Dinastiyang Shang

Ang Dinastiyang Shang o Dinastiyang Yin ay ang itinuturing bilang isang pinakaunang totoong imperyo sa Tsina. Sa una, pinaniniwalaang isang alamat lang ang Shang, pero nang madiskubre ng mga Intsik na gumamit sila ng mga butong orakulo, dito napatunayang totoo ang Shang.Ito ay nagtagal sa loob ng 1766 BCE hanggang 1122 BCE.Ang dinastiya ring ito ay pinamunuan ni Emperador Tang. Isa nang halimbawa ng mga ambag nito ay ang paggawa ng mga kagamitang bronse,palayok,banga at ang pagbabasa ng emperador sa mga "oracle bone" para sa mga nagpapahula ng hinaharap. Sa aking natuklasan ang mga naiambag ng dinastiyang Shang ay ang pagkatuto na meron palang alipin at pinuno noon dahil kung ndi nila ito natuklasan hindi natin malalaman kung gaano kahalga ang pamumuno at pagsisilbi na ginagawa din ngayon Sa panahong din ito painaunlad din nila ang pagtatanim ->Paggamit ng TANSO ->Paggamit ng Elepante & karwaheng hila ng kabayo bilang mga sasakyang pandigma ->Sistemang irigasyon ->nagimbento ng kalendaryong Lunar Kasaysayan Pulitika At Lipunan Question Ano Ang Mga Ambag Ng Dinastiyang Shang Sa Sibilisasyon Paggamit Ng TANSO Paggamit Ng Elepante Karwaheng Hila Ng Kabayo. Shang Dynasty 1600-1046 BC Capital Population Yinxu, Zhaoge 13.7 million

- Established 1600 BC Battle of Muye 1046 BC According to Chinese tradition, the Shang dynasty was founded by a rebel king, Tang of Shang, who overthrew the last Xia ruler in the Battle of Mingtiao. According to the Shiji, the Shang had a long history, and there are different theories about their origin. An analysis of bones from the remains of Shang people showed a Huaxia ethnic origin. Their civilization was based on agriculture and augmented by hunting and animal husbandry, and in addition to war, the Shang also practiced human sacrifice. The Shiji states that the Shang people moved their capital six times over the course of their rule, with the final and most important move to Yin, in 1350 BC, initiating the golden age of the dynasty. In

a brother of Shang Zhou. the Shang are still referred to exclusively as the Yin (In) dynasty. [21] Both Korean and Chinese legends state that a disgruntled Shang prince named Jizi ( ). as the ruler of Wei ( ). . Many Shang clans that migrated northeast after the dynasty's collapse were integrated into Yan culture during the Western Zhou period. [22] [23] After Zhou Wu's death. The classic. However. The Shiji states that King Cheng of Zhou. The family retained an aristocratic standing and often provided needed administrative services to the succeeding Zhou Dynasty. were buried alive with the royal corpse. the eponymous first capital of the former Shang dynasty. he founded a state known as Gija Joseon in Northwest Korea during the Gojoseon period of ancient Korean history. presumably for use in the afterlife. Evidence from excavations of the royal tombs indicates that royalty were buried with articles of value. However. Oftentimes. located in what is now Tangshan. this territory would become the state of Song. Legends say that his army and his equipped slaves betrayed him by joining the Zhou rebels in the decisive Battle of Muye. allowed Shang Zhou's son Wugeng Lufu ( ) to rule the Shang people as a vassal kingdom. would become the capital of Ziqi's state. court rituals to appease spirits developed. left China with a small army. particularly the city of Yin. who had refused to cede power to the Zhou. According to the lost books of Zhou ( ) and Mencius the battle was very bloody. Zhou Wu ( ). the historical accuracy of these legends is widely debated by scholars. hundreds of commoners. However. was formed by another remnant of the Shang. According to these legends. the king would serve as the head of the ancestor and spirit-worship cult. especially near the end of the dynasty. Guzhu ( ). the king would even perform oracle bone divinations himself. In Japan and Korea. enfeoffed Ziqi ( ). the last Shang king. Perhaps for the same reason. After Shang's collapse. and in addition to his secular duties. the Zhou king. Zhou's rulers forcibly relocated "Yin diehards" ( ) and scattered them throughout Zhou territory. Over time. [24] Some surviving members of the Shang royal family collectively changed their surname from the ancestral name Zi ( ) to the name of their fallen dynasty. leaving Zhou in control of Shang territory. These clans maintained an elite status and continued practicing the sacrificial and burial traditions of the Shang. it is now often used specifically to describe the later half of the Shang dynasty. Shang Zhou ( ). Yin ( ). committed suicide after his army was defeated by the Zhou ( ) people. After the Shang were defeated. and was destroyed by Duke Huan of Qi. were centers of glittering court life. the name "Yin dynasty" has been synonymous with the Shang throughout history and was actually the more popular term. the Shang would join the Three Governors' Rebellion ( ) against the Duke of Zhou. and the descendants of Shang royalty there would maintain rites honoring the dead Shang kings until 286 BC. who may have been slaves. In time. Zhou Wu sent three of his brothers and an army to ensure that Wugeng Lufu would not rebel. the Duke of Zhou. Shang ( ). but the rebellion collapsed after three years. The capitals. with the support of his regent and uncle.fact. Ming-era novel Fengshen Yanyi retells the story of the war between Shang and Zhou as a conflict where rival factions of gods supported different sides in the war.

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