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


 


 


     
     

‫א‬
‫א‬
" " ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
asobky@ritsec.org.eg, egy_asobky@gdlnmail.org :
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪:‬‬

‫‪‬‬
‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:      ‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬

‫א‬ ‫אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫(‪:‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪٢‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪: ‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫"‪،"ICDL‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪٣٨‬‬ ‫‪،٢٠٠٣‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪١٦‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫"‪."ICT Trust Fund‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪٣‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫اﻷﺟﻬﺰة‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻹدارﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﻤﺪرﺳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﺘﻼﻣﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﻤﺪارس‬

‫‪٢٦٧٧‬‬ ‫‪٩٨‬‬ ‫‪٣٠٧‬‬ ‫‪٢٤٠١‬‬ ‫‪١٨٣٤٨‬‬ ‫‪٣٨‬‬

‫‪: PFCE  ‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫(‬ ‫‪٤‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‪١٠‬‬ ‫‪١٤‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪٢٦‬‬ ‫‪١٣٠٠‬‬ ‫(‪،‬‬ ‫‪٥‬‬ ‫)‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪: NEPAD  ‬‬

‫א‬ ‫"‪"NEPAD‬‬ ‫" א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫"א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪٦‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א א‬

‫‪٤‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬



   
‫א‬
 
 
‫א‬ ‫א‬ . ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  


، ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

. ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬/ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

:       

‫א‬ ‫א‬ "Broad Band" ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ . ٧٧٠٠ ‫א‬

٨ ، ‫א‬ ٢٠٠٠ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

("LAN" ١٣ ‫א‬ )

. ... ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

: 

٥ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬: ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫א ‪  ‬‬
‫‪  ‬א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫‪  ‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א ‪.‬‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫(‬ ‫א‬ ‫)א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪Virtual Classroom‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪.Synchronous‬‬ ‫א א‬

‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪ Asynchronous‬א‬

‫‪:  ‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪٢٠٠٦‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪ ،‬א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪٦‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬‫‪‬א‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬

‫‪‬‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪٢٠٠٠‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪٨٢٠‬‬ ‫א‬

‫" ‪Virtual‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪"Learning Communities‬‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪٧‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬



    
‫ א‬
‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  

ƒ


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ƒ

:         

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ، ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

: ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬

Broad ) ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ƒ

.(Band

: ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ƒ

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ o

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

. ‫א‬ ‫א‬

٨ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬: ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪o‬‬

‫)‪.(Hackers and Intruders‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫א‬

‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬

‫א‬ ‫אא‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪o‬‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪٩‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫‪o‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪o‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬

‫‪:        ‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١٠‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:     ‬‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪o‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫"‪"SMEs‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫"‪"Franchise‬‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١١‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‪١٠‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫(‪.‬‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫"‪"Internet-based Call Centers‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪o‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫"‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪."Franchise −‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:  ‬‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١٢‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫"‪ "FOSS‬א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬

‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪،‬‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١٣‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫(‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫)א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:       ‬‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١٤‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫אא‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪o‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪ o‬א‬

‫א‬ ‫(‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬

‫‪:‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١٥‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א אא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫(‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:           ‬‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫)‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١٦‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫(‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:     ‬‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫(‬ ‫–‬ ‫א‬ ‫–‬ ‫)‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬

‫‪١٧‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫א‬

‫‪:"Digital Library"     ‬‬ ‫ƒ‬

‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١٨‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫"‪"Digital Library‬‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫א‬

‫‪١٩‬‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪:‬א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

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