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1. Coal replaced wood as industrialized countries' major energy source in the nineteenth century because A. B. C. D. E. coal was easier to transport. coal was a cleaner fuel. early conservationists warned about the loss of biodiversity in the forests. wood is not as energy efficient as coal. wood supplies were diminishing.
2. A major force leading Americans to begin thinking carefully about energy conservation was the A. B. C. D. E. industrial revolution. 1973 Arab oil embargo. near depletion of domestic coal supplies. invention of nuclear energy. 1990 Gulf War.
3. Which of the following is not considered a fossil fuel? A. B. C. D. E. coal natural gas oil charcoal All of these are considered to be fossil fuels.
As a member of the student governing body. another board member brings up the fact that natural gas is clean and efficient and he feels that a fleet of cars fueled with natural gas would be best. I disagree because electricity comes from power plants that are generally fired with coal. coal B. E. On the other hand. . wood E. one quarter one quarter.4. 6. Which of the following energy sources does not contribute to the greenhouse effect? A. two thirds two thirds. one third Use the following scenario. I agree because no pollution is given off when electricity is used. I agree because almost 100 percent of electricity's energy is converted to useful work. I agree because natural gas is relatively inexpensive. A. nuclear fission D. The chemical industry is the second largest industrial consumer of fossil fuels with ________ used for energy generation and ____________ used for raw materials in manufacturing. E. They are planning to update their fleet of cars and are investigating cars fueled with natural gas or electric batteries. B. natural gas 5. C. E. three quarters one third. During this initial meeting they are not looking at the technical problems and instead are interested in the most clean burning and energy efficient car. D. What is your reaction to the president's position in the scenario above? A. I disagree because electricity is extremely expensive. you are the student representative for the school's planning board. I disagree because refining natural gas releases large amounts of pollution. half. half three quarters. I disagree because natural gas is extremely expensive. B. D. C. 7. D. The president of the board is convinced that a fleet of electric cars would be best because electricity is clean and efficient. I agree because about 90 percent of natural gas' energy is converted to useful work. I agree because electricity is relatively inexpensive. C. I agree because no pollution is given off when natural gas is burned. What is your reaction to the board member's position in the scenario above? A. B. petroleum C.
C. 10. only 1 percent 12. D. D. only 1 percent available. relatively difficult to find. I recommend a fleet of with some cars fueled with natural gas and others fueled with electricity. B. although important. I recommend a fleet of cars fueled with natural gas. Worldwide. E. I recommend a fleet of cars fueled with electric batteries. only 10 percent environmentally damaging. decreasing at alarming rates. methane. D. A. I recommend further analysis because the clean burning and energy efficient characteristics. C. What is your recommendation to the board in the scenario above? A. 9. E. volatile organic compounds. The main pollutant released by coal burning is A. Natural gas is the most __________ fuel with _______ of its energy content lost in shipping and handling. D. E. highly unusual formations. 11. B. coal deposits are A. 7 million 70 million 700 million 7 billion 70 billion . expensive. D. NOx. how many barrels of oil could be profitably extracted from ANWR? A. widespread but rarely in economic quantities. over 70 percent efficient. C.8. widespread and extensive. C. B. are not the only factors that should be investigated. At $50 per barrel. mercury vapor. over 50 percent polluting. sulfur oxides. I recommend a fleet of cars fueled with gasoline because the current technology for electric cars or natural gas is not yet perfected enough. B. E. B. E. C.
D. C. E. nonrenewable energy source. . Methane from animal waste is an example of a(n) A. B. extract new types of fuels from an empty well. E. distill usable fuels from raw petroleum. force more oil out of a drying well. conventional gas source. A. Oil shale and tar sands are examples of ________ oil. C. 16. Secondary recovery techniques are ways to A. reached a peak of interest due to the Gulf War. D. E. recoverable 15. unconventional gas resource. 14. has been consistently low since it was invented. was strong in the 1950s but has since faded. D. unrecoverable B. recover nonfuel materials from an oil well. is increasing because of the threat of global warming. unknown D. Both "unconventional gas resources" and "by-product of human activities" are true. B. by-product of human activities. gradually built to a peak in the 1980s and 1990s.13. B. unconventional E. recover the oil that spills when an oil well gushes. C. unproven C. Interest in nuclear power as a major world energy source A.
D. E. thorium. Why was there an increase for nuclear plants in operation when nuclear plants on order decreased so rapidly in the mid 1970s? A. According to the diagram above. Because many utilities cancelled their orders. Because nuclear power does not contribute to the greenhouse effect. A. increased sharply increased decreased sharply decreased leveled off 18. cadmium. Why didn't the "Plants in operation" curve in the diagram above increase to the same level that the "Plants on order" curve peaked? A.17. Any one of these. plutonium. D. . Because of the increased concerns about reactor safety and waste disposal. Because some people were still supportive of nuclear power. D. Because some people were still supportive of nuclear power. Because there is a lag time between ordering and operating a nuclear plant. C. D. C. E. B. Because there is a lag time between ordering and operating a nuclear plant. 20. E. 19. E. Because nuclear power does not contribute to the greenhouse effect. B. B. The fuel used in a conventional PWR or BWR nuclear power plants is A. the number of plants in operation ______ in the early 1990's. uranium. Because many utilities cancelled their orders. B. C. Because of the increased concerns about reactor safety and waste disposal. C.
provide neutrons to initiate reactions. electricity is collected directly from the combination of electrons. Which of the following statements regarding nuclear energy is true? A. releases protons. releases energy and A. . B. breaks in half. B. D. C. A. extensively processed to clean and purify it found in concentrated form in the Earth and then washed produced by bombarding it with electrons from radioactive plutonium extensively processed in order to change it to a safer form None of these are true. 25. releases an electron in a gamma wave. B. B. about one hundred pellet-filled rods bundled together. E. neutron-absorbing material such as cadmium. C. releases neutrons. combines with another neutron to release even more energy. a neutron. B. 22. D. increase the temperature of the water. causing another atom to break. strikes a uranium atom. absorb neutrons. Nuclear fission occurs when a high-energy subatomic particle. about a thousand fuel rods. E. Decommissioning a nuclear power plant costs up to ten times as much as building it.21. C. D. fuel pellets packed into a hollow rod. In a nuclear power plant. Nearly all nuclear power plants worldwide are built far from water sources to prevent contamination. move fuel rods around in the chamber. 24. A fuel assembly in a nuclear power plant consists of A. E. The Pressurized Water Reactor and the Boiling Water Reactor are essentially the two main designs for a nuclear power plant. C. E. provide cooling by decreasing the temperature of the water. E. 23. Uranium fuel is ____________ before it can be put into a reactor. C. D. D. fuel pellets arranged in a cube and encased in plastic. In a nuclear power plant. Control rods in a nuclear reactor are used to A. electricity is collected directly from electrons splitting off from fuel atoms.
considered by many governments but not carried out. E. banned worldwide since 1957. C. 29. E. D. burn on multiple types of fuels such as plutonium. A. C.26. The most likely disaster in a nuclear power plant is that A. E. causing rapid overheating. be safer than any other type of reactor. Most nuclear plants in the United States use _________ to cool fuel rods and run turbines. and thorium. operate on a very small scale. D. C. is highly corrosive. D. All of these. D. B. B. continued by the Soviet government until very recently. D. common worldwide until last year. E. cooling systems could fail. the plant would explode like a nuclear bomb. uranium. E. fuel rods could fail to maintain chain reactions. C. be cooled with cadmium cooling rods. 27. B. Radioactive waste dumping in oceans has been A. None of these. B. is explosive in contact with water. as in a refrigerator pressurized water and steam liquid sodium 28. pressurized air and water forced air freon. . create fissionable plutonium from spent fission reactor fuel. nuclear fusion would get out of control and cause explosions. The liquid sodium that must be used to cool a breeder reactor A. B. burns intensely when exposed to oxygen. All of these are equally likely. proven to be safe because the wastes are sinking to very deep oceanic trenches. C. 30. A breeder reactor is designed to A.
All of these are ways that the United States handles nuclear waste storage. World coal reserves are substantially smaller than petroleum reserves. A. is the site of a A. Nuclear fusion is a(n) ____________ technology. False . True B. B. True B. B. C. C. Nuclear waste storage in the United States is handled A. in temporary storage at individual plants. Nevada.31. leading nuclear free zone. E. D. A. D. by dumping at sea. Improving the fuel economy of cars and light trucks in America would save more oil than is ever likely to be recovered from ANWR. False 36. A. D. Yucca Mountain. A. efficient. C. proven and common ideal but so far unachievable technologically easy but publicly objectionable long-time standard clean. A. False 35. The United States has only enough proven oil supplies to last ten years at current rates of consumption. Fossil fuels currently supply about 50 percent of all world commercial energy supplies. in the permanent storage depot managed by the federal government. proposed breeder reactor project. True B. B. 33. E. the most notorious radioactive leak in history. and relatively inexpensive 34. by shipping overseas to Surinam and Venezuela. False 37. permanent nuclear storage depot managed by the federal government. True B. proposed national nuclear waste repository. E. 32.
False 39. True B. Since nuclear power plants can explode like a bomb. . How does eating locally grown food in season save energy? A. Locally grown food does not need to be transported far distances.38. energy stored in a unit of fuel. C. and the context for which each energy source would best work. A. E. Energy efficiency is a measure of A. All of these are ways that eating locally grown food in season saves energy. the radioactive releases are extremely devastating. Locally grown food does not use petroleum-based pesticides. False Essay Question for Conventional Sources 41. energy produced compared to energy consumed. In your evaluation provide the pros and cons. For much of the past decade battles have been going on over oil and gas drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. C. False 40. total energy consumed over a year divided by time spent. heat produced by a barrel of fuel. Locally grown food does not use petroleum-based fertilizers. Under normal operating conditions you are likely to get a higher dose of radiation living next to a nuclear plant than a coal-burning plant. E. D. oil. Locally grown food supports local farmers. B. A. 42. A. True B. True B. 43. and natural gas. B. energy used per unit of time. Evaluate the costs and benefits (more than economic) of using coal. D.
45. A. E. cogeneration. it is cheaper for them to invest in energy conservation than build new power plants. of the need to improve public relations by helping consumers reduce their monthly bills. D. parabolic mirrors. typical for a fossil fuel company because they are invested in energy sources C. British Petroleum. Shell Oil. Chevron Oil. This action is __________________. typical for a fossil fuel company because they are invested in energy sources B. cogeneration. stationary materials to gather and hold heat. D. photovoltaic cells. C. they are worried about the pollution from mining and burning coal. large volumes of massive heat absorbers. The most effective technology developed so far to produce solar energy concentrated enough to run an industrial furnace or turbine is to use A. In 1997. E. Shell Oil. 46. 47. photovoltaic cells.Utility companies are investing in public education and incentive programs to reduce energy use because A. the _______________ company invested money into a solar cell manufacturing facility. the high cost of global warming would be prohibitive for them. atypical for a fossil fuel company because they usually block renewable energy E. B. C. C. Active solar energy systems involve A. B. they are worried about the finite supply of fossil fuel. not supported by the board members at Chevron . atypical for a fossil fuel company because they usually block renewable energy D. cogeneration. passive heat absorption. pumps and moving fluids. D. B. E. British Petroleum.44.
causing an electric potential in attached wires.energy.cfm You will see a map of the United States. D. E. small appliances and space heating. Photovoltaic cells work because solar energy striking their surface A. E. Photovoltaic electricity costs are __________ coal or nuclear-powered electricity. causes the cells to liquefy as they heat. Go to the website: www. 54. D. causes an uneven magnetic charge to develop. The two greatest energy users in the average American home are A. the furnace and water heater.eere. Compare and Contrast Active and Passive Solar Energy. C. D. 49. . 53. releases electrons. the refrigerator and the stove.48.gov/states/us_energy_statistics. B. C. A. the refrigerator and water heater. Compare Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. B. substantially less than unlikely to become as cheap as incomparably more expensive than likely to be cheaper in the near future than the same as Essay Questions for Non-Traditional and Renewable Energy Sources ( 20 pts for each of the following) 51. E. changes to chemical energy. B. 50. lighting and space heating. Then compare and contrast the energy requirements and production between California and Texas. Briefly summarize the energy situation in the state of Washington. C. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Wind Power. 52. is collected in the form of photons and sent through attached wires.
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