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2009 Breeding Quail Summary

2009 Breeding Quail Summary

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Published by: Iftekhar Hossain on Jan 30, 2011
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12/15/2012

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2009 Breeding Quail Call Count Prepared by John Wooding, Small Game Biologist August 31, 2009 N.C.

Wildlife Resources Commission Between June15 and June 30, 2009, 12 Commission biologists listened for “Bobwhite” on 22 routes scattered across North Carolina (Table 1). Each 20 mile route consisted of 21 listening stations spaced 1 mile apart. The biologists listened for 3 minutes at each station. A summary of the data is presented below.
Table 1. NCWRC Breeding quail call survey: routes and observers. Biologist Route Mike Caraway Haywood 1990 Joe Folta Edgecombe-Halifax 1990, Wake Harlan Hall Guilford/Caswell Isaac Harrold Wake/Johnston Brad Howard Alexander Michael Juhan Burke, Lincoln 1992 Ken Knight Stanly 1990 Robbie Norville Greene, Pitt-Beaufort 1990, Wayne/Duplin Tom Padgett Cumberland, Robeson 1990, Sampson Jon Shaw Moore/Montgomery, Rockingham (5A), Rockingham (5C) 1990 Chris Turner Hertford/Bertie, Perquimans 1990, Washington/Hyde 1986 John Wooding Yadkin

Figure 1 . N .C. Breeding Q uail S urvey : 1 9 5 7 -0 9
90 Average # Quail Heard by Route 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1957 1965 1973 1981 Y ear 1989 1997 2005
Variab le C P -A VE RA G E P I-A VE RA G E M T-A VE RA G E

Figure 1 above illustrates the data by region (coastal plain, piedmont, mountain). The coastal plain continues to support the most quail among the three regions. The steep downward trends in abundance that began in the 1960’s appear to have stabilized over the past 10 years or so. (Note: surveys were not run in 1968 and 1975-1987)

The Table and Figure below contains a more detailed look at the data by route for the past 10 years. The trends by route are relatively stable, with minor ups and downs, with a few exceptions: Cumberland, Pitt-Beufort 1990, and Lincoln 1992 declined drastically; Perquimans 1990and Washington/Hyde 1996 increased notably.

Table 2. Breeding quail by route for the past 10 years (2000-2009). The numbers in the table are the number of quail heard per route. The routes are organized alphabetically by region. An “*” indicates the route was not run that year.
Route Cumberland Edgecombe-Halifax 1990 Greene Hertford/Bertie Perquimans 1990 Pitt-Beaufort 1990 Robeson 1990 Sampson Washington/Hyde 1986 Wayne/Duplin Alexander Guilford/Caswell Lincoln 1992 Meck./Cabarrus Moore/Mont. Rockingham (5A) Rockingham (5C) 1990 Stanly 1990 Wake Wake/Johnston Yadkin Ashe 1990 Buncombe/Madison Burke Caldwell/Wilkes Region CP CP CP CP CP CP CP CP CP CP PI PI PI PI PI PI PI PI PI PI PI MT MT MT MT 2000 15 15 37 12 10 19 34 39 48 18 2 1 38 1 14 3 2 4 1 11 7 1 0 14 15 2001 13 11 17 10 6 34 32 34 55 27 6 3 30 3 12 3 3 2 18 9 8 0 1 14 10 2002 15 15 38 13 22 11 28 45 43 31 7 1 26 3 12 2 1 2 5 7 7 1 0 11 6 2003 25 4 22 9 33 16 28 51 42 15 4 3 20 6 14 2 2 6 8 5 5 1 6 6 9 2004 18 6 23 15 49 13 42 54 51 19 3 0 31 1 22 4 0 3 3 8 4 2 2 3 7 2005 27 2 26 26 21 6 25 49 81 18 1 1 29 2 16 4 6 1 5 4 1 0 0 5 1 2006 18 9 27 22 18 14 28 46 49 18 9 3 12 2 16 2 6 2 0 2 2 1 0 0 5 2007 26 3 26 16 20 10 30 52 59 10 5 4 11 0 11 4 5 2 3 5 1 0 * 2 0 2008 * 11 15 32 29 7 21 49 74 15 3 1 2 0 5 0 6 3 1 3 1 0 * 0 0 2009 4 16 13 20 47 10 23 42 79 4 0 0 4 * 7 6 13 2 0 3 3 * * 1 0

Figure 2. N.C. Breeding Quail Survey: 2000-2009 by Route (# Quail Heard/Year)
2000 80 40 0 Pitt-Beaufort 1990 Robeson 1990 Sampson Washington/Hyde 1986 Wayne/Duplin Cumberland Edgecombe-Halifax 1990 Greene 2000 Hertford/Bertie Perquimans 1990

80 40

80 40 0

Alexander

Guilford/Caswell

Lincoln 1992

Meck./Cabarrus

Moore/Mont.

0

Rockingham (5A)

Rockingham (5C) 1990

Stanly 1990

Wake

Wake/Johnston

80 40

80 40 0 2000

Yadkin

Ashe 1990

Buncombe/Madison

Burke

Caldwell/Wilkes

0

2000

2000

Year

This year the data were also examined using the proportion of stations where at least one bird was heard. We have this data going back to 1995. The data was entered by Wanda Mungo and crew in the Raleigh office this spring, under Ryan Myers direction. The data is posted on the Commission intranet. The proportions of stations where at least one bird was heard are plotted below for the period 2000 – 2009 by region. The patterns mirror those seen in Figure 1 using the average number of quail heard/route; i.e. quail are much more abundant in the coastal plain than elsewhere. The trends using this approach have also been relatively stable over the past 10 years – this is good news for the coastal plain, but not so good for the piedmont and mountains because the populations are so low that stable is not the desired pattern.

Proportion of Stations with One or more Calling Males
1.0
Variable CP MT PI

0.8

Proportion

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Year 2006 2007 2008 2009

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