionsshefeltduringthistimeasarebelliousteenager.Hermemoirprovidesareally
descriptiveanddetailedaccountofherownexperiencewithinthecampsandwewere
abletakespecificmomentswithinherlifetodescribethediscrimination,racismandfear
thatmanyhadabouttheJapaneseAmericancommunity.Italsoprovideduswithsome

IsseiandNiseitraditionsandculturalandhowpeopleandtheirfamilieswereraised
beforecomingtoUSA.Itgaveusplentyoftheimagesthatweusedthroughoutour
website,picturesoffamilyandwatercolorsofthecampwereallessentialtoourproject.
Lange,Dorothea.
Impounded
.Ed.LindaGordonandGaryY.Okihiro.N.p.:W.W.Nortonand
Company,2008.Print.Thisbook,alongwithitsimages,describesthestoryofthe
JapaneseAmericaninternment.DorotheaLange,adocumentaryphotographer,wentinto
thecampstodetailthetruestory,fromtheinterneesperspective.Despitebeingcensored
bythearmy,LangeproducesimagesthataccuratelyshowtheJapaneseAmericanslives
atthecamps.Whilebiasedtowardstheinternees,thisbookiscontrarytomanyworksof
literatureattemptingtomaketheUSgovernmentlookbetterthantheytrulywere.Itmay
notbeperfectlyimpartial,butitprovidesadifferentviewontheeventsoftheinternment.
Thisisabookfromapersonalcollection.
MilitaryIntelligenceService.
JapaneseAmericanArchivalCollection
.CaliforniaState
University,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<http://library.csus.edu/collections/jaac/imagelibrary/soldierslg.jpg>.Thissitewasused
toprovideuswithanimageofJapaneseAmericansoldiersstandinginformation.
AMorePerfectUnion.
JapaneseAmericansandtheUSConstitution
.Smithsonian:National
MuseumofAmericanHistory,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<http://amhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/nonflash/loyalty_questionnaire.html>.This
websitewasusedtoprovideimagesofsampleloyaltyquestionnairesthatJapanese
Americansweregiven.

NiseiinUniform.
Archive.org
.InternetArchive,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<https://archive.org/details/NiseiInUniform>.Thismagazinewasusedforanimagethat
weutilizedtoexplainthestepsthattheUSgovernmenttriedtotakeinordertoconvince
theAmericanpeoplethattheJapaneseservedwithAmericansinthewarandthatthey
shouldberespectedbyall.
Okubo,Min.
Citizen13660
.Seattle:UofWashingtonP,2014.Print.Thisisamemoirofan
actualinternee,MineOkubo,intheformofagraphicnovel.Heexplainshistimeinthe
relocationcampsverysoonafterbeingreleased,thusmakingtheinformationvery
accurate.HefavorstheJapaneseAmericansoverthegovernment,butmoreimportantly
hefavorshisfamilyandfriendsaboveallelse.However,thememoirwittilydescribeshis
lifeatcamp,whilestayingtruetowhatheremembered.Thisprimarysourcewasfound
onGaleDatabases,WorldHistoryinContext.
ATimelineofWWII.
WhatdidyoudointheWarGrandma?
BrownUniversity,n.d.Web.10
Jan.2016.
<http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/WWII_Women/TimeLine/PearlHarbor.gif>.This
websitewasusedtoprovideuswithimagesofaAmericannewspapercoveringPearl
Harborforourwebsite.
UnitedStatesWorldWarIIEnlistmentRecords.
FamilySearch
.TheChurchofJesusChristof
LatterdaySaints,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/United_States_World_War_II_Enlistment_Recor
ds>.WeusedthiswebsiteforitsimagesonIwoJimaonthemenuofthefirstpage.

VoicesfromthePast.
HistoricWintersburg
.HistoriceWintersburg,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<http://historicwintersburg.blogspot.com/2012/04/voicesfrompastpart4wintersburg.ht
ml>.Weusedthiswebsiteforoneofourcoverphotos.Thepictureisagroupfamily
photoofoneofthecampresidents.
WWIIHomefront:AntiJapanese.
AuthenticHistory
.AuthenticHistory,n.d.Web.10Jan.
2016.<http://www.authentichistory.com/19391945/2homefront/3antijap/index.html>.
Thiswebsitewasusedtoprovideuswithanimagesourcedisplayingpropagandaagainst
JapaneseintheUS.
YoungNiseiMeninaConcentrationCamp
.N.d.Photograph.DenshoDigitalRepository.
Ddrdensho512.Thispicture,foundontheJapaneseAmericanInternmentfocused
websiteDensho,waspresumablytakenduringthetimeofthewar,inacamp.Although
theidentitiesofthemeninthephoto,aswellasthatofthephotographerremain
anonymous,thepicturetakenclearlydemonstratestheAmericanizationoftheseNisei.
TheywearAmericanclothes,withpopularAmericanhairstyles,andsomeevenhave
baseballjacketson.ThisphotographdemonstratesthegoalofNiseitobeasAmericanas
possible,distinguishingthemfromtheirparents.
SecondarySources
Allegiance.
Broadway
.Broadway,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<http://www.broadway.com/shows/allegiance/>.Weusedthiswebsiteforanimagefor
oneofournavigationalimages.ThisshowwasalsoaboutGeorgeTakeisfamilysstory
aboutlifeinJapaneseInternmentsoitwasalsoareallygoodwaytotieincurrentplays
andinformationsaboutJapaneseInternment

Asahina,Robert.
JustAmericans:HowJapaneseAmericansWonaWaratHomeandAbroad:
theStoryofthe100thBattalion/442dRegimentalCombatTeaminWorldWarII
.N.p.:
Gotham,2006.Print.RobertAsahina,editor,writerandVisitingScholarforNYUs
Asian/Pacific/AmericanStudies,dramaticallydepictsthestoryofthe100thBattalion
442ndRegimentalCombatDivisionwhileparallelingittothebattlesathome.His
accurateexplanationisaidedbyhisdirectrelationtoNiseithemselves.Whileslightly
biasedtowardstheJapaneseAmericans,thisbookeffectivelydetailsthewarsbothat
homeandabroad,tellingthestoryofJapaneseAmericanstransitiontobecoming
American.ThisbookwasfoundthroughtheMinutemanLibraryNetwork,specifically
fromtheBelmontLibrary.
AsianAmericanHistoryTimeline.
USImmigration
.AmericanImmigrationCenterInc.,2013.
Web.10Jan.2016.Thiswebsite,specificallythetimeline,wasusedasaresourceforthe
necessaryeventsinJapaneseImmigrationhistory.Someeventsweredirectlyquoted
fromthistimeline,whileothersmerelyuseditasaninformativesource.Thiswebsite,
whilenotthemostcredibleofwebsites,wasagoodresourcefortheeventsshownonthe
timeline.Theinformationweusedwascrosscheckedforaccuracy.
Becker,PeggyDaniels.
JapaneseAmericaninternmentduringWorldWarII
.Detroit:
Omnigraphics,2014.Print.PeggyDanielsBeckerisanfreelancewriterandeditorwho
haswrittenmultipleinformationalbooksaboutvarioustopicsinadditiontobiographies.
Thisliteraryworkisathreepartbookthatexplainsthefullstoryofwhytheconceptof
internmentcampswascreatedforWWIItotheaftermathofthewarandhowitaffected
JapaneseAmericans.ItfirstdescribesanoverviewofJapaneseInternmentcampsand

laterprovidesinformationaboutthepeopleinvolvedintheinternmentprocess.Itthen
givesmultipleprimarysourcesinorderforustostudydocuments,speechesandletters
fromthistimeperiod.Weusedthisbooktodiscusslongtermpsychologicaleffectsthat
thecampshadoninterneesafterthewar.Thebookalsohelpedustodescribethe
situationthatJapaneseAmericansfacedoncetheytriedtoreturntotheirdailylives.This
sourceprovideduswithalargeamountofimagesthatwehadusedinourwebsitefroma
widerangeoftopics.ThiswasfoundintheNeedhamLibrary.
TheBurlingameSewardTreaty,1868.
OfficeoftheHistorian
.BureauofPublicAffairs,n.d.
Web.10Jan.2016.Thissourcewasusedtoprovideinformationforthetimeline.Aquote
takenfromthissiteisincludedinsaidtimeline,andthewebsitewasinformativeinits
descriptionoftheBurlingameSewardTreaty,aswellasotherantiAsianlaws.
Calimero.WallpaperUp.
WallpaperUp
.WallpaperUp,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<http://www.wallpaperup.com/223370/Japan_flags_USA_USMC_US_Marines_Corps_
Hi_No_Maru_redneck.html>.Thiswallpapersiteprovideduswithanimagethat
showcasedtheJapaneseflagandtheiconicsceneofAmericansliftingtheirownflaginto
theair.
ChineseExclusionAct.
OurDocuments
.N.p.,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.Thiswebsite,witha
pictureoftheoriginalChineseExclusionAct,aswellasawriteupunderneath,provided
animportantquotationforthetimeline.Thegovernmentprovidedinformationis
extremelyuseful,andaccurate.ItconciselyexplainsthepurposeoftheAct.
Colby,Elbridge.WorldWarII.
DictionaryofAmericanHistory
.ByStanleyI.Kutler.N.p.:
n.p.,n.d.N.pag.Print.ThisarticlesuccintlygivesanoverviewofWorldWarIIin

sufficientdetail.Itexplainsbothpartsofthewar,intheAtlanticandPacific,aswellas
themajorbattlesandstrategies.Thearticlegivesanorganizedgroupingofinformationto
thereader,goingthroughthewarinchronologicalorder,andexplainingtheinvolvement
oftheUSextensively.However,thedictionaryisslightlyslantedtowardstheUS,asitis
anAmericanHistorydictionary.
ExparteEndo.
DenshoEncyclopedia
.Ed.BrianNiiya.N.p.:DenshoEncyclopedia,2015.
DenshoEncyclopedia
.Web.10Jan.2016.ThisonlinearticleaboutcourtdecisionEx
parteEndowasextremelyusefulforaquotationinthetimeline.Whileslightlybiased
towardsJapaneseAmericans,thisencyclopediaexplainstheeventsofthecourtdecision,
aswellashowitpertainstoJapaneseAmericaninternment.
FujitaRony,Thomas.ArizonaandJapaneseAmericanHistory:TheWorldWarIIColorado
RiverRelocationCenter.
JournaloftheSouthwest
Summer(2005):n.pag.
GaleWorld
HistoryinContext
.Web.5Nov.2015.Thisarticlefocusesonthecampalongthe
ColoradoRiverinArizona,aswellastheJapaneseAmericanswhosettledthere.It
explainsthecommunitysoriginandtheinfluencesuponitfromthegovernmentandthe
war.ThisimpartialaccountofthehistoryofthecampknownasPostonprovidesinsight
intothelivesofinterneesoutsideofthepopularlyreferencedCaliforniancamps.This
wasfoundonGaleDatabases,WorldHistoryInContext.
GentlemensAgreement.
EncyclopediaBritannica
.N.p.:n.p.,n.d.
EncyclopediaBritannica
Online
.Web.10Jan.2016.ThisshortarticleontheGentlemensAgreementgavea
quotationnecessarytofillthetimeline.Acertifiedimpartialsource,Encyclopedia

Britannicasarticlegaveacleardescriptionastotheeffectandpurposeoftheagreement
betweentheUSandJapan.
Harth,Erica.
LastWitnesses:ReflectionsontheWartimeInternmentofJapaneseAmericans
.
NewYork:St.MartinsGriffin,2003.Print.Thiscollectionofessaysisbyformer
interneeslookingbackattheirtimeinthecamps.Thepeopledonothaveperfect
memories,andareverybiasedtowardsthemselves.Thecollectionalsomixes
secondhandaccountsfromdescendantsofinternees.Thefirsthandaccountsprovidea
perspectivenotfoundanywhereelse,andtheytelloftheinterneeshardshipswithout
governmentcensorship.Theessayistsposethequestionofwhetherinternmentcould
happenagain,makingthereadernotonlylearnabouttheauthorslives,butpreparein
caseinternmentreoccurs.ThisbookwasfoundintheWinchesterPublicLibrary.
HighLevelBombing.
Wikipedia:HighLevelBombing
.Wikipedia,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_level_bombing>.ThissitewasONLYusedforits
imageofabombingplanesforourtitlepage.Thissourcewasnotusedforany
informationatallregardingJapaneseInternment.
Hirabayashi,LaneRyo.
ThePoliticsofFieldwork:ResearchinanAmericanConcentration
Camp
.Tucson:UniversityofArizonaPress,2000.Print.Thisbookdescribesthe
experiencethatDr.TamieTsuchiyamahadwhendoingfieldworkontheinternment
campsforthegovernment.HirabayashiisaprofessorattheDepartmentofAsianStudies
atUCLAwhoteachesabouttheAsianAmericanexperience,specifically,Japanese
Americans.Heoversawandpublishedmultiplescholarlypaperssurroundinghisfamilys
experienceandhisownpersonalresearchinadditiontobeingaboardmemberon

multipleJapaneseAmericancommunityorganizations.Heusedletters,reports,
interviewsandhisfieldnotestoidentifythelifethatDr.TamieTsuchiyamaledwhile
researchingtheinternmentcampsandtheconditionsthatJapaneseAmericansenduredin
thecamps.TheseresearchnotesandtheauthorscommentaryaboutTamieTsuchiyamas
lifegiveinsighttotheoverallconditionsofthecampsandpeoplesattemptstofightback
againsttheWRAspoliciestogainmorehumaneconditions.Tsuchiyamareportson
eventsthatoccurredinoneparticularcamp,suchasattemptstogainbetterconditions,
morefood,etc.
HowAmericaMisremembersRussiasCentralRoleinWorldWarII.
TheNation
.TheNation,
n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<http://www.thenation.com/article/stephencohenhowamericamisremembersrussiasce
ntralroleworldwarii/>.Thiswebsitewasusedforanimageasthetitleimageforthe
PostWarsectionsofourwebsite.
HowtoPronounceNikkei.
Youtube
.Alphabet,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k9xhksa7_fQ>.Thisvideowasusedinanaudio
clippronouncingthewordNikkei.
HowtoPronounceNisei.
Youtube
.Alphabet,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nSk0a5w4KaM>.Thisvideowasusedinorderto
haveanaudioclipoftherightpronunciationofthewordNisei.
Hughes,ThomasA.,andJohnGrahamRoydeSmith.WorldWarII.
EncyclopediaBritannica
.
N.pag.Print.Thisarticlein
EncyclopediaBritannica
offersanindepthexplanationof
WorldWarII.ThearticlejumpsbackandforthfromtheAtlanticandPacificwars,

describingeachkeybattleandstrategy.Thewarisexplainedsystematically,going
chronologicallyfrombeginningtoend.Readingthisarticleprovidesthereaderwithan
excellentoverviewofthewar,whilestillgoingintoplentyofdetailoneachevent.
EncyclopediaBritannica
isawellknownreliableresourcewithlittletonobiasontheir
subjects.
Jarmoluk.DocumentAgreementSign.
Pixabay
.Pixabay,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<https://pixabay.com/en/documentagreementdocumentssign428334/>.Thissitewas
usedtoprovideuswithoneofourmenupictures.Thepictureisofadocumentbeing
signedwithaballpointpen.
Kibei.
Forvo
.Forvo,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.<http://forvo.com/word/kibei/>.Weusedthis
siteforanaudioclipofthecorrectpronunciationofthewordkibei.
Korematsuv.UnitedStates:TheU.S.SupremeCourtUpholdsInternment.
HistoryMatters
.
GeorgeMasonU,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.Thiseducationalwebsiteprovidedaquick,
straightforwardexplanationofthesupremecourtcase,beforedetailingtheopinionsof
thejudges.Thewebsiteisclear,credibleandaccurateinitsdepictionoftherelevanceof
thecase,aswellastheactualevents.
Kuiper,Kathleen.
EncyclopediaBritannica
.Ed.GloriaLotha.15thed.2010.Print.Encyclopedia
Britannica.Thissourceusesinformationfrompreviousiterationsoftheirencyclopedias
tocreateanextremelydetailedandpreciseoverviewaboutthistopic.Itpinpointsthe
opinionsbehindtheoriginalideaofinternmentandtheydiscusswhytheinternmentwas
created.ThearticlealsogoesintodetailabouttheconditionsofJapaneseAmericanswho
werelivingattheinternmentcampsandthelivesoftheirchildrenandgrandchildren.The

authorsdiscusswhattheU.S.governmentdidinresponsetotheiractionsandwhatthey
didinordertotryandresolvetheissue.
Mintz,Steven,andSaraMcNeil.USMapShowingDepartmentofJusticeInternmentCamps
andRelocationCenters.Map.
DigitalHistory
.CollegeofEducation,2014.Web.9Jan.
2016.Thismap,foundonDigitalHistory,providesavisualoflocationsofAmerican
campsduringWWII.Thesecamps,mentionedofteninthewebsite,cannowbelocated
withthismap.
Niiya,Brian,ed.AShortChronologyofJapaneseAmericanHistory.
JapaneseAmerican
Network
.N.p.,4Jan.2002.Web.10Jan.2016.Thistimelinegaveaquotation,aswellas
informationtofilltheeventsoftheprojecttimeline.Veryinformativeandunbiased,it
detailedvariouseventsinJapaneseAmericanhistory.Foundthroughagooglesearch,
thiswebsiteisspecificallyforJapaneseAmericans,andisquiteuseful.
Niiya,Brian,etal.
InternationalEncyclopediaoftheSocialSciences
.Ed.TomIkeda.Detroited.
N.p.:MacmillanReferenceUSA,2008.
Encyclopedia
.Web.15Oct.2015.
<http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Japanese_American_Incarceration.aspx>.This
articlewasmadebyasingleeditor,whotookmultiplesourcesofinformationand
combinedtheinformationtogetherinordertocreateaneffectivereferenceguide.
SourcesweretakenfromtheCWRIC,areportfiledbytheU.S.government,aswellas
otherreferencebooksaboutthetimeperiod.Thisreferencediscusseskeyfactsand
peoplebehindthecreationandtheimplementationofJapaneseinternmentcampsinthe
UnitedStatesanditprovidesinformationabouttheirfateafterinternment.Itshowswhat

happenedtoJapanesefamiliesincampinadditiontowhattheU.S.governmentdidto
correcttheirmistreatmenttotheseAmericanfamilies.
Oppenheim,JoanneF.
DearMissBreed:TrueStoriesoftheJapaneseAmericanIncarceration
duringWorldWarIIandaLibrarianWhoMadeaDifference
.NewYork:Scholastic,
2006.Print.JoanneOppenheimisachildrensauthorwhohaswrittenover50booksfor
childreninadditiontobeingaregularcontributortotheTodayshow.Whengoingback
throughherhighschoolyearbook,shestumbleduponherJapaneseAmericanfriendand
wantedtofindoutwhathadhappenedtoher.Asaresultshediscoveredherfriendsstory
andthestoryofMrs.Breed.Mrs.Breedwasalibrarianwhowasanallytomany
JapaneseAmericanchildrenandgavethempostcardsandstampsinorderforthemto
constantlycorrespondtoeachotherabouttheconditionsincampandtomakesurethat
allofthechildrenwerealright.Theseletterswereallfoundanddocumentedbythe
JapaneseAmericanNationalMuseum,whichgavetheletterstoMrs.Oppenheiminorder
towriteaboutMrs.Breedsexperiencewiththesechildrenandtheconditionsthatthese
childrenhadtofacethatwasshownthroughtheletters.Thisbookwasfoundatthe
WinchesterPublicLibrary.
PeacefulSkies.
LisaNayor
.ZenFolio,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<http://lisanaylor.zenfolio.com/p837905300/h66D7D35D#h66d7d35d>.Weusedthis
websiteforanimageinourprewartitlephotos.
Robinson,Greg.
ATragedyofDemocracy:JapaneseConfinementinNorthAmerica
.N.p.:
ColumbiaUP,2010.Print.Thisbook,byProfessorofHistoryatlUniversitduQubec
MontralGregRobinson,givesauniqueperspectiveontheeventssurrounding

JapaneseAmericaninternment.HisspecialtyinNorthAmericanEthnicStudiesgivesa
continentaltakeonrelocation.Robinsonimpartiallychroniclestheinternment,while
linkingitbacktoitsinternationalandpoliticalimplications.ItfocusesonJapanese
AmericanwarparticipationandhowtheloyaltyofJapaneseAmericanswastornbetween
theircurrentcountryandtheirorigin.Italsofocusesonthecurrentmentalhealthand
psychologicalhealthofinterneesandhowtheirtimeincampbenefitedsome,while
torturingothers.
Russell,JanJarboe.
TheTraintoCrystalCity:FDRsSecretPrisonerExchangeProgramand
AmericasOnlyFamilyInternmentCampduringWorldWarII
.NewYork:Scribner,
2015.Print.JanJarboeRussellisaNeimanFellowinadditiontowritingmultiplenovels
abouthistoricaltopicsandnewspaper/magazinearticles.Thisnovelfocusesonone
Japaneseinternmentcampinparticular,CrystalCity,whichwasthecenterofa
governmentalexchangeprogramnamedquietpassage.Thisnovelisbuiltuponthe
storiesoftwoteenagerswhoresidedwithinthiscampduringWWIIandtheirdiffering
looksontheconditionswithininternmentcamps.Thisbookalsohelpshowsmultiple
perspectivesuponJapaneseinternmentcamps,whetheritwasfromEleanorRoosevelts
accountofaJapaneseInternmentcampshevisited,ordescriptionsofhowthetensions
betweenJapaneseandotherAmericansincreasedovertime.Italsohelpsusunderstand
theemotionsthattheNiseiweregoingthroughatthistimeandsomepsychological
effectsofthetimespentincamps.ThisbookwasfoundattheWinchesterPublic
Library.

Takei,Barbara.TuleLake.
DenshoEncyclopedia
.N.p.:n.p.,n.d.
DenshoEncyclopedia
.Web.
10Jan.2016.ThisdescriptionoftheTuleLakecampwasextremelyusefulforthe
timeline.Aquotationdescribingthecampsnotorietywasusedinthetimeline,while
detailsgeneralforallcampswereputthroughouttheproject.Slightlybiasedtothe
JapaneseAmericans,Denshostillkeepstheinformationaccurateanddescriptive.
Tucker,Davis,andJessiCreller.1917ImmigrationAct.
USimmigrationlegislationonline
.U
ofWashingtonBothell,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.Thissummaryofthe1917Immigration
Actwasusedasaquotationforthetimeline.Theuniversitybasedsiteprovidesakey
summarywithpertinentinformationregardingthelaw.Thepageisclear,accurateand
impartialinitsdescriptionofthelawsuses.
Utama,Bob,andHaafizaManji.1943MagnusonAct.
USimmigrationlegislationonline
.Uof
WashingtonBothell,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.Thispage,fromtheUniversityof
WashingtonBothell,givesanimportantsummaryquotedinthetimeline.Withlittletono
biasandaconcisestatement,itdescribestheMagnusonActinitsentirety.Theacts
purposeandrelevanceareclearlyexplained.
Vortigauntdpr.AxisPowers.
DeviantArt
.DeviantArt,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<http://vortigauntdpr.deviantart.com/art/AxisPowers153723289>.Thiswebsitewas
usedtoforanimageoftheAxisPowerscreatedanddesignedbytheuser.
Ward,JasonMorgan.NoJapCrow:JapaneseAmericansencountertheWorldWarII
south.
JournalofSouthernHistory
73.1(2007):n.pag.Print.Thisarticlewaswritten
byanAssociateProfessorof20thCenturyUSHistoryatMississippiStateUniversity,
JasonMorganWardwhohasaPhDinhistoryfromYaleUniversity.Inthisarticle,he

writesabouthowtheJapanesewereforcedtoventureintoapartoftheUnitedStatesthat
manyhadneverenteredbefore,andwhatthecitizensoftheSouthernUnitedStatessaw
attheinternmentcamps,specificallyinArkansas.Manypeople,includingmembersof
theKKK,dislikedthatJapaneseAmericanswereputincampsintheirarea,shininga
newlightontheeffortsoftheKKKtodiscriminateagainstothers.Italsoexplainedhow
therewereSouthernerswhoattemptedtostandupfortheJapaneseAmericansand
againstAmericandiscrimination.InrelationtothetreatmentJapaneseAmericansfaced
fromtheSoutherners,liketheJimCrowlawsputintoeffectaftertheCivilWar,this
periodwascalledtheJapCrowbymanySoutherners.Thisarticleemphasizedthe
descriptionsandthemaindetailsofdiscriminationagainstJapaneseAmericansalong
withblacksintheSouth.Focusingonthestoryfromthebeginningoftheinternment
campsandgoinguntiltheyweredisbanded,itshowedtheopinionsandeffectsthat
whitesandwhitesupremacyhadonracerelations,therelationsthatplaguedthe3races
duringinternment.
WarRelocationAuthorityisestablishedinUnitedStates.
History.com
.A+ENetworks,2009.
Web.10Jan.2016.ThisHistory.comarticleexplainstheimportanceofthefoundationof
thenotoriousWarRelocationAuthority,theorganizationresponsibleforJapanese
Americaninternment.Thequotationtakenfromthiswebsitewasusedinthetimeline.
Yamaguchi,Precious.
ExperiencesofJapaneseAmericanWomenduringandafterWorldWarII
:LivinginInternmentCampsandRebuildingLifeAfterwards
.Lanham:Lexington
Books,2014.Print.ThisbookwaswrittenbyanAssistantProfessorofCommunication
StudiesatSouthernOregonUniversity.Shereceivedawardsforapapershewrotecalled

TheIntergenerationalCommunicationofJapaneseAmericanFemaleWorldWarII
InternmentCampSurvivors.Thispaperidentifiesandfocusesonthelivesand
experiencesofJapaneseAmericanwomenaftertheywerereleasedfromthecampsand
howtheyattemptedtorebuildtheirlives.Thisbookalsofocusesontheirlivesincamp
andtheconditionsthatJapaneseAmericanwomenhadtoface,alongwiththeirfamily.
Thebookgivesalotofdetailabouttheexperiencesandthesituationsthattheauthors
familywentthroughduringtherelocationandwhentheywerealllivingwithin
internmentcamps.Itfocusedontheirdailylives,whattheydidtopasstime,andwhat
familylifewaslikeduringthisperiod.
YonseiMeaning.
Youtube
.Alphabet,n.d.Web.10Jan.2016.
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FruYVzOkJy4>.Thiswebsitewasusedforan
audioclipwiththecorrectwaytosaythewordYonsei.