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GUIDELINES FOR COMPOSITION (DIRECTED WRITING/CONTINUOUS WRITING)
1 OPENING PARAGRAPH using idiom, proverb, quotation, saying, question, anecdote, statistics, description etc interesting PARAGRAPH 2 main idea details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases well-developed PARAGRAPH 3 main idea details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases well-developed PARAGRAPH 4 main idea details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases well-developed CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH summarizing using idiom, proverb, quotation, saying, question, anecdote, statistics, description etc Mark
*** Complete this self-evaluation form before you hand in your composition.
2 Pre-Writing Strategies Pre-writing is a way of organizing your thoughts and beginning to put the information you have on paper. It is best to do a pre-writing activity before you actually begin writing your paper or essay. think more clearly You should use prewriting to . . see a start of your paper keep track of your ideas practice expressing yourself in writing BASIC PREWRITING STRATEGIES Develop Questions What do I know? What do I need to find out? What is the point of the paper? Jot List Brainstorm Freewrite
Visualize / Organize Major Categories Outline Mapping Tree Diagram
points of overlap. visual images. causes and effects. descriptions. structures. Outlines Webs Story maps Lists Graphic organizers Brainstorming How do you select the type of map to be used? Use Charts or Matrixes to compare and contrast qualities. Use Stars or Spiders to show themes. spatial relationships. chronological order. and steps. Use Trees or Hierarchies to show categories. examples. Use Sketches to show physical structures. . examples. and examples. concrete objects. Use Chains to show processes. and facts. classifications. analysis. and points of distinction. and definitions. descriptions. and descriptions of places. descriptions. Use Flowcharts/Venn Diagrams to show relationships between diagrams. sequences.3 Guide to Mapping Mapping is a process of reorganizing and rearranging (moving) the most important ideas and information from your reading or textbook and converting it into a diagram with your own words to help you understand and remember what you read.
For instance. What?. some topics may be heavy on the Who?. if your topic is the rise and fall of the Puget Sound tides and its effect on salmon spawning. especially if human involvement is a crucial part of the topic. On the other hand. Possible generic questions you can ask using the six journalists' questions follow: Who?: Who are the participants? Who is affected? Who are the primary actors? Who are the secondary actors? What?: What is the topic? What is the significance of the topic? What is the basic problem? What are the issues? Where?: Where does the activity take place? Where does the problem or issue have its source? At what place is the cause or effect of the problem most visible? When?: When is the issue most apparent? (past? present? future?) When did the issue or problem develop? What historical forces helped shape the problem or issue and at what point in time will the problem or issue culminate in a crisis? When is action needed to address the issue or problem? Why?: Why did the issue or problem arise? Why is it (your topic) an issue or problem at all? Why did the issue or problem develop in the way that it did? How?: How is the issue or problem significant? How can it be addressed? How does it affect the participants? How can the issue or problem be resolved? . When?. A key to using the journalists' questions is to make them flexible enough to account for the specific details of your topic. Where?. 5 W's and 1 H: Who?. How? You can use these questions to explore the topic you are writing about for an assignment. Why?.4 Sample of a Tree Generated through the Questioning Method The Journalists' Questions Journalists traditionally ask six questions when they are writing assignments. you may have very little to say about Who? if your focus doesn't account for human involvement.
circle facing the teacher. It would look more like resort rather than a typical school. Apart from that. In my opinion. the school would also have a comfortable environment to study in. Recess should also be lengthened so that students can enjoy their food in the cafeteria or read in the urbane library or even exercise in the school sports centre. All the classrooms would have colourful walls with wonderful paintings and thought-provoking pictures hanging on them. Apart from that. Athletes and swimmers can also train at the school mini stadium and swimming pool. Similarly. There should be breaks in between lessons so that students can digest knowledge from the previous lesson instead of rushing into the next lesson straight after the previous one. the school should also provide free Internet services to students.notch facilities. So. The modern world is fast-moving forward with paperless banking. I am sure that everyone has their own notion of what an ideal school is. All the classrooms would be well-lit and fully air-conditioned. ideal means most suitable. It has been observed that the traditional arrangement of tables and chairs in the classrooms does not allow teachers to pay equal attention to students. Thus. Students should be encouraged to understand their homework and find joy and fun in doing them. Sad to say. It is a place where one feels most comfortable to learn in. traditional art and culture classes should also be held in the ideal school to nurture the spirit of appreciation amongst students. Computer cataloguing should also be introduced to make referencing easier. Students can work out in the gymnasium and also play a game or two of badminton in the indoor badminton court. as well as spiritual enrichment. it would be perfect to arrange the tables and chairs in a semi. In addition. Besides. In this era of KEconomy. many youngsters nowadays are Mat Salleh Celup – hopeless Americanised victim of pop culture. a school is the centre for education. lessons should start at 10. an ideal school would consists of a building with an ultra-modern infrastructure and top. ICT is of utmost importance. why can‘t schools have paperless teaching and learning? In the ideal school. Students nowadays are burdened with homework and endless examination. Moreover. The library of an ideal school should be filled with books and materials on a wide range of topics.5 My Ideal School What is a school? Is it a building? Is it a place where future generations are educated? To me. An idyllic school should provide students with space for creativity.savvy by having their lessons online. paperless administration and many up-to-date technologies.00am. Students should not be doing homework for the sake of doing them. To ensure students‘ optimum productivity. Therefore. Heavy school bags and tones of books should be a thing of the past. an ideal school should have a sophisticated gymnasium and sports centre. homework should also be fun and provides an exciting path to self-discovery instead of being dull and monotonous. Timetable should not be packed and hectic. Furthermore. to maximize the students‘ learning capacities. perfect. innovation and spiritual growth. emotional. On top of that. More constructive and productive homework should be given instead of burdening homework. In this era of globalisation. we also need a well-equipped library with the state-of-art facilities for students to conduct their research and studies. Teachers can also post the students‘ results and comments on secure school website so that parents can care for their child‘s academic achievements irrespective of time and place. It would also be great if the number of students in a class is limited to 20 per class rather than the present 40 or 50 per class. Teachers could perhaps have Biology classes outdoors so that students can really appreciate the beauty of nature or organise field trips to exhibition and conventions to make learning interesting. It provides intellectual. students can hand up their homework in the form of Compact Disc (CD) or emails. students should each be given a notebook. it would also be excellent if students can have teleconferencing and online forum with scholars from all over the world. . students can be technology.
an ideal school should also be co-educational. Uniforms tend to make a school dull. Such a school would provide chances for members of the opposite sex to work together and understand each other better thus encouraging a sense of mutual respect among its students. Will the concept of an ideal school materialize? The idea might seem far-fetched at the moment.6 In addition. (890 words) . Furthermore. One‘s clothing represents one‘s personalities and makes one unique. This would enable better communication between genders and prevents gender discrimination. it is my belief that if each and everyone of us were to reach in to find the best within ourselves and reach out to give the best education to our future generations. The notion of ideal is sometimes painfully defined as an idea existing only in imagination and is not likely to come true. an ideal school should not require its students to wear school uniforms. However. It presents students as faceless beings in uni-colour. the idea of creating an ideal school would not merely remain a dream after all. The 21st century promises a lot for individuals from all walks of life. Students should be allowed to present themselves properly by wearing proper attire to school.
. you should remember: .to give two other reasons of your own .Title: Science Made Simple . There are many reasons as to why the book is useful for secondary students.to use all the notes given . The explanations are simplified that even students from the weaker classes can understand well. I am the President of the Science Club.Publisher: Bunga Publications Reasons why the book is useful .sample answers . It is `Science Made Simple‘. Each topic is explained in details and keywords have been given to enable students to remember important facts. our eyes will be glued onto the cover. I am sure all of you use many different types of reference books of your studies. the contents of the book are also presented in a very attractive manner.SPM 2007 You have been asked by your teacher to give a talk on a reference book that is useful for secondary students.that the talk is for school students Sample Answer Good morning. The cover of the book itself is so attractive that the moment we see it. The next reason is clear explanations.to state the purpose of the talk .helpful diagrams . allow me to introduce the title of the book.attractive presentation . You have decided to talk about a science book.variety of exercises . dear students.useful tips When writing the talk. Details of the book .clear explanations . First and foremost. The reference book that I am going to talk about is a science book.practice question papers .Author: Sharifah Shazana .to use an appropriate greeting and closing . Students can easily understand the notes given in the book. Apart from the cover. The reason that I stand here in front of all of you is because I would like to give a talk on a reference book that is useful for all secondary students.7 Directed Writing Question . The first reason is its attractive presentation. Use the following notes about the book to write your talk. The author of this book is Sharifah Shazana and the publisher is Bunga Publications. I would like to warmly welcome all of you here.
Finally. I am sure all of you would be happy in hearing this. I hope all of you will buy and benefit in using this reference book. Before I end my talk.8 Of course. The diagrams are colorful and clear picture of the processes explained. The answers for the exercises are also provided in a separate booklet foe easy reference. There are also various practice question papers according to exam format. . Similarly this reference book has various helpful diagrams. Each topic is accompanied by various exercises. I think I have given sufficient reasons to all of you regarding this science reference book. In addition to the above reasons. Another special reason is. there are many special and useful tips for examination preparation in the reference book. each topic in this reference book starts with discussion activity with relevance to the theme of the topic. there are no science books without diagrams. students can express their ideas before actually making use of the contents of the book. These practice questions will also be useful for group discussions as sample answers are provided as well. As such. I am sure this is what most students prefer. Students can check their understanding of the topics by attempting the exercises given. I would like to thank all of you again for listening attentively to my talk. this reference book is very essential to all secondary students because there are a variety of exercises in it. Students can use these question paper for revision purposes.
You are always fond of helping others. your academic performance outshines your peers.Responsible . Besides that. who lives in another town. this helpful character of yours is indeed a pleasure to others. Write a letter to your friend giving reasons why he/she would make a good Head Prefect. You should take on this task because you have great personal qualities that would make you a good Head Prefect. your classmates face problems. Furthermore.School debater Other points . As such. Personal qualities . You are well liked and respected by the student of your school. It has been quite a while since I last heard from you. 54000 Taiping.address .Intelligent student .Friendly .good study habits – academic performance will not be affected . you are also a problem solver.Problem solver Co-curricular involvement . However.9 Question: Your friend. Whenever.close . Besides.popular with students and teachers When writing your letter.Blue House Captain .Hard-working . I understand that you are in a dilemma of running for the post of Head Prefect at your school.Helpful Academic performance . you should remember to include the following: . I am writing you this letter to reassure you that you would make an excellent Head Prefect.Secretary of English Language Society . making it clear that you are an intelligent and hard-working student. Bukit Merah. . Use the notes given below to write your letter.salutation/greeting . I was happy to receive the birthday card from you last week.use all the given notes Sample Answer 50. 21 November 2006 Dear Kamal. together with the message note in it. Taman Madu.lives near school – able to sacrifice time . wants to know whether he/she should run for the post of Head Prefect. Do not worry. You are always willing to walk an extra mile to achieve something. your responsible nature will be a well-added advantage too.
it has proven your great leadership qualities and skills. The strategic location of your house should also give you an extra shove towards running for the post. you would be able to sacrifice time and effort in carrying out your duties as Head Prefect. I am sure you can be good role model if you are the Head Prefect as everybody will respect you. As regarding to your co-curricular involvement. I hope I have convinced you enough to run for the post of Head Prefect. so go far it.10 you always seem to find ways of solving them. Bye. therefore your academic performance will not be affected and you will remain as a top student. Lokman (Mohamad Lokman bin Ramli) . till hear from you again. As a Blue House Captain. I would be happy to say that you are active enough in it too. Your loving friend. This portrays your confidence and self-esteem. As it is within walking distance from the school. Last but not least. You deserve it. Anyway my advance congrats to you if you are selected. you have always represented your school as a school debater. you are also popular among students and teachers because of your achievements. Being elected as the secretary of the English Language Society also proves that the students of your school have much faith in you entrust you with such huge responsibility. You have had good study habits since young. Apart from this.
It was called the ‗Bear the Brunt‘ session.Accommodation .to layout the letter correctly . there! How are you? I am sorry I was not able to reply your letter earlier.Who organized the camp . Here we were practically yelled at and scolded by the trainers. It was a superb place for us to unwind and discover ourselves. You have decided to write a letter to a friend about your experience at the camp. At first. There were about 120 participants with 12 trainers. We went to the camp by bus and later got into a ferry that took us to the Pangkor Island. After this we were given a series of motivation guidance for studying. Then came the difficult section. The camp was conducted in the west of Pangkor Island. . 10 December 2005 Dear Shanti.problems When writing the letter you should remember: . It was so quiet and peaceful. T he camp was called ‗Discover Yourself‘.Give two relevant examples of : . roped me in.Transport to the campsite . overlooking the beautiful hills. No.Location of the camp . trainers and leaders from various social groups who have come together to help young people to excel. But we have learnt to deal and overcome our weaknesses. I was very apprehensive about the whole thing. Write your letter based on all the notes below. There were little chalets reserved for us.11 Directed Writing Question . I can describe them all but I need to tell you some of the interesting activities.benefits . My greatest weakness is procrastination. I have discovered my own potentials. Jln Mesra.that your letter is to a friend Sample Answer Shirley Lim. The camp was from 1st of December to 9th December. 9. We got to know each other in this ice-breaking session. It was an enriching experience as I have never attended such camp before.Number of participants . I greatly benefited from this camp. It was a three day outdoor activity camp.SPM 2005 Question: You have just returned from a three-day outdoor activity camp. Hi.Date of the camp . self improvement and time management. My uncle. The organizers are a group of people who call themselves 'The Millennium People‘. The first activity was called ‗Loosen Up‘. I also have identified my weaknesses. They are basically teachers. Now I know that I have a good memory and can socialize easily.to use paragraphs . But later I realized I needed some motivation to boost me for the coming SPM examination. We enjoyed many interesting activities. Let me give you some details. who is one of the organizers. Selangor. 47600 Subang Jaya. I was at a camp. .activities . The purpose was to break our egos.
I hope to hear from you soon.00 pm in the Prefectorial Room.Give your report a title . because there have been many complaints about the condition of the school. The school's Prefects' Board has had a meeting. Suggestions for Improving Facilities in SMK Kampung Pandan The Prefectorial Board of SMK Kampung Pandan had a meeting on 17 September 2004 at 2. Due to this.Provide two relevant details/examples for each of the four points . Nazrin bin Arshad. Principal. The canteen seems to be short of workers because there are only two people handling the huge crowd of students during recess. the camp had its own problems. The meeting was called by our Head Prefect. I will surely take you along. SMK Kampung Pandan. Here we would like to present a detail report of the meeting to the principal of SMK Kampung Pandan for further action and consideration.Write in paragraphs Sample Answer To: Puan Maisarah binti Kamaruzaman. That‘s all for now.The request for a pedestrian or zebra crossing in front of the school Do remember to: . some students are not able to buy their food on time. Your friend. In the next camp.SPM 2004 Question: There are a few matters in your school which could be improved. include the following: .The urgent need to improve the cleanliness of the school . But these are all small matters compared to the benefits and the lifelong experience that I have gathered in the camp. Take care. Some participants did not co-operate because they refused to participate in the hiking and jungle trekking activities. In your report. you have been asked to write the report. the price of food seems rather expensive for school students. we did not have water supply on the first day.12 However.Use all the points given . The prefects have decided to write a report for the principal. a plate of . I addition. Shirley Shirley Lim **** Directed Writing Question .The unsatisfactory service and high food prices in the school canteen . For example. The first issue that was discussed was the unsatisfactory service and high food prices in the school canteen. As the secretary to the board. Another problem was that. 56400 Kuala Lumpur.
Most of the students only bring RM1. in the canteen the food is split all over the floor. Usually after recess the toilets are in the deplorable condition. . Reported by. there need to be a pedestrian crossing. The first place to start is the school toilet. Since the traffic is very heavy in front of the school is over. The workers need to work to wash the toilets as soon as recess is over. There is an urgent need to improve the cleanliness of the school. Shalini (Shalini Ganesan) Secretary. so they are only able to by light food like bread or buns.00 to school. The next point of discussion was the safely of the students. SMK Kampung Pandan. Prefectorial Board.13 fried rice is RM2. Even a zebra crossing with a traffic warden would be ideal for the time being. leaving behind stain and stench. Furthermore. clean and comfortable environment in which they could study. This is due to the fact that there have been minor accidents in the past couple of months.00. We hope that the school authorities would take the necessary actions to improve the condition of the school so that the students would have a safe.
00 . Trip to the City . Write a formal letter to your teacher stating the choice made by your class and give reasons for the choice.00 .17 December .Activities: • Swimming • Boat rides • Games on the beaches • Jungle trekking • Campfires When writing the formal letter you should remember to: . who is away from school. You are the class monitor.make a choice of one trip .COST PER PERSON: RM80.SPM 2003 Question: Your class would like to make a trip after the end-of-year examination.DURATION: 3 days and 2 nights .ACCOMMODATION: Hotel .COST PER PERSON: RM 120.4 December . asking you to discuss with the students where they would like to go.DATE: 2 . You get a message from your teacher.give reasons using all the information given on the trip of your choice .DURATION: 3 days and 2 nights .DATE: 15 . You have been given the following information on the two trips.14 Directed Writing Question .Places of interest: • Art gallery • Shopping complexes • Parks and gardens • Zoos • Museums Trip to the Seaside .ACCOMMODATION: Camps .
which will enable us to enjoy ourselves during our stay at the seaside for 3 days and 2 nights. which is about RM80 per person. Many of us will be going out for holidays with our family members around the end of the month. Thank you. games on the beach. Yours faithfully. We are hoping to see you soon at school. The trip to the seaside was decided because the students say that the cost for the trip. Taman Berangan. …………………… (JULIANA BT MAT DERIS) Form 5 Neon Monitor . Decisions on trip to the seaside After having discussed with the students regarding the trip we have planned after the end-of-year examination. Taman Oriental. The proposed activities. 142. __________________________________________________________________________________ Puan Kamaliah bt Aliff. jungle trekking and campfires would help to create stronger ties between students. 09600 Slim River. 2. Perak Darul Ridzuan. 106. Perak Darul Ridzuan. we will be very happy if you could arrange the trip to the seaside as soon as you come back to school.15 Sample Answer Juliana bt Mat Deris. Besides that. we think that the activities proposed will be very enjoyable. is cheaper and it is affordable for every student. the students feel that the idea of staying in camps is good. 3. we have decided to carry on the trip to the seaside. 10 October 2003 Dear Madam. Moreover. which include swimming. 5. Not only that. 4. 39600 Slim River. boat riding. all of us considered that the date proposed that is from 2 to 4 December is convenient because it is the beginning of the month and many of us will be able to make it for the trip. Therefore.
teachers and fellow friends. As we know. may not be able to concentrate on the road. As the chairperson of the school‘s organizing committee for the ‗Road Safety Week‘. Since young drivers are high on the accident list. If the drivers are involved in any accidents. I would like to give a talk on some safety tips for the students. I hope this talk will raise your awareness to be more responsible and careful when using the road. which have been maintained well. you have been asked to give a talk to other students on road safety. When writing out what you plan to say. speeding beyond the prescribed limits is the main cause.SPM 2002 Question: Road accidents have been on the increase with more young people becoming victims. Some drivers not only speed but also drive recklessly. their age limit should be increased. The offenders should be caught and fines should be increased. these problems can be overcome with strict enforcement of traffic rules to those who flaunt the law. Drivers who do not check and maintain their vehicles often may be involved in accidents because their vehicle is faulty. breaking road rules and beating the traffic lights.end the talk appropriately Sample Answer A very good morning to the Principal of SM Sri Mayang. I would like to identify some of the reasons why road accidents occur. Youngsters using the road as their racing track is another cause too. Many potholes and uneven roads which contribute to the poor condition of the road too can cause accidents.introduce the topic of the talk . Moreover. drivers who are tired after long distance driving or after a long day work.address the audience . should be permitted on the roads. Only road-worthy vehicles. Below are some notes you have made on the reasons why road accidents occur and suggestions to reduce the number of accidents. their licence should be suspended. you should remember to: . .16 Directed Writing Question . Reasons * Speed * Reckless driving * Tiredness * Racing * Poor maintenance of vehicles * Road conditions Suggestions * Strict enforcement of traffic rules * Increase fines * Road-worthy vehicles * Awareness campaigns * Increase age limit for new drivers * Suspend driving license Write out the talk that you would give. Awareness campaigns on safe driving should be carried out everywhere. there has been an increase in the accidents reported involving students of this school.use all the notes above . However. First. thus causing accidents. Your school has decided to launch a ―Road Safety Week‖ to raise awareness among students of the need to be more responsible on the road chairperson of the school‘s organising committee.
we must make time for exercise. Stress comes from our family and teachers who are pressuring us to do well.to give a title . Write an article for your school newsletter on how to cope with stress. Do not cut on your sleeping hours. **** Directed Writing Question .Seek advice .that your readers are mainly students .Study skills . You can discuss what you do not know with your friends and motivate each other to study Eating a balanced meal is essential to cope with stress. we have to find ways to overcome with stress. there is no way out. you should remember: . When writing the article. so going for walks or jogging will do us good.to include all the points given . If you . We need the nutrition and energy to study.Talk to your family . You also must have enough sleep. For all these activities.to write in paragraphs (35 Marks) Sample Answer Tips on Coping with Stress for Students Stress is a word that is closely associated to students like us who are studying for our SPM examination. Studying in groups is a good idea. you need to have a timetable for studying and relaxing.to add two new points of your own .Listen to music You should use the all points given above and add two new points of your own. Making notes and mind – mapping are good studying techniques.Games . Firstly.SPM 2001 Question: You find that many of your friends are under a lot of pressure. Sitting and studying for hours can add more stress. as well as from the competition among our friends to excel. You will be tired to concentrate in class.Work in groups . studying too late into the night and walking up early.Make a check-list . However.Enough sleep . Thank you for listening. Include the following points: . Make a checklist that helps you to monitor how far you are with revision.Balanced meals .17 I hope the short talk that I have delivered have given you some ideas of how to use the road safely.Plan a timetable .Regular exercise . You also must practice good study skills. They spend most of their time studying and appear to suffer from stress.Hobbies . Having hobbies such as stamp collecting or playing music will help to relax our tensed mind.
This will affect our SPM grades. Or for that matter. the range of sub-skills tested is limited. This also goes against the grain of our National Philosophy of Education where the emphasis is on character building and the development of human capital. To begin with. Despite these advantages. public examinations to some extent merely test a student‘s ability to memorise and regurgitate facts. As such. And what about the student who gets an E? Are we suggesting that he is not a morally upright individual? Another reason why I am not in favour of public examinations is that they are not the best way to identify a student‘s strengths or weaknesses. principals want excellent performances from their students and teachers. All parties involved are to be blamed for this as they are more concerned with student achievement and not student development. Spend equal time for all the subjects. a student has to sit for three major public examinations. test a student‘s reading and writing skills only and even so. go for private tuition to get some assistance. Written by: Mohammad Firdaus bin Abdul Rahim Form 5 Cromium **** ―Public exams should be abolished. Teachers teach to prepare students for exams and not for life. Listen to music that makes you feel light and easy. Higher order thinking skills such as application and inference are often neglected. Go for outdoor games such as badminton or tennis to release your tension and get away from books for a while. seek advice from your teacher or counsellor. At the end of the day. which requires students to memorise moral values. and the list goes on. for example. I hope you take heed of my tips and wish you all the best in the coming SPM examination. he may be an incompetent speaker. the UPSR. parents want straight A‘s for their children. . Do you agree?‖ Public examinations play an important role in a student‘s life in Malaysia. Bloom‘s taxonomy of learning ranks these skills as lower order thinking skills. does a C mean a student is about average in all the language skills? Do these grades tell us where a student‘s strengths and weaknesses lie? Another major drawback is that teaching in schools today is largely influenced by public examinations. We tend to spend more time on our favourite subjects and less time on others. This is not a valid test as it tests only a student‘s knowledge of values. This is because these examinations test only certain skills. Another case in point is the Moral Education paper. For all you know. especially students because the results are used for a wide range of purposes ranging from placement of students to awarding of scholarships. These examinations are taken seriously by all parties involved. An A in these subjects does not reflect a student‘s competency in all areas of the language. Students with excellent memory do well in such examinations while those with poor memorising skills do poorly. An A in this paper does not guarantee that the student is a morally sound and virtuous individual. Allow me to illustrate my point. Talk to your family members if you think they are pushing you too much to study. not the practice of these values. it is not surprising that many students with poor recall skills loathe subjects like History and Biology. If you have difficulty in certain subjects. I strongly believe that public examinations should be abolished as they have several drawbacks. The language papers. Thus. In his eleven years of schooling. PMR and SPM. many of our students are ill-prepared to face the challenges of the real world.18 feel distressed.
I knew I had seen her somewhere before — a younger. One day. we can conclude that public exams take the fun out of learning. Taking into consideration the flaws of the public exam system. my best friend in secondary school. The gaunt figure that inched its way slowly towards the medicine counter looked old and haggard. it is not surprising that students choose to ignore co-curricular activities. Students are overwhelmed with homework. Quietly. she sat on one of the chairs and waited patiently. and teachers are overworked. Thus.19 Finally.‖ Her remarks reminded me of how beautiful she had been once. Some go to great lengths to secure private tuition for their children. Her dreary-looking outfit did nothing to conceal her bleak and depressing demeanour. Hearing my footsteps. Parents. Devastated. are affected by the emphasis on academic achievement. happier version. Checks with neighbours proved futile. **** Write a story ending with. I had gone to her house. much too old to be 29. John? You are looking good. leaving both parties with little or no time for relaxation. “I never saw her again after that”. I summoned enough courage and went towards her. No one knew where the Danker family had gone and why they had left so suddenly. we need to prepare our students for the many challenges they will have to face as they will form the backbone of our nation in the years to come. There was no way I could be wrong. Mary Anne had stopped coming to school. only to find it all locked up. this person looked old. I was rattled. ―Hello. hiring only the best. Mary Anne Danker. too. school becomes a bore and a chore. the buried and forgotten memories pierced my heart with an unknown intensity. Taking a seat next to her. that God had worked overtime with her – making her one of his masterpieces. like the rest of us. she looked up slowly. The flash of recognition in her eyes told me I was not wrong. ―It is you. it is clear that we should seriously consider other means of assessing students and do away with public exams. rather enviously. ―Why did you leave so suddenly. They see these as a waste of precious time. Thus. in their quest for excellent academic results. Then again. Like an arrow released from its bow. Many had said. It had to be Mary Anne. Everyone had admired her for her looks. for her number to be flashed on the digital screen. I wondered what had happened to the ravishing beauty I had once known. Mary Anne? Why?‖ . We cannot deny the fact that public examinations enable us to assess thousands of students using a similar instrument but the question one needs to ask is who eventually benefits from such a system? What happens to students who are not able to master test-taking skills? Is academic excellence the only indicator of success as suggested by the public examination system? In a world which is changing rapidly. Mary Anne had been the school beauty. her brains and her beautiful character. Anyway. extra classes and tuition. Anyone who looked at her would have thought she carried the world‘s burdens on her shoulders. is it not?‖ She nodded her head silently as if embarrassed.
She has no one else. Now that the aunt was old and suffering from cancer. Mary Anne turned and smiled sadly at me. clasping and unclasping her hands in her lap.‖ Before leaving. Just then her number was flashed on the screen. A prolonged silence ensued. The old widow treated her badly. her five children had deserted her when they realised that she needed special care. and her cousins. Her father. leaving Mary Anne in the care of relatives. (677 words) . jealous of her beauty. The cruel old lady often beat her. devastated by his wife‘s death. They said that she had only three months to live. Her mother had been diagnosed with endstage cancer and there was nothing the doctors could do.20 She looked at me nervously. were more vicious than their mother.‖ I looked at Mary Anne and saw her goodness. and sometimes you weep. started to neglect his own health and three months later. I understood. Finally. Never had I felt so helpless and wretched. Despite her aunt‘s ghastly treatment of her. Mary Anne felt sorry for her. he too died of a broken heart. I saw an amazingly beautiful human being. Her father thought it best to return to their hometown. Tears rolled down Mary Anne‘s cheeks as she related the difficult years with her aunt. ―I have promised to take care of her till the end of her life. Instead of seeing a gaunt and weary figure. My heart went out to her. I could sense that she was rather reluctant to talk. forcing Mary Anne to quit school and to work as a dishwasher in a restaurant.‖ she said. she inhaled deeply and started telling me her story. was for her aunt. reluctant to expose a part of her life which had probably caused her a great deal of pain and suffering. ―I cannot leave her. to let her live in peace in the surroundings she had grown up in. Her story reminded me of something my late grandfather used to say. ―Life is like an onion: You peel it off one layer at a time. She got up and collected the medicine which. I never saw her again after that.
exposes us to the Baba Nyonya culture. Finally. exposes us to the hardships faced by the people in Botswana and how one family in particular succumbs to the old practice of ritual killing. The poem Monsoon History.21 Studying the literature component is useful. over the centuries. The short stories and poems studied in Form Four are written by foreign and local writers and through these texts we learn to understand and appreciate cultures and ideologies which are not similar to ours. be they poems. experiences. improves thinking skills and gives us a better understanding of mankind. These and the other texts expose us to the lives of different people across the continents and also their ways of dealing with circumstances. We learn to view things from different perspectives. Grammar and vocabulary exercises generated from literature texts are more interesting and motivating. We learn to gather information not only from the text but also from our own observations. All these help develop our critical thinking skills. similes and personification show us how language can be used creatively. we are forced to think about characters. They not only help us improve our understanding of the language but also help us learn new ways of using language. for instance. To begin with. . literature gives us a better understanding of mankind. studying literature also helps us improve our thinking skills. from the virtuous to the despicable. exposes students to a variety of cultures. Looking for a Rain God. Seeing such similarities can help us to understand and accept other people. These characters. This move was seen as vital as literature has untold benefits for language learners. it cannot be denied that literature texts expose us to a variety of cultures. By learning the various literary devices we can even create our own examples of such devices. The short story The Drover‘s Wife exposes us to the hardships of people who live in the Australian bush. Do you agree? Answer: The literature component was made part of the Malaysian school curriculum in 2000. When we actively engage with literature texts. Next. which is based on a true story. studying the literature component helps encourage language learning. We might recognise some women around us who are materialistic like Mathilde from The Necklace or cruel like Ravi‘s stepmother in The Return. help us understand the people around us. and reflections as well as those of others. Exposure to new words. Great authors have. can be used to teach grammar and vocabulary. Literature texts. Moreover. conveyed their insights into human nature through an amazing assortment of characters from all walks of life engaged in a variety of activities. I strongly believe that studying the literature component is useful because it helps promote language learning. interesting phrases and literary devices such as metaphors. short stories or novels. The authors force us to explore our beliefs and those of other people and by doing so we are able to understand people of other cultures. themes and issues raised by the author or poet.
They are living texts and we should not overlook the incredible wealth they offer us. vehicles which do not be allowed on the road until the defects are corrected. Thus to observe the traffic rules is an important activity to ensure road safety. It cannot be denied therefore that improper education is one of the major causes if accidents. crossing behind parked vehicle. should exercise greater consideration for those of smaller vehicles. caution and a respect for the highway code for everybody‘s benefit. A good driver should also know how to assess the speed and the distance of the oncoming traffic. alighting from moving buses and cycling without due care. There are cases where accident are caused by children running across the road without much attention. cycling two or three abreast carrying pillion riders. Motorist and taxi. ―A man who does not read or reads little or reads only trash. they should always concentrate and study the situation ahead. Children should also be taught the highway code and advised to follow them strictly. patience. It is very important that they anticipate road movements. [580 words] ***** Road Safety Road Safety is essential in our daily life. . Motorcyclist should always wear safety helmet for their own safety. Road safety should first of all begin at home by teaching and instructing children about the traffic rules with some good hints on the do‘s and dont‘s. They should remember that prevention is better than cure. help remove these impediments. Hence safety rules is everybody‘s business. Dangerous of overtaking has been cited as one of the major causes of road accidents. is a person with an impediment. Finally all road-users should cultivate the virtues of consideration.22 We cannot deny that there are immense benefits to be reaped from studying the literature component and Education Ministry should be lauded for making a wise decision to include it in the English Language syllabus. Drives in their enthusiasm or impatience overtakes other vehicles and end up in the head-on collision with other oncoming vehicles. tolerate. Therefore. The government on their part should distribute pamphlets which warn and instill fear in roadusers who are careless and inconsiderate. Statistics has time and again shown that a great proportion of the people involved in road accidents are school children. Finally all roads until the defects are reflectors should not be allowed on the roads until the defects are corrected. The drives of heavy vehicles especially. As for the drivers on the road. they should be thought the important the road safety both at home and in schools. They should drive safely showing consideration for others road users. Unroadworthy vehicles such as vehicles whish are very old and in state of despair. Exhibitions by the schools and demonstrations by the police authorities can do much in instilling in the children in a greater awareness of the dangers on the roads. Posters in vivid pictorial terms which tell of the dangers and the consequences of careless reckless driving should also be imposed to act as deterrents to negligent driving. Drives should always exercise caution and show more road sense. be they classics or modern texts. Someone once said.‖ Literature texts.drivers should not exceed the speed limits and should always think of the safety of the passengers.
we could see that everyone in this world have their own family. Some parents feel that their children are old enough to make their own decisions. Loves our family more than everything ! . From the reader‘s digest dictionary. whereas an extended family includes other relatives. Family is an important role in life. they get used to it and becomes more matured than their real age! Although there are so many advantages. the eldest and the youngest can depending on each other and one should be the leader so that the eldest can take the responsibility to overtake and solve others problem. uncles. And this will be the problem if they have too many children. Sometimes. As the breadwinner is not high income earner they are not be able to afford a big house for their children as they have a large family and the members will got no privacy if the house is small. blood is thicker than water. Their parents tend to be too busy with their work to give them any attention. As they have a large family members. sadly. grandparents and lots more. Some of the advantages of having and being part of a large family is one can has the support of the family circle. Effective parenting is much needed during the adolescent years. is the household chores can be divided equally among the children likes many hand make light work means sharing work makes the job easier. the average parent does not really have the time nor the patience for their children in today‘s hectic lifestyle. A person without family is all alone by themselves is lonely and empty of happiness.23 what is the advantages and disadvantages of being a member of a large family? What family means? Family to me is having a caring mother. Another advantages of being a member of a large family. As their family becomes bigger. these parents are unwittingly setting their children up for mistakes that they may regret for the rest of their lives. Having a large family is a reward for a person in life. They can get help and support from one another. having a large family is a reward and not everyone will have this opportunity. when they get sisters and brothers when they are still need an attention and cares from their parents. so they literally allow them to do anything they want. and a helpful sisters and brothers. another advantage being a member of a large family is the older children can learn responsibility from an early age. they individually have to care and think about themselves and others when the mother gives birth of their little brother and sister. Apart from that. we find troubled adult as parents. that they loved much. a loving father. In most families with troubled teenagers. when they got too many siblings. Solving and sharing sister‘s and brother‘s problem made us to be a better person and getting a close relationship together. a nuclear family consists of parents and their children. cousins. Being a part and a member of a large or either small family. Without parental guidance. As example. they have to overtake their parents responsibility little much. With such demand. Along with aunties. parents are not be able to give individual attention to every child. Parents are reminded that the parenting goal should be to encourage children to have self-disciplined and self-control. Family is an important role in our lives. As the famous saying goes.
They can study and achieve their ambition property because there is not composition between male students. they think that our government do not give equal opportunity to boy and choose girls to get education at the higher place. A person that want to be a Chief Minister in our country. I think our country will be destroyed and our children also have a dark dream in their ambition. After that. . I think this issues maybe did not speak because in college or university have many girls that boys. boys also involved in many crimes and our country difficult to make a decision because there are many girls than boys in education and who will be replace our Chief Minister if we do not have a right candidate right now. Boys and girls should be given equal opportunities in education. Next. The situation happened not because our country do not ignore boy‘s student but there are make it happened. Many girls‘ student in University get opportunity to study because a lot of them are female and this situation make them comfortable to study. Give your views. There are equal and as a student they have to grab the golden opportunity in their hand.24 Boys and girls should be given equal opportunity in education. People are not realized what are real situation right now because they just easy to make a complaint about this issues and do not think why this happened in our education. Because of that. gambling or so on. right now really want boys in university or college but their result in examination does not show that they want to study.? Our government gives equal opportunities to our children to study and they do not pick girls or boys to study at the higher stage those boys. Male‘s student usually lazy to study and play very much than study. have a brilliant ideas. I think boys didn‘t take the change to study property and successful in examination. Malaysia. Our race religion and country maybe destroyed if we give our country in their hands. this situation is happened because they are lazy to study and they also enter with crimes like drug. Nowadays. many students at University in our country have many girl‘s student from boys. carefully with their country and have a high stage in education. They do not suppose to throw their ambition because of small things. As a Malaysian‘s people they will get opportunity to study in Malaysia and get a good education really don‘t have to say because our government very fair in education. Because of that many people say that boy‘s student does not have opportunity in education. Their result make boys did not quality to study at university or college. We do not care about girls and ignore our boys in education but their attitude is not quality to enter at the university or college. Our education system in Malaysia very fair and equal everyone. Girl‘s student in University have many opportunity because they study very hard when they at school. We are supposed to give boy‘s student space to they think about their life. Someone like that. that person must have determination. Our country. we want to be a Chief Minister.