Mokhtaser

SAHIH

AL-BUKHARI

Text and Translation

Dr Ahmad Zidan Mrs Dina Zidan

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©

Islamic INC.
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IN THE NAME OF GOD, THE MERCIFUL,
THE COMPASSIONATE

All Praise be to GOD, the Lord of the Worlds, prayers and peace be upon Mohammed His servant and Messenger.

All praise be to You, we have no knowledge Except what You have taught us. (Surah 2 Verse 32.)

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61. The Book of Jihad and Marching Out in the Cause of God
Chapter One: The Superiority of Jihad and

Marching Out in the Cause of God

1151. It was related that Abu Huraira said that a man came to the Messenger of God and asked: "Tell me of a deed which is equal to Jihad." He said: "I do not know of such a deed." Then he added: "Could you enter your mosque and pray without ceasing and fast without breaking your fast while the Muslim fighters are on the battlefield?" The man said: "But who could do that?"
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1152.

It was related that Abu Sa'id Al Khudri said: itA person asked: '0 Messenger of God! Who are the best of people?' The Messenger of God answered: 'A believer who strives with all his effort in God's Cause with his life and his possessions.' They asked: 'Who is the next best?' He said: 'A believer who secludes himself on a mountainous way worshipping God alone and keeping his mischief away from the people'."

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] 153. It was related that Abu Huraira said: "I heard the Messenger of God say: 'The similitude of one who performs Jihad in the Cause of God, and God knows best who strives in His Cause, is as the one who fasts and prays continuously. God promises that the one who performs Jihad in His Cause will enter Paradise if he is killed, or He will reward him and return him home in safety with war spoils.
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1154.

It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Whoever believes in
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God and His Messenger,

establishes

prayer and fasts for the in has

month of Ramadan, will be duly admitted to Paradise regardless of whether he fought in the Cause of God or remained his homeland." one hundred The people said: '0 Messenger we tell the people this good news?' He said: 'Paradise of God! Shall

levels which God has set aside for those who between the Heaven The sub-narrator and the Earth. So if added: 'I think the

fight in His Cause, and the distance between each two levels is as the distance you ask God, ask for AI-Firdous, est part of Paradise.' which is the best and high-

Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) also said: 'Above AIFirdous is the Throne of the Merciful and from it springs the

rivers of Paradise'."

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(Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "A place in Paradise es and sets." And he said: "One endeavor the afternoon or forenoon is better which the sun rises and sets."

small as a bow is better than all things over which the sun risfor God's Cause in all things over than

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623

to the people of earth, she would diffuse the space between Heaven and Earth with light and sweet perfume and her head covering is better than the world and all that it in it."

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1157. It was related that Anas said: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) sent seventy men from Bani Salim to the Bani Amir. When they were nearby the brother of my mother said to them: 'I will go on before you and if they permit me to convey the message of the Messenger of God, then it is well, otherwise stay close to me,' So he went on ahead and the unbelievers promised him safe passage. But as he conveyed the message of the Messenger of God they signaled to one of their men who stabbed him to death. My maternal uncle said: 'God is Great! By the Lord of the Ka'ba, I am successful.' Thereafter they fell upon the remainder of the party and killed them all except one lame man who went to the peak of the mountain. Gabriel told the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) that they had met their Lord and that He was pleased with them and He had made them well pleased. We used to invoke: 'Let out people know that we have met our 624

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Book of Jihad

Lord, He is pleased with us and He has made us well pleased.' Later we ceased this invocation. For forty days the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) invoked God to destroy the murderers of the tribe of Ra'l, Dhakwan, Bani Lihyan and Bani Usaiya who opposed God and His Messenger."

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1158. It was related that lundab Ibn Sufyan said: "During one of the battles one of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon himj's fingers was wounded, he said: "You are only a finger that shed blood, and what you received is in the Cause of God."
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1159. It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: "By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Whoever is wounded in the Cause of God and God is well aware of who is wounded in His Cause, will appear on the Day of Resurrection with his wound showing the colour of blood but its scent will be that of musk."

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1160. It was related that Anas said: "My uncle Anas Ibn Al Nadj missed the Battle of Badr. He said: '0 Messenger of God! I missed the first battle you fought against the unbelievers, if God permits me another chance to fight the unbelievers, without doubt, God will see how valiantly I will fight.' Then on the day of Uhud when the Muslims deserted and fled he said: '0 God! I seek Your forgiveness for what they have done and I denounce what the unbelievers have done.' Then he went forward and Sa'd Ibn Mu'adh met him, he said: '0 Sa'd Ibn Mu'adhl By the Lord of Al Nadr, Paradise is near. I perceive its scent from the side of Uhud.' Later Said said: '0 Messenger of God! I cannot do what he did. We found him with over eighty wounds in his body inflicted by swords and arrows. He was dead when we found him and his body was so badly mutilated that no one could identify him except his
626

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sister from his fingers.' We thought that this verse was revealed about him and others like him: 'Of the believers are men who have been true to their pledge to God .... .'." (Surah 33 verse 23) His sister, Al-Rubayya broke the front tooth of another woman and the Messenger of God ordered retaliation. At that Anas said: '0 Messenger of God! By Him Who sent you with the Truth, my sister's tooth shall not be broken.' Then the adversaries of Anas's sister accepted compensation instead of retaliation. So the Messenger of God said: 'Among the servants of God there are some whose oaths are fulfilled when they are made',"

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1161. It was related that Zaid Ibn Thabit said: "When the Qur'an was compiled from all the various manuscripts, a verse from Surah 'The Parties' was missing, which I used to hear the Messenger of God reciting, I was unable to locate it except with Khuzaima Ibn Thabit al Ansari, who the Messenger of God regarded an equal witness to that of two men, the verse was: "Among the servants of God there are some whose oaths are fulfilled when they are made'." (Surah 33 verse 23)

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1162. It was related that AI Bara' said: "A man clad in an iron mask came to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and said: '0 Messenger of God! Shall I fight or embrace Islam first?' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Embrace Islam first and then fight.' So he embraced Islam and was martyred. The Messenger of God said: 'He did very little but his reward will be immense'."
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1163. It was related that Anas Ibn Malik said: "Umm Al Rubai bint AI Bara', the mother of Hartha Ibn Suraqa, came to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and said: '0 Messenger of God! Tell me about Hartha?' Hartha was martyred on the day of Badr by an arrow shot by someone unknown. She said: 'If he is in Paradise I will bear patiently, if not I will grieve bitterly for him.' He said: '0 mother of Hartha! There are Gardens in Paradise and your son has the highest place there'."
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1164.

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(Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'The one who fights so that Islam overcomes is the one who fights in the Cause of God'."

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1165. It was related that Aisha said: "When the Messenger of God returned on the day of the Trench, he laid down his weapons and bathed. Then Gabriel came to him with his head covered in dust saying: 'You have laid down your weapons, by God I have not laid my weapons down yet!" The Messenger of God said: 'Where?' Gabriel said: 'That way.' Indicating towards the Bani Quarayzah. So the Messenger of God set off towards them."

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God said: "God welcomes two kinds of men smiling, the one who kills the other and both of them enter Paradise. One fights in God's Cause and is killed and the other is forgiven by God when he is martyred later."

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1168. It was related that Anas Ibn Malik said: "During the lifetime of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) Abu Talha did not fast because of Jihad, but after the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) died I never saw him not fasting except on Eid a] Fitr and Eid al Adha." .~ 1169. ~~~~~ ~~lhll :';Jij ~

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1170. It was related that Sahl Ibn Sa'd Al Sa'idi said that Zaid Ibn Thabit had told him that the Messenger of God had dictated the following verses to him: "Those people from among the believers who stay at home without any genuine excuse, are not equal in rank with those who exert their utmost with their lives and wealth in God's Cause." (Surah 4 verse 95) Zaid said: "Ibn Umm Maktum came to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) while he was dictating that verse to me. At that Ibn Umm Maktum said: '0 Messenger of God! If I had the means I would certainly participate in Jihad.' He was blind, so God sent down a Revelation to His Messenger while his thigh was upon mine and it became so heavy for me that I feared my leg would break. Then the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) was restored to his former state after God had revealed: 'Except those who are disabled'."
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1171. It was related that Anas said: "The Messenger of God went out towards the Trench and saw the Emigrants and the Helpers digging on a very cold morning for they did not have slaves to do the work for them. When he saw their exhaustion and hunger he said: '0 God! The only life is the life of the Hereafter. forgive the Helpers and the Emigrants.' The Helpers and the Emigrants replied: 'We are of those who have made a pledge of allegiance to Mohammed that we will strive in Jihad for as long as we live'. And Anas also said: 'The Emigrants and the Helpers began to dig the Trench around Madinah and carried the soil upon their backs saying: 'We are of those who have made a pledge of allegiance to Mohammed for Islam for as long as we live.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) replied: '0 God, there is no good except the good of the Hereafter, so bless the Helpers and the Emigrants'."

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1172. It was related that Al Bara' said: "On the day of The Parties I saw the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) carrying soil, and the soil was covering the whiteness of his' abdomen, and he said: 'Without You, 0 God, we would have no guidance, nor would we have given in charity, nor prayed. So bless us with tranquility and make us firm when we encounter our enemies. Indeed people have oppressed us but we shall never give in if they try to afflict us with adversity."

1173. It was related that Anas said: "When the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) was in a battle he said: 'Some people have stayed behind in Madinah and we have not crossed a mountain path or valley, but they were with us, as they have been prevented for a valid reason."

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It was related that Abu Sa'id said: "I heard the Prophet

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1175. It was related that Zaid Ibn Khalid Al Jahni said that the Messenger of God said: "The one who prepares a fighter going to fight in the Cause of God is himself given the reward 633

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Book of Jihad

of a fighter, and the one who safeguards dependants himself given the reward of a fighter."

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of a fighter who fights in the Cause of God is

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1176. It was related that Anas said: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) did not enter any house in Madinah except the house of Umm Sulairn, other than the houses of his wives, when he was asked why he said: 'I have pity for her as her brother was killed when he was with me."

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"~I}lrS~r~ It was related that Anas said that on the day of Yamama he went to Thabi t Ibn Qais who was lifting up his garments apply embalming prevented brother." finished talks you from coming?" to oil to his body. He said: "0 Uncle, what He said: "Now, son of my during the

And he continued rubbing himself with oil until he and came to sit down. He mentioned had fled the battlefield, of the Messenger so he said:

that the people

"Make way for me to go to fight the enemy, we never would do that in the company miserable of God. What a custom you have picked up from your enemies!"

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It was related that J abir said that on the day of Al Ahzab (the Parties) the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Who will bring me news of the enemy?" "Who will bring me news of the enemy?" will." So the Prophet (Prayers Al Zubair said: "I Al Zubair said: "I will." Then the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: & peace be upon him) said:

"For each Prophet is a disciple and my disciple is Al Zubair."

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It was related that Urwa' Al Bariqi said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Good will remain a permanent trait in the horse until the Day of Resurrection, as they are the cause of either a reward or war spoils."

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1180.

It was related that Anas Ibn Malik said that the Messenger
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1182. It was related that Sahl Ibn Sa'd said: "The Prophet (Prayers
& peace be upon him) kept a horse named Al Llhaif in our

garden". Some people said: "AI Lokhaif."

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said: "I was riding with the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) on a donkey called Ufair. The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: '0 Mu'adh! Do you know what are God's rights on His servants, and what rights His servants have on Him?' I said: 'God and His Messenger know best.' He said: 'God's rights on His servants are that they should worship Him alone, and no other than Him. And the servants rights on God are that He shall never torment the one who worships no other than Him alone.' I said: 'Shall I tell the people of these glad tidings?' He said: 'Do not tell them of it in case they depend upon that
alone'."

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1184. It was related that Anas Ibn Malik said: "The city of Madinah was in a state of fear so the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) borrowed one of our horses named Mandub, he returned and said: 'I did not find anything to fear there and I found this horse very swift',"
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1187, It was related that a man asked Al Bara' Ibn Azib: "Did you desert the Messenger of God during the Battle of Hunain." Al Bara' said: "But the Messenger of God did not take flight. The tribespeople of Hawazin were skilful archers, when we encountered them, we attacked and they fled. When the 637

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Book of Jihad

Muslims arrows

began to seize the war spoils the unbelievers upon us, but the Messenger

rained

of God did not take

flight. Indeed I saw him upon his white mule and Abu Sufyan was holding its reins and the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) was saying: II am the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) in truth, I am the son of Abd Al Muttalib',
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1 188. It was related that Anas said: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) had a she camel named Al-Adba which had no match in a race. Once a Bedouin came riding a camel of less than six years of age which surpassed Muslims it in the race. The were so upset that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be

upon him) noticed their sorrow. He said: 'It is the Law of God that He lowers whatever is elevated in this life'."
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It was related that Vmar distributed

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638

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Book of Jihad

Helpers who had given the oath to the Messenger of God. Umar said: 'She carried the waterskins for us on the day of Uhud'."

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1190. It was related that Al Rabi Bint Mu'auwidh said: "We used with the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) by fetching water for the people and serving them with it and by bringing the dead and wounded back to Madinah."

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It was related that Aisha said: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) was performing a vigil at night and when he arrived in Madinah he said: 'If only a godfearing man from my companions would stand guard for me this night!' All of a sudden the sound of clattering armour was heard. He said: 'Who is there?' The newcomer said: 'I am Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas and I have come to stand guard for you.' So that night the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) slept."

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those who lead their horses by their reins striving in God's Cause, his hair untidy and his feet dusty, if he is charged with guarding, permitted
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the camels and fetched water for them and helped the sick and wounded. The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Today all those who were not fasting gained all the reward'. "
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1197. It was related that Abu Sa'id Al Khudri said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "There will be a time when parties of people will go for Jihad and it will be asked: 'Were any of you in the company of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him)?' They will answer: 'Yes.' So they will be given victory because of that. Then there will be a time when it will be asked: 'Were any of you in the company of the companions of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him)?' They will answer: 'Yes.' So they wil1 be given victory because of that. Then there will be a time when it will be said: 'Were any of you in the company of the companions of the companions of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him)?' They will answer: 'Yes.' And they will be given victory because of that."
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1199. It was related that Umar said: "The property of the Bani Al Nadir which God had given to His Messenger as war spoils, was not gained by the Muslims with their horses and camels. Thus the property belonged to the Messenger of God and so he used to provide his family their yearly expenses, and spend the remainder on arms and horses for the Cause of God."

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1202. It was related that Ibn Abbas said: "When he was in a tent on the day of Badr the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: '0 God! I ask you for the fulfillment of Your Covenant and Promise. 0 God! If You wish to destroy the believers, You would never be worshipped after this day.' Abu Bakr took hold of his hand and said: 'That is enough, 0 Messenger of God! You have persisted in asking God.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) was dressed in his armour and he went out saying: 'Their multitude will be made to give flight and turn their backs, no, but the Hour is the appointed time and that Hour will be more distressful and more harsh for them.' Khalid said that was on the day of the Battle of Badr."
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It was related that Umm Haram said that she heard the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) say: "Paradise is granted to the first of my fol1owers who will participate in a naval expedition." Umm Haram also said: "l said: '0 Messenger of God! Will I be one of them?" He said: 'You will be one of them. Then the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "The first army of my followers who will invade the City
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1205. It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Umar said that the Messenger of God said: "You will fight with the Jews until they will hide behind rocks. The rocks will say: '0 servant of God! There is a Jew hiding behind me, so come and kill him'."

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1206. It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: "The Hour will not come until you fight with the Turks, people with small eyes, reddish faces and flat noses. Their faces will appear like shields covered with leather. The Hour will not come until you fight with people whose shoes are made of hair."

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1207. It was re1ated that Abd Allah Ibn Abi Aufa said: "The Messenger of God invoked Swift-Reckoner, against the unbelievers on the day of The Parties, saying: '0 God! The Revealer of the Book, the 0 God defeat The Parties, 0 God defeat them and shake them'."

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1208. It was related that Aisha said: "The Jews came to the Prophet (Prayers you.' & peace be upon him) and said: 'Death be upon them. The Prophet (Prayers & peace be I said: 'Did you not hear So I cursed

upon him) said: 'What is wrong?'

what they said?' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Did you not hear what I replied?' ."
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in you and refuse to follow you, so invoke

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stroyed.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: '0 God! Guide the people of Daus and permit them to embrace Islam'."

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Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) say on the day of Khaybar: "I will give the ensign to someone at whose hands God win grant victory." So the companions of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) rose up expectantly to see which of them would be given the flag and each of them hoped to be the one. But the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) asked for Ali. Someone told him that he was suffering from an aiJment in his eye, so he ordered them to bring Ali before him. The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) then put some of his saliva in his eyes and his eyes were immediately cured. Ali said: 'We will fight them untiJ them become Muslim.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Have patience, until you confront them and invite them to Islam and tell them of what God has enjoined upon them. By God! If one person embraces Islam at your hands it will be better for you than the best of all blessings."

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1211. It was related that Ka'b Ibn Malik said: "The Messenger of God hardly ever set off on a journey on any day except a Thursday."

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1213. It was related that Ibn Umar said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "One is obliged to hearken and obey for righteous things as long as the order does not command sin, but if an order commands sin, then there is no hearkening or obedience."
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It was related that Abu Huraira said that he heard the Messenger of God say: "We are the last but we win be the first. one who obeys me, obeys God, and the one who disobeys me, disobeys God. The one who obeys the leader, obeys me, and the one who disobeys the leader, disobeys me. The Imam is as a sanctuary for whose security you should fight and where they should seek protection.
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It was related that Ibn Umar said: "When we returned following we had made the pledge of allegiance

the

year not even two of us could agree on which tree under, and that was

from the mercy of God. It was said to him: 'On what did they swear allegiance to him, was it for death?' He said: 'No, but was for perseverance'."
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--

Book of Jihad

1216. It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Zaid said that during the time of Al Harra someone came to him and told him: "Ibn Hanzala is taking an allegiance of death from the people." So he said: "I do not give allegiance for that to anyone after the Messenger of God.
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It was related that Salama said: "I gave allegiance to the Messenger of God and then I went to the shade under a tree. When the crowd around the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) had lessened, he said: '0 Ibn Al Akwa! Will you not give me allegiance?' I said: '0 Messenger of God! I have already given it to you.' He said: 'Do it again.' So I gave allegiance again for the second time. It was said: '0 Aba Muslim! For what did you used to give allegiance at that time?' He said: 'For death'."

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1218. It was related that Mujasha' said: "My brother and I went to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and I asked him to take allegiance from us for migration. He said: 'Migration is no longer with us.' I asked: 'For what will you take allegiance from us?' He said: 'I will take it for Islam and Jihad'." 650

--

Book of Jihad

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1219. It was related that Ibn Masoud said: "A man came to me today and asked me a question to which I do not know the answer." He said: Tell me if a rich active man who is well armed, goes out on military expeditions us to do something with our leaders and orders to do. should (Prayers we obey be only of we are unable

him?' I said: 'By God, I do not know what to say to you except that we were with the Prophet & peace upon him), and he used to command us to do something once until we had done it. And without doubt about the legality of anything, doubt everyone

you will remain safe as long as you obey God. If you are in ask someone who can tell you, but there will come a time before long when you will not find such a person. By Him, to Whom all worship is due, I see the similitude of what has passed of this life as a pond but where the fresh water has been used up leaving nothing water which is muddy."

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1220. It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Abi Aufa said: "The Messenger of God waited until the sun had declined and then he rose up among the people and said: '0 people! Do not wish to encounter the enemy and ask God to save you, but if you do encounter the enemy; then have patience and know that Paradise is under the shade of the sword.' Then he said: '0 God! The Revealer of the Book, the Driver of the clouds, the Defeater of The Parties, defeat them and grant us victory'."

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1221. It was related that Ya'li said: "I took part in the Battle of Tabuk with the Messenger of God and I donated a young camel to be ridden in Jihad, and I saw that as one of the best deeds I had done. Then I employed a worker who argued with another man, one bit the hand of the other and the latter pulled his hand from his mouth knocking out his front tooth. Then the first one insulted the other in front of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and he said: 'Do you expect him to give you his hand for you to bite off they way a male camel bites'."

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1222. It was related that Al Abbas told Al Zubair: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) ordered us to fix the ensign here. "

652

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Book of Jihad

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1223. It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: III have been sent with the most concise expressions having the greatest meanings! and I have been made victorious by casting terror, and while I slept I was given the keys of the treasures of the world in my hand." Abu Huraira also said: "The Messenger of God has departed this world and now you are gaining those treasures."
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1224. It was related that Asma' said: "I prepared the food for the journey for the Messenger of God in the house of Abu Bakr when he prepared to emigrate to Madinah. I could not find anything with which to tie up the food container and waterskin, so I said to Abu Bakr: 'By God, I can not find anything except my waistband.' He said: 'Cut it into two and tie the waterskin with one piece and the food container with the other'." It was said: "She did so and for that she was known as 'the two-belted woman'."
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1225.

It was related that Usama Ibn Zaid said: "The Messenger with a velvet cloth and he let Usama ride behind him."

of

God rode a donkey upon which there was a saddle covered

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1226.

It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Umar said: "The Messenger of God reached Makkah through the high ground on the day of the Conquest, riding his she-camel with Usama behind him. Bilal and Uthman Ibn Talha, a servant of the Ka'ba, were also with him until he made his camel kneel down in the Mosque. He ordered the servant to bring the key of the Ka'ba, he opened the door of the Ka'ba and the Messenger

of God entered with Usama, Bilal and Uthman and stayed inside for a long time. When he came out the people crowded to it and Abd Allah Ibn Umar was the first to enter it, he found Bilal standing behind the door. He asked him: 'Where did the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) pray?' He indicated towards the place where he had offered his prayer. Abd Allah said: 'I forgot to ask him how many Rak'at he had performed. "

1227.

It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Umar said: "The Messenger of God prohibited the people from travelling to a hostile country with copies of the Qur'an."

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1228. It was related that Abu Musa Al Ash'ari said: "We were with the Messenger of God, every time we passed a valley we used to call repeated in loud voices: 'God is Great, God is Great.' So the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: '0 you people! Be at ease. Do not raise your voices too loudly, you are not calling one who is deaf or absent, surely He is with you and He is the All-Hearing, the Near, Blessed is His Narne and Glory be to Him."
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1229. It was related that Jabir Ibn Abd Allah said: "When we ascended any place we use to say 'God is Great' and whenever we descended from any place we used to say 'Glory be to God'."
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1230. It was related that Abu Musa said that the Messenger of God said: "When a servant becomes ill or travels he receives a reward similar to that he would get for a good deed done at home when he enjoys good health."

655

--

Book of Jihad

1231. It was related that Ibn Umar said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'If the people only knew what I know about travelling alone no one would ever travel alone at night."
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1232. It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Amr said: "A man went to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and asked for his permission to participate in Jihad. The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Are your parents living?' He said: 'Yes.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Then

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1233. It was related that Abu Bashir Al Ansari said that he was with the Messenger of God on some of his journeys. The Messenger of God sent a messenger saying: 'Cut any necklace of string or any sort of necklace from around the necks of the camels'. "
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1234. It was related that Ibn Abbas said that he heard the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) say: "It is not permissible for a

656

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Book of Jihad

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man to be alone with a woman and no woman should travel except with a Mahram." A man stood up and said: '0 Messenger of God! I have joined the army for the battle of so and so, and my wife had to leave for Pilgrimage. The Messenger
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It was related that Abu Huraria said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "God delights in those who will enter Paradise in chains."

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1236. It was related that Al Sa'b Ibn laththama said: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) passed me by at a place called Al Abwa' or at Waddan and was speaking about the people in a house who lay in wait for the unbelievers at night while their women and children were unprotected. He said: 'They are of them.' And I heard him say: 'There is no protection except from God High Exalted, and His Messenger'."
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1237. It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Umar said: "In a battle of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) a woman was found killed, so the Messenger of God prohibited the killing of women and children."

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1238. It was related that Ibn Abbas said that when he learned that Ali had burnt people, he said: "If it had been me I would not

have burnt them because the Prophet (Prayers & peace be
upon him) said: 'Do not punish with the punishment of God.' And I would have killed them, as the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Whoever renegades from his Religion, kill him'.
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1239. It was related that Abu Huraira said: "I heard the Messenger of God say: 'An ant bit one of the Prophets (peace be upon him) so he ordered the anthill to be burnt. Then God inspired him: 'Do you burn a nation from the nations which praise Me because one ant bit you?'"

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1240. It was related that Jarir Ibn Abd Allah said: "The Messenger of God told me: 'Will you get rid of Dhul-Khalasa for me?" It was a house in Khath'am called Ka'bat al Yamaniya. So I went out with one hundred and fifty knights from Ahmas who were horsemen. I was unable to sit upon a horse so he stroke me on my chest to the point that I saw the marks of his fingers on my chest, and he prayed for me saying: '0 God! Make him steady and make him a guide who is guided.' So he went out and demolished it and burnt it. Then he sent to the Messenger of God informing him of what he had accomplished. Jarir's envoy said: 'By The One Who sent you in Truth, I did not come to you until I had left it like a disemboweled camel or ruined.' He said: 'Then he invoked blessings upon the horses and men of Ahmas five times."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Kisra will be ruined and there will be no Kisra after him, and Caesar will perish and there will be no Caesar after him and you will share their treasure in the Cause of God. He also said that the Prophet
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(Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "War is deceit."

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It was related that AJ Bara' said: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) appointed Abd Allah Ibn Jubair as commander of fifty infantrymen on the day of Uhud. He ordered them: 'Hold your position and do not desert it before I send for you, even if you see birds snatching us away, and if you see that we have defeated before I send for you.' the unbelievers and made them were defeated, take flight, even then you should not desert your position Then the unbelievers by God, I saw the women taking flight with their anklets and

660

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their legs bared, lifting their skirts. So the companions of Abd Allah Ibn lubair said: 'The war spoils! 0 people, the war spoils! Your companions have gained victory, what are you waiting for?' Abd Allah Ibn Jubair said: 'Have you forgotten what the Messenger of God told you?' They said: 'By God! We will go to the enemy and gather our share of the war spoils.' But when they approached them they were compelled to turn back. The Messenger of God was then at the rear calling them to return. Only twelve men stayed beside the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and the unbelievers martyred seventy of our men. On the day of Badr the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and his companions had caused the unbelievers to lose one hundred and forty men, seventy had been taken prisoner and seventy had been killed. Abu Sufyan asked three times: 'Is Mohammed here?' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) ordered his companions not to reply. Then he asked three times: 'Is the son of Abu Quhafa here?' Then he asked three times: 'Is the son of Al Khattab here?' Then he returned to his companions and said: 'Those men have been killed.' Umar could not contain himself and said: 'By God! You have lied! 0 enemy of God! All those you have made mention of are living and the thing which grieves you remains.' Abu Sufyan said: Today our victory equalises yours in the Battle of Badr, and war has its turns, and you will find that some of your men have been mutilated, while I did not encourage my men to do that I do not regret their action.' Thereafter he repeated gleefully: '0 Hubal, be exalted! 0 Hubal, be exalted!' At that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Why do you not respond?' They said: 'What should we say?' He said: 'Say, God
661

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is Greater and most Exalted.' Abu Sufyan said: !We have AIUzza and you have no Uzza.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Why do you not respond?' They said: !O Messenger of God! What should we say?' He said: 'Say God is our Helper and you have no helper'."

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1243. It was related that Salama said: "I set off from Madinah for Al Ghaba, when I reached the mountain track of Al Ghaba I encountered a slave of Abd Al Rahman Ibn Auf. I said to him: 'Woe to you, what brings you here?' He said: The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him)'s she-camels have been taken away.' I said: 'Who has taken them?' He said: 'Ghatafan and Fazara.' So I cried out three times: '0 Sabahah! 0 Sabahah!' in such a loud voice that the people between the two mountains heard me. Then I made haste until I caught up with them. I began to shoot arrows at them saying: 'I am the son of Al Akwa, today the thieves will perish!' So I rescued the camel s from them before the thieves could drink water. When I returned the camels the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) met me and I said: !O Messenger of God! Those
662

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Book of Jihad

people are thirsty and I have prevented so send people

them from drinking (Prayers

to drive them off.' The Prophet

&
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peace be upon him) said: '0 son of Al Akwa, you have overcome them so forgive them. They are now in the company their own people'."

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It was related that Abu Juhaifa said: "I asked Ali: 'Do you
know of any revelation besides that which is in the Book of but God God?' Ali said: 'No, by He Who splits the grain and creates the soul! We have not been given such knowledge, has given us the capability of understanding, understand so that we may

the Qur'an and that which is written on these pafor the freeing of prisoners, and rul-

pers. I asked: 'What is written on them?' He said: 'What is prescribed for bloodrnoney, unbeliever'. "

ing that a Muslims should not be killed for the killing of an

663

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1246. It was related that Anas Ibn Malik said: "Some of the Helpers asked the Messenger of God: '0 Messenger of God! Permit us to forgo the ransom of our nephew Al Abbas.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said; 'Do not leave as much as a Dirham of if."
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1247. It was related that Salama Ibn Al Akwa' said: "A spy from the unbelievers came to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be The spy sat with the upon him) when he was journeying.

companions of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and began to speak and then left The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Follow him and kill him.' So I killed him. Then the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) gave him the possessions of the spy he had killed."
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1248. It was related that Ibn Abbas said: "Thursdav! What came to pass on Thursday!" He began to weep until his tears soaked the stony ground. Then he said: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him)'s illness worsened on Thursday and he said: 'Bring me writing implements so that I may dictate something to you which will keep you from going astray thereafter.' The people disputed about this and they should not have disagreed in front of a Prophet. They said: 'The Messenger of God is gravely ill.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Leave me alone, for I am better as I am now than what you bide me to.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) was on his deathbed and gave three orders saying: 'Expel the unbelievers from the Arabian Peninsula, respect foreign emissaries, and give them gifts as you have seen me do'." And I have forgotten the third.

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1249. It was related that Ibn Umar said that the Prophet (Prayers
& peace be upon him) rose up among the people, praised

God Almighty as is His due, and mentioned the False Messiah, saying: 'I warn you from him and there is no Prophet who did not warn his nation of him, and Noah warned his nation of him, but I will tell you something that no Prophet told his nation. You should know that he is a one-eyed man and God does not have one eye'."

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1250.

It was related that Hudhaifa said that the Prophet (Prayers
& peace be upon him) said: "Compile a list of the names of

those people who have embraced Islam.' So we compiled a list of one thousand and five hundred men. Then we thought: 'Should we fear the unbelievers even though we are one thousand and five hundred in all?' Indeed we had seen such affliction and adversity to the point that we had had to offer prayers alone out of fear."

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It was related that Abu Talha said: "When the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) vanquished a people, he would remain in their city for three days."

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It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Umar said: "One of Ibn

Umar's horse ran away and the enemy seized it. Then the Muslims vanquished that enemy and the horse was returned to him in the life time of the Messenger of God." And one of his slaves escaped and joined the Romans, so when the Muslims vanquished them, khalid Ibn Al Walid returned him after the Prophet's Lidetme." 666

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1253. It was related that Jabir Ibn Abd Allah said that he said: "0 Messenger of God! We have slaughtered one of our young sheep and have ground one measure of barley, so I invite you with some other people." The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) called out: '0 people of the Trench! Come along, Jabir has prepared a meal for us."

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1254. It was related that Umm Khalid, the daughter of Khalid Ibn Sa'id said: "I went to the Messenger of God with my father and I was wearing a yellow garment. The Messenger of God said: 'Good! Good!' I began to play with the seal of Prophethood which lay between the Prophet's (Prayers & peace be upon him) shoulders and my father scolded me. The Messenger of God said: 'Leave her.' And then the Messenger of God said three times: 'Wear this dress until it wears out and then wear another dress until it wears out'."
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1255. It was related that Abu Huraira said: "The Prophet (Prayers
& peace be upon him) rose up among us and spoke of the

theft of war spoils before their distribution, he stressed the gravity of it and said it was a great sin, he said: 'Do not steal the war spoils before distribution, for I should not like to see anyone of you on the Day of Resurrection carrying a bleating sheep around his neck or a grunting camel. Such a one will say: '0 Messenger of God! Intervene with God for me!' And I shall say: 'I cannot help you for I conveyed the Message of God to you.' Or one carrying garments which will flutter and he will say: '0 Messenger of God! Intervene with God for me!' And I will say: 'I cannot help you for I conveyed the Message of God to you'."

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1256. It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Amr said: "There was a man named Karkara who used to take care of the family and possessions of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him). When he died the Messenger of God said: 'He is in the Fire.' The people went to look at him and found in his place a cloak he had stolen from the war spoils."

668

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Book of Jihad

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] 257. It was related that Ibn Al Zubair said to Ibn Ja'far: "Do you recall when you and I and Ibn Abbas went out to meet the Messenger of God?" Ibn Ja'far said: 'Yes.' Ibn Al Zubair said: 'And the Messenger of God made us ride along with him and left you'."

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]259. It was related that Anas Ibn Malik said: "We were with the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) returning form Usfan and the Messenger of God was mounted on his she-camel with Safiya hint Huyay riding behind him. His she-camel slipped and they both fell down. Abu Talha sprung from his camel and said: '0 Messenger of God! May God sacrifice me for you.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said:

669

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Y 'fr

'Attend to the lady.' So Talha covered his face with a garment and went to Safiya and covered her with it, and then he righted the she-camel and both of them rode, and we circled the Messenger of God. When we neared Madinah the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'We return in repentance and worshiping and giving praise to our Lord.' He repeated this until he entered Madinah."
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1261. It was related that Malik Ibn Aus said: " I was at home and the sun rose high and it became hot. Then the envoy of Umar Ibn Al Khattab came to me and said: 'The Leader of the Believers has sent for you.' So I departed with him and went to the place where Umar was sitting upon a couch made of date palm leaves without a mattress, and he leant upon a leather cushion. I saluted him and sat down. He said: '0 Ma670

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Book of Jihad

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lik, some of your people who have families came to me and I have ordered that they should receive a gift. So take it and distribute it between them.' I said: '0 Leader of the Believers! I wish you would order someone else to do that.' He said: 'Take it!' As I sat there with him his usher Yarfa came in and said: 'Uthman, Abd Al Rahman Ibn Auf, Al Zubair and Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas seek your permission to come in, may I admit them?' Umar said: 'Yes.' So they were admitted and they entered and saluted him and sat down. A while later Yarfa came in again and said: 'May I admit Ali and Abbas?' Umar said: 'Yes.' So they were admitted and they entered and saluted him and sat down. Then Abbas said: '0 Leader of the Believers! Rule between me and Ali.' They were disputing about the property of Bani Al Nadir which God had given to His Messenger as war spoils. The party of Uthman said: "0 Leader of the Believers! Rule between them and let them part company.' Umar said: 'Patience! I implore you by God by Whose permission the Heaven and Earth exist, do you not know that the Messenger of God said: 'Our property will not be inherited and anything we leave is for charity, and the Messenger of God referred to himself in this?' The party said: 'He did say so.' Umar turned to Ali and Abbas and said: 'I implore you by God, do you not know that the Messenger of God said that?' They said: 'He said so.' Umar then said: 'So I will speak to you concerning this matter. God favoured His Messenger with the kind of war spoils which He gave to no other. Vmar then recited the Verse: "And whatever spoils of war God bestowed upon His Messenger from them, you urged not any horse or riding camel for the sake thereof but God prevails His Messengers over whom He pleases." (Surah
671

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Book of Jihad

all 87wn

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59 verse 6) Umar also said: 'So that property was given to the Messenger of God as a special case, but by God, he did not take possession of it and exclude you, not did he prefer himself with it and exclude you, but he gave it to all of you and distributed it between you until this is all that was left from it. The Messenger of God used to provide for the expenses of his family from it every year and used to keep the remainder as funds for the Cause of God. The Messenger of God did this all his life. I ask you by God, do you not know that?' They said: 'Yes.' Umar then said to Ali and Abbas: 'I ask you by God, do you not know that?' Umar also said: 'When God took His Prophet to Him, Abu Bakr said: 'I am the successor of the Messenger of God, so Abu Bakr took over the property and dealt with it in the same way as the Messenger of God had done, and God knows that he was truthful, godfearing and rightly guided, and he followed what is right. Then God took Abu Bakr to Him and I became Abu Bakr's successor, and I kept the property in my possession for the first two years of my Caliphate, I dealt with it in the same way as the Messenger of God had done and as Abu Bakr had done, and God knows that I have been truthful, godfearing and have followed what is right. So now you both come to me putting forward the same claim and offering the same argument, you Abbas came to me asking for your share of your nephew'S property, and the other came to me asking for his wife's share from her father's property. I told you both that the Messenger of God said: 'Our property is not to be inherited, and anything we leave is to be given in charity." When I saw that it was right for you that I should hand over this property to you I said: 'I am prepared to hand over this 672

--

Book of Jihad

property to you if you wish, providing that you swear an oath that you will deal with it in the same way as the Messenger of God used to do and as Abu Bakr used to do, and as I have done since I have been charged with it.' So you both said to me: 'Hand it to us,' and on that condition I handed it to you.' The party said: 'Yes.' Then Umar turned to Ali and Abbas and said: 'I ask you by God, did I hand it over to you on that condition?' They said: 'Yes.' He said: 'Do you seek a different decision?' By God, by Whose permission both the Heaven and Earth exist, I will never give any decision other than the one I have given. And if you are unable to look after it then return it to me, and I will manage it for you'."

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1262. It was related that Anas showed us two worn out leather shoes with shredded leather straps and said: "These were the shoes of the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him)."
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us a thick waist wrapper similar to those made in Yemen, and a garment called a AI-Mulabbada."
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1265. It was related that Jabir Ibn Abd Allah Al Ansari said: "One
of our men fathered a boy who he called Al Qasim. At this

the Helpers said: 'We win never call you Abu Al Qasim and we will never oblige you with that blessed name." So he went to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and said: "0 Messenger of God! I have fathered a boy who I called AI Qasim and the Helpers said: 'We will never call you Abu Al Qasim, nor will we oblige you with that name." The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "The Helpers have acted correctly. you may name after my name, but not by calling someone as if he were my father, for I am Qasim."

674

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Book of Jihad

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1266. It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: "I do not give you anything nor do I withhold anything from you, I am merely one who distributes, and I give as I am commanded."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "One of the Prophets (peace be upon him) intended to make an expedition, so he said to his followers: 'If any of you have married a woman and you wish to consummate the marriage but have not yet done so, then you should not accompany me, or if a man has 675

........... Book of Jihad

constructed a house but has not completed its roof, or if a man has sheep or she-camels expecting young.' So the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) went out on the expedition and reached a town just before the time of the afternoon prayer, he said to the sun: '0 sun! You are subject to God's Command. 0 God! Do not let it set.' It did not set until God granted him victory, then he amassed the war spoils and the fire came to burn it, but it was not burnt. He said to his men: 'Some of you have stolen from the war spoils, so a man from every tribe should swear a pledge of allegiance with me. They did so and the hand of one man got stuck to the Prophet's (peace be upon him) hand. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'The theft has been committed by your people. So you must all give me the pledge of allegiance by shaking hands with me.' The hands of two or three men got stuck on the Prophet's (peace be upon him) hand and he said: 'You are the thieves.' Then they brought a golden head fashioned like a cow and placed it there, and the fire came and consumed the war spoils. Then God made the spoils legal for us, God saw our failings and weakness, so He legalised the war spoils for us."

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1270. It was related that Jabir Ibn Abd Allah said: "When the Messenger of God was distributing the war spoils at Al Ja'rana, it was said to him: 'Be fair.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Indeed it would cause me grief if I was not fair'."

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J 271. It was related that Ibn Umar said: "Umar gained two female prisoners of war from Hunain as captives and left them in houses at Makkah. When the Messenger of God released the captives without ransom they walked out onto the street. Umar said: '0 Abd Allah! See what is wrong.' Abd Allah said: 'The Messenger of God has released the captives without ransom.' He said: 'Go and release the two slave girls'."

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It was related that Abd Al Rahman Ibn Auf said: "I was aligned in the ranks on the day of Badr, when I looked towards my right and left I saw two young boys of the Helpers, and I wished I was stronger than they. One of them surprised me saying: '0 Uncle! Do you know Abu Jahl?' I said: 'Yes, what do you want from him, my nephew?' He said: 'I have been told that he insults the Messenger of God, by He in Whose Hands is my life, if I should see him, I will not leave his body until one of us meets his fate.' I was astounded at his speech, then the other boy caught surprised me by saying the same as the other had said. After some time I saw Abu Jahl walking among the people. I said to the boys: 'Look! There is the man you enquired about.' So both of them set upon him with their swords and struck him until he died and then returned to the Messenger of God to tell him about it. The Messenger of God said: 'Which one of you killed him?' They both said: 'I killed him.' The Messenger of God said: 'Have you cleansed your swords?' They said: 'No.' He looked at their swords and said: 'Indeed, you have both killed him and the spoils of the deceased will be given to Mu'adh Ibn Amr Ibn Al Jamuh.' The two boys were Mu'adh Ibn Afra and Mu'adh Ibn Amr Ibn Al Jamuh."

678

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Book of Jihad

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1273. It was related that Anas said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "I give to the people of Quraish to keep them in Islam, because they are closer to the life of ignorance."

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1274. It was related that Anas Ibn Malik said: "When God endowed His Messenger with the property of the Hawazin as war spoils, he began to give some men of Quraish as much as one hundred camels each. At this some men of the Helpers said of the Messenger of God: 'May God forgive His Messenger! He is giving the men of Quraish and forgetting us, even though the blood on our swords has not dried.' When the Messenger of God was told of this he called the Helpers and gathered them in a leather tent and did not summon anyone else. When they had assembled the Messenger of God came and said: 'What is it I have been told you are saying?' The wiser ones among them said: '0 Messenger of God! The wise ones among us did not say anything, but the youths said: 'May God forgive His Messenger! He is giving the men 679

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Book of Jihad

of Quraish and forgetting us, even though the blood of the unbelievers on our swords has not dried.' The Messenger of God said: 'I give to those people who are still close to the life of ignorance. Are you not happy to see them go off with treasure while you return with the Messenger of God to your homes? By God, what you return with is better than that which they return with.' The Helpers said: 'Yes, 0 Messenger of God, we are satisfied.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'You will find after me others preferred to you, so be patient until you meet God and His Messenger at the Heavenly Fountain.' Anas said: 'But we did not remain patient'. "
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1275. It was related that Jubair Ibn Mut'im said that when he was with the Messenger of God being accompanied by the people on their return from Hunain, the Bedouin began to ask the Messenger of God for things so much that he was forced under a Samura tree until his outer garment was pulled away from him. At that, the Messenger of God rose up and said: 'Return my garment to me. If I had as many camels as these trees I would have shared them out between you, and you will not find me a miser or a liar or a coward."
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1277. It was related that Abd Allah said: "The Messenger of God favoured some people on the day of Hunain in the distribution of the war spoils, he gave Al Aqra Ibn Habis one hundred camels and Uyaina the same number, and he gave preference to some of the notables among the Arabs. Then someone came and said: 'By God! This distribution has not been done fairly nor has the pleasure of God been sought in
it.' I said: 'By God! I will tell the Prophet (Prayers & peace be

upon him).' So I went and told him and he said: 'If God and His Messenger did not act with fairness, who else is there to

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act fairly? May God have Mercy upon Moses, he was harmed more than that, yet he was patient'."

1278. It was related that Ibn Umar said: "We used to get honey and grapes during the battles as war spoils, and we used to eat them and did not store them."

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62. The Book of Jizya

A Tax taken from
Non-Muslims by the Islamic State

1279. It was related that Umar Ibn Al Khattab wrote a letter to the people of Basrah one year before he died, and it read: "Annul every marriage contract made among the Magians between relatives of close kinship." Umar did not take Jizya from the Magian unbelievers that the Messenger until Abd Al Rahman Ibn Auf testified of God had taken Jizya from the Ma-

gians of Hajar.

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1280. It was related that Amr Ibn Auf Al Ansari who was an ally of Bani Amr Ibn Lu'ai and one of those who had taken part in the battle of Badr said: "The Messenger of God sent Abu Ubaida Ibn Al Jarrah to Bahrain to collect the Jizya. The Messenger of God had made peace with the people of Bahrain and appointed Al Ala' Ibn Al Hadrami as governor. When Abu Ubaida returned from Bahrain with the money the Helpers came to know of his arrival which coincided with the time of the morning prayer with the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him). When the Messenger of God led the morning prayer and completed it, the Helpers approached him and he looked at them and smiled at seeing them and said: 'I feel you have heard that Abu Ubaida has returned with something?' They said: 'Yes, 0 Messenger of God.' He said: 'Be glad, and hope for what pleases you! By God I do not fear poverty for you, but I fear that you will lead a life of luxury as former nations did, and you will vie will each other for it, as they vied for it, and it will destroy you as it destroyed them'."

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1281. It was related that Jubair Ibn Haiya said: "Vmar sent the Muslims to the major countries to confront the unbelievers. When Al Hurmuzan embraced Islam Umar said to him: 'I wish to consult with you regarding the countries which I intend to invade.' Al Hurmuzan said: 'Yes, the similitude of these countries and their peoples who are enemies of the Muslims, is as a bird with a head, two wings and two legs. If one wing is broken it will stand on its legs, with one wing and its head, if the other wing is broken it will stand on its legs with its head. But if its head is destroyed then two legs, two wings and the head will be useless. The head represents Kisra and the wing represents Faris. So command the Muslims to confront Kisra.' So Urnar dispatched us and appointed Al Numan Ibn Muqrin as our commander. When we reached the land of our enemy, the representative of Kisra came out with forty

685

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thousand

fighters, and an interpreter

rose up saying: 'One of

you may speak to me!' Al Mughira said: 'Ask anything you like.' The other said: 'Who are you?' Al Mughira said: 'We are Arab people who have led a hard, rough and unfortunate were accustomed were life, we used to suck our hides and dates stones from hunger, we to wearing garments made from camel hair trees and stones. Then as we and the and Sublime is His Majesthe Messenger of our the Lord of the Heavens and goat hair, and to worship in that condition,

Earth, Exalted is His Remembrance and mother

ty, sent to us from among ourselves, a Prophet, whose father we know. Our Prophet, Lord has commanded us to fight you until you worship God

alone or pay the Jizya, and our Prophet has told us that our Lord has said: 'Whoever among you is killed will go to Paradise and lead such a pleasurable and whoever battle, blamed life as he has never seen, among us lives shall become your master.' Al of God, he would not have you.

Numan said to Al Mughira: 'If you had taken part in a similar with the Messenger you for waiting, nor would he have disgraced

But I went with the Messenger

of God many times in battle

and it was has habit that if he did not fight early in the day, he would wait until the wind began to blow and the time for prayer was due'."

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686

Book of Jizya

& peace be upon him) with a white mule and a cloak. The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) concluded a peace treaty with him permitting him to retain authority over his land."

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me.' The Jews were assembled and the They said: 'Yes.' The

be brought

before

Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'I will ask you (: question. Will you answer truthfully?' Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Who is your father?' They said: 'So and so.' He said: 'You have lied, your father is so and so.' They said: 'You are correct.' He said: 'Now will you tell the truth if I ask you something else?' They said: 'Yes, 0 Abu Al Qasim, and if we lie you will know as you die regarding our father.' At that he said: 'Who are the people 01 the Fire?' They said: 'We shall stay in the Fire for a little while and then you will replace us.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'May you be cursed and humiliated in it By God~ We will never replace you in it.' Then he said: 'Will you now tell me the truth if I ask you a question?' They said: 'Yes, 0 Abu Al Qasim.' He said: 'Did you poison this sheep? They said: 'Yes.' He said: 'Why did you do that?' They said: 'We wished to know if your were a liar so that if that was the case we would be rid of you, or if you are a Prophet in whicl case the poison would not hurt you'."
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1285. It was related that Sahl Ibn Abi Hathma said: "Abd Allah Ibn Sahl and Muhaiyisa Ibn Mas'ud Ibn Zaid departed for Khaybar. At that time the inhabitants had a peace treaty with the Muslims. They separated from each other and later on Muhaiyisa found Abd Allah Ibn Sahl lying dead in a pool of blood. He buried him and returned to Madinah. Abd Al Rahman Ibn Sahl, Muhaiyisa and Huwaiyisa the sons of Mas'ud went to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and Abd Al Rahman started to speak but the Prophet (Prayers
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peace be upon him) said: 'Let your eldest speak.' Abd Al Rahman was the youngest. Abd Al Rahman remained silent and the other two spoke. The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'If you swear that you know who had committed the murder it is your prerogative to take your rights from the murderer.' They said: 'How can we swear when we did not witness the murder or see the murderer?' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Then the Jews may deny the charges by fifty of their men swearing that it was not them who committed the murder.' They said: 'How can we believe the oaths of unbelievers?' So the Prophet (Prayers
& peace be upon him) paid the blood money himself."

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1287. It was related that Auf Ibn Malik said: "I we!1tto the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) during the JBattle of Tabuk while he sat inside his leather tent and he said: 'The six signs that indicate the coming of the Hour are; my death, the conquest of Jerusalem, a plague which will afflict you like the plague which afflicts sheep, the increase in wealth to the point that if someone is gi ven one hundred Dinars he will not be satisfied, then an affliction which no Arab house will avoid, and then a amnesty between you and Bani Al Asfar who will then turn on you in attack under eighty flags, and under each flag there will be twelve thousand soldiers."
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It was related that Abu Huraira said: "How will you bl when you will derive no Dirham or Dinar.' He was asked 'How do you know this will happen, 0 Abu Huraira?' H, said: 'By Him in Whose Hands is my life, I know it to be tru as the one who is truthful and inspired said so.' The peopl said: 'What did he say about that?' He said: 'They will violat the trust they have with God and His Messenger so God wi make the hearts of the non-Muslims who pay lizya so def ant that they will refuse to pay the Jizya they should pay."

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1289. It was related that Abd Allah and Anas said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Every traitor will have an ensign on the Day of Resurrection." One of the subnarrators said that the ensign would be mounted and the other said it would be displayed on the Day of Resurrection so that the traitor would be known by it. Ibn Umar said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Every traitor will have an ensign which will be mounted on the Day of Resurrection and the ensign's prominence will show the treason he committed."

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It was related that Imran Ibn Husain said: "Some of the Ban: Tamim went to the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him: and he said: '0 Bani Tamim! Be glad, good tidings!' The) said: 'You gave us good tidings, now give us something else. At this the Prophet's (Prayers & peace be upon him) face changed. Then the people of Yemen went to him and he said: '0 people of Yemen! Accept the good tidings for Ban Tamim has rejected it.' The people from Yemen said: 'We ac cept it.' Then the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) be gan to speak about the Creation and the Throne of God Meanwhile a man came in saying: '0 Imran! Your she-came has run away!' I wished I had not gone away from there." 1m 692

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ran Ibn Husain also said that the Messenger of God said: "In the beginning there was nothing but God, and His Throne was over the water, and He wrote everything in the Book and created the Heavens and the Earth." Then a man called out: '0 Ibn Husain! Your she-camel has run away!' So I went away but could not find the she-camel due to the mirage. By God, I wished I had left the she-camel instead."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: "God High Exalted said: 'The son of Adam disrespects Me, and he should not disrespect Me. and he disbelieves in Me and he should not do so. As for his disrespect towards Me, it is that he says I have a son, and his disbelief in Me is shown when he claims that I shall not recreate him as I created at first.
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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: "When God Almighty completed the Creation, He wrote on His Throne: 'My Mercy overpowers My Anger'."

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It was related that Abu Bakra said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Time has reverted to its original span as it was when God Almighty created the Heavens and the Earth, The year is twelve months from which four months are sacred, three are in succession, Dhul-Qada, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram and the fourth is Rajab of Mudar which lies between Jurnada Al Thani and Sha'ban."

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It was related than Abu Dhar said: "At sunset the Prophet (Prayers where trates Messenger & peace be upon him) asked me: 'Do you know the sun goes to when it sets?' I said: 'God and His know best.' He said: 'It goes down until its prosto itself under the Throne and then takes permission

rise again, and it is permitted and then it will be about to prostrate itself but its prostration will not be accepted and it will seek permission permitted, to continue its course but it will not be to return to where il but it will be commanded

came from and so it will rise in the West. And that is the meaning of the verse: "And the sun runs its course to a settled place, this is the Decree of The Almighty, the AllKnowing."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "The sun and the moon will be coiled up on the Day of Resurrection."

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It was related that Aisha said: "When the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) saw a cloud in the sky he used to walk to and fro, and go in and out, and his face used to change, and then if it rained he used to feel relaxed. Aisha informed him of that and so the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'And how would I know, it maybe as a people said: "Then, when they saw it as a dense cloud coming towards their valleys they said: This is a cloud that shall give us rain.' But it is that which you did seek to hasten, a wind wherein is a painful torment." (Surah 46 verse 24)

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"Everyone is formed in the womb of his mother for forty days, then he becomes a zygote for a similar time, then he becomes a chewed lump of flesh for the same time, then God sends an angel who is commanded words. It win be said to him to write his work, his bounty, his lifespan, and whether he is happy or unhappy. Then blow into him the spirit, so any of you will perform deeds until there is between him and Paradise an armspan, but what is written for him will determine his conduct and he will commit deeds like the people of Hell. And any of you may commit deeds until there is between him and the Fire an armspan and then what is written for him will determine his conduct and he will perform deeds of the people of Paradise."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "If God loves someone, He calls Gabriel saying: 'God loves so and so, 0 Gabriel, love him.' Gabriel will love him and announce before the dwellers of Heaven: 'God loves so and so, so you should love him as well.' And so all the dweller of the Heaven will love him, and then he is granted the pleasure of the people on the earth."

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It was related that Aisha, the wife of the Prophet (Prayers
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say: 'The angels descend in the clouds and mention this or that matter in Heaven. The devils listen secretly to such matters and come down to inspire the fortune-tellers with it, and they add on to it one hundred lies of their own."
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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Every Friday the angels take their stand at every gate of the mosques to write the names of the people in order of their arrival for the Friday prayer, and when the Imam sits they fold up their scrolls and prepare to listen to the speech."

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It was related that Aisha said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said to her: "0 Aisha' This is Gabriel and 697

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It was related that Ibn Abbas said: "The Messenger of God asked Gabriel: 'Why do you not visit us more often?' Then the verse was revealed: "And we do not descend except at the Command of your Lord, to Him belongs all that is in the future, and all that is in the past, and all that is in the present. And your Lord is never forgetful." (Surah 19 verse 64)

1304.

It was related that Ibn Abbas said that the Messenger of God said: "Gabriel read the Qur'an to me in a certain dialect and I asked him to read it in different ways until he read it in seven different dialects."

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pit: IIAnd they shall cal1: '0 Malik, let your Lord put an end to us!' He will say: 'Surely you be abide'."

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It was related that Aisha said that she asked the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him): "Have you encountered a day worse than the day of Uhud?' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Your tribes have aggrieved me much and the worse distress was the distress on the day of Aqaba when I went to Ibn Abd Yalail Ibn Abd Kulal and he did not respond to my demand. So I left overtaken with grief and I went on bewildered and could not rest until I found myself at Qarnath Tha'alib where I glanced towards the sky and saw a cloud shading me all of a sudden. I looked up and saw Gabriel in it, he called to me saying: 'God has heard what your people said to you, and He has heard the response. God has sent the Angel of the Mountains to you for you to command him to do whatever you desire to them.' The Angel of the Mountains called and greeted me and said: '0 Mohammed, command whatever you wish. If you like I will let the two mountains fall upon them.' The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'No, I only hope that God will per-

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It was related that Abd AlJah said of the verse: "And indeed he saw of the greatest Signs of his Lord." (Surah 53 verse 18) That the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) had seen a green carpet outspread over the entire horizon in the sky.

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It was related that Aisha said: "Whoever says that Mohammed saw his Lord is committing a grievous error, for he
only saw Gabriel in the form in which he was created and he

covered the entire horizon."
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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: "If a husband calls his wife to bed and she refuses and makes him sleep in anger, the angels will curse her until the morning."

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1311. It was related that Ibn Abbas said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "On the night of my Journey to the Heaven, I saw Moses who was a tall brown curly haired man like the men of the Shan'awa tribe, and I saw Jesus who was of middling height and medium complexion, slightly reddish and white, with soft straight hair. I also saw Malik, the keeper of the gates of the Fire, and the False Messiah among the signs which God showed me. Then he recited: "And We have given to Moses the Book, so be not in doubt about receiving it, and We made it a guidance to the Children of Israel." (Surah 32 verse 23)
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It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Umar said that the Messenger of God said: "When any of you dies, he will be shown his destiny in the morning and in the evening. and if he is of the people of Paradise, he will be shown his place in Paradise, 701

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It was related that Imran Ibn Husain said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "I looked at Paradise and saw that the majority of its dwellers were the poor, and I looked at the Fire and saw that the majority of its dwellers were women."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said: "We were with the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) and he said: 'When I was sleeping I saw myself in Paradise and a woman was performing ablution next to a palace, I asked: 'To whom does this palace belong?' It was said: 'To Umar Ibn Al Khattab.' Then I recalled Urnar's jealousy and I went away quickly from the palace.' Umar wept and said: 'Do you really believe I would be jealous of you, 0 Messenger of God?' ."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: "The faces of the first party to be admitted into Paradise will shine like the moon on the night when it is full. They will not spit or blow their noses nor attend to the call of nature. Their utensils will be of gold, their combs will be of gold and silver, their braziers will be of scented wood, and their sweat will be musk. For each one of them will have two wives, the bone marrow of their wives' legs will be visible through the flesh from its beauty. They will not dispute nor hate each other, their hearts will be as if they are one heart, and they will praise God in the morning and in the evening." It was related that he also said that the Messenger of God said: "The faces of the first party to be admitted into Paradise will shine like the moon on the night when it is full. Those who follow them will shine like the brightest star. Their hearts will be as if they are one heart, They will not dispute nor hate each other, For each one of them will have two wives, the bone marrow of their wives' legs will be visible through the flesh from its beauty. They will not feel ill, nor spit or blow their noses. Their utensils will be of gold and silver, their combs will be of gold, the fuel of their braziers will be of scented wood - Abu Al Yamani said: 'This means Al Uood" - and their sweat will be musk."

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It was related that Sahl Ibn Sa'd said that the Prophet

(Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Seventy thousand or seven hundred thousand of my followers will be admitted to Paradise, the first of them will not enter until the last of them has entered, their faces wiJl shine like a moon in its fullest phase.
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It was related that Anas said: "The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) was presented with a cloak of silk and he use to prohibit the wearing of silk by men. The people admired the cloak, so he said: 'By the One in Whose Hands is the life of Mohammed, the handkerchief of Said Ibn Mu'adh in Paradise is better than this."

1318.

It was related that Anas said that the Prophet (Prayers &

peace be upon him) said: "There is a tree in Paradise which a rider could ride beneath its shade for one hundred years and still not traverse it."

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It was related that Abu Sa'id Al Khudri said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "The people of Paradise will look at the dwellers way one gazes at a distant that the people mansions of the lofty mansions shining as the or At star on the eastern

western horizon, for they are superior over one another." said: "0 Messenger

of God! Are the lofty

the mansions of the Prophets (peace be upon them)

which no one else can attain?" The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "By God in Whose Hand is my life, some who believe them."
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It was related that Aisha said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Fever comes from an increase in the flames of the Fire and emanates fromits heat, so douse it with water."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "Fire is one part of seventy parts of Hell Fire." It was asked: '0 Messenger of God! Our fire is sufficient.' The Messenger of God said: 'Hell Fire has sixty nine more parts than the fire of this world, each part is as hot as the fire of this world."

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It was related that Usama Ibn Zaid said that the Messenger of God said: "A man will be summoned on the Day of Resurrection and cast into the Fire, so that his intestines will come out and he wil I go round as a donkey goes round a millstone. The people of the Fire will gather around him and say: '0 so and so, what is the matter with you? Did you not order us to do good deeds and forbid us from doing bad deeds?' He will say: 'Yes, I used to order you to do good deeds but I did not do them myself, and I used to forbid you from doing bad deeds but I used to do them myself."

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It was related that Aisha said: '''The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) was bewitched so that he imagined he had done something that he had not done. One day he called upon God for a long time and then said: 'God has shown me in a vision how to cure myself. Two people appeared to me in a vision and sat down, one at my head and the other at my feet. One said to the other: 'What does this man suffer from?' The other said: 'He has been bewitched.' The first asked: 'Who has bewitched him?' The other said: 'Lubaid Ibn Al A'sam.' The first asked: 'What did he use for it?' The other said: 'A comb with hair in it and the husks of a male date palm.' The first said: 'Where are they?' The other said: 'In the well of Dharwan.' " So the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) left for the well and came back and said: 'Its dates palms are like the heads of devils.' I said: 'Did you remove the things which were used in the magic?' He said: 'No, as God has cured me and I fear that if I did so, wrongdoing might spread among the people.' The well was later sealed with earth. " 707

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of God said: "Satan comes to you and says: 'Who created so and so?' until he says: 'Who has created your Lord?' So when he instills such a question in you, you should seek refuge in God from such thoughts.
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It was related that Abd Allah Ibn Urnar said: "I saw the Messenger of God indicating towards the east and saying: 'Indeed afflictions will appear from here, afflictions will indeed appear from here where Satan appears.
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t 327. It was related that Jabir Ibn Abd Allah said that the Prophet
(Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "At dusk keep your children near you, for the devil goes about then. After an hour you may let them run about, and close the doors of your house at night and mention the Name of God upon it, and cover your utensils, and mention the Name of God upon them, you can cover them with anything."

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It was related that Sulaiman Ibn Surd said: "I was with the

Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) when two men insulted each other and the face of one turned red in anger until his jugular bulged. At that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'I know a word which will make him relax if he says it. If he says: 'I seek refuge with God from Satan the accursed, all his anger will disappear." It was said: 'The Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: 'Seek refuge from Satan the accursed.' The angry man said: 'Am I mad?' "

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1329.

It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "yawning is from Satan, so when any of you yawns, he should try to restrain it as he much as he can, as when any of you says "Haa" Satam Loughs at him"

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1330.

It was related that Abu Qatada said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "A true vision is from 709

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God and a dream is from Satan, so if any of you has a dream which makes him frightened, he should spit to his left side and seek refuge with God from its harm, then it will not harm
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1331,

It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "If any of you awakes from slumber and performs ablution, he should wash his nose by drawing water into it and then blow it out three times, as Satan was staying in the uppermost part of his nose all night. "
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It was related that Ibn Umar said he heard the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) giving a speech on the pulpit saying: "Kill the snakes and kill the one with two white marks on its back and the one with a stunted tail, as they blind the sight and induce abortion," He also said: "I chased a snake intending to kill it, but Abu Lubaba said: 'Don't kill it.' I said: 'The Messenger of God ordered us to kill the snakes,' He said: 'But later he prohibited the killing of snakes which live inside the houses',"
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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger of

God said: "The chief cause of disbelief is in the east. Conceit and arrogance are traits of those who possess horses and camels, and the Bedouin are so occupied with their camels they pay no heed to Religion, while humility and gentleness are the traits of those who own sheep."
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It was related that Uqba Ibn Umar and Abu Mas'ud said:

"The Messenger of God indicated with his hand towards Yemen and said: 'Yemen has true faith, but harshness and heartlessness are the traits of those who are busy with their camels and pay no heed to Religion, where the two sides of Satan's head will appear. Such traits are found in the tribes of Rab'ia and Mudar."
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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "When you hear the cock crow, seek God's blessings for it has seen an angel. And
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when you hear a donkey bray seek refuge with God for it has seen a devi I."
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1336.

It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "A party of Israelites were lost, no one knows what they did, but I do not see other that they were cursed and changed into rats, for if you put the milk of a she-camel in front of a rat it will not drink it." I related this to Ka'b and he asked me: 'Did you hear that from the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him)?' I said: 'Yes.' Ka'b asked me the same question many times, until I told him: 'Did you see me read the Torah?' "

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "If a housefly falls into the drink of any of you, then you should dip it wholly into the drink, for if there is harm on one of its wings, the other wing has the antidote for it."

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It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Messenger

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God said: "God forgave a prostitute because she found a dog panting from thirst near a well and saw that the dog was dying of thirst, so she removed her shoe and strung her head cover around it, and drew out some water for it, so God forgave her."

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64. The Book of The Prophets (Prayers & peace be upon him)
1339. It was related that Abu Huraira said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "God created Adam and made him sixty cubits in height. When He created him He said: 'Go and salute those angels and listen to their reply, for it will be your salutation and the salutation of your descendants.' So Adam said to the angels: 'Peace be upon you.' The angels said: 'Peace and God's Mercy be upon you.' So the angels added: 'and God's Mercy be upon you.' Everyone who enters Paradise wil1look like Adam, humanity has been progressively decreasing in height since Adam was created."
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It was related that Anas said: "When Abd Allah Ibn Salam knew that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) had arrived in Madinah he went to him and said: "I will ask you three things which no one knows except a prophet: What is the first Sign of the Hour? What will be the first meal of the people of Paradise? Why does a child look like its father, and why does it look like its maternal uncle?' The Messenger of God said: 'Gabriel has just told me of the answers.' Abd Allah said: 'He is, of all the angels, the most vehement enemy of the Jews.' The Messenger of God said: 'The first Sign of the Hour will be a fire that will bring the people of the east and the west together, the first meal of the people of Paradise will be the caudal lobe of fish liver. As for the child's resemblance to its parents, if a man is intimate with his wife and his discharge is first, the child will look like its father, and if the woman's discharge is first the child will look like her.' At that Abd '0 Messenger of Allah Ibn Salam said: 'I bear witness that you are the Messenger of God.' Abd Al1ah Ibn Salam added: 715

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God! The Jews are liars, and if they become aware of my embracing Islam before you ask them, they will lie to you about me.' The Jews came to the Messenger of God and Abd Allah went into the house. The Messenger of God asked the Jews: 'What sort of man is Abd Allah Ibn Salam?' They said: 'He is the most know ledgeabJe of us and the best of us and the son of the best of all of us." The Messenger of God said: 'What will you do if he embraces Islam?' The Jews said: 'May God save him from it.' Then Abd Allah Ibn Salam came out before them and said: 'I bear witness there is no god but God and that Mohammed is the Messenger of God.' At that they said: 'He is the most evil of us and the son of the most evil of us.' And they continued to speak badly about him."

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It was related that Anas said that the Prophet (Prayers & peace be upon him) said: "God will say to the person in the Fire who receives the lightest punishment: 'If you were given everything on earth would you redeem yourself with it?' He said: 'Yes.' God Almighty will say: 'I asked you for less than
716

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